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囊性变     
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  cystic degeneration
     Demonstrated rate of pseudocapsule, flow void of feeding vessels and necrosis or cystic degeneration on T2WI was 82.6% (38/46), 60.9% (28/46) and 47.8% (22/46) respectively.
     82.6%(38/46)可见假包膜,60.9%(28/46)可见肿瘤滋养血管,47.8%(22/46)出现坏死或囊性变
短句来源
     Results The average volume of pure adenoma and adenoma associated with cystic degeneration is ( 4.93 ± 0.48 )cm 3 and ( 7.89 ± 0.91 )cm 3; the nodules decreased markedly to ( 3.22 ± 0.40 )cm 3 and ( 3.85 ± 0.55 )cm 3 3 months after PEI treatment (P< 0.01 ).
     结果 治疗前甲状腺腺瘤体积为 (4 .93± 0 .48)cm3,腺瘤囊性变结节体积为 (7.89± 0 .91)cm3,3个月后分别缩小至 (3 .2 2± 0 .40 )cm3及 (3 .85± 0 .5 5 )cm3,P <0 .0 1。
短句来源
     There was a significantly higher incidence of cystic degeneration in infantswhose gestational age ≤36 w than those whose gestational age>36 w (60% vs 24. 57%, χ2=9.95,P<0.005).
     胎龄≤36 w者,肾上腺皮质囊性变发生率高于胎龄>36 w者(60% vs 24.57%,χ2=9.95,P<0.005);
短句来源
     Results The cure rate was 71.05% (27/38) for thyroid adenoma and 86.67% (26/30) for cystic degeneration of thyroid adenoma.
     结果 甲状腺腺瘤治愈率 71 1% (2 7/ 38) ,腺瘤囊性变治愈率 86 7% (2 6 / 30 )。
短句来源
     Necrosis and cystic degeneration was seen in 12 cases (60%), calcification in 2 (10%) and metastases in 6 (30%).
     12例发生坏死、囊性变 (60 % ) ,2例肿瘤有钙化 (10 % ) ,6例发生转移 (3 0 % )。
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  cystic change
     CT and MRI image was performed preoperation,the size of the tumor:5 cm in max diameter. Solid tumour in 12cases,cystic change of tumors in 8 and solid and cystic of tumors in 7,Calcifications were found in 18 patients.
     术前均行CT和MRI扫描,肿瘤最大直径5cm,实质性12例,囊性变8例,混合性7例,其中肿瘤钙化18例。
短句来源
     The metastatic nodules with diameter<1.0 cm often revealed hypoechoic pattern while those >3.0 cm showed cystic change in 36% of cases.
     直径位于1.0~3.0cm者高回声多见,直径>3.0cm的转移灶36%出现囊性变
短句来源
     Methods From 1997 to 2005, 116 patients of craniopharyngiomas were treated with microsurgical resection in our hospital. Cystic change of the tumors was found in 64 patients, calcification in 58 patients and solid tumors in 52 patients. The diameter of the tumor: <2 cm in 14 cases, 2.1~4 cm in 61 cases, 4.1~6 cm in 31 cases, >6 cm in 10 cases.
     方法116例经显微手术切除的颅咽管瘤中,有囊性变者64例,有钙化者58例,实质性52例,肿瘤直径2cm以下者14例,2.1 ̄4cm61例,4.1 ̄6cm31例,>6cm者10例。
短句来源
     After one to three injections,27 out of 36 patients of thyroid adnoma with cystic change (75 %)were cured,the effective rate was 88. 2%.
     结果:甲状腺腺瘤囊性变36例中27例(75.0%)治愈,有效5例,其总有效率为88.9%(32/36);
短句来源
     The bone defect model of femoral head is similar to cystic change of ANFH and can be used in the study of treatment of ANFH.
     该股骨头内骨缺损加用 95 %酒精灌注 ,模型近似于股骨头坏死囊性变 ,对于研究股骨头坏死的治疗有较大价值
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  cystic formation
     The facial nerve function after excision of large acoustic neuromas were not statistically correlated with the size of the tumor, cystic formation of the tumor, and the anatomical location of the tumor to the facial nerve (P > 0.005), but statistically correlated with the degree of adhesion formation between the facial nerve and the tumor (3 days: r = 0.560, P = 0.001; 1 week: r = 0.478, P = 0.007).
     术后面神经功能与肿瘤的大小、囊性变及肿瘤与面神经的位置关系无关(P> 0.05),面神经与肿瘤的黏连程度与术后3 d和1周的面神经功能呈明显正相关(r= 0.560,P= 0.001;r= 0.478,P= 0.007)。
短句来源
     Methods Acoustic neuromas were microsurgically removed in 33 patients through retrosigmoid approach under electromyographic monitoring. The size of the tumor, the degree of the tumor resection, cystic formation of the tumor, the anatomical location of the tumor to the facial nerve, and the degree of adhesion formation between the facial nerve and the tumor were recorded.
     方法对32例大型听神经瘤在面肌肌电图监护下行显微手术切除,记录肿瘤的大小、切除程度及显微镜下肿瘤的囊性变,肿瘤与面神经的位置关系及与面神经的黏连程度等因素。
短句来源
     Results Clinical symptoms were improved in 135 cases, whose imaging finding showed central necrosis of tumor or cystic formation and reduction of tumor mass.
     结果 135例治疗后症状减轻,影像学检查显示有肿瘤坏死、病灶缩小、囊性变等表现;
短句来源
     Berore operation,it is easily confused with renal cell carcinoma with cystic formation,multicapsular cystic kidney,segmental cystic diseases and cystic nephroma.
     术前易与肾细胞癌伴囊性变、多囊肾、节段性囊性疾病、囊性肾瘤等混淆。
短句来源
     Conclusion Fine granular calcification and cystic formation with high attenuaion intracystic papillary like nodules were characteristic manifestations of primary thyroid carcinoma (especially papillary carcinoma) and its metastatic lymphadenopathy as well.
     结论原发肿物及转移淋巴结内颗粒状钙化及囊性变伴高密度乳头状结节是甲状腺癌(特别是乳头状癌)的特征性密度变化。
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  cystic changes
     Results For 40-60 year-old patients with symptoms under 3 months, the main complaints being epigastric distention and pain, AFP (+), huge tumor (diameter>10 cm), calcification and cystic changes showed in CT scanning, adult hepatoblastoma should be considered.
     结果对于40~60岁病人,症状在3个月以内,以腹胀、腹痛为主诉,AFP(+),瘤体较大(>10 cm),CT发现肝脏占位伴钙化或囊性变应考虑成年人肝母细胞瘤的可能。
短句来源
     (5)12 tumors were homogeneous in density. Of them,5 cases were isodensity, 5 cases were low density, and 2 cases showed cystic changes.
     (5 )均匀密度 12个 ,其中等密度、低密度各 5个 ,囊性变 2个。
短句来源
     cystic changes in the mass were found in 17 cases,while there was none before chemotherapy;
     化疗前未见囊性变,化疗后17例肿瘤内发生囊性变;
短句来源
     Comparative study between CT appearance of cystic changes of lung cancer and their pathology
     肺癌囊性变的CT表现与病理学对照研究(附26例分析)
短句来源
     Value of Clinical Application of Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging with Free-Hand in Cystic Changes of Thyroid Adenoma
     自由臂三维超声评价甲状腺腺瘤囊性变的临床应用价值
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      cystic degeneration
    The intramural accumulation of blood in the proximal segments appeared to be related to retrograde dissection within a media weakened by cystic degeneration.
          
    This patient died unexpectedly from a subdural hematoma, and postmortem examination confirmed the radiographic findings of cortical atrophy of the cerebrum and cerebellum and bilateral cystic degeneration of the basal ganglia.
          
    The Magnetic Resonance Cholangio Pancreatography (MRCP) provides within a few seconds complete information on cystic degeneration of the pancreas in patients with cystic fibrosis.
          
    We report on four gastric stromal tumors, in part huge, with cystic degeneration where the diagnosis and organ of origin remained unclear until operation.
          
    A ganglion of the superior tibiofibular joint as a mucoid-cystic degeneration of unusual localization
          
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      cystic change
    In a 9-year-old boy with cerebellar medulloblastoma, lumbosacral syringomyelia and a cystic change in the olfactory tract were found at autopsy.
          
    Foci of cystic change within the nidus of the AVM were equally evident on MR and CT.
          
    We report a complete cystic change of intradural neurilemmoma at the T12-L1 level.
          
    In eight cases there was desmoplastic development through the foramina of the fourth ventricle, and five were heterogeneous due to necrosis and cystic change; one had a haemorrhagic area.
          
    Giant hypothalamic hamartoma with cystic change: report of two cases and review of the literature
          
    更多          
      cystic formation
    The main characteristic of our cases presented the painful tumors due to the enlarged cystic formation lined by a variety of different types of epithelium, which agreed with previous cases of benign thyroid teratomas in adolescents and adults.
          
    It is shown that the long T2 values of neurinomas are caused not only by intratumoral cystic formation, as reported by other authors, but also by intratumoral Antoni B structure, intratumoral micronecrosis and intratumoral vascular malformation.
          
    The sonographic examination showed a cystic formation with intraosseal fluid levels that shifted after repositioning of the child.
          
    The tentative clinical diagnosis by ultrasound was a cystic formation in the testis.
          
    Thymomas are rare mediastinal tumors in pediatrics and cystic thymoma, is characterized by a predominantly cystic formation, is extremely rare.
          
    更多          
      cystic changes
    Besides cortical atrophy and cystic changes, the most frequent findings in generalized, psychomotoric, and focal seizures were areas of low density without any enhancement effect after i.v.
          
    The appearance and location of these transient cysts were different from those of the cystic changes which typically follow germinal matrix haemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia.
          
    Asymptomatic cystic changes in the brain of children after cranial irradiation: frequency, latency, and relationship to age
          
    Cystic changes were shown clearly by ultrasound as were cerebral vascular pulsations in and adjacent to the areas of increased echoes.
          
    Computed tomography failed to clearly demonstrate the cystic changes.
          
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    This is a report on the resuls of A-mode echography of 100 cases of thyroidadenoma proved by surgery.In 66 cases of them a frequency of 2.5 MHZ was used,and in contrast with this,another frequency of 5 MHZ was used in the same patients.It was found that cystic structures of thyroid gland could be accurately distinguishedfrom solid masses when a frequency of 5 MHZ was used.The rates of coincidenceof diagnosis obtained from examination of physical property and pathological exami-nation with 2.5 MHZ and 5MHZ were...

    This is a report on the resuls of A-mode echography of 100 cases of thyroidadenoma proved by surgery.In 66 cases of them a frequency of 2.5 MHZ was used,and in contrast with this,another frequency of 5 MHZ was used in the same patients.It was found that cystic structures of thyroid gland could be accurately distinguishedfrom solid masses when a frequency of 5 MHZ was used.The rates of coincidenceof diagnosis obtained from examination of physical property and pathological exami-nation with 2.5 MHZ and 5MHZ were 91% and 97% respectively.Reported in thispaper,75 cases of thyroid adenoma had hemorrhage and cystic areas in the tumor.The significance of cystic degeneration was discussed.

    本文报告100例甲状腺腺瘤的 A 型超声探测结果,其中66例用5.0兆赫与2.5兆赫对照探测。用5.0兆赫探测的肿块进波与始波能清楚分辨,且能从实质性肿块中较精确地辨别出甲状腺的囊性结构。本文100例甲状腺腺瘤囊性变或出血发生率为75%,并就囊性变意义进行讨论。

    The results of radionuclide scan of 223 cases of thyroid nodule were correlated with the histology.There were solitary hot nodules in 6 of these cases,warm nodules in 44,cool nodules in 19,and cold nodules in 137.The incidence of malignancy in- creased as the warmness of the nodule decreased with no malignancy in the hot nodu- les.The incidence of malignancies in 137 solitary cold nodules was 30.7%,and that in multiple nodules 11.8%.Adenomas of thyroid frequently appeared as cold nodules due to the cystic change...

    The results of radionuclide scan of 223 cases of thyroid nodule were correlated with the histology.There were solitary hot nodules in 6 of these cases,warm nodules in 44,cool nodules in 19,and cold nodules in 137.The incidence of malignancy in- creased as the warmness of the nodule decreased with no malignancy in the hot nodu- les.The incidence of malignancies in 137 solitary cold nodules was 30.7%,and that in multiple nodules 11.8%.Adenomas of thyroid frequently appeared as cold nodules due to the cystic change or intratumoral bleeding.Diagnosis of thyroid tumor by means of nuclide scanning remains to be improved.

    本文介绍223例甲状腺结节扫描结果与病理诊断对照。其中单发热结节6例,温结节44例,凉结节19例,冷结节137例。从温结节到冷结节,恶性肿瘤所占比率逐次增多。热结节无1例为癌,137例单发冷结节中,恶性占30.7%,而多发冷结节17例中,恶性占11.8%。甲状腺腺瘤亦常显示冷节结,由于肿瘤产生囊性变或出血所致。甲状腺扫描诊断,有待进一步提高。

    One hundred and thirteen cases of cerebellar astrocytoma in children account for 9.4% of all intracranial tumors seen during 1958-1978. The duration of symptoms usually is long. The symptoms include progressive, intracranial hypertension and signs of cerebellar functional impairment. Ventriculography is of great value in locating the tumor. 75% of the tumors in this series underwent total or subtotal removal with an operative mortality of 4.4%. Generally, fairly good prognosis could be expected. Of 45 cases...

    One hundred and thirteen cases of cerebellar astrocytoma in children account for 9.4% of all intracranial tumors seen during 1958-1978. The duration of symptoms usually is long. The symptoms include progressive, intracranial hypertension and signs of cerebellar functional impairment. Ventriculography is of great value in locating the tumor. 75% of the tumors in this series underwent total or subtotal removal with an operative mortality of 4.4%. Generally, fairly good prognosis could be expected. Of 45 cases followed, 26 survived 5 years or more; one died. Two cases operated 20 years previously are working and enjoying normal life.

    本文报告了儿童小脑星形细胞胞瘤113例,占同期儿童颅内肿瘤的9.4%。肿瘤有囊性变占65.6%。本病症状期较长,表现为慢性进行颅内压增高及小脑损害体征。脑室造影对肿瘤定位有很大价值。本组病例作到肿瘤全切除或近全切除者达75%。总的手术死亡率为4.4%。本病预后较好,随诊到的45例术后生存超过五年者26例,除1例死亡外务25例仍较好地存活,有2例已超过20年并能正常工作及生活。

     
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