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春之
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  “春之”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The piano suite SpringJourney consists of four relatively independent musics ,which can be played separately (except the first one ) or collectively as a suite .
     钢琴组曲《春之旅》由四首内容相对独立的乐曲组成,每首作品都自成一格,既可单独演奏某一单曲(第一首除外),也可以以组曲的形式予以全面的展示。
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     Effect of Chunzhilin solid water on water physiology and surviving rate of 4 trees was studied with one year old pot cultured seedings.
     采用温室盆栽法研究了春之霖固体水对树木幼苗水分生理及成活率的影响。
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     Song of Spring
     春之
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     February, Sinfonia of the Spring
     二月,春之序曲
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     Blessing of spring
     春之
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  相似匹配句对
     Voice of Spring
    
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     Song of Spring
    
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     Spring
    
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     Spring Is Coming
     来到
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     Song of Light and Shadow
     电影
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The synoptic process on 500mb over Asiatic natural synoptic region have been analized for 5 summers. The results are given below:1.The variation of the position and strength of the maximum westerly wind belt at 500mb surface along four meridians 65°E, 105°E, 120°E, 140°E gives a good index in determing the natural synoptic seasons over Eastern Asiatic synoptic natural region. The disappearence of the low latitude westerly wind maximum along 65°E is the first indication of the beginning of Bai-U period. When...

The synoptic process on 500mb over Asiatic natural synoptic region have been analized for 5 summers. The results are given below:1.The variation of the position and strength of the maximum westerly wind belt at 500mb surface along four meridians 65°E, 105°E, 120°E, 140°E gives a good index in determing the natural synoptic seasons over Eastern Asiatic synoptic natural region. The disappearence of the low latitude westerly wind maximum along 65°E is the first indication of the beginning of Bai-U period. When the westerlies wind maximum belt to the south of 40°N completely disappears along 140°E summer begins. This is accompanied with the filling of the Asiatic main trough over Japan and the Northward shiff of the Pacific subtropical high pressure belt from low latitudes to 30°-40°N. The mean date on which summer begins is nearly on 13th, July. It is also the end of Bai-U over middle Yangtze river. Thence the synoptic process in Bai-U period is the prevailing process before summer season. The precipitation in this period is closely related to the strength of the maximum wind belt i.e. socalled frontal zone.2.When the 600mb maximum westerly wind belt appears again at 30°-40°N along 140°E, begins author. The synoptic process, which associates with it, is the reestablishment of the Asiatic main trough over Japan. And the surface cold continental high comes down to North China from the east of Novaya Zemlya Island. The average time of the arrival of Autumn is nearly on 5th, September. Hence the duration of summer is on the average only 55 days.8. According to the analysis of the time variation of maximum westerlies on 30°-40 °N along each of the four meridians, the westerly maximum generally disappears earlier in west than in east but establishes later in west than in east during autumn. The phenomeanon that the maximum westerly first generates in the east during autumn can hardly be explained by the splitting of the jet stream.4. From the analysis, the prevailing process of the natural summer season largely depends upon the variations in the upper westerlies over Ural region and the west-east relative position of the Pacific subtropical high with respect to the Tibet plateau.

本文根据1951—1955年五年高空和地面的资料,对夏季过程进行了分析,得到下面几点结果: 1.在东亚地区的四个主要经度带上以65°,120°和140°经度带的500毫巴强西风中心的位置和强度变化,对东亚自然天气季节的划分是最良好的指标。东经65°经度带上南边低纬度强西风的消失是梅雨期开始前的征兆。东经140°经度带上强西风在北纬40°以南消失时是夏季开始的征兆。和它相关联的过程是东亚高空大槽的消失和太平洋副热带高压带北移至30°—40°纬度带间,这个期间平均是在7月13日左右,也是江南梅雨结束的时候。故梅雨是夏季以前的盛行过程,它和500毫巴强西风区或锋区是有密切的联系的。 2.东经140°经度带上500毫巴强西风在北纬30°—40°重现时,是夏季结束秋季开始的征兆,和它相关连的天气过程是在该经度带上高空大槽重新建立,地面大陆冷高压从新地岛东部向东南下达华北地区。这个时间平均是在9月5日左右。故东亚夏季的长度平均仅55日。 3.从500毫巴强西风在各经度带上出现的情况来看,一般是西部比东部消失得早,出现得迟,不如冬季那样先在上游首先建立,在春夏之交这种相反的演变,似非地形的分支可以解释的。 4.在夏季自然天...

本文根据1951—1955年五年高空和地面的资料,对夏季过程进行了分析,得到下面几点结果: 1.在东亚地区的四个主要经度带上以65°,120°和140°经度带的500毫巴强西风中心的位置和强度变化,对东亚自然天气季节的划分是最良好的指标。东经65°经度带上南边低纬度强西风的消失是梅雨期开始前的征兆。东经140°经度带上强西风在北纬40°以南消失时是夏季开始的征兆。和它相关联的过程是东亚高空大槽的消失和太平洋副热带高压带北移至30°—40°纬度带间,这个期间平均是在7月13日左右,也是江南梅雨结束的时候。故梅雨是夏季以前的盛行过程,它和500毫巴强西风区或锋区是有密切的联系的。 2.东经140°经度带上500毫巴强西风在北纬30°—40°重现时,是夏季结束秋季开始的征兆,和它相关连的天气过程是在该经度带上高空大槽重新建立,地面大陆冷高压从新地岛东部向东南下达华北地区。这个时间平均是在9月5日左右。故东亚夏季的长度平均仅55日。 3.从500毫巴强西风在各经度带上出现的情况来看,一般是西部比东部消失得早,出现得迟,不如冬季那样先在上游首先建立,在春夏之交这种相反的演变,似非地形的分支可以解释的。 4.在夏季自然天气季节所出现的盛行天气过程主要是表现在太平洋副热带高压随上游气压场的不同,及其和?

Coilia mystus (L.) is a small fish of economic importance, belonging to the Family Engraulidae. It occurs abundantly along the coast of Amoy and vicinity. The present investigation was undertaken with the chief object of finding out the compostion of food and its seasonal variation. A total of 612 stomachs were examined; of these, only 22 stomachs were found to be empty. The following are the results of the investigation:(1) Coilia mystus feeds chiefly upon planktonic Crustacea, of which Copepoda is, by far,...

Coilia mystus (L.) is a small fish of economic importance, belonging to the Family Engraulidae. It occurs abundantly along the coast of Amoy and vicinity. The present investigation was undertaken with the chief object of finding out the compostion of food and its seasonal variation. A total of 612 stomachs were examined; of these, only 22 stomachs were found to be empty. The following are the results of the investigation:(1) Coilia mystus feeds chiefly upon planktonic Crustacea, of which Copepoda is, by far, the most important, constituting no less than 75.9% of total food. Of the 15 species of Copepoda identified, Paracalanus pqrvus, Pseudodiaptomus marinus and Tortanus forcipata are relatively more important than the others. Among other Crustacea, the relative importance of various groups Is of the following order: Decapoda (including Lucifer and Brachyuran larvae) > Mysidae > Euphau-siacea > Amphipoda > Ostracoda > Cumacea > Stomatopoda. Next to Crustacea in the order of importance of food conic Chaetognatha and fish ova, the former being the more important of the two. Judging from the composition of food, Coilia mystus is a plankton-feeder.(2) The composition of food is more or less subject to seasonal variation. The order of numerical importance of various groups* in the four seasons is as follows: SPRING (Mar.-May): Copepoda > fish ova > Decapoda > Amphipoda > Mysidae> Euphausiacea > Cumacea> Stomatopoda, young fish. SUMMER (Junc-Aug.): Copcpoda> fish ova> Decapoda >Mysidae> Amphipoda> Euphausiacea > Cumacea > young fish.AUTUMN (Scpt.-Nov.): Copepoda > Decapoda > Mysidae > Ostracoda > Euphausiacea > Amphipoda > Stomatopoda > young fish.WINTER (Dec.-Feb.): Copepoda > Decapoda > Euphausiacea > Cumacea > fishova > Mysidae > Amphipoda > young fish > Stomatopoda. (3) The composition of food varies with age or length (from the tip of snout to the end of body, exclusive of caudal fin) of fish which appears to he related to the density of gill-rakers. The younger fishes (less than 15 cm. in length) with denser gill-rakers (2.0-2.7 rakers per 1 mm.) feed largely upon smaller crustaceans (Cope-poda); whilst the older fishes (over 15 cm. in length) with sparser gill-rakers (1.4 1.9 rakers per 1 mm.) feed largely upon larger crustaceans (Mysidae, Euphausiacea, Stomatopdda, Decapoda). It shows that increase in the size of fish is associated with increrase in the size of food animals eaten.(4) There exists a fairly close agreement between the composition of food and the composition of plankton in the surrounding waters. During the months of March and November when both fish and plankton were collected at the same time off Hai-Chen near Amoy, Copepoda was found to be the most dominant group in both food and plankton. It shows that the fish fed heavily upon those crustaceans occurring most abundantly in the plankton. In this respect, Coilia mystus exercises no selectivity of food. The writers are of the opinion that abundance and availability rather than selection by the fish determine the species of animal eaten.(5) A comparison of the food of Coilia mystus with that of other Clupeoids in Amoy waters reveals the predominance of Copepoda in the diet of most of these fishes. For the sake of increasing the yield of these economic fishes, it is essential to enhance the production of Copepoda in nature by artificial means such as to fertilize the water with nutrient salts, especially phosphates and nitrates, to increase the production of phytoplankton which will, in turn, lead to the higher production of Copepoda.

1.六丝鲚的食料差不多完全是浮游动物,以甲壳类为主,其中以桡足类为最重要、十足类(包括莹虾)次之,糠虾类,端足类,磷虾类更次之。除甲壳类以外,它还捕食很多毛头类和鱼卵,所以六丝鲚应属蜉食性的鱼类。 2.六丝鲚的食料成份有季节变化,不过不很显著:春夏两季以桡足类为主,鱼卵次之,十足类(包括短尾类幼虫)更次之。秋季以桡足类为主,十足类(包括莹虾和短尾类幼虫)次之,糠虾更次之。冬季以桡足类为主,十足类次之,磷虾类更次之。总的来看,桡足类在四季食料中都占了绝对优势。六丝的次要食料则随季节而异;春夏两季是鱼卵,秋冬两季都是十足类。值得注意的是:糠虾类和介壳类在秋季食料中的比率增加,磷虾类在冬季食料中占相当重要位置。食料的季节变化是和浮游生物的季节变化分不开的。 3.食料种类大小和体长有关:体长在15厘米以上的捕食较大的甲壳类(如磷虾类,口脚类和十足类等),而体长在15厘米以下的则捕食较小的甲壳类(如桡足类)。这和鳃耙密度有关:前者的鳃耙较稀(1毫米长中有1.4—1.9鳃耙)而后者的鳃耙较密(1毫米中有2.0—2.7鳃耙)。 4.食料和浮游生物存在着一定关系;在浮游生物中占优势的种类也同样地在食料中占优势。桡足类便是一个...

1.六丝鲚的食料差不多完全是浮游动物,以甲壳类为主,其中以桡足类为最重要、十足类(包括莹虾)次之,糠虾类,端足类,磷虾类更次之。除甲壳类以外,它还捕食很多毛头类和鱼卵,所以六丝鲚应属蜉食性的鱼类。 2.六丝鲚的食料成份有季节变化,不过不很显著:春夏两季以桡足类为主,鱼卵次之,十足类(包括短尾类幼虫)更次之。秋季以桡足类为主,十足类(包括莹虾和短尾类幼虫)次之,糠虾更次之。冬季以桡足类为主,十足类次之,磷虾类更次之。总的来看,桡足类在四季食料中都占了绝对优势。六丝的次要食料则随季节而异;春夏两季是鱼卵,秋冬两季都是十足类。值得注意的是:糠虾类和介壳类在秋季食料中的比率增加,磷虾类在冬季食料中占相当重要位置。食料的季节变化是和浮游生物的季节变化分不开的。 3.食料种类大小和体长有关:体长在15厘米以上的捕食较大的甲壳类(如磷虾类,口脚类和十足类等),而体长在15厘米以下的则捕食较小的甲壳类(如桡足类)。这和鳃耙密度有关:前者的鳃耙较稀(1毫米长中有1.4—1.9鳃耙)而后者的鳃耙较密(1毫米中有2.0—2.7鳃耙)。 4.食料和浮游生物存在着一定关系;在浮游生物中占优势的种类也同样地在食料中占优势。桡足类便是一个很显著例子。其他甲壳类也有相似情况。可是水母则不然,它在浮游生物中很

Various factors affect the development of headblight of wheat caused by Gibbe-rella zeae (Schw.) Petch under field conditions.The present investigation carriedout in 1955 and 1956 at Nanking,Kiangsu province,was primarily concerned withthe development of spores of the pathogen and the amount of rainfall in relationto disease development.For the purpose of inducing epiphytoties of the disease,asusceptible variety of wheat to headblight was grown in the inoculated plots.Inoculation was made at the surface of the...

Various factors affect the development of headblight of wheat caused by Gibbe-rella zeae (Schw.) Petch under field conditions.The present investigation carriedout in 1955 and 1956 at Nanking,Kiangsu province,was primarily concerned withthe development of spores of the pathogen and the amount of rainfall in relationto disease development.For the purpose of inducing epiphytoties of the disease,asusceptible variety of wheat to headblight was grown in the inoculated plots.Inoculation was made at the surface of the soil with mycelium cultured on wheatgrain shortly after planting,and an "artificial rain" by frequent spray of water tothe plants was supplied after heading.Investigations were made on the develop-ment and dissemination of ascospores and conidia of the pathogen,the seasonaldevelopment of the disease and the meteorological factors involved. Field observations showed that the headblight fungus on the soil surface inthe inoculated plots produced both kinds of spores with ths ascospores much morepredominant than the conidia.Perithecia and mature ascospores could be formedboth in the fall and in next spring through early summer under conditions ofadequate moisture and warm temperature suitable for their development.It wasindicated by trapping the spores in the air that the ascospores produced on thesoil surface were the chief source of inoculum for primary infection although theconidia formed on the infected spikes were equally important in spreading the di-sease in the field later in the season.The frequency and amount of ascosporesand conidia present in the air depended upon the height in spore trapping.Whilespores were found most frequently and most abundantly at a height of 17 cm.above the ground,much less spores were caught at heights of 33 cm.and up to117 cm.There was a tendency to decrease in the amount of spores with theincrease in height.A comparative survey of the spores in the air in the inoculated ??and uninoculated plots indicated that a great majority of spores could not bedisseminated very far from their source of production.This,together with thefact that comparatively more spoies were trapped on raining days,made it rea-sonable to consider splashing rain as the more important agent than wind forspore dissemination. The amount of inoculum existing in the soil and the rainfall were proved tobe the factors of utmost importance for the epiphytotic of the disease.In 1955,the average percentages of headblight for the inoculated plots with and withoutthe spray of water were 29.4 and 13.4% respectively,in comparison with the neigh-bouring fields where only very few infected heads were observed.In 1956,theaverage percentages for headblight in the four experimental plots:(1) inoculatedand sprayed with water,(2) inoculated and not sprayed,(3) uninoculated andsprayed,and (4) uninoculated and not sprayed,were 42.98,42.05,11.91 and6.26%,respectively.In these four corresponding plots,the average percentagesfor culm rot were 4.27,3.89,3.65 and 2.17%.Although there was no significantdifference in the final percentages of both headblight and culm rot between thesprayed and unsprayed plots either with or without inoculation,probably due tothe continuous heavy rain in the latter part of the wheat-growing season,yethigher percentages were always observed in the sprayed plots than in the un-sprayed ones throughout the period of disease development.Under conditions ofabundant inoculum in the soil and heavy rainfall,increase in percentage of head-blight could reach as much as 32% within a period of two days even when theplants were already near maturity.In 1955,a daily average temperature over20℃ was found to be favorable for the development of headblight,but observa-tions made in 1956 did not show significant effect of the temperature on thedevelopment of disease.

1.赤霉病菌在土壤表面的病組織上能产生分生孢子及子囊孢子,而以子囊孢子为??主。子囊孢子在播种后入冬前和入春后都能發生,以春夏季發生較多,冬季發生極少。子囊壳形成的多少与成熟程度决定于气温和土湿,較高的温度和潮湿土壤有利于子囊壳的形成和子囊孢子的成熟. 2.春季在麦株附近空气中出現的病菌孢子,前期以子囊孢子为主,后期子囊孢子和分生孢子都有發生。孢子出現的次数和数量以距离地面0.5尺高度的最多,愈高則愈少;孢子發生的数量在雨天或雨后最多。土壤表面形成的子囊孢子和病穗上产生的分生孢子,其傳播似都以雨水的飞濺作用为主,且大部分孢子的傳播距离并不很远。3.在土壤接菌的情况下,苗腐和基腐病的發生并不严重,更少引起植株死亡的現象。秆腐在1955年發生極少,1956年在大田及試驗区內都很普遍。4.土壤內病菌量和雨湿的多少是影响穗腐和秆腐的主要因素,而前者更为重要。在土壤接种喷水、接种不噴水、不接种噴水和不接种不喷水4区,穗腐率分別为42.98,42.05,11.91及6.26%,秆腐率分別为4.27,3.89,3.65及2.17%。5.大量的病菌孢子和連續降雨是促成病害迅速發展的主要条件。20℃以上的日平均温度似有利于病害...

1.赤霉病菌在土壤表面的病組織上能产生分生孢子及子囊孢子,而以子囊孢子为??主。子囊孢子在播种后入冬前和入春后都能發生,以春夏季發生較多,冬季發生極少。子囊壳形成的多少与成熟程度决定于气温和土湿,較高的温度和潮湿土壤有利于子囊壳的形成和子囊孢子的成熟. 2.春季在麦株附近空气中出現的病菌孢子,前期以子囊孢子为主,后期子囊孢子和分生孢子都有發生。孢子出現的次数和数量以距离地面0.5尺高度的最多,愈高則愈少;孢子發生的数量在雨天或雨后最多。土壤表面形成的子囊孢子和病穗上产生的分生孢子,其傳播似都以雨水的飞濺作用为主,且大部分孢子的傳播距离并不很远。3.在土壤接菌的情况下,苗腐和基腐病的發生并不严重,更少引起植株死亡的現象。秆腐在1955年發生極少,1956年在大田及試驗区內都很普遍。4.土壤內病菌量和雨湿的多少是影响穗腐和秆腐的主要因素,而前者更为重要。在土壤接种喷水、接种不噴水、不接种噴水和不接种不喷水4区,穗腐率分別为42.98,42.05,11.91及6.26%,秆腐率分別为4.27,3.89,3.65及2.17%。5.大量的病菌孢子和連續降雨是促成病害迅速發展的主要条件。20℃以上的日平均温度似有利于病害的發展,但兩年的結果不很一致,可能由于其他因子的影响。

 
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