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气道损伤
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  airway trauma
     The common complication of intubation was airway trauma and its incidence was 19.3% in all the patients.
     最常见的插管合并症为气道损伤 ,发生率为19.3%。
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  “气道损伤”译为未确定词的双语例句
     AIM: To explore the expression of E-cadherin(E-cd) in the human bronchial epithelial cells(HBECs) and their role in the damage and injury of the airway.
     目的:观察人支气管上皮细胞(humanbronchial epithelial cells,HBECs)上皮钙粘素(E-cad-herin,E-cd)的表达,探讨E-cd在维持气道损伤修复过程中的变化及意义。
短句来源
     Results The time of retaining intubations was 1.56±0.74 days. SpO 2 was over 98% (99.76±0.52%). All of the patients had no airway injury and bleeding, and no pneumonia and respiratory suppression occured.
     结果 气管插管平均留置时间为1.56±0.74天,留置期间SpO2>98%(99.76± 0.52%)所有气管插管病人无气道损伤,无气道出血,无肺部感染及镇静药物应用后呼吸抑制发生。
短句来源
     Study of Injury and ICAM-1 Expression in the Rats Small Airway Epithelium
     大鼠小气道损伤及细胞黏附分子表达的实验研究
短句来源
     PetCO_2 and SpO_2 may reflect blood-gas changes indirectly and accurately.
     结果提示,鼻咽喷射通气是一种无气道损伤、简便而又实用的通气方式,能维持术中烧伤病人正常气体交换,PetCO_2和SpO_2可以间接、准确地反映血气变化。
短句来源
     INTRODUCTIONWe know that cigarette smoking can induce chronic lung injury and cause severe lung disorders.
     众所周知,吸烟可致慢性肺气道损伤,引起肺气道的严重病患。
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  相似匹配句对
     The nursing of respiratory tract in patients with the damnification of cervical vertebra
     颈椎损伤病人的气道护理
短句来源
     Effect of airway epithelium injury on the growth of fibroblasts
     气道上皮损伤对成纤维细胞增殖的影响
短句来源
     Duodenal injuries
     十二指肠损伤
短句来源
     Damage detection of bridges
     桥梁的损伤识别
短句来源
     Airway Obstruction Children
     儿童气道梗阻
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  airway trauma
Periodic evaluation with bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy prior to extubation may have helped to minimize further airway trauma and contributed to our early good results.
      
To avoid airway trauma caused by the tube tip during intubation, the Parker Flex-Tip tube (PFT), which has a flexible, tapered tip, was developed.
      
In addition, the circuit allows for optimal gas conditioning, reducing the likelihood of airway trauma and inspissation of secretions.
      
This article describes cases with major airway trauma who had survived the trauma until our operation room.
      
Usually there was minimal superficial bleeding and no distal airway trauma was seen.
      
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Tracheal and bronchial sleeve resections are the ideal operations for the tracheal or bronchial benign lesions,low grade malignant tumors or traumatic strictures.They are also popular now for the resection of cen- tral lung cancers locating at the orifice of the bronchus.Under such condition,lobectomy plus sleeve resection of the main bronchus is so radical as pneumonectomy;but the mortality and morbidity are far less than that of the latter.In this article,21 cases are reported,including: 15 lung cancers;4...

Tracheal and bronchial sleeve resections are the ideal operations for the tracheal or bronchial benign lesions,low grade malignant tumors or traumatic strictures.They are also popular now for the resection of cen- tral lung cancers locating at the orifice of the bronchus.Under such condition,lobectomy plus sleeve resection of the main bronchus is so radical as pneumonectomy;but the mortality and morbidity are far less than that of the latter.In this article,21 cases are reported,including: 15 lung cancers;4 benign tumors;1 traumatic rupture of bronchus and 1 of trachea.The results were good there were no complications nor dea- ths.The indications,the operative procedures and the postoperative management are briefly discussed.

气管、支气管袖状切除是治疗气管、支气管的良性疾患、低度恶性肿瘤和修复气道损伤或狭窄的理想手术方法。也适用于经过选择的气管癌和部分中心型支气管肺癌的病人,因对心肺功能影响较少,其生存期比全肺切除病人的生存期长。本文报道21例气管、支气管袖状切除术,病理证实为癌肿的15例。良性肿瘤4例、外伤性气管、支气管断裂各1例。文中对手术的适应证、禁忌证,手术前的准备,麻醉问题,手术操作技术,手术后的处理等的体会,结合文献进行讨论。本组21例无手术死亡率,亦无发生术后的并发证,说明此类手术是比较安全的,近期效率良好。我们认为对经过选择的一部分中心型肺癌的病人,采用肺叶支气管袖状切除术,能最大限度地清除病灶和保留健肺,避免全肺切除,这对年老和肺功能较差的病人是有重要意义的。本组对肺癌病例术后均进行随访,初步印象:肺叶支气管袖状切除术的效果是不逊于全肺切除术。

Non-smoking women from 40 to 65 years of age were analyzed for the effects of home exposure to coal or gas on their respiratory symptoms, lung function, and carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO). The results of the study showed that the use of coal as cooking fuel was associated with high concentrations of SO_2 and CO_2 and a low concentration of NO_2 by comparison with households where gas was used as home cooking fuel. The women who used coal as cooking fuel had a higher incidence of respiratory symptoms, and a higher...

Non-smoking women from 40 to 65 years of age were analyzed for the effects of home exposure to coal or gas on their respiratory symptoms, lung function, and carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO). The results of the study showed that the use of coal as cooking fuel was associated with high concentrations of SO_2 and CO_2 and a low concentration of NO_2 by comparison with households where gas was used as home cooking fuel. The women who used coal as cooking fuel had a higher incidence of respiratory symptoms, and a higher HbCO when distorting factors were eliminated. An increase in the amount of coal or gas used corresponded generally with a decrease in FEV 1.0/VC, FEV 1.0/FVC, PEF, MEF 75, MEF 50, and MEF 25. However, FEV 1.0/VC and PEF seemed more related to the use of coal while MEF 75 and MEF 50 seemed more related to the use of gas. Our studies suggested that the use of coal for household purposes did introduce some dangerous factors for respiratory systems. It was further noted, however, that the potential damage to small airways induced by the NO_2 from gas stoves should not be ignored or forgotten.

研究表明家庭烹调燃煤使室内SO_2、CO浓度大大增加,燃煤气使NO_2浓度大大增加。燃煤者呼吸系统症状出现率及HbCO均高于燃气者(P<0.05)。燃煤与燃气者肺功能均有下降,但燃煤者反映上呼吸道功能的指标下降更甚,燃气者反映深部呼吸道功能的指标下降更甚。结果提示烹调燃煤对人呼吸系统是一危险因素,但亦不能忽视燃煤气对人小气道的损伤。

Rats were injected intratracheallywith different doses of tussah silkdust.Ultrastructural changes of theirlung tissues were examined withscanning electron microscopy.Prol-iferation of type Ⅱ alveolar epit-helial cells were found in theiralveolar septa in all dosage groups.These alveolar epithelial cells canbe identified by their miciovilli ontheir laminal surfaces.Cuboidal epi-thelial cells,which differs from thetype Ⅱ cells morphologically were a-lso of frequent occurence.In lungswith severe damage,marked increaseof...

Rats were injected intratracheallywith different doses of tussah silkdust.Ultrastructural changes of theirlung tissues were examined withscanning electron microscopy.Prol-iferation of type Ⅱ alveolar epit-helial cells were found in theiralveolar septa in all dosage groups.These alveolar epithelial cells canbe identified by their miciovilli ontheir laminal surfaces.Cuboidal epi-thelial cells,which differs from thetype Ⅱ cells morphologically were a-lso of frequent occurence.In lungswith severe damage,marked increaseof fibroblastic cells and collagenoustissue can be observed.Other struct-ural changes found were breathe me-mbrane damage,small airway dama-ge and increase in the number andchange of the shape of pulmonary al-veolar macrophage.

将柞蚕丝粉尘注入大鼠肺内,使用扫描电子显微镜观察了实验动物肺组织超微结构改变。在各染尘剂量组都可见表面有微绒毛特征的肺泡Ⅱ型细胞增生。在纤维化的肺泡壁也常可见到形态不同于Ⅱ型细胞的立方上皮细胞。在肺组织破坏较为明显的部位有成纤维细胞和胶原纤维增生。另外还发现了呼吸膜破坏,小气道损伤,以及不同形态的肺巨噬细胞增生等超微结构方面的改变。

 
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