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慢性支气管
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  chronic bronchial
     Clinical Significance of Changes of Serum TNF-α and IL-6 Levels in Eldery Patients with Chronic Bronchial Asthma
     老年慢性支气管哮喘患者血清TNF-α、IL-6水平及其临床意义
短句来源
     Methods Serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels were determined with RIA in 55 elderly patients with chronic bronchial asthma and 35 controls.
     方法:采用放射免疫分析对55例老年慢性支气管哮喘患者进行了血清TNF-α和IL-6水平检测,并以35名正常健康人作比较。
短句来源
     Objective To explore the clinical significance of changes of serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels in eldery patients with chronic bronchial asthma.
     目的:探讨了老年慢性支气管哮喘患者血清肿瘤坏死因子(TNF-α)和白细胞介素-6(IL-6)水平的变化及临床意义。
短句来源
     In squamous cell carcinoma, the expression of both Bcl-2 and PCNA was significantly related to TNM stage (P<0.05), and PCNA expression in NSCLC was also associated with tumor type and past medical history (chronic bronchial or pulmonary disease) (P<0.05).
     ②Bcl- 2和PCNA表达与鳞癌TNM分期显著相关 (P <0 0 5 ) ; ③PCNA表达与组织学类型 ,既往病史 (慢性支气管、肺病病史 )相关 (P <0 0 5 )。
短句来源
     Effect of Oral Preparation of Astragalus Membranaceous on Serum SOD Levels in Aged Patients with Chronic Bronchial Asthma
     黄芪精口服液对老年慢性支气管哮喘患者血清SOD的影响
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  chronic bronchitis
     The results show that rIL 2 promotes the activation of AMs, and probably counteract the inhibition the function of Th1 cells in respiratory tracts of the chronic bronchitis patients.
     说明rIL-2促进AM的活化,可能对慢性支气管病人呼吸道Th1细胞功能相对受抑有一定代偿作用。
短句来源
     Results The positive rates of allergic disease were higher than chronic bronchitis'(1030/1115,92.4%;40/142,28.2%). The difference is significant (x 2 =24.73P<0.001).
     结果变应性疾病组皮试阳性率高于慢性支气管组(1030/1115,92.4%;40/142,28.2%),差异有统计学意义(x2=24.73P<0.001)。
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  “慢性支气管”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the patients than those in controls(P<0.01). After treatment two weeks there were no significant differences between the levels in these two groups(P>0.05).
     结果:老年慢性支气管哮喘患者血清TNF-α和IL-6水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),经治疗2周后则与正常人比较无显著性差异(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     With the method of embryo adrenal gland grafting 76 patients with chronic bron-chial asthma were treated from May 1989 to May 1990. A follow-up over one yearafter grafting showed that 4 cases were cured (5.2%), 15 were markedly improved(19.8.%) and 36 cases were improved (47.4%), the overall improvement rate being72.4%.
     本文报道1989年5月~1990年5月间,我们采用胚胎肾上腺移植治疗76例慢性支气管哮喘患者,移植后随访一年以上。 结果:临床治愈4例(5.2%),显效15例(19.8%),有效36例(47.4%),总有效率72.4%。
短句来源
     Methods: The immunohistocchemical expression of Bcl-2 and PCNA was investigated in 40 non-small cell lung cancer patients, soas to see whether these phenomena were correlated with clinicopathology such as tumor type, differentiation degree, TNM stage, and the inter relation between expression of Bcl-2 and PCNA was also analyzed.
     方法 :应用免疫组化方法检测 40例非小细胞肺癌Bcl- 2和PCNA的表达 ,并研究该表达和肿瘤组织学类型、分化程度、TNM分期、既往慢性支气管、肺病病史等病理学特征之间的关系 ,以及Bcl- 2表达 +PCNA过表达复合出现与淋巴结转移的相关性。
短句来源
     In 29 cases of chronic cough,4 cases were caused by foreign body,19 cases by chronic endobronchialitis.
     29例慢性咳嗽中4例为支气管异物,19例为慢性支气管内膜炎,其他6例。
短句来源
     Methods:Forty nine patients with acute episode of bronchial asthma were randomly divided into two groups .
     方法 :49例慢性支气管哮喘急性发作期的住院病人随机分成两组 :大剂量肝素超声雾化吸入组 2 8例 ;
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  chronic bronchial
Twice-daily and four-times daily treatment with beclomethasone dipropionate aerosol were compared in a double dummy crossover study in patients with severe chronic bronchial asthma.
      
Long-term treatment with oral nifedipine plus theophylline in the management of chronic bronchial asthma
      
That drug combination is safe and valuable in patients with chronic bronchial obstruction and cardiovascular disease.
      
Patients with inflammatory arthritis have a higher rate of numerous comorbidities such as osteoporosis, thyroid disease, chronic bronchial disease, hypertension, and elevated blood lipids versus healthy reference groups.
      
The effect of physical exertion and intentional hyperventilation on the bronchial motoricity, with and without previous inhalation of SCG, was investigated in 10 patients with chronic bronchial asthma and in 10 persons with normal lungs.
      
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  chronic bronchitis
In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
      
Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      
Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
      
Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
      
Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
      
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Five cases of congenital oesophagobronchial fistula presenting in adult life are reported. If the congenital fistula between the oesophagus and bronchi is a small track without atresia of the oesophagus, and the bronchus involved is lobar rather than main, its symptoms may not occur until adult life. The symptoms are usually due to chronic bronchopulmonary suppuration. Choking and coughing on swallowing liquids should make the diagnosis obvious. The diagnosis is usually made by barium swallow. The most effective...

Five cases of congenital oesophagobronchial fistula presenting in adult life are reported. If the congenital fistula between the oesophagus and bronchi is a small track without atresia of the oesophagus, and the bronchus involved is lobar rather than main, its symptoms may not occur until adult life. The symptoms are usually due to chronic bronchopulmonary suppuration. Choking and coughing on swallowing liquids should make the diagnosis obvious. The diagnosis is usually made by barium swallow. The most effective treatment is closure or excision of the fistula and excision of the permanently damaged segments or lobe of the lung. The five cases were all cured, and there was no mortality in this series from the procedure.

本文报告五例成人先天性食管支气管痿。先天性食管支气管痿如不伴食管闭锁,痿管细小,仅和肺叶支气管相通,可至成人才出现症状。通常有慢性支气管肺化脓的症状。进流质后呛咳有诊断意义。食管造影常可作出诊断。有效的治疗为缝闭或切除食管支气管痿,并切除已有永久性损害的肺叶或肺段。本组五例皆治愈。

One hundred patients with chronic stable bronchial asthma (basic PEFR > 150L/min) were randomly divided into two groups, treated with terbutaline aerosol (2 puffs= 0.5mg) and placebo nebula respectively. Pulmonary functions(FEV1),clinical symptoms and physical signs before and after the treatment were compared and revealed terbutaline aerosol was significantly superior than placebo nebula (P< 0.005). Terbutaline aerosol proved much safer, with very slight side effects, and provided a fast onset and an approximately...

One hundred patients with chronic stable bronchial asthma (basic PEFR > 150L/min) were randomly divided into two groups, treated with terbutaline aerosol (2 puffs= 0.5mg) and placebo nebula respectively. Pulmonary functions(FEV1),clinical symptoms and physical signs before and after the treatment were compared and revealed terbutaline aerosol was significantly superior than placebo nebula (P< 0.005). Terbutaline aerosol proved much safer, with very slight side effects, and provided a fast onset and an approximately 2 h duration of effect. No obvious change in the heart rate and blood pressure were seen.

本文选择100例稳定型慢性支气管哮喘患者,随机分成2组。分别喷用特布他林气雾剂2喷即0.5mg或安慰剂气雾剂。经用药前后肺功能指标(FEV_1)和临床症状比较,结果表明特布他林气雾剂明显优于安慰剂气雾剂(P<0.005)。起效快,平喘作用维持时间达2h左右,副作用少,比较安全。

With the method of embryo adrenal gland grafting 76 patients with chronic bron-chial asthma were treated from May 1989 to May 1990. A follow-up over one yearafter grafting showed that 4 cases were cured (5.2%), 15 were markedly improved(19.8.%) and 36 cases were improved (47.4%), the overall improvement rate being72.4%. Most of the patients felt strenthened and less susceptible to common cold.Lung ventilation function FVC FEV_1 PEFR had marked improvement (P<0.01). Thecortisone concentration in plasma increased...

With the method of embryo adrenal gland grafting 76 patients with chronic bron-chial asthma were treated from May 1989 to May 1990. A follow-up over one yearafter grafting showed that 4 cases were cured (5.2%), 15 were markedly improved(19.8.%) and 36 cases were improved (47.4%), the overall improvement rate being72.4%. Most of the patients felt strenthened and less susceptible to common cold.Lung ventilation function FVC FEV_1 PEFR had marked improvement (P<0.01). Thecortisone concentration in plasma increased (P<0.05), BP, BW, blood sugar and bloodpotassium. sodium and chlorine remained unchanged (P>0.05). This mathod of graf-ting is simple and it can be done repeatedly on middle and old aged patients withchronic refractory asthma or corticosteroid dependent patients, and hence is worthwhile to be recommended.

本文报道1989年5月~1990年5月间,我们采用胚胎肾上腺移植治疗76例慢性支气管哮喘患者,移植后随访一年以上。结果:临床治愈4例(5.2%),显效15例(19.8%),有效36例(47.4%),总有效率72.4%。患者多感体力增加,感冒减少,肺通气功能FVC、FEV_1、FEV_1%、PEFR较移植前有明显改善(P<0.01),血浆皮质醇上升(P<0.05);血压、体重、血糖及血钾、钠、氯均无明显变化(P>0.05)。此种移植手术操作简便,能重复进行,对中老年慢性难治性哮喘或激素依赖型患者,可作为一种治疗手段。

 
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