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职官制
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  official system
     On the Brief Historical Cause of the Change from Family Bureaucrat System to Elected—official System
     浅论世官制向职官制嬗变的历史动因
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  相似匹配句对
     On the Brief Historical Cause of the Change from Family Bureaucrat System to Elected—official System
     浅论世官职官嬗变的历史动因
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     Studies of Representative System of Juristic Person
     论法人代表
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     A Rustic Opinion Abont Mourning Apparel System of China
     服刍议
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     The official system of Wei and Jin dynasties was used, at the same time, Hu system was held.
     在职官度上,尽量沿袭魏晋度,同时,又保留了胡体系。
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  official system
Despite his criticism of the official system of churches and religious communities, he greatly appreciated religion and its symbolic language, which speaks especially to the poet - even in its silences.
      
Establishes official system for each component mode and is used by federal government to validate funding requests.
      
ICD-9-CM was designated in 1979 as the official system for assigning codes to diagnoses for inpatient, and outpatient care.
      
These events were reported by the public even where no official system had been established.
      
There is currently only one national and official system of recognition in place.
      


During the period of Pre—Qin Dynasty, one of the important political systems is family bureaucrat system Since the beginning of the Spring and Autumn period, the weakening of traditional bureaucratic families caused great damage to the family bureaucrat system At the same, the stratum of scholars and private schooling arose, this gave a chance to the formation of elected—official system Additionally, the new official theory of the warring states, official salary system and feudal province—county system...

During the period of Pre—Qin Dynasty, one of the important political systems is family bureaucrat system Since the beginning of the Spring and Autumn period, the weakening of traditional bureaucratic families caused great damage to the family bureaucrat system At the same, the stratum of scholars and private schooling arose, this gave a chance to the formation of elected—official system Additionally, the new official theory of the warring states, official salary system and feudal province—county system were the contributory cause of the establishment of elected—official system

世官制是先秦时期在选官用人方面所实行的一项重要的政治制度。春秋以降 ,宗法世族的削弱 ,动摇了世官制的根基 ;其时士阶层的崛起及私学的产生为职官制的形成创立了条件 ;而战国新人才观的提出以及县郡制和谷禄制的推行又为职官制的形成提供了思想理论依据和制度保障 ,从而使职官制逐渐取代世官制成为选官用人的主流。

The late Qing was an important transforming period in the development of political system in China from the ancient to the modern."Fangke",as an informal institution independent of the bureaucracy of the Qing period,had actually become the basic carrier of interior administrative function of each Governor-General Yamun(Du-fu Yamen) in each province.With the changes of society and political situation,the structure of "Fangke" in each Governor-General Yamun became more and more complex.The characteristics combined...

The late Qing was an important transforming period in the development of political system in China from the ancient to the modern."Fangke",as an informal institution independent of the bureaucracy of the Qing period,had actually become the basic carrier of interior administrative function of each Governor-General Yamun(Du-fu Yamen) in each province.With the changes of society and political situation,the structure of "Fangke" in each Governor-General Yamun became more and more complex.The characteristics combined the old and the new and parallelled with the emergence of Secretarial Office (Wen'an Chu) and its committees,which were supplemented to each other.This phenomenon reflected the trend of expansion in administrative function and fractionization of the political operation."Fangke" established the crucial base of transformation of province officials in 1907.At the same time,it indicated that the old Governor-General Yamun gradually possessed the preliminary frame of modern provincial government,and became an important transition of traditional "shogunate" system to modern professional bureaucracy.

晚清是我国古代至近代政治制度发展的重要转型期。房科作为清代职官体系外的非正式机构,事实上成为各直省督抚衙门内部行政职能运作的基本载体。随社会变动与政治格局变化,晚清督抚衙署房科结构日趋复杂。其新旧杂揉的特征,与文案处及文案委员的出现相辅相成,既反映出近代行政职能扩展和业务细分化的趋势,奠定了1907年外官改制的重要基础,同时亦表明变化中的旧式督抚衙门已渐具近代省级政府的雏形,成为从传统幕府转向近代职官制的重要过渡。

 
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