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过量开发
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  over-exploitation
    At present, obvious decease of runoff in mountain region and plain and over-exploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deteriorated problems in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel, wadi in plain terrain, loss of lakes and wetlands, pollution of surface water and ground water etc. , which affect the water resources safety in North China.
    目前,由于山区和平原径流明显减少和过量开发利用水资源,业已造成了地下水漏斗、平原区河道干涸、湖泊湿地萎缩、地表和地下水污染等生态环境恶化问题,严重影响了华北地区水资源安全。
短句来源
    Water issues, such as over-exploitation of water resources, waste of water, water body pollution as well as water conflicts, have been gradually appeared along with economic and social development in China.
    随着经济与社会的发展,水资源过量开发、水资源浪费、水体污染、用水冲突等问题逐渐暴露出来。
短句来源
    At present, over-exploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deterioration in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel, pollution of surface water and ground water, etc, which aggravate the offerings and requirement contradiction and affect the water resources safety in Shandong province.
    目前,由于水资源的过量开发利用,造成了地下水漏斗加深、河道断流、地表和地下水污染等生态环境恶化问题,加剧了水资源的供需矛盾,严重地影响到山东省的水资源安全。
短句来源
  “过量开发”译为未确定词的双语例句
    With the development of economy and society, the contradictions on the use of water resource have been intensifying and the conflicts have been becoming violent. The waste and pollution of water resource have been becoming serious, and the supervision have been turning out to be weak.
    随着经济与社会的发展,围绕水资源使用发生的矛盾激化,冲突升级,水资源浪费严重,污染状况不断恶化,过量开发情况突出,监管乏力。
短句来源
    In recent years the wetland tourist resources have been overdeveloped and overutilized,a large number of wetlands are lost sharply,and the ecological balance is seriously destroyed.
    近年来由于对湿地旅游资源的过量开发,大量的湿地急剧丧失,继而严重破坏了生态环境的平衡。
短句来源
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  over-exploitation
Some plants of Hebei Province in China are under threat from human activities, such as over-herding and over-exploitation of wild medicinal plants and industrial plants, etc.
      
However, more and more human activities and over-exploitation of the groundwater cause the downward trend in the groundwater level.
      
The increasing scarcity of forest species suggest an over-exploitation as well as a degradation of the ecosystem.
      
Analysis of catch and effort data of marine fisheries in the Mekong Delta indicated a severe danger of over-exploitation of fish stocks and further decline can be expected if fisheries management only considers the demand for fish.
      
Although these equilibria lead to over-exploitation one can approximate the efficient solution by MPNE both in the state space and the payoff space.
      
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The issue of water shortage and related ecoenvironmental degradation in the North China is one of the major emergency problems in China. As runoff generated from mountain area is significantly decreased and water resources are over developed, serious water and ecoenvironmental problems have arisen, such as dryingup of river system, ground water decline, lake & wetland degradation, and water pollution in plain area, etc. It has been shown, that in the case of Haihe River Basin, among the total rivers of 10000...

The issue of water shortage and related ecoenvironmental degradation in the North China is one of the major emergency problems in China. As runoff generated from mountain area is significantly decreased and water resources are over developed, serious water and ecoenvironmental problems have arisen, such as dryingup of river system, ground water decline, lake & wetland degradation, and water pollution in plain area, etc. It has been shown, that in the case of Haihe River Basin, among the total rivers of 10000 km, the rivers of 4000 km have been turned to be seasonal rivers. Comparing with the situation in the beginning of 1950s, the wetland area within the Basin has decreased from 10000 km2 to 1000 km2 at present. The area with overextraction of groundwater covers nearly 90000 km2, or 70% of the plain areas. Comparing with that of the end of 1950s, the accumulated overextracted groundwater is 90 billion m3. Water and soil loss area in mountainous region is 110000 km2, or two thirds of the mountainous region. The sandstorms induced by desertification are endangering Beijing and other cities. Thus, the problems of water shortage and related ecoenvironmental issues in North China have become the most significant issues to impact sustainable development in this very important region that is political, cultural and economic center of China. This paper addresses these emergent issues by the case study of Haihe River Basin in North China. The new advantage in international study on water and background causing these problems from natural change and particular human activity are analyzed. Key points are addressed in four aspects: (a) the study of the water cycle process impacted by high intensity human activity, a process which is quite different from that in natural water cycle, (b) water utilization related to new economic partner change, such as saving water model, (c) study on ecohydrology, and interaction of water and ecology impacted by climate change and human activity, and (d) reasonable water allocation that includes Water Diversion from South to North and saving water issue in local areas. Several suggestions of both study on the water cycle, which is a very important base of water security in North China, and study on application of water resources and ecoenvironmental rehabilitation are proposed. These key issues will benefit to both advantage of water science and sustainable developing in China.

华北缺水及其日趋严重的生态环境变化是中国首要解决的问题之一。目前,由于山区与平原径流明显减少和过量开发水资源,造成了地下水漏斗加深、平原区河道干涸、湖泊湿地萎缩、地表和地下水污染等生态环境恶化问题,严重影响到华北地区水资源安全,已引起党和国家的高度重视。本文以海河流域为重点对象,通过国内外学科前沿进展综述,指出华北地区缺水及其导致的生态环境恶化问题背后的自然和人文因素作用与发展演化的背景,强调高强度人类活动作用下的水循环基础研究的重要性,提出华北地区水资源安全的水循环基础与应用问题研究的若干建议与思考。研究自然和人类活动双重作用下的华北地区水循环过程,水体运动与污染物质输移及其与生态环境演变耦合机制,阐明华北地区"河道断流,水体污染,湿地消失,地下水枯竭"的成因规律,特别是人类活动的驱动分量,提出生态环境修复的理论基础,不仅对变化环境下流域水环境演变的地学基础科学前沿研究有重大的学术价值,而且对中国可持续发展和社会进步具有重要的战略意义。

Water shortage in North China and increasingly seriou s ecological environmental deterioration is one of the top problems in China. At present,obvious decease of runoff in mountain region and plain and over-ex ploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deteriorated prob lems in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel,wadi in plain regio n,loss of lakes and wetlands,pollution of surface water and ground water etc .,which affect the water resources safety in North China.This paper...

Water shortage in North China and increasingly seriou s ecological environmental deterioration is one of the top problems in China. At present,obvious decease of runoff in mountain region and plain and over-ex ploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deteriorated prob lems in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel,wadi in plain regio n,loss of lakes and wetlands,pollution of surface water and ground water etc .,which affect the water resources safety in North China.This paper focuses o n the Haihe River Basin,points out the influences of natural and human factor s and background of developmental evolvement which is on back of water shorta ge in North China and increasingly serious ecological environmental deterioratio n,emphasizes the importance of fundamental study on water cycle under the effe ct of highly intensive human activities,and puts forward some suggestions on w ater cycle basis of water resources safety in North China and its application s tudy.Based on this,the author studies North China water cycle process,water body movement ,pollutant transmission and it's coupling system with ecological environment evolvement,elucidates the formation cause of "dried river channe l,water body pollution,loss of wetland,exhaustion of groundwater",and put s forward the theoretic basis of ecological environment restoration.This not only has significant academic value on geological fundamental science advance research of basin water environment evolvement under changing environment,bu t also has important strategic significance to Chinese sustainable development and social progress.

华北地区缺水及其日趋严重的生态环境变化是中国首要解决的问题之一。目前,由于山区和平原径流明显减少和过量开发利用水资源,业已造成了地下水漏斗、平原区河道干涸、湖泊湿地萎缩、地表和地下水污染等生态环境恶化问题,严重影响了华北地区水资源安全。以海河流域为重点对象,通过国内外学科前沿进展综述,指出华北地区缺水及其导致的生态环境恶化问题背后的自然和人文因素作用和发展演化的背景,强调高强度人类活动作用下的水循环基础研究的重要性,提出华北地区水资源安全的水循环基础与应用问题研究的若干建议。在此基础上,研究自然和人类活动双重作用下的华北地区水循环过程、水体运动与污染物质输移及其与生态环境演变的耦合机制,阐明华北地区“河道断流,水体污染,湿地消失,地下水枯竭”的成因规律特别是人类活动的驱动分量,提出生态环境修复的理论基础。这不仅对变化环境下流域水环境演变的地学基础科学前沿研究有重大的学术价值,而且对中国可持续发展和社会进步具有重要的战略意义。

Water shortage and increasingly serious ecological environmental deterioration in North China is one of the top problems in China. At present, obvious decease of runoff in mountain region and plain and over-exploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deteriorated problems in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel, wadi in plain terrain, loss of lakes and wetlands, pollution of surface water and ground water etc., which affect the water resources safety in North China. This paper...

Water shortage and increasingly serious ecological environmental deterioration in North China is one of the top problems in China. At present, obvious decease of runoff in mountain region and plain and over-exploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deteriorated problems in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel, wadi in plain terrain, loss of lakes and wetlands, pollution of surface water and ground water etc., which affect the water resources safety in North China. This paper focuses on the Haihe River Basin, points out the influences of natural and human factors and background of developmental evolvement which is on back of water shortage in North China and increasingly serious ecological environmental deterioration, emphasizes the importance of fundamental study on water cycle under the effect of highly intensive human activities, and puts forward some suggestions on water cycle basis of water resources safety in North China and its application study. Based on this, the author studies North China water cycle process, water body movement,pollutant transmission and it's coupling system with ecological environment evolvement, elucidates the formation cause of "dried river channel, water body pollution, loss of wetland, exhaustion of groundwater", and puts forward the theoretic basis of ecological environment restoration. This not only has significant academic value on geological fundamental science advance research of basin water environment evolvement under changing environment, but also has important strategic significance to Chinese sustainable development and social progress.

华北地区缺水及其日趋严重的生态环境变化是中国首要解决的问题之一。目前,由于山区和平原径流明显减少和过量开发利用水资源,业已造成了地下水漏斗、平原区河道干涸、湖泊湿地萎缩、地表和地下水污染等生态环境恶化问题,严重影响了华北地区水资源安全。以海河流域为重点对象,通过国内外学科前沿进展综述,指出华北地区缺水及其导致的生态环境恶化问题背后的自然和人文因素作用和发展演化的背景,强调高强度人类活动作用下的水循环基础研究的重要性,提出华北地区水资源安全的水循环基础与应用问题研究的若干建议。研究自然和人类活动双重作用下的华北地区水循环过程、水体运动与污染物质输移及其与生态环境演变的耦合机制,阐明华北地区“河道断流,水体污染,湿地消失,地下水枯竭”的成因规律特别是人类活动的驱动分量,提出生态环境修复的理论基础。这不仅对变化环境下流域水环境演变的地学基础科学前沿研究有重大的学术价值,而且对中国可持续发展和社会进步具有重要的战略意义。

 
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