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社会边际
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  social boundary
     A new analysis of the determining elements of value show that the value of a commodity is determined by the social boundary laboring time.
     对价值决定的再分析说明,商品的价值量由社会边际劳动时间决定。
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  “社会边际”译为未确定词的双语例句
     According to the theory of endogenous economic growth,the decisive factors of economic growth are chiefly the social marginal capital productivity, the convertibility of savings rate into investment and the savings ratios.
     根据内生经济增长理论 ,影响经济增长的决定因素主要是社会边际资本生产率、储蓄—投资转化率和储蓄率。
短句来源
     Under the system in force, to formulate a public policy must consider the marginal cost and marginal profits about the health of population.
     在现行制度安排下 ,公共政策的制定应考虑人口健康的长期社会边际成本和长期社会边际收益。
短句来源
     In the country where this individual and social margin is fuzzy, we have already experienced this kind of threat coming quietly.
     在这个个人与社会边际模糊的国度里,我们已经感受到了这种悄然而至的威胁。
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     In terms of the mixed Economics and Welfare Economics, the public Financial Expenditure is the cost to implement Resource Allocation for government, the efficiency of the public Financial Expenditure is the ameliorative level of the social Marginal welfare, including the efficiency of the public Resource Allocation and the X-Efficiency of the public Financial Expenditure.
     在混合经济和福利经济学的前提下,公共财政支出的实质是政府实施资源配置的成本,公共财政支出的效率也就是社会边际福利的改善水平,包含公共资源的配置效率和公共财政支出X-效率。
短句来源
     Macroadjustment system of investment,which is based on the theory of investment multiplier,studies on the measurement and maximization of the investment multiplier of different areas that lie in the same economic region with the fact that different areas may boast different marginal propensity to consume(MPC) taking into account.
     基于投资区域乘数理论的投资宏观调控体系,就是基于经济体内不同区域的社会边际消费倾向不尽相同的现实,研究投资对经济体各相关区域经济发展乘数拉动效果的计量与最大化问题,并应用到投资宏观调控实践之中。
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  相似匹配句对
     A Research about Youth Marginal Personality in the Social Reforming Time
     社会转型时期青年边际人格研究
短句来源
     From Humanity to Society
     从“类”到“社会
短句来源
     Society
     社会(英文)
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     Marginal Mar-kets
     边际市场
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     marginal cost
     边际成本
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  social boundary
This political boundary became a social boundary on both sides.
      


Negative externalites produces when cost of a economic activity pours to person and firm which do not attend the economic activity. Under the condition, society marginal cost borne by all banks exceeds personal marginal cost bear by single bank, which brings on superfluous banks relatively and inefficient financial market. problem bank engenders three negative externalites, first, heightening society cost of whole bank system and depressing market value of bank system; second, increasing executing cost of monetary...

Negative externalites produces when cost of a economic activity pours to person and firm which do not attend the economic activity. Under the condition, society marginal cost borne by all banks exceeds personal marginal cost bear by single bank, which brings on superfluous banks relatively and inefficient financial market. problem bank engenders three negative externalites, first, heightening society cost of whole bank system and depressing market value of bank system; second, increasing executing cost of monetary policy; third, leading waste of financial resource and extruding effect. It is only pass of eliminating problem bank negative externalites to make problem bank retreat from financial market as soon as possible.

当一种经济活动的成本自动地“外溢”到没有参加这种经济活动的其他人和企业身上时 ,就会产生负外部性。在存在负外部性的情况下 ,由所有银行机构承担的社会边际成本将超过由单个银行机构承担的私人边际成本 ,此时 ,银行机构相对过剩 ,金融市场无效率。有问题银行产生三大负外部性 :一是提高整个银行体系的社会成本 ,降低银行体系的市场价值 ;二是加大货币政策的实施成本 ;三是导致金融资源浪费并发生挤出效应。清除有问题银行负外部性的唯一途径 ,是尽早让有问题银行退出金融市场 ,长痛不如短痛

The dispute between two kinds of socially necessary labor time concerns how to understand the position of supply and demand in the value price theory. After resolving the dispute, this article puts forward that the second kind of socially necessary labor time is decided by the law of rewarding equal social marginal utility with equal marginal labor in every sector of economy.

两种社会必要劳动时间的争论 ,关系到如何理解供求在价值和价格理论中的地位。本文在解决争论的前提下 ,提出了求解社会必要劳动时间II的任务 ,并进一步提出了社会必要劳动时间II,决定于“各部门的等量单位劳动要求获得等量社会边际效用”的规律 ,并在此基础上考察了价值和价格之于社会资源的配置作用

Private cost and benefit deviates from social cost and benefit, this is one of the most common problem for economic society. One of such inconsistence is Pigou's government intervene. R.Coase gives a forceful challenge on Pigou's solution. Coase suggests that (in some ideal condition) Pareto-optimal resource allocation can be achieved by private bargain rather than Pigou's government intervene, and such private bargain is independent from liability statute (Coase's Theorem). This paper discusses social optimality,...

Private cost and benefit deviates from social cost and benefit, this is one of the most common problem for economic society. One of such inconsistence is Pigou's government intervene. R.Coase gives a forceful challenge on Pigou's solution. Coase suggests that (in some ideal condition) Pareto-optimal resource allocation can be achieved by private bargain rather than Pigou's government intervene, and such private bargain is independent from liability statute (Coase's Theorem). This paper discusses social optimality, competition solution, Pigou's solution and Coase's solution under Externality respectively by a simple mathematic model, and using a numeral example to specify relationship between property rights and efficiency of resource allocation.

私人成本和收益与社会成本和收益相背离是经济社会最普遍的问题之一。解决私人的边际收益与成本和社会边际收益与成本不一致所产生的问题的办法之一是庇古的政府解。罗纳德·科斯对此提出了强有力的挑战 ,认为帕累托最优资源分配 (在某些理想条件下 )可通过不求助于庇古的政府干预私下协商而达到 ,并且该私下解决方法独立于责任法规 (产权安排 ) (科斯定理 )。本文用一个简单的数学模型 ,分别讨论了存在外部性时的社会最优解、竞争市场解、庇古解和科斯解 ,并给出了一个数字例子来具体阐述产权安排与资源配置效率之间的关系。

 
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