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国家园林
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  national garden
    Strategic Discussion on Constructing National Garden City of Kunming
    昆明市建设国家园林城市对策探讨
短句来源
    After the Park established,both the percentage of greenery coverage and openspace ratio of the city increase by 3.59%seperately, and quota for public open space increases by 2. 17m ̄2 /per-ron,which means that the assessment criteria of urban afforesting and greening of Jiangyin almost reach thoseof the national garden cities.
    它的建成将使江阴市的城市绿化覆盖率和建成区绿地率均提高3.59%,人均公共绿地增加2.17m ̄2/人,从而可使江阴市的城市绿地考核指标接近(一项超过)国家园林城市标准。
短句来源
    This paper compares the differences between The National Garden Urban Standards in 2000 and revised one in 2005,and analyzes the reasons for undulate data of relevant statistic index,and puts forward suggestions for establishing the index system of national garden city based on present situation of Kunming city in recent years.
    比较分析了2000年《国家园林城市标准》和修订后的2005年《国家园林城市标准》的差异,结合昆明市近几年的现状,分析了相关指标统计数据的增减原因,并对创建国家级园林城市的指标体系提出建议。
短句来源
    The inferiority existed in gardening and greening of Kunming city construction is summarized. Based on experiences from the greening of European and American cities,the paper proposes the strategies for constructing national garden city of Kunming from some aspects' greening including park,square,path,residential area,seedling building and stereoscopic greening,according to new content of the Standard of National Garden City,combined with actual conditions of Kunming city.
    总结了昆明城市园林绿化建设存在的差距,在借鉴欧美大都市城市绿化经验的基础上,依据新的《国家园林城市标准》,结合昆明市实际,从公园、广场、道路、居住区绿化以及苗圃建设、立体绿化等几个方面提出了昆明市建设国家园林城市的对策。
短句来源
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    This paper put forward a evaluating indicator based on the introduction of current research situation on urban forest from domestic and abroad and preference some evaluating indicators such as forest sustainable management、 urban green 、 urban forest as well as the standard for choosing the garden city , also according to the characteristic of each city , following principles of system、 almightiness、 independence 、 conciseness 、 science 、 practicality and comparativeness .
    本文在介绍国内外城市森林研究现状的基础上,参考森林可持续经营的标准和指标、城市绿地系统评价指标、城市森林相关评价指标以及国家园林城市评选标准,并根据宿迁市、常州市各自的特点,遵循系统、全面、独立、简明、可比的原则设计出一套城市森林评价指标体系; 确定了各个指标的参照值;
短句来源
    Investigations showed 16.5% green coverage of Lishui city, Zhejiang province, 5.85m2 per capita.
    经调查丽水市区绿化覆盖率为 16.5%,人均公园绿地面积为 5.85m2,离国家园林城市标准有一定差距,还存在以下问题:绿地总量不足,分布不匀; 园林植物种类少,物种多样性没有得到充分体现;
短句来源
    Recommend the current situation of the landscape plants applied in Zhan jiang and existent problem. From the ecological community of landscape plant, pl ant kind and native plants discuss how about Zhanjiang city raise the landscape plant application level in the garden in the course of establishing "city of nat ional garden".
    介绍湛江市园林绿化植物使用状况及存在问题,从园林植物生态群落、植物种类以及乡土树种的应用等三个方面,探讨湛江市如何在创建“国家园林城市”过程中提高园林植物应用水平。
短句来源
    Based on comparing and analyzing the approaches and effects of public participation in urban forestation both abroad and in China,and by means of referring to and introducing the relevant experience and corresponding policies and regulations,some possible approaches of public participation in urban greening were proposed to promote achieving the goal of building Kunming as a 'national gardening city' and to ensure the quality of greening and beautification in the light of the realistic situation in Kunming.
    通过对比分析国内外公众参与城市园林绿化建设的方式和成效,借鉴与引用国内外公众参与城市绿化建设方面的成功经验以及相关的政策法规,根据昆明城市自身情况提出几种公众参与城市园林建设的可能形式,以促进昆明创建"国家园林城市"目标的实现并保障城市园林绿化的质量.
短句来源
    Compared with national standards for landscaping city construction,the advantages and corresponding problems related to constructing Kunming City as a national landscaping city were analyzed based on the present situation including climate,vegetation,geographic backgrounds,gardening condition,landscaping resources as well as cultural and historical aspects. Some countermeasures for solving the problems were put forward.
    依据昆明现状,对照国家园林城市各项指标标准,从气候、植物、地理等本底条件,绿化条件、历史文化、风景资源等景观条件出发,分析昆明市建设国家级园林城市的优势与存在问题,并提出相应的对策.
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  national garden
A survey by the National Garden Association found 93 percent of the American gardeners surveyed grew tomatoes.
      


Jiangyin Round the city Park,which trims along the sub ring road of the city and coversabout 84hm ̄2,consists of both the round the city green belt with the overall length of about 21km and the14 gardens linked by the belt.After the Park established,both the percentage of greenery coverage and openspace ratio of the city increase by 3.59%seperately, and quota for public open space increases by 2. 17m ̄2 /per-ron,which means that the assessment criteria of urban afforesting and greening of Jiangyin almost...

Jiangyin Round the city Park,which trims along the sub ring road of the city and coversabout 84hm ̄2,consists of both the round the city green belt with the overall length of about 21km and the14 gardens linked by the belt.After the Park established,both the percentage of greenery coverage and openspace ratio of the city increase by 3.59%seperately, and quota for public open space increases by 2. 17m ̄2 /per-ron,which means that the assessment criteria of urban afforesting and greening of Jiangyin almost reach thoseof the national garden cities. Based on exploration of the necessity and possibility for constructting the park,the character and distinguishing feature,guiding ideology of planning, and main points of planning for differ-ent scenic areas and the 10 gardens of Jiangyin Round the city Park are discussed in this paper.

江阴市环城公园是指沿江阴市二环路两侧规划建设的环形带状绿地及由其串联的14座园中之园所组成的市级综合性公园,全线长约21km,占地总面积约84hm ̄2。它的建成将使江阴市的城市绿化覆盖率和建成区绿地率均提高3.59%,人均公共绿地增加2.17m ̄2/人,从而可使江阴市的城市绿地考核指标接近(一项超过)国家园林城市标准。本文在探讨建设江阴市环城公园的必要性和可能性的基础上,对环城公园的性质和特点、规划指导思想、各景区和园中国的规划要点作了系统的论述。

On the foundation of national "Landscape Garden City", perfecting the regulation system of urban garden management, the garden laws and regulations and taking lawto govern the landscape architecture will be the strong guarantee to raise the level of landscape architecture in Nanning.

在南宁市已经获得国家“园林城市”的基础上,加快完善园林管理体制、健全园林法规的步伐,实行以法治绿,是进一步提高城市园林绿化水平的有力保障。

The vegetation percentage of Kunming and green area occupied per person increased from 23 79% to 30 06%,and from 5 18m 2 to 7m 2 respectively.Still the landscaping condition of Kunming city do not attain Chinese national standard of garden city.The existed issues were summarized as the following 7 points.1) The total amount of green area was limited and distributed unevenly, the existed green area system was not well developed.2) Garden species used was limited.3) The structure of green area was simple.4)...

The vegetation percentage of Kunming and green area occupied per person increased from 23 79% to 30 06%,and from 5 18m 2 to 7m 2 respectively.Still the landscaping condition of Kunming city do not attain Chinese national standard of garden city.The existed issues were summarized as the following 7 points.1) The total amount of green area was limited and distributed unevenly, the existed green area system was not well developed.2) Garden species used was limited.3) The structure of green area was simple.4) The indigenous species was not used sufficiently.5) Number of trees in urban areas was limited, the ground cover and climbing plants was not used sufficiently.6) The construction of seedling base was quite behind the requirement.7) The market of landscaping construction was not regularized.Aiming at the existed problems,five suggestions were proposed.

昆明市自 1997年以来 ,绿化覆盖率从 2 3 79%提高到 3 0 0 6% ;人均公共绿地从 5 18m2 提高到 7m2 ,然而离国家园林城市标准仍有差距。还存在以下问题 :( 1)绿地总量不足 ,分布不匀 ,绿地系统不完善 ;( 2 )园林植物种类少 ,物种多样性没有得到充分体现 ;( 3 )结构单一 ;( 4 )乡土植物应用少 ,彩化不足 ,地方特色不明显 ;( 5 )城区大树少 ,地被植物和攀援植物没有得到充分应用 ;( 6)苗木基地建设严重滞后 ;( 7)园林建设市场混乱。针对存在的问题 ,对昆明市园林绿化的发展提出了 5方面的建议。

 
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