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自然景观     
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  natural landscape
     During the year of 1996 to 2005, the area of natural landscape has lost 145.58 hm~2 , which rate of decrease descends from 8.95% to 7.30%, and whose annual gradient is 2.05%.
     1996—2005年的9年间,自然景观减少了145.58hm~2,年变化率2.05%,占研究区的百分比从8.95%下降到7.30%;
短句来源
     It is shown from the analysis results that the coastal wetlands in the area have undergone severe fragmentation with a patch density of 6.7 ind. /km~2 and a corridor density of 0.01 km/hm~2,the fragmentation degree of artificial landscape is higher than that of natural landscape,and the human activities are the main cause for the landscape fragmentation of coastal wetlands in the area.
     结果表明,莱州湾南岸滨海湿地景观破碎化严重,整体斑块密度为6.7个/km2,廊道密度为0.01 km/hm2,人工景观破碎化程度比自然景观高,人类活动是造成莱州湾南岸滨海湿地景观破碎化的主要原因。
短句来源
     Application and development of natural landscape in convalescent medicine
     自然景观在疗养医学中的应用与发展
短句来源
     Protection and Utilization of the Culture Heritage and Natural Landscape of the Louguan Area
     楼观地区文化遗产与自然景观的保护与利用
短句来源
     The environmental educational tourist resources system is make up of natural landscape, customs, literature and art, architecture and gardening, religions and believes and their subparts.
     旅游环境教育资源由自然景观旅游环境教育资源、民俗风情旅游环境教育资源、文学艺术旅游环境教育资源、建筑园林旅游环境教育资源和宗教信仰旅游环境教育资源等五大部分构成。
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  natural landscapes
     The Wenying Lake of Taiyuan City has rich historical culture and fine natural landscapes and humanistic sceneries.
     太原市“文瀛湖”有着丰富的历史文化和优美的自然景观和人文景现。
短句来源
     City features are environmental characteristics of culture and city life and city traditions, reflected by natural landscapes, artificial landscapes and humanistic landscapes.
     城市风貌是通过自然景观、人造景观和人文景观而反映出来的城市传统、文化和城市生活的环境特征。
短句来源
     The protective exploitation of tourist spot has been widely accepted, and it can be carried out to develop the spot continuously on condition that the inside natural landscapes be well protected and managed.
     旅游景区的保护性开发已经成为共识,旅游景区自然景观作为发挥旅游功能和有大量外来人类活动(主要是旅游活动)影响的地理景观单元,其妥善的保护与合理调控是旅游景区可持续发展的基础。
短句来源
     GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL LANDSCAPES OF ANHUI WITH THEIR ESTHETIC EVALUATION
     安徽地质环境、自然景观及其美学评价
短句来源
     The purposes of Gaoligongshan Nature Reserve with the total area of 127,832 hm~2, which locates in western Yunnan are to protect natural landscapes of bio-climate vertical belt, diverse vegetation types and rare & endangered plant species.
     位于云南西部的高黎贡山国家级自然保护区,总面积127832hm2,以保护生物气候垂直带谱自然景观、多种植被类型和多种珍稀濒危动植物种类为目的。
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  nature landscape
     In this paper, the authors studied the landscape types and shape index in Maoershan experimental forest farm by means of the GIS supported by ARC/INFO and the maps such as forest type map (1 :10 000) , which is drawn with the aerial photographs and investigation of 1999, and soil utilization map of 1999 (1 :10 000). The shape index and shape fragmentation index of nature landscape are higher than those of artificial landscape;
     利用东北林业大学帽儿山实验林场1:10 000的林相图(根据 1999年航测照片及 1999年调查材料绘制而成)、1:10 000的土地利用现状图(1999)和实地调查资料,在ARC/INFO支持下,应用地理信息系统技术对帽儿山林场各种景观类型的形状指数、破碎化指数进行了分析:自然景观的形状指数、形状破碎化指数均大于人工景观;
短句来源
     Historical aerophotograph effectively records the evolvement process of nature landscape and human landscape, which is basic information for the research of resource environment and rebuilding reality world, and it can support scientific decision for society progress and sustainable development.
     历史航空影像客观有效地记录了自然景观与人文景观的演化变迁过程,是人类进行资源环境问题研究和改造客观现实世界的基础信息资源,从而为社会进步和可持续发展提供科学的决策支持。
短句来源
     Urbanization is the process during which the nature landscape and the agriculture landscape change into the urban landscape.
     城市化过程就是自然景观或者农业景观变成城市景观的过程。
短句来源
     It is one of the hot topics in the field of urban planning that how to harmonize the relationship between the city nature landscape and land-use so as to realize the society sustainable development.
     协调城市自然景观与周边土地利用的关系以实现社会的可持续发展,是城市规划中面临的重要问题。
短句来源
     This thesis focuses on the design of indoor nature landscape, its basic theory, functions and characteristics, and we carried through investigation and research on ecological function, psychological function, esthetical function of indoor nature landscape by correlated theory and methods of ecology psychology esthetics and architecture.
     本文主要研究室内自然景观设计的基本理论、功能和特点,利用生态学、心理学、美学和建筑学等领域的相关理论及方法对室内自然景观的生态功能、心理功能、美学功能、建造功能等主要功能进行调查和研究。
短句来源
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  natural scene
     Simulation of Natural Scene Based on 3-D IFS Theory
     基于3-D IFS理论的自然景观模拟
短句来源
     The research indicates that not only the structure of attractors, but also the color of attractors can be changed by adjusting the ΦΩΨ-IFS parameters. So the ΦΩΨ-IFS attractors can more effectively simulate the natural scene.
     研究表明:调整ΦΩΨ-IFS的参数,既可改变吸引子的结构,也可改变吸引子的色彩,因此ΦΩΨ-IFS吸引子可更有效地模拟自然景观.
短句来源
     The algorithm presented offers an efficient means for simulation of natural scene.
     另一方面,对特征网格的法向进行不同幅度扰动以真实感显示.所提方法能快速模拟不同地貌特征的地形,为自然景观仿真提供了有效手段.
短句来源
     Based on wholly understanding the forming process and involving laws about regional waterfront natural scene, this text discussed the development current and nature about designing waterfront planting---for providing the most modest situation for plant's growth, and providing guidance for construction good landscape.
     本文在充分认识地域性滨水自然景观的形成过程和演变规律的基础上,探讨了滨水区植物景观设计的发展趋势和本质——为植物的自然生长演替提供最适宜的条件,为园林的建设提供指导。
短句来源
     Additionally, in three-D scene, some function of interactive operation and simulation of natural scene have been realized.
     除此之外,在系统可视化的基础上实现了一些三维漫游系统的交互操作以及部分自然现象及自然景观的模拟。
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  natural landscape
This reflected that the impact of human activities to natural landscape behaved a gradually-growing trend from the upper reach to the middle one of Yarlung Zangbo River Basin.
      
Changes and natural landscape characteristics in Ebinur lake region are described in this paper.
      
The results showed that the shape index and shape fragment index of natural landscape were higher than those of artificial landscapes and landscape patch fragment index depended on the number of patches.
      
The Green Corridor in the lower reaches of the Tarim River is not only a unique natural landscape in desert but also an important passageway.
      
Gradation and assessment of damage degree of natural landscape in Xing'an County, Guangxi
      
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  natural landscapes
Biogeoenergetic description of soils in natural landscapes of Georgia
      
Energy consumed for soil formation and efficiency of solar energy utilization have been comparatively evaluated for various soil types in natural landscapes of Georgia.
      
The conjugal transfer of plasmid pUB110 in Bacillus subtilis in soils of different natural landscapes
      
Distribution of the Forms of Heavy Metals in Natural Landscapes of Belarus
      
The need to preserve natural landscapes and soils as reference objects for comparison with their anthropogenically transformed analogues and as a basis for sustaining the natural diversity of plants and animals is demonstrated.
      
更多          
  nature landscape
Two of the other images are a beach scene and a nature landscape covered with grey ashes and a blue sky.
      
  natural scene
Automatic character detection and segmentation in natural scene images
      
This paper proposes a learning-based method for text detection and text segmentation in natural scene images.
      
Analysis of Variance identified two families of quality measure that were most effective: one based on Natural Scene Statistics and one originally developed to measure distortion caused by image compression.
      
Experiments on real-world multi-instance benchmark data, artificial multi-instance benchmark data and natural scene image database retrieval are carried out.
      
Local Experts Organization Model for Natural Scene Images Classification
      
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  其他


As a result of an avifaunal survey conducted in Lanchow, Lintao, wushan and their vicinity during 1948—1962, more than 1000 specimens were collected. They were found to belong to 19 orders, 48 families and 198 species. The number of species in various orders and families may be listed as follows: Order Ⅰ. Colymbiformes Ⅱ. Palecaniformes Ⅲ. Ciconiiformes Ⅳ. Anseriformes Ⅴ. Falconiformes Ⅵ. Galliformes Ⅶ. Gruiformes Ⅷ. Otidiformes Ⅸ. Ralliformes Ⅹ. Charadriformes Ⅺ. Lariformes Ⅻ. Columbiformes ⅩⅢ. Coraciiformes...

As a result of an avifaunal survey conducted in Lanchow, Lintao, wushan and their vicinity during 1948—1962, more than 1000 specimens were collected. They were found to belong to 19 orders, 48 families and 198 species. The number of species in various orders and families may be listed as follows: Order Ⅰ. Colymbiformes Ⅱ. Palecaniformes Ⅲ. Ciconiiformes Ⅳ. Anseriformes Ⅴ. Falconiformes Ⅵ. Galliformes Ⅶ. Gruiformes Ⅷ. Otidiformes Ⅸ. Ralliformes Ⅹ. Charadriformes Ⅺ. Lariformes Ⅻ. Columbiformes ⅩⅢ. Coraciiformes ⅩⅣ. Piciformes ⅩⅩ. Cuculiformes ⅩⅥ. Apodiformes ⅩⅦ. Caprimulgiformes ⅩⅧ. Strigiformes ⅩⅨ. Passeriformes Families No. of species 1. Colymbidae……………………2 2. Phalacrocoracidae……………1 3. Ardeidae………………………6 4. Ciconidae………………………1 5. Threskiornithidae……………1 6. Anatidae………………………15 7. Accipitridae…………………9 8. Falconidae……………………4 9. Phasianidae……………………5 10. Gruidae…………………………1 11. Otidae……………………………1 12. Rallidae…………………………3 13. Charadriidae……………………4 14. Scolopacidae……………………12 15. Recurvirostridae………………2 16. Laridae……………………………2 17. Columbidae…………………………5 18. Upupidae……………………………1 19. Alcedinidae…………………………2 20. Pieidae………………………………4 21. Cuculidae……………………………3 22. Apodidae………………………………2 23. Caprimulgidae………………………1 24. Strigidae………………………………4 25. Corvidae………………………………10 26. Cinclidae………………………………1 27. Sturnidae………………………………3 28. Dicruridac………………………1 29. Oriolidae…………………………1 30. Ploceidae…………………………3 31. Fringillidae……………………13 32. Motacillidae……………………8 33. Troglodytidae……………………1 34. Muscicapidae ① Turdinae………………………21 ② Sylviinae………………………9 ③ Timaliinae………………………7 ④ Muscicapinae……………………3 35. Paridae………………………………3 36. Laniidae ………………………………3 37. Bombycillidae…………………………1 38. Certhiidae………………………………1 39. Sittidae…………………………………1 40. Hirundinidae……………………………4 41. Campephagidae……………………………1 42. Prunellidae………………………………1 43. Alaudidae…………………………………5 As to the fauna of the species listed above,to appertain to Palaearctic region are 33 species,making up 41.8 per cent our collection; 36 species are found to be of the Orientae region, only 18.2 per cent of the total number; other 79 species, about 40 per cent, are of both regions. Based on the rasults of stomach-contents examination, it has been shown that 58% of the species are the common insect-eating forms, such as Cuculus, Picus, Upupa. Cynopica, Apus, Raparia, Hurundo, Phenicurus, Lanius, Turdus and Parus. They are of the dominant. They are beneficial to crops and should thus be put under protection. Birds like Colomba, Streptopelia, Alectoris, Phasianus, Mergus, Botaurus, Corvus (C. monedula), Passer, etc., are harmful to agriculture or fishery and should thus be controlled.

研究結果表明:在兰州、临洮、武山及其附近棲息着193种鳥类,分隶于19目、43科,其中24种为甘肃省新紀录。区系成份上古北界的占41.8%,东洋界的占13.2%,其余40%为上述两界的兼有种。收集了177种鳥类食性分析资料,統計結果为:食虫鳥占53.1%,食脊椎动物的占16%——其中約三分之一主食齿类,食谷物的占30.9%——其中五分之一食昆虫且全部覓食杂草种籽,故本区鳥类有一定的經济意义。指出:雨燕目、鵑形目、鴷形目以及雀形目中的燕科、鸫亚科、鶯科、山雀科等鳥类为本区食虫鳥的优势种,应予保护。建議对石鸡、雉及兰馬鸡应划定禁猎区以豐富动物資源。累积了21項鸟类繁殖的资料,說明鳥类的筑巢方式、用材各有其特点且带有遺傳性质。报导了50种鸟类迁移的資料,可供掌握本区鳥类活动規律的参考。最后认为:人的經济活动对鳥类影响很大,举兰州小西湖、雁滩中滩河自然景观变动前后鳥类组成变化說明;鳥类对巢区有依恋性。了解这一現象有很重要的理論及实踐意义,据此,可創造一定条件招引益鳥。

Up to the present,Yuanmou Man is a unique representative of early PleistoceneHomo erectus in China.Concerning the physical feature of Yuanmou Man,his age,relative and absolute,his stratigraphical and paleontological correlation,certain impor-tant results have been achieved.As regards the living environment of Yuanmou Manthere are different opinions.Some authors maintain that Yuanmou Man lived in aglacial condition,the others do not agree with them.The present authors try to discussthe interesting problem,using...

Up to the present,Yuanmou Man is a unique representative of early PleistoceneHomo erectus in China.Concerning the physical feature of Yuanmou Man,his age,relative and absolute,his stratigraphical and paleontological correlation,certain impor-tant results have been achieved.As regards the living environment of Yuanmou Manthere are different opinions.Some authors maintain that Yuanmou Man lived in aglacial condition,the others do not agree with them.The present authors try to discussthe interesting problem,using the vertebrate paleontological achievements.In “The Quaternary glaciation and strata in the Yuanmou basin” published in1977,Qian Fang et al.considered the Yuanmou formation as an interglacial deposit andasserted that there happened many undulations of climate in the Yuanmou interglacialas indicated by an analysis of palynology and it showed a general tendency to transi-tion from tropical,subtropical to temperate,frigid or to change from moist to semiarid.In course of deposition of the Yuanmou formation,the climate became gradually cold.It predicted(showed)a new glacial age had arrived.They had a contradiction interms back and forth.Though that the Yuanmou formation totally belongs to aninterglacial received their assent,Qian et al.concluded Yuanmou Man lived in a glacialsevere climate.In 1977,Pu and Qian published another article “Study on the fossil humanstrata——the Yuanmou formation”.In conclusion,they distinctly assigned the Lushan-Yuanmou interglacial age to member Ⅰ and member Ⅱ,and the Yuanmou glacial ageto member Ⅲ and member Ⅳ,equivalent to the Danube glacial age in Europeansequence.Unfortunately,at a symposium concerning the Quaternary glaciation and geologyheld at Lushan in 1978,Sun,M.R.et al.proclaimed that Pu and Qian had wronglycited material from their palynological study and a mistaken conclusion on paleovegeta-tion and paleoclimate had been deduced from the material by Pu and Qian.Sun et alpointed out that there are 5 sporo-pollen assemblages in the Yuanmou formation.All the five assemblages reflect the subtropical evergreen broad-leaf forest landscape.Though there happened certain undulation of climate and the forest elements wereundiscontinuously changing,yet the subtropical broad-leaf forest nature of vegetationseemed to be lasting.Thus Sun et al.considered that the above mentioned five assem-blages belong to an interglacial age.Now what has the study of mammalian fossils to say in answer to the difference(?)Describing fossil mammals from Yuanmou,Lin et al.(1978)maintained that theYuanmou fauna lived in a moderate moist grassland-forest condition,in which grassland-shrub wood lands predominated.From bottom to top the Yuanmou formation seems torepresent a gradually transitional ecological environment from forest-grassland type tograssland-forest type.According to Lin et al.the Yuanmou fauna consists of 40 forms including:1)Tertiary survivals such as Machairodus,Nestoritherium,Eostylocerus,Metacervulus,Procapreolus etc.which remind the Yushe fauna from Shanxi;2)early Pleistoceneelements such as Camis yuanmoensis,Stegodon zhaotongensis,Stegodon yuanm(?)nsis,Rusa stehlini,Hyaena licenti,Ochotonides complicidens,Axis shansius,Axis cf.rugosusetc.the latter 4 forms were also found in the early Pleistocene fauna of North China;3)a certain forms such as Viverricula,Rhinoceros sinensis,Rhizomys,Hystrix recall thatof the Ailuropoda-Stegodon fauna;4)living forms such as Sus scrofa,Panthera tigris,Panthera pardus and Hystrix subcristata.Judging from the fossil assemblage,thepresent authors agree with Colbert,Pei,Hu,Lin et al.in that the Yuanmou fauna maybe dated to the early Pleistocene.Ecologically,fossil mammals from member Ⅰ mostly used to live in the subtropicaldense forest or parkland,it reflects a predominant subtropical forest condition.Stego-donts are principal fossils in member Ⅱ which comprises Hyaena used to live in thetropical and subtropical grassland or desert shrub areas.It may mean that this memberformed in a hotter,damper climate in which might once happen certain dryness.Member Ⅲ increased in forms of mammalian fossils.Among the collection Cynailurusis a running grassland carnivore and used to live in the thicket or parkland areas.In this member herbivorous animals possess almost the half of fossil mammals,butforest animals became less than in member Ⅱ.It seems possible that the climate mightbe drier,but fossil mammals show a subtropical nature.Of fossil mammals in memberⅣ the Tertiary survivals possess about one third.Must of fossil mammals used toinhabit in the subtropical forest or parkland areas.Fossil mammals of member Ⅳ arecharacterized by the predominance of herbivorous animals.In view of the live andhabits of mammals, generally,it reflects a subtropical climate.The above mentioned analysis,by and large,coincides with the palynological studyby Sun et al.Zoographically,the Yuanmou fauna consists of the following elements:1)thoselive in the Oriental region,such as Rhizomys,Hystrix,Viverricula,Cynailurus,Rhino-ceros sincnsis,Muntiacus,Axis,Rusa and Bibos;2)those bear wide adaptation andspread both in North China and in South China,such as Microtus,Arvicola,Vulpes,Felis,Panthera tigris,Panthera pardus,Gazella and Sus scrofa;3)the Tertiarysurvivals;4)those might comparatively adapted themselves to the temperate climate,e.g.Trogontherium,Ochotonoides complicidens.As a whole,the forms adapted themselves to the moderate climate predominate in the Yuanmou fauna.Though a fewelements might live in the temperate zone,it is insufficient to be proved to have beena cold climate.It is possible that in the long period by which the Yuanmou formationdeposited certain undulation of climate took place as demonstrated by the mammalianand palynological evidences:The Tertiary survivals of the Yuanmou fauna recall theHipparion fauna wide-spread in Eurasia.Generally speaking,the Hipparion faunalived in the rather warm tropical,subtropical forest-grassland,grassland or forest-bushing broad valleys.The presence of many Tertiary forms proves that the environ-ment by which the Yuanmou fauna lived is similar to the pliocene tropical-subtropicalclimatic condition.In addition,the presence of the elements of the Ailuropoda-Stegodon fauna also shows that the paleoenvironment in the Yuanmou basin is somewhatclose to the present landscape.Finally,we conclude our opinion with a remark that the Yuanmou faunaincluding Homo erectus yuanmoensis lived in a subtropical climatic natural landscape,and the study of vertebrate paleontology and palynology does not support the hypo-thesis of having a cold glacial climate in the Yuanmou formation.

元谋人到底生活在冰期寒冷气候环境中还是生活在温暖的气候环境中?这是近几年来对云南元谋盆地进行第四纪地质、古生物研究提出的问题之一。地质学家、孢粉学家、哺乳动物学家根据自己的研究各自提出不同的看法。本文从元谋哺乳动物化石的组成、生态、动物地理分布等方面分析,认为元谋的哺乳动物,包括元谋人,生活在温暖的亚热带气候的自然景观中。这一结论和孢粉分析的结果大致相符。

Wudalianhi volcanic cluster is located in the northern part of DeduCounty,Heilongjiang Province,at the northern end of NortheasternPlain and on the piedmont plattorm of Xiaoxinganling.In accordance with the period of Lava formation,the altitude andslope of landform,the developmental status of soil and vegetation andthe manner of man's utilization,the land of the said region is classifiedinto four kinds.They are:(1)Volcanic cone in the new period and shihlunite platform.(2)Volcanic cone in the old period and...

Wudalianhi volcanic cluster is located in the northern part of DeduCounty,Heilongjiang Province,at the northern end of NortheasternPlain and on the piedmont plattorm of Xiaoxinganling.In accordance with the period of Lava formation,the altitude andslope of landform,the developmental status of soil and vegetation andthe manner of man's utilization,the land of the said region is classifiedinto four kinds.They are:(1)Volcanic cone in the new period and shihlunite platform.(2)Volcanic cone in the old period and shield platform.(3)Wavy platform.(4)Swamps.On the basis of its environmental variations,it is subdivided into tentyes.In the light of the land features and from a long-range viewpoint,this region should be developed into an area for tour and sanatorium.

本文试图从自然界各要素联系、辩论的观点,论述五大连池火山群自然景观的特点,演化过程和土地类型的划分,并初步提出利用方面的建议。

 
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