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补偿与保护
相关语句
  repair and protect
     The price of goods includes price of “apparent product” and “hidden product”, the later is caused by produce the public product to repair and protect the environment which has been consumed in the production and consumption of the goods.
     产品价格包括“显产品”(该产品自身)价格和“隐产品”价格两个部分,后者是为补偿与保护该产品生产过程中的公共资源环境消耗而进行的公共产品生产成本。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Ecological Protection vs. Ecological Redemption
     生态保护生态补偿
短句来源
     Sense of Inferiority and Compensation
     自卑感补偿
短句来源
     Grounding and Protection
     接地保护
短句来源
     Benefit evaluation of water source protection forest and mechanism of its economic compensation
     水源保护林效益评价补偿机制
短句来源
     Compensation of Reacquisition and Relocation of Houses and the Constitutional Protection of the Private Property of the Citizens
     房屋拆迁补偿公民财产权的宪法保护
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  repair and protect
Anthocyanins repair and protect genomic DNA integrity.
      


The price of goods includes price of “apparent product” and “hidden product”, the later is caused by produce the public product to repair and protect the environment which has been consumed in the production and consumption of the goods. The basic mistake of PPP theory and various theories of exchange rate is ignoring the “hidden product” asymmetry of goods produced in different economies.

产品价格包括“显产品”(该产品自身)价格和“隐产品”价格两个部分,后者是为补偿与保护该产品生产过程中的公共资源环境消耗而进行的公共产品生产成本。购买力平价理论及自由主义汇率理论,其根本缺陷是忽略各国产品中“隐产品”的不对称性。在“隐产品”缺位的情况下进行人民币升值,将会形成依靠中国公共资源无偿牺牲作为支撑条件的国际市场平衡体系,使中国失去进行公共性“隐产品”生产的机会。

Establishment of eco-compensation mechanism plays an important role in the watershed environmental protection.The core contents of eco-compensation comprise 5 aspects: principles,target group,range,criteria,mechanism and legislation of ecological compensation.The ecological compensation should abide by the principles of beneficiaries-pay,polluters-pay and protectors-gain under the framework of equity,development and operability.The target and range of ecocompensation should clarify who will pay and who will...

Establishment of eco-compensation mechanism plays an important role in the watershed environmental protection.The core contents of eco-compensation comprise 5 aspects: principles,target group,range,criteria,mechanism and legislation of ecological compensation.The ecological compensation should abide by the principles of beneficiaries-pay,polluters-pay and protectors-gain under the framework of equity,development and operability.The target and range of ecocompensation should clarify who will pay and who will get payments.The criteria of payment are important basis for eco-compensation.Based on payment criteria and mechanism,the regulations and laws should be worked out for regulating the implementation of ecological compensation.The Jinhua watershed is located in the middle part of Zhejiang Province in the subtropical monsoon climate area with an annual average temperature of 16.1℃.The area of arable land accounts for 12.06%;forestland 78.45%;construction and mining land 1.78%.The mode of ecological compensation in Jinhua River basin features the combination of water use rights trading and development of industry zone in the downstream.At the same time,the mode of water use right trading is pushed by market under government instruction and its relation with watershed protection is closer than other modes.Therefore,markets play a key role in payment for watershed services.Based on the field survey and analysis in the Jinhua River basin,this article puts forward four terms and mechanism of compensation for watersheds services: 1) It must be an independent river between the upstream and downstream and the regions of water supply and receiving are relatively concentrated and close;2) Both the up streams and down streams are subordinated to the same administrative region,which is conductive to better coordination and management in the whole watershed and easy for financial transfer of payment;3)The water quality and watershed environment in the headwaters are good,and the cost of water supply of the same quality in the lower streams is much higher than that in the upstream or there is an extreme freshwater deficiency.The cost caused by the limitation of economic development is much higher than the payment for watershed services,and there is a greater demand for water quality and water quantity in the lower streams;4) The level of economic development in the lower streams is higher than that in the upstream with capacity to pay.The author also puts forward the policy suggestions on ecological compensation,which are: form unified management mechanism;clarify water use right;set up the criteria and enact ecological compensation law;establish resource taxation and price system;ensure watershed management information transparent and minimize trade-off costs.

构建流域补偿与流域环境保护的互动关系对流域生态服务补偿市场机制的形成和流域保护具有关键性的作用。流域补偿的核心内容应该包括流域补偿的原则、对象、范围、标准、机制和立法等。在金华江流域生态服务补偿实地调查和研究的基础上,本文给出了中小流域生态服务补偿市场形成的4个条件和运行机制。金华江流域生态服务以“水权交易和异地开发”相结合的补偿模式,是市场与政府共同推动的结果。以市场推动为主的“水权交易”模式在一定能够程度上促进了流域补偿与保护的关系,而以政府推动为主的“异地开发”模式,流域补偿与保护的关系脱节。因此,认为市场在流域环境保护与补偿政策实施过程中起到了关键作用。在此基础上提出了“流域统一管理与协调,明晰水权和制定流域生态服务补偿标准与立法”等政策建议。

 
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