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治疗
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  “治疗(”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The studies show that sleep deprivation and other antidepressant treatments (such as SSRIs and ECT) cause similar molecular changes in the serotonin (5-HT) system and the norepinephrine (NE) system.
    目前研究表明睡眠剥夺可能和其它抗抑郁治疗如选择性5-羟色胺再摄取抑制剂(SSRIs)和电抽搐治疗(ECT)的作用机理相似,即都通过提高5-羟色胺(serotonin,5-HT)系统和去甲肾上腺素(norepinephrine,NE)系统的神经传递而产生抗抑郁效应。
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    Method: 90 patients with heroin dependence were randomly assigned to double-blind groups treated by methadone with dosage successively decreased(Group A), methadone, buprenorphine (Bup), lofexidine hydrochloride in steps (Group B) and lofexidine hydrochloride(Group C).
    方法·· :对符合DSM -Ⅲ -R药物依赖及阿片类戒断反应诊断标准的90例海洛因依赖者随机分成3组 ,即美沙酮替代递减法 (A组 )、阶梯治疗法 (美沙酮口服液 ,盐酸丁丙诺啡注射液和盐酸洛非西定片 ,B组 )、盐酸洛非西定递减治疗 (C组 )3组。
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    Method Sixty five patients with cardiac neurosis were randomly assigned into treatment group (32 patients) or compared group (33 patients).
    方法 采用支持性心理治疗结合对症治疗(治疗组)与单纯对症治疗(对照组)两种方法,对65例心脏神经症患者进行对照治疗(治疗组32例,对照组33例)。
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    AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of hyperxia liquid on cognitive impairment of patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and to explore its mechanisms of action.
    目的:评价静脉高氧液疗法对电惊厥疗法治疗(electroconvulsive therapy,ECT)的认知功能损害的疗效,并对其作用机制加以探讨。 方法:108例符合CCMD.
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    METHODS:Thirty patients with depression were divided randomly into electroacupuncture group(n=19) and amitriptyline group(n=11),and the treatment course was six weeks in both group. All the patients were evaluated with the Hamilton rating scale for depression(HAMD) and clinical global impression scale(CGIS) before and after treatment,respectively,and once a week during the treatment.
    方法:将30例患者随机分成两组,分别采用电针治疗(n=19)和阿米替林治疗(n=11),疗程6周,用汉密顿抑郁量表(HAMD)、临床总体印象量表(CGIS)于治疗前、后及治疗中每周评定1次。
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There are diverse opinions concerning the exact position of the psychotic hysteria in the psychiatric classification. Thus, 314 cases of psychotic hysteria admitted into our hospital during the period of September 1958 to March 1967 were analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1:4.6. Half of the patients had onset of the disease when they were 26-40 years old; 64% had character traits of over-anthusiasm and/or narrowmindedness. Only 1.56% had family history of mental disorder. According to symptomatology, the patients...

There are diverse opinions concerning the exact position of the psychotic hysteria in the psychiatric classification. Thus, 314 cases of psychotic hysteria admitted into our hospital during the period of September 1958 to March 1967 were analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1:4.6. Half of the patients had onset of the disease when they were 26-40 years old; 64% had character traits of over-anthusiasm and/or narrowmindedness. Only 1.56% had family history of mental disorder. According to symptomatology, the patients might be classified into: (1) Hysterical psychomotor excitment state (exaltation or maniac condition). (2) Hysterical psychomotor inhibited state (stupor or depression). (3) Hysterical confusion state (delirium, oneirism, consciousness, twilight state, fugue or duplicated personality). (4) Hysterical dementia (puerilism, pseudodementia or Ganser's syndrome). (5) Hysterical hallucinatory paranoid state (hallucination and/or delusion). The clinic manifestations were variable, complex and complicated, so it was not able to establish a certain model form. About half of the patients were accompanied with hysterical somatic symptoms and disturbance of consciousness; 15% of them showed amnesic syndrome. Their psychotic symptoms usually disappeared rapidly after treatment, yet responsed not so well to the suggestive therapy. If repeated attacks occurred in the course of disease, the rate of complete recovery tended to be lowered. As to prognosis, 37% of the patients could not be restored to their original work capacity. 140 cases were followed for 11-20 years after discharge from the hospital and no one case turned to become another psychotic disease. It is recognized, therefore, that psychotic hysteria is a special clinical type of hysteria and it should be classified as a definite psychiatric disease entity.

精神病型歇斯底里能否在精神病学分类中占有地位,历来存有争议。木文通过对314例患者分析,提示:男女之比1∶4.6,半数壮年发病,64%患者性格热情量窄,有家族史者仅1.59%,发病均有诱因。本组重点归纳的五大类临床精神症状错综复杂,无模式可立;约半数病例伴歇斯底里躯体症状及意识障碍;15%呈现遗忘症状群。精神症状治疗奏效迅速,所需药量小。但不因暗示而缓解,反复发作,彻底缓解减少,工作效能预后不太乐观。通过本文资料,我们确认该症是歇斯底里的一种特殊类型,应为一个客观存在之疾病单元。

Two stimulants, methylphenidate (ritalin) and amphetamine (benzedrine) are the most widely used drugs for the treatment of minimal brain dysfunction (MBD) at present. We used benzedrine as the drug of choice in the treatment of 1329 children with MBD syndrome. The clinical responses to this treatment were: 84.4% of the cases showed immediate and dramatic improvement in being less impulsive, less active, more attentive and more interested in applying themselves to schoolwork, 10.3% showed moderate improvement...

Two stimulants, methylphenidate (ritalin) and amphetamine (benzedrine) are the most widely used drugs for the treatment of minimal brain dysfunction (MBD) at present. We used benzedrine as the drug of choice in the treatment of 1329 children with MBD syndrome. The clinical responses to this treatment were: 84.4% of the cases showed immediate and dramatic improvement in being less impulsive, less active, more attentive and more interested in applying themselves to schoolwork, 10.3% showed moderate improvement and 5.3% no improvement or became even worse. The most common side effect associated with this drug was anorexia. As the dosage was titrated individually and carefully, only 26.9% of the cases experienced slight appetite decrease; but this became less obvious if the daily use was continued or the dosage was decreased. All the cases showed no ECG abnormalities after medication. No dependency problem had yet been found in this study.

本文报道了苯丙胺治疗脑功能轻微失调1,329例的结果。作者认为凡能增加突触间隙中儿茶酚胺(以去甲肾上腺素可能较大)浓度的药物均可治疗此症,苯丙胺即为一种。由于本组病例强调剂量因人而异、随时调整,故有效率达94.66%,显效率为84.35%。

Therapeutic effects of domestic sulpiride on 78 cases of schizophrenia were reported as follows:Clinical cure 30.8% and improvement 75.7%, a result similar to that afrer the use of foreign made sulpiride. The result of symptomatic relief was best for catatonia stupor, marked improvement for poor contact, hypobulia and depressive symptonas and some improvement only for hallucinations and delusions. The shorter the duration of disease, the better the result.The common side effects were extrapyramidal reaction,...

Therapeutic effects of domestic sulpiride on 78 cases of schizophrenia were reported as follows:Clinical cure 30.8% and improvement 75.7%, a result similar to that afrer the use of foreign made sulpiride. The result of symptomatic relief was best for catatonia stupor, marked improvement for poor contact, hypobulia and depressive symptonas and some improvement only for hallucinations and delusions. The shorter the duration of disease, the better the result.The common side effects were extrapyramidal reaction, insomnia and more dreams. Only small number of patients had sorne EEG changes, but they didn't interfere with treatment. As a whole this drug has good efficacy with mild side effects, and is especially better for elder patients.

以国产舒必利治疗78例精神分裂症临床治愈率为30.8%,有效率为75.7%。本药对木僵效最好,对幻觉妄想也有一定疗效。常见副作用是失眠,多梦,少数引起心电图改变,但并不影响疗治疗,是一种安全有效的药物。

 
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