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初始治疗
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  initial management
     Enoxaparin versus unfractionated heparin in patients treated with tirofiban, aspirin and an early conservative initial management strategy: Results from the A p hase of the A-to-Z trial
     依诺肝素与普通肝素在应用替罗非班、阿司匹林治疗的患者中的作用与早期保守初始治疗策略:A-to-Z试验的A期结果
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     Initial management of children with newly diagnosed idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in the Nordic countries
     北欧国家特发性血小板减少性紫癜新近诊断病例的初始治疗经过
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  “初始治疗”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Using the E7-positive C3 cells with good immunogenicity and TC-1 cells with bad immunogenicity as tumor models, we perfomed the tumor preventative and therapy experiments by gene gun immunization.
     以E7阳性的免疫原性好的C3细胞和免疫原性差的TC-1细胞为模型,进行了pSLC-E7-Fc疫苗的肿瘤预防与治疗实验。 结果表明,在C3肿瘤治疗实验中(初始治疗时肿瘤大小为6mm×6mm),pSLC-E7-Fc免疫使100%的小鼠肿瘤完全消退,并长期生存;
短句来源
     Sotalol was administered in doses of 80 mg bid po, and the maximun doses were 160 mg bid po.
     Sot组初始治疗剂量为 80 m g bid po,最大剂量为 16 0 m g bid po。
短句来源
     Patients were treated by maprotiline at the original dosage of 25 mg per day,which was increased to 25-175 mg in 2-3 weeks,twice a day respectively at noon and evening. At the end of 3rd week,dosages were fixed after reached to individual constant dosage with the course of 6 weeks.
     麦普替林初始治疗剂量25mg/d,在2~3周内加至治疗量25~175mg,2次/d,中午和晚上给药,第3周末达到个体恒定剂量后维持固定剂量不变,疗程6周。
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     The effective rates were 80.7% after the first phases of the SIT and 86.3% after the second phases.
     初始治疗后变应性鼻咽患者总有效率80.7%,维持治疗后总有效率达86.3%。
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     METHODS Selected 62 patients of severe nosocomial pneumonia from Apr 1st, 2002 to Mar 31st, 2003(CPIS>6), randomly divided into two groups, traditional group and de-escalation group. To compare their adequate rate of initial therapy, infection controlled rate and the days from the treatment beginning to the infection controlled.
     方法选取2002 年4 月1日~2003年3月31日,我院ICU重症获得性肺炎患者62例(CPIS>6分),随机分成传统治疗组和降阶梯治疗组,比较两组患者的初始治疗恰当率、感染控制率和感染控制所需时间等指标。
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     Advancement of initial antiretroviral therapy in AIDS
     艾滋病初始抗病毒治疗新进展
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     Treatment of pathological fracture
     病理性骨折的治疗
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     Treatment of Fetus Intrauterine Growth Retardation
     胎儿宫内生长迟缓的治疗
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     Initial management of children with newly diagnosed idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in the Nordic countries
     北欧国家特发性血小板减少性紫癜新近诊断病例的初始治疗经过
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     initial pH;
     初始 pH值 ;
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  initial management
The use of teicoplanin and vancomycin may be justified as part of the initial management of clinically infected right atrial catheters in patients with malignancy.
      
The initial management of hypercapnic CSAHS and SHVS should include identification of any treatable causes and discontinuation of any sedative medications.
      
Increasingly, neurooncol-ogists are reluctant to use radiotherapy as initial management for these diseases because of concerns surrounding the late neurocognitive sequelae of cranial irradiation.
      
Initial management should include counseling of patients regarding recognition of early warning symptoms, and avoidance of precipitating factors.
      
Innovative combinations of immunosuppressive medications are being used as initial management after transplantation to minimize acute rejection and allow rapid weaning of corticosteroids and reduction in maintenance levels of calcineurin inhibitors.
      
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Uncontrolled pain from metastatic cancer is common throughout the world because of inadequate narcotic analgesic therapy. TheW. H. O. has proposed a program for a stepped care approach using increa-sing intensity of analgesic therapy with doses being given orally on aregular schedule. This can achieve good pain control when the narcoticmedication dose is individualized and high enough doses are given to thosepatients who metabolize the drugs rapidly.

由于麻醉性镇痛药治疗不当,致使对转移性肿瘤病人的疼痛不能控制,此现象在世界范围内较普遍。对此,世界卫生组织制订出一套逐级治疗方案。该方案采用口服常规给药,并逐步增加麻醉性药物治疗的强度。对疼痛的初始治疗,使用阿斯匹林及其他非甾体类抗炎免疫镇痛药。如不能控制,则加用一种弱的阿片类药物,如可待因。如仍不能控制,此时应给强阿片类药物,如吗啡。另外,采用常规给药,而不是视病人需要给予治疗(疼痛复发或加剧)。使麻醉性药物治疗剂量个体化,代谢迅速的病人给予高剂量后,能获得较好的镇痛效果。

In order to increase the quality of treatment, we followed up the height and sexual development of 25 cases of CAH for 5~15 year. We found the height of the simple type patients are shorter than the salt wasting type. And suggest:the dose of corlisone might be different in patients, some need over treatment. We must regulate the dose according to comprehensive indicators. CAH who have got treatment regularly have puberty and fertility. Those who haven't reccived regular treatment can get puberty after regain...

In order to increase the quality of treatment, we followed up the height and sexual development of 25 cases of CAH for 5~15 year. We found the height of the simple type patients are shorter than the salt wasting type. And suggest:the dose of corlisone might be different in patients, some need over treatment. We must regulate the dose according to comprehensive indicators. CAH who have got treatment regularly have puberty and fertility. Those who haven't reccived regular treatment can get puberty after regain regular treatment. This shows:extratestone may be little effect on young ovum and uterus.

为提高对CAH病人的治疗管理质量,对治疗5~15年25例CAH患者的体格及性发育总结发现,晚诊治的单纯型患者体格发育不如早诊治的失盐型。故建议初始治疗时对基础状态不同的病人用不同的剂量可能更好,调量以多指标综合考虑。坚持治疗者有青春期发育并可生育;不坚持治疗的女性在恢复治疗后可有青春期发育。提示过多的睾酮对幼稚的子宫卵巢可能影响不大。

Objective To observe the efficacy of corticosteroids and pulse cyclophosphamide in adult nephrotic syndrome(NS) with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGSZ).Method 63 hospitalized adult FSGS NS patients were included in this study between 1993 and 1997. Retrospective analysis of the therapeutic response, the relationship between efficacy and pathology and the outcome of the follow up were made.Results FSGS NS accounts for 43.45% of the total biospsied FSGS cases in the same period. The average age of...

Objective To observe the efficacy of corticosteroids and pulse cyclophosphamide in adult nephrotic syndrome(NS) with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGSZ).Method 63 hospitalized adult FSGS NS patients were included in this study between 1993 and 1997. Retrospective analysis of the therapeutic response, the relationship between efficacy and pathology and the outcome of the follow up were made.Results FSGS NS accounts for 43.45% of the total biospsied FSGS cases in the same period. The average age of these patients was (31.4±14) years. Male/Female=2.15∶1. They were followed up for (43.87±17.94) months. Among the 38 patientrs (60.3%) initially responsive to therapy, 65.8% obtained complete remission(CR) and none developed chronic renal failure(CRF); 25 patients originally resistant to therapy, only 12% had CR, prolonging steroids and cyclophosphamide therapy increased CR or partial remission(PR) to 48%, 6.35% developed CRF. The responsive rate to treatment was related with the degree of global and focal segmental sclerosis and tubulointerstitial damage. Compare to those initially responsive to therapy, in patients with no response to therapy originaly, the rate of global and focal segmental sclerosis and tubulointerstitial damage were usually more severe. The major side effects of the drug were infection and liver damage. Conclusions This study shows that prolonged treatment of FSGS NS with corticosteroids and pulse cyclophosphamide is effective in achieving sustained remission and improve prognosis in adults with FSGS NS. (Shanghai Med J, 2000,23∶563 566)

目的 观察激素及间断环磷酰胺 (CTX)冲击治疗局灶节段性肾小球硬化 肾病综合征 (FSGS NS)的疗效。方法 回顾性分析 1993~ 1997年间 ,6 3例FSGS NS患者对激素治疗的反应 ,疗效与病理的关系及随访结果。结果 以NS为表现的FSGS占同期肾活检FSGS的 43.45 % ,平均发病年龄 (31± 14)岁 ,男女之比为2 .15∶1,平均随访 43个月。对初始治疗有反应的患者 (Ⅰ组 )完全缓解率 (CR)高 ,为 6 5 .79% ,无进展至慢性肾功能衰竭 (CRF)者 ;对初始治疗无反应者 (Ⅱ组 )CR低 ,为 12 % ,延长激素及CTX治疗可使CR或部分缓解率(PR)增加至 48% ,进展至CRF者为 6 .35 %。治疗的反应及CR的高低与肾小球病变范围及肾小管间质病变严重程度有关 ,肾小球病变范围大 ,小管间质病变严重者 ,对初始治疗反应差 ,CR低。药物不良反应以感染和肝损为主。结论 延长皮质激素及间断CTX冲击治疗FSGS NS使NS的治疗缓解率增加 (总CR :44 .44 % ) ,进展至CRF少 (6 .35 % ) ,患者预...

目的 观察激素及间断环磷酰胺 (CTX)冲击治疗局灶节段性肾小球硬化 肾病综合征 (FSGS NS)的疗效。方法 回顾性分析 1993~ 1997年间 ,6 3例FSGS NS患者对激素治疗的反应 ,疗效与病理的关系及随访结果。结果 以NS为表现的FSGS占同期肾活检FSGS的 43.45 % ,平均发病年龄 (31± 14)岁 ,男女之比为2 .15∶1,平均随访 43个月。对初始治疗有反应的患者 (Ⅰ组 )完全缓解率 (CR)高 ,为 6 5 .79% ,无进展至慢性肾功能衰竭 (CRF)者 ;对初始治疗无反应者 (Ⅱ组 )CR低 ,为 12 % ,延长激素及CTX治疗可使CR或部分缓解率(PR)增加至 48% ,进展至CRF者为 6 .35 %。治疗的反应及CR的高低与肾小球病变范围及肾小管间质病变严重程度有关 ,肾小球病变范围大 ,小管间质病变严重者 ,对初始治疗反应差 ,CR低。药物不良反应以感染和肝损为主。结论 延长皮质激素及间断CTX冲击治疗FSGS NS使NS的治疗缓解率增加 (总CR :44 .44 % ) ,进展至CRF少 (6 .35 % ) ,患者预后改善 ,临床上应根据肾脏病理 ,在严密监测药物不良反应的情况下 ,对其积极治疗

 
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