With the coming of the class society, fine punishment, because of the highly praise of ruling class for cruel torture and the central position that free punishment and life punishment hold, is on less important or subordinate position in the system of criminal penalty in slavery society and feudal society.
The punishment to the unlawful practices by the law directly decides the law-breaking cost of the enterprise, furthermore, influences the willingness to abide by the law and the trend to break through the law.
Nevertheless, a complete environmental liability system is composed by administrative punishment, civil compensation and criminal sanction, none of which is dispensable.
The sensitivity to punishment signal is to an equal extent determined genetically and by the factors of shared (family) environment, while the individual differences in sociability are predominantly determined by the family environment.
The following factors (also significant in the development of personality) impeded recovery: authoritarianism and autocracy in upbringing, parental tendency to use corporal punishment, clearcut improvement or decline in social conditions.
Response perseveration and sensitivity to reward and punishment in boys with oppositional defiant disorder
In this regard, the author analyzed the conditions for abolishing death penalty from the perspectives of public opinion's influence, choice of politicians, control of crimes and structure of criminal penalty.
However, a criminal penalty and a civil penalty shall not be sought or obtained for any single violation or offense.
Note that the criminal penalty provision in the statute is in line with similar penalty provisions enunciated in federal statutes.
This will complement the existing criminal penalty regime administered by CAD.
Development of criminal punishment in the Iranian post revolutionary penal code
Since the diagnosis is usually based on patients' self-report, however, it creates the possibility of distortion aimed at avoidance of criminal punishment, and, as a result, has achieved mixed success as a criminal defense.
In-depth interviews with white-collar offenders on their experiences while under federal probation are used to examine how changes in criminal punishment have undermined the traditional reintegrative and rehabilitative goals of community supervision.
Growth in the scale of criminal punishment was linked partly to a more punitive politics that repudiated the goal of rehabilitation, and partly to the collapse of economic opportunity for young unskilled men in inner cities.
Finally, I shall conclude this essay by employing the refurbished analogy in such a way that it yields a proposal for more effective criminal punishment for corporate wrongdoing.