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     In this paper, we present a new method to form a set of fuzzy control rules bymeans of the fuzzy modeling of human operator's control actions. By the fuzzy model we can also formulate the corresponding fuzzy control state action table as wellas look up table automatically.
     根据操作人员对生产设备的实际手动控制数据,提出了辨识模糊控制规则,进而自动地生成模糊控制状态作用表以及查询表的新颖方法。
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  “作用表”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The anti-fatigue action of Panax was shown by the fact that the treated animals displayed a greater endurance in swimming.
     人参的抗疲劳作用表現在显著延长了小白鼠的游泳持續时間,其主要原因經直接测定系由于人参显著降低了氧耗量,故在缺氧条件下能相对延长动物的生命。
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     2) granites, occurring outside of the deposits, have no relation with mineralization.
     花岗岩浆的侵入作用只是对层状矿体进行了某种改造作用,这种改造作用表?
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     and Tifukang had a regulating effect on the content of L ENK, making it decreased when in an acute stress state and increased when in a chronic stress state caused by exercise in rats.
     中药复方“体复康”具有调节L ENK的作用 ,表现在对急性运动中的下调 ,在对慢性运动应激中的上调。
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     In this paper, the designing process is described in detail. The testing result about the effect of welding current on the real-time measured welding pool width is used to build the fuzzy control relation and the control function forms.
     本文给出了熔宽模糊控制的系统结构图并详细介绍了熔宽模糊控制器的设计过程,根据用双波长滤光片正面实时检测焊缝熔宽技术得到的焊接电流对焊缝熔宽影响的实测结果,对各模糊量的模糊化过程以及量化过程进行了讨论,给出了模糊控制状态表,据此状态表制定出模糊控制作用表
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     Based on these fuzzy control forms, weld pool width is easily controlled by adjusting welding current.
     以焊接电流为控制量,可以根据此控制作用表对焊缝熔宽进行实时控制。
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     The Function of Standard Electrode Potentiometer
     标准电极电势作用
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     Important Action of True Values' Table in Mathematical Logic
     真值在数理逻辑中的重要作用
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     Affect of Role Intrusion Detection System
     入侵检测系统的作用
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     1 lab.
     1。
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     Table 1. 
     1
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  action table
Active ingredient and mode of action table for listed pesticides.
      
Create a Visual Display and action table for December 10 Human Rights Day.
      
Rue clarified that the Proposed Action table represents items that Senate finance staff is currently working on, not that they have formally adopted.
      
The probability of each step can be read off the action table and is shown after the lookahead item in the figure.
      


Short-term cultures of human leukemic cells were utilized to study the antitumour effect of eight drugs commonly used in clinical medicine. Cytotoxic effect was demonstrated with nitrogen mustard, nitromin, sarcolysin, thio-TEPA and myleran at concentrations of 7, 10, 25, 35, 100, and 100μg/ml respectively. No effect on the leukemic cells was observed with 6 MP and aminopterin. With the same culture technic twenty four compounds of various structures were screened for antitumour activity. Among these nine were...

Short-term cultures of human leukemic cells were utilized to study the antitumour effect of eight drugs commonly used in clinical medicine. Cytotoxic effect was demonstrated with nitrogen mustard, nitromin, sarcolysin, thio-TEPA and myleran at concentrations of 7, 10, 25, 35, 100, and 100μg/ml respectively. No effect on the leukemic cells was observed with 6 MP and aminopterin. With the same culture technic twenty four compounds of various structures were screened for antitumour activity. Among these nine were found to have an injurious action on the leukemic cells in vitro, and besides, they were shown in in vivo experiments to possess also an inhibitory action on the growth of several transplantable animal tumours. The remaining fifteen compounds exhibited no effect on the leukemic cells in the culture, nor did they affect the growth of transplanted tumours. The close parallelism between the results of the in vivo and in vitro experiments indicates that this tissue culture method could be used effectively for screening antitumour drugs.

本文应用人的白血病細胞短期培养的方法,对常用的8种抗肿瘤药物进行了观察。氮芥及氧化氮芥在7—10微克/毫升,溶肉瘤素和新恩必恨于25—35微克/毫升,三乙酰硫代磷酰胺和丁二醇二甲磺酸酯在100微克/毫升,都出現了显著的細胞毒作用,使細胞很快死亡溶解;但6-巯基嘌吟和氨基喋吟未表現作用。在24种不同类型药物的研究中:9种对白血病細胞有明显的毒性作用,这些药物对动物移植性肿瘤也有抑制作用;15种体外无效,体內也无作用(表1)。結果証明,本方法可作为抗肿瘤药物篩选方法之一。

On the basis of our previous find-ings we further studied the relation-ship between the photophosphoryla-tion and the exchange reaction of thetightly-bound ATP on thylakoidmembrane with ~(32) Pi.The mainresults obtained are as follows:Ⅰ.Oligomycin,an antibiotic act- ing specifically on the hydrophobicprotein of ATPase complex in mito-chondria,was found to be also aneffective inhibitor of PSP in chlorop-last as well as of the ATPase activities,nucleotide exchange reactions andlight-induced pH change in chlo-roplasts.The...

On the basis of our previous find-ings we further studied the relation-ship between the photophosphoryla-tion and the exchange reaction of thetightly-bound ATP on thylakoidmembrane with ~(32) Pi.The mainresults obtained are as follows:Ⅰ.Oligomycin,an antibiotic act- ing specifically on the hydrophobicprotein of ATPase complex in mito-chondria,was found to be also aneffective inhibitor of PSP in chlorop-last as well as of the ATPase activities,nucleotide exchange reactions andlight-induced pH change in chlo-roplasts.The inhibition of the Mg~(++)-ATPase is especially marked (tableⅠ).2.Under appropriate concen-tration of oligomycin (20μg/mg pro-tein),it was discovered that oligomy-cin remarkably increased the amountof ~(32) Pi incorporated into ATP inilluminated chloroplast suspension.washed free of endogenous free nu-cleotides,and with Pi (~(31) Pi+ ~(32) Pi)but no ADP added.Moreover,thisenhancement effect is more pronoun-ced at higher temperature (30℃)(table 2、3).By using ~(32)Pi-esterification andluciferin-lucinferase reaction for theestimation of ATP,the ATP_b-Pi ex-change reaction could be from thephosphorylation of ADP_b+Pi andit was found that oligomycin stimula-ted ATP_b-Pi exchange but did notaffect the amounts of net endogenousATP in thylakoid membranes (Fig.1、2;table 4、6).4.There is close relation betweenthe ATP_b-Pi exchange reaction andenergy transduction of thylakoid mem-brane.This exchange is an ender-gonic reaction because it needs lightand cofactor,and is affected by un-coupler (table 5).The ATP_b-Piexchange reaction is less affected thanPSP by uncoupler,therefore it is pos-sible,that it has more direct conne-ction with the high energy state onthe membrane.

在过去工作基础上,我们进一步研究类囊体膜上牢固结合的ATP_b 与Pi 的交换反应和PSP 的关系。主要结果是:①在线粒体中对ATP 酶复合体的疏水蛋白专一敏感的寡霉素,对叶绿体中ATP 的光下形成和水解均表现为抑制,其中对ATP 酶活力的抑制要比对ATP 形成的抑制强烈得多,对核苷酸交换和光下H~+吸收也有明显的抑制作用(表1)。②去除内源游离核苷酸的叶绿体悬浮液,与Pi(~(31)Pi+~(32)Pi)照光(不外加ADP),发现在适当的寡霉素浓度(20微克/毫克蛋白)下显著促进此系统ATP 中~(32)Pi 参入的数量;并且在所测温度下均促进,温度升高(30℃),促进作用更为明显(表2,3)。③用荧光素酶测定ATP 的方法对上述系统的反应产物进行鉴别,并与~(32)Pi酯化法相比较,证明寡霉素促进的是ATP_b-Pi 交换(图1,2;表4,6)。④ATP_b-Pi 交换反应与类囊体膜的能量转换有密切的关系。这交换反应需光、需辅助因子,也受解联剂的影响(表5),是需能反应。这ATP_b-Pi 交换,较之PSP 受解联剂的影响要小得多,可能它与膜上高能态有更为直接的联系。

Calcium ion activation of purified fish (Nibsa albiflora) muscle acetylcholinesterase was shown to be substrate concentration-dependent. In the presence of calcium ions, the substrate concentration for maximal activity was about 0.3mM. with increase in substrate concentration, activation by calcium ions disappeared. The apparent dissociation constant for binding of calcium ions to the enzyme was about 6×10~(-4)M. Increase in calcium ion concentration did not eliminate the inhibition by substrate of calcium ion...

Calcium ion activation of purified fish (Nibsa albiflora) muscle acetylcholinesterase was shown to be substrate concentration-dependent. In the presence of calcium ions, the substrate concentration for maximal activity was about 0.3mM. with increase in substrate concentration, activation by calcium ions disappeared. The apparent dissociation constant for binding of calcium ions to the enzyme was about 6×10~(-4)M. Increase in calcium ion concentration did not eliminate the inhibition by substrate of calcium ion activation. It does not seem to be possible that calcium ions could bind to the peripheral substrate binding site. There were two kinds of association of different affinities between the peripheral anionic sites of the enzyme and the non-competitive inhibitor curare. Only the inhibition with the higher affinity was eliminated by calcium ions. After the enzymatic activity was almost completely inhibited by curare, there was still the competitive relationship between the calcium ions and the inhibition caused by the additional increase of curare concentration. The two different inhibitions of curare were eliminated by substtrate. Inhibition by the mixed competitive and non-competitive inhibitors, decamethonium and 1, 5-bis (4-trimethylammonium phenyl)pentan-3-one, was partially eliminated by calcium ions.

钙离子对纯化的黄姑鱼肌肉乙酰胆碱酯酶的激活作用是依赖于底物浓度的。在钙离子存在时,表现最高活力的底物浓度在0.3mM左右,随着底物浓度的增高,激活作用消失。钙离子与酶结合作用的表观解离常数为6×10~(-4)M左右。钙离子浓度的增加并不解除底物对钙离子激活作用的抑制,表明钙离子似不可能结合在酶的外周底物结合部位。非竞争性抑制剂箭毒,在酶的外周阴离子部位有表现不同亲和力的两种结合作用,只有其中高亲和力的抑制作用为钙离子解除。在箭毒接近全抑制酶活性以后,再增加箭毒浓度,钙离子仍表现竞争作用。箭毒对酶的两种不同的抑制作用皆为底物所解除。竞争性与非竞争性混合类型抑制剂十甲鎓及1,5-双-(4-三甲铵苯)戊酮-3的抑制作用部份地为钙离子解除。讨论了包括钙离子及硫代丁酰胆碱、箭毒、十甲鎓、1,5-双(4-三甲铵苯)戊酮-3、季铵酚和六甲鎓在内的多种胆碱能配基在酶上三类部位的结合及配基间的相互作用。

 
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