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最大代谢
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  maximum metabolic
     MAXIMUM METABOLIC RATE IN PLATEAU PIKAS (OCHOTNA CURZONIAE) AND ROOT VOLES (MICROTUS OECONOMUS)
     高原鼠兔和根田鼠的最大代谢
短句来源
     Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on Maximum Metabolic Rates in Plateau Pikas and Root Voles
     温度和光周期对高原鼠兔和根田鼠最大代谢率的影响
短句来源
     MAXIMUM METABOLIC RATE OF MAMMALS
     哺乳动物最大代谢率的研究进展
短句来源
     We measured the BMR and cold induced maximum metabolic rate (MMR) in 20 wild Mongolian gerbils ( Meriones unguiculatus). Then the gerbils were dissected and 11 body parts were weighed. The BMR was 118 10 ml O 2/h and the MMR was 659 83 ml O 2/h (Mean body mass was 65 2 g).
     长爪沙鼠的基础代谢率为 118 10mlO2 /h ,最大代谢率为 6 5 9 83mlO2 /h。
短句来源
     Maximum metabolic rate (MMR) is defined as the physiological limit of metabolism during short time in animals. The paper reviews the related concepts, measurement methods, its changes during developmental procedures, two different methods for inducing MMR and its repeatability, its limiting factors, and effecting factors including including body size, phylogeny, environment temperature, altitude above sea level, parasite and virus. The relationship between MMR and nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) and basal metabolic rate (BMR), and its evolutionary strategies are also reviewed.
     最大代谢率 (maximummetabolicrate,MMR)是动物代谢的生理极限 ,本文阐述了其有关概念、测定方法、发育过程中的变化、两种不同方法导致的MMR及其复验性、制约因子、影响因素 (包括个体大小、系统发生、环境温度、海拔梯度、寄生虫与病毒 )、与非颤抖性产热 (Non-shiveringthermogenesis,NST)和基础代谢率 (Basalmetabolicrate ,BMR)的关系 ,以及其未来的研究方向。
短句来源
  “最大代谢”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Sujects were aged 53 9±11 3years and the ratio of male to female was 2∶1.Result:Maximal exercise time and MET max were 9 89±2 78min and 10 71±2 92Mets.
     检查者年龄平均539±113岁,男女比例为2∶1。 结果:最大运动时间和最大代谢当量分别为989±278min和1071±292Mets;
短句来源
     Results Clinical symptoms, total cholesterol, triglyceride, hight density Lipoprotein, low density Lipoprotein cholesterol, maximal metabolic equivalents ( METs) , and rat - pressure product ( RPP) of physical exercise group were significantly different from those of control group ( P < 0.05) .
     结果3个月后检查临床症状、血糖、血清总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三脂(TG)、高密度脂蛋白(HDL)、低密度脂蛋白(IDL-C)、最大代谢当量(METs)和心率收缩压双乘积(RPP),并与对照组比较,均有明显改善(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Results1.There was no significant difference in exercise capability betweenpatients with CN and normal group(maxium heart rate 161±10.1 vs 160.9±10.7,maxium Mets 10.4±2.1 vs 10.0± 1.7 ,P>0.05 all).
     结果1.CN患者运动能力与正常人比较无统计学意义(最大心率161±10. 1vs160. 9±10. 7,最大代谢当量10. 4±2. 1vs10. 0±1. 7,P均>0. 05);
短句来源
     (3)max metabolic equivalent (Max MET);
     ③最大代谢当量(MaxMET);
短句来源
     Results:The maximum metabolism equiualent of exercise of experiment group higher than that of contrast group (P<0.05); incidence of ventricular arrhythmia above lown Ⅲ less than that of contrast group (P<0.01); left ventricular ejection fraction improved.
     结果:实验组运动试验最大代谢当量高于对照组(P<0.05) 、Lown Ⅲ级以上的室性心律失常发生率少于对照组(P< 0.05)、血栓及栓塞发生率、住院日数少于对照组(P< 0.01)、左室射血分数有改善倾向。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     (3) the maximal metabolic equivalent (Max MET) was lower;
     (3)代谢当量(MaxMET) ;
短句来源
     (3)max metabolic equivalent (Max MET);
     ③代谢当量(MaxMET);
短句来源
     The Maximum Alternative-Flow
     并流
短句来源
     the maximum fight altitude;
     飞行高度 ;
短句来源
     MAXIMUM METABOLIC RATE OF MAMMALS
     哺乳动物代谢率的研究进展
短句来源
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  maximum metabolic
Host factors appeared to provide an optimum environment to sustain maximum metabolic efficiency.
      
The maximum metabolic cost of microsomal mixed-function oxidase (MFO) induction was measured in terms of food utilization parameters.
      
The maximum metabolic rate (MMR) measured for any one shark in this study was 541?mg?O2?kg-1h-1 at 54?cm?s-1 (0.65?TL?s-1).
      
At this speed body drag attains 35% and body lift 8.4% of the body weight, and parasite power is 5% of the maximum metabolic power.
      
The Peak VO2 of satiated meal size groups (175.85±10.55?mg O2?h-1) was above 80% of maximum metabolic rate during locomotion recovery process (215.48±7.07?mg O2?h-1).
      
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Plumbism acts in the human organs or general systems, It mainly attacks the nervous system,digestive systems, cardiovascular, kidney and henatopoietic organs and so on. Studies showed that when there is excessive lead in the body, extra lead is combined to mercapto of cells or organs protein, and affects their organism function. Lead inhibit hemoglobin and cytochrome synthesis which is most commonly involved in the metabolic process.

铅中毒的生化机理是铅与细胞、细胞器官,以及蛋白质的巯基结合,影响其生物功能。受铅干扰最大的代谢环节是抑制血色素及细胞合成。

Objective:To study the cardiopulmonary function before and after rehabilitation exercise training in the patients with coronary heart disease following PTCA or intracoronary stent implantation,and to find guidelines for exercise prescripition,characteristics as well as benefits to the exercise training in these patients.Method:Rehabilitation exercise training in 8~12 weeks was applied in 21 patients with myocardial infarction and unstable angina pectoris post percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty...

Objective:To study the cardiopulmonary function before and after rehabilitation exercise training in the patients with coronary heart disease following PTCA or intracoronary stent implantation,and to find guidelines for exercise prescripition,characteristics as well as benefits to the exercise training in these patients.Method:Rehabilitation exercise training in 8~12 weeks was applied in 21 patients with myocardial infarction and unstable angina pectoris post percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or intracoronary stent implantation . Result: After exercise training, the maximal heart rate (HRmax) and maximal work load during exercise test were significantly higher ( P<0.002, P <0. 005) ; the increased value of heart rate (△HR=HRmax resting HR),the maximal systolic blood pressure (SBPmax) during exercise test and rate-pressure product (RPP) were significantly increased (P<0.05) ; the maximal metablic equivalents, maximal oxygen consumption (O 2max ) and minute ventilation (E) were significantly improved ( P <0.02).Conclusion:Rehabilitation exercise training in patients with PTCA or intracoronary stent implantation could increase physical work capacity , cardiac functional capacity and the quality of life.

目的:比较冠心病PTCA或支架术后患者康复运动前后的心肺功能,试图找出这类患者康复运动的特点、制定康复运动处方的原则及其对心脏的有益作用。方法:对21例PTCA术或PTCA加支架术后病人进行运动心肺功能评定,制定康复运动处方,进行8~12周康复运动训练。结果:康复运动训练后患者的运动时间和最大运动负荷量有非常显著增加(P<0.002,P<0.005),心率增值运动中最高收缩压和心率-血压双乘积(RPP)有显著提高(P<0.05),最大代谢当量(METs)、最大氧耗量(VO2max)和每分通气量亦有显著提高(P<0.02)。结论:PTCA术或支架术后病人坚持康复运动训练有益于体能的提高,心脏功能容量的增加,从而提高生活质量

Objective:To report cardiovascular response to the symptom limited exercise testing in 1000 subjects .Method:Treadmill exercise test was used by Bruce protocol.Sujects were aged 53 9±11 3years and the ratio of male to female was 2∶1.Result:Maximal exercise time and MET max were 9 89±2 78min and 10 71±2 92Mets.Maximal heart rate was 159 0±20 4beat/min,maximal systolic blood pressure(BP) was 22 5±3 2kPa and maximal diastolic BP was 11 6±1 8kPa.BP was dropped significantly after exercise,especially...

Objective:To report cardiovascular response to the symptom limited exercise testing in 1000 subjects .Method:Treadmill exercise test was used by Bruce protocol.Sujects were aged 53 9±11 3years and the ratio of male to female was 2∶1.Result:Maximal exercise time and MET max were 9 89±2 78min and 10 71±2 92Mets.Maximal heart rate was 159 0±20 4beat/min,maximal systolic blood pressure(BP) was 22 5±3 2kPa and maximal diastolic BP was 11 6±1 8kPa.BP was dropped significantly after exercise,especially the diastolic BP.Subjects with high risks of coronary artery disease(CAD) and apparent normal subjects had similar type of cardiovascular response,even though the absolute values were different.ST segment depression was the most significant sign at the maximal exercise.The ST depression was deeper in the subjects with high risk factors of CAD and positive exersice testing than the apparent normal subjects with positive exercise testing( P <0 001).Subjects with positive exercise testing had more significant ST depression than the subjects with the negative test( P <0 001).Conclusion:Chinese has similar heart rate and BP responses to the Westerners in symptom limited exercise.Symptoms ,signs and abnormal ECG changes could be used as indications of the end point of exersise testing.Significant decrease of BP implies effects of exercise training in patients with hypertension.ST segment depression is most significant at the maximal exercise. Author′s address\ Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine,Nanjing Medical University,210029

目的:探讨症状限制性心电运动试验的心血管反应。方法:依Bruce方案采用活动平板试验。检查者年龄平均539±113岁,男女比例为2∶1。结果:最大运动时间和最大代谢当量分别为989±278min和1071±292Mets;最大心率1590±204次/min;最大收缩压225±32kPa;最大舒张压116±18kPa。运动后血压均明显降低,以舒张压降低最为明显。可疑冠心病人和体检者的心血管反应类型相似,绝对数值有一定差异。最大运动时ST段下移最明显,可疑冠心病阳性组ST段下移大于体检阳性组,两组又都明显大于阴性组(P均<0001)。结论:应采用症状、体征和心电改变确定运动试验终点。运动有一定的降压作用。最大运动时ST段下移最为明显。运动后常见STV现象,值得进一步研究。

 
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