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肿瘤病变
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  neoplastic lesion
     Methods Fine needle aspiration(FNA )smears from 61 patients with proven HCC, 19 patients with metastatic tumors in the liver and 16 patients with non neoplastic lesion of the liver were reviewed in order to detect the relevant cytologic changes associated with HCC.
     方法分析61例HCC针吸细胞学涂片,并与19例肝转移瘤和16例肝非肿瘤病变对照,找出与HCC有关的形态改变;
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  “肿瘤病变”译为未确定词的双语例句
     There were positive correlations among the CBV, CBF and PS value of tumor area, and the r value was 0.822, 0.753, and 0.657, respectively (P≤0.001).
     肿瘤病变区CBF值、CBV值与PS值之间统计学处理均呈显著正相关,r值分别为0.822、0.753、0.657,P≤0.001。
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     Results The positive rates of HIF-1α and HIF-1αmRNA in invasive breast cancer were significantly higher than those of noninvasive breast cancer and the control group(P<0.01).
     结果浸润性乳腺癌中HIF-1α、HIF-1αmRNA的表达高于非浸润性乳腺癌及非肿瘤病变组织对照组(P<0.01);
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     Results (1)In the discovery of the primary tumor:the sensitivity and specificity were 15/15(100%) and 3/3(100%) in PET/CT,11/15(73.3%) and 2/3(66.7%) in CT,5 original lesions of oral cavity cancer in all patients were first found by PET/CT;
     PET/CT对原发部位肿瘤病变显示的灵敏度100%(15/15),特异性100%(3/3); CT对原发病灶显示的灵敏度为73.3%(11/15),特异性为66.7%(2/3)。
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     A large difference between Ⅰ, Ⅱ type and Ⅲ-Ⅶ type biliary dilatation existed in tumor and non-tumor group(χ 2=47.33, P<0.01).
     Ⅰ、Ⅱ型扩张和Ⅲ~Ⅶ型扩张在肿瘤和非肿瘤病变中差异有统计学意义(χ2=47.33,P<0.01)。
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     The study showed that the occmce of thyroid tumors was related to the abnormal content of Mo, Mn, Fe, Mg, Ca and Sr in human boy.
     研究结果表明,甲状腺肿瘤病变可能与人体中Mo、Mn、Fe、Mg、Ca和Sr含量异常有关.
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     Most of the tumor was benign.
     大多数肿瘤为良性病变
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     Costal Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions
     肋骨肿瘤肿瘤病变
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     Tumor lymphangiogenesis
     肿瘤淋巴管生成
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     malignant tumor group:I.
     肿瘤组 :I.
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  neoplastic lesion
Adult patients with a magnetic resonance scan suggestive of a supratentorial low-grade glioma should generally undergo at least a stereotactic biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and rule out an anaplastic glioma or a non-neoplastic lesion.
      
Four of 5 cases of benign neoplastic lesion showed well-circumscribed enhancing masses confined to the cavernous sinus with pressure erosion or hyperostosis of adjacent bone.
      
The list of patients with increased uptake was cross-referenced against the New South Wales (Australia) Cancer Council database to exclude the possibility of a neoplastic lesion in this region.
      
Only one patient who had an ependymoma showed radiographic abnormalities suggesting a neoplastic lesion, but eight of the ten cases in which the cerebrospinal fluid was analysed had a protein content exceeding 50 mg per 100 ml.
      
The fat-saturated 2D FLASH sequence yielded the highest contrast-to-noise ratios after Gd-DTPA administration between pancreas and inflammatory or neoplastic lesion.
      
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The results of hematoporphyrin derivative(HpD) and laser-induce photodynamic therapy(PdT)in the treatment of 16 cases of oral and maxillofacial malignant tumors are reported.Fourteen of 16 malignant tumors exhibited complete response and two exhibited partial response to PdT.All of the patients were injected with HpD with a dose of 4-5mg/kg intravenously.After 48-72 hrs, a red laser beam from dye laser with wavelength of 630 nm was then used to illuminate the lesions in order to damage the tumor by the photodynamic...

The results of hematoporphyrin derivative(HpD) and laser-induce photodynamic therapy(PdT)in the treatment of 16 cases of oral and maxillofacial malignant tumors are reported.Fourteen of 16 malignant tumors exhibited complete response and two exhibited partial response to PdT.All of the patients were injected with HpD with a dose of 4-5mg/kg intravenously.After 48-72 hrs, a red laser beam from dye laser with wavelength of 630 nm was then used to illuminate the lesions in order to damage the tumor by the photodynamic mechanism. The power density was maintained at 200-250mw/cm2 illumination about 20 minutes for every point. Fifteen patients were treated once, one patient twice, where the dose of HpD in the second treatment was reduced to 3mg/kg when the interval between two treatments was within 2 weeks. One patient revealed a recurrent fibrosarcoma 5 months after treatment.As to complication, only one patient suffered from sun burn with edema of the face.She recovered soon after the treatment.Disfigurement and deformation of oral-maxillofacial portion may be avoided when this method of treatment was used ,espe-cially in the early stage of disease.

本文报告血卟啉的光动力疗法治疗口腔颌面部恶性肿瘤的效果。经随诊1~13个月,其中特效14例,显效2例。所有病人均按4~5mg/kg进行HpD静脉滴注,注射后48~72小时用红色的染料激光(波长630nm)在肿瘤部进行照射,产生了光动力效应。肿瘤光照的激光功率剂量时间以200~250mw/cm~2,每照射1个光点为20分钟,按肿瘤病变的大小分点照射,在16例中15例是一次治疗,二次治疗的1例,有一例在治疗后5个月复发为纤维肉瘤。在并发症中仅有一例是太阳光照射后面部水肿,很快得到治愈。该项治疗对口腔颌面部,还可避免毁容及致残,尤其在早期治疗可以得到较好的疗效。

Concentration of total serum-ialic acid were evaluated as marker for some carcinomas proved by pathological examination in 79 ceses. Test sensitivity in the detection of cancer ranged from 76% to 89%. Specificity and accuracy were 88.1% and 85.9%, respectively. The authors therefore propose that total serum sialic acid concentration should be measured in suspect cases of carcinomas.

本文检测了血清总唾液酸的浓度,以期评估唾液酸作为肿瘤标志物的可行性。79例癌症患者检测的灵敏度在76%到89%之间。检测的特异性和准确度分別为88.1%和85.9%。结果表明当疑有肿瘤病变时,行简单的血清唾液酸检测是有价值的。

The antisera derived from rabbits immunized with MD tumour cell line MDCC-MSB-1were absorbed with the normal lymphocytes from Leghorn Chickens,and the antisera specificfor MASTA were consequently obtained.Its titer in indirect immunoflurescence staining withMSB-1 was 1:32.The percentage of MASTA positive cells,prepared from the visceral tu-mours artificially induced by virulent strain Jing-1 of MDV and naturally occuring in thechickens of a laying flock in the area of Nanjing,ranged from 2%~15% in theimmunoflurescence...

The antisera derived from rabbits immunized with MD tumour cell line MDCC-MSB-1were absorbed with the normal lymphocytes from Leghorn Chickens,and the antisera specificfor MASTA were consequently obtained.Its titer in indirect immunoflurescence staining withMSB-1 was 1:32.The percentage of MASTA positive cells,prepared from the visceral tu-mours artificially induced by virulent strain Jing-1 of MDV and naturally occuring in thechickens of a laying flock in the area of Nanjing,ranged from 2%~15% in theimmunoflurescence staining with the living cells.The MDV,isolated from the cases in thisfarm,was identified as Type I with the type-specific monoclonal antibodies to MDV.TheMASTA positive cells were not detected in the visceral organ from chickens with infection ofMDV but without the clearly nake-eyed visceral tumour.The result shows that the assay ispromising to be utilized in the diagnosis of MD.

用马立克氏病(MD)肿瘤细胞系 MDCC-MSB-1免疫家兔制成的高免血清,经正常的来杭鸡淋巴细胞完全吸收后,获得针对 MD 肿瘤表面抗原(MASTA)的特异性抗血清,它与 MSB-1反应的间接免疫荧光效价为1∶32。以MD 京-1强毒株接种1日龄雏鸡诱发的实验性肿瘤和某鸡场疑似马立克氏病的内脏肿瘤制成细胞悬液,用 MASTA 特异性抗血清进行间接免疫荧光染色,测得内脏肿瘤细胞的 MASTA 阳性率分别为2%和15%,并从疑似 MD 的病鸡血液内分离出 MD Ⅰ型病毒。羽囊和血清琼扩 MD 阳性,但无肿瘤病变的鸡未能测出MASTA 阳性的肿瘤细胞。用荧光抗体染色检查 MASTA 抗原的 MD 诊断方法切实可行。

 
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