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The evaluation of the gust-loading factor is very important to the design of structures subjected to lateral pressure from fluctuating wind. In the determination of the peak factor of fluctuating wind pressure, references or codes of U. S. S. R, Canada and France usually take approximations conerning the distributions of fluctuating wind pressure and of mass along the height of the structure. Another assumption made is that the wind pressure along the horizontal length of the structure is constant. Thus only...

The evaluation of the gust-loading factor is very important to the design of structures subjected to lateral pressure from fluctuating wind. In the determination of the peak factor of fluctuating wind pressure, references or codes of U. S. S. R, Canada and France usually take approximations conerning the distributions of fluctuating wind pressure and of mass along the height of the structure. Another assumption made is that the wind pressure along the horizontal length of the structure is constant. Thus only approximate values can be obtained. This paper takes into account of the change of the gust pressure both along the height and the length of the structure, makes use of the theory of random vibration for resolution into natural modes of free vibration of systems with infinite or finite degrees of freedom, and derives a formula for the determination of the gust-loading factor. Furthermore, on the basis of experimental data from some typical districts in China and in some other countries, numerical values of gust factors have been calculated. Simplified formula's and equivalent formulas for gust factors of structures having uniform stiffness and mass along the height have also been given. The author has also prepared tables for design purposes and for reference in case of revision of the code on design loading.

在脉动风压下结构的风振系数是结构物特别是高耸结构物在抗风计算中的重要问题。苏联、加拿大、法国等国文献或规范[1][2][4][8]等在确定脉动风压的动力系数时,未能完整考虑沿结构高度脉动风压和结构质量分布的影响,并且常作了沿水平长度风压是不变的假定,求出了风振系数,因此有了一定的偏差存在。本文按无限或有限自由度体系,根据随机振动理论,按振型分解的方法,考虑风压沿高度和长度的变化规律,求出了风振系数。根据国内外风压实测资料,求出了风振系数中有关数据。对于沿着高度其刚度和质量都比较均匀的建筑物,提出了简化公式和折算公式。有关数据已制表格,可供应用和荷载规范修订时参考。

After giving a quick state-of-the-art on various aspects of standard menard pressuremeter (PM)and self-boring pressuremeter (PAF) tests; the recent development in the field of deep foundations achieved by the France Central Road and Brigde Laboratory are described. For the bearing capacity under axial loading; readjusted PM rules and safety factors are proposed on the basis of numerous full-scale static loading tests on instrumented piles. For the prediction of displacements under axial or lateral loadings,...

After giving a quick state-of-the-art on various aspects of standard menard pressuremeter (PM)and self-boring pressuremeter (PAF) tests; the recent development in the field of deep foundations achieved by the France Central Road and Brigde Laboratory are described. For the bearing capacity under axial loading; readjusted PM rules and safety factors are proposed on the basis of numerous full-scale static loading tests on instrumented piles. For the prediction of displacements under axial or lateral loadings, methods of determination of load transfer functions (t-z or p-y curves) from PM and PAF expansion tests are given and evaluated.

本文介绍了法国道桥试验中心在深基础领域中应用旁压试验所取得的一些新成果,简述了梅那标准旁压仪(以下简称为PM)试验和自钻式旁压仪(以下简称为PAF)试验的快速试验工艺。介绍了用大量的足尺桩的原位静载试验结果来重新修正用旁压试验结果预估轴向荷载作用下桩的承载力的计算方法和安全系数取值。对用旁压试验预估轴向或横向荷载作用下的位移,提出了土阻力发挥曲线的取定方法,并对其作了评价。

Subjects related to plasticity presented at the XVIIICTAM in Grenoble are introduced. There are ten sessions under plasticity presenting 38 papers.In sessions under damage, fracture mechanics microme-chanics, composites, plates and shells etc.there are another 32 papers dealing with plastic behaviors. They cover topics on relating micromechanics to macromechanical behavior; constitutive relations under finite deformation; solutions for finite deformation problems; instability of plastic flow; dynamic plasticity;...

Subjects related to plasticity presented at the XVIIICTAM in Grenoble are introduced. There are ten sessions under plasticity presenting 38 papers.In sessions under damage, fracture mechanics microme-chanics, composites, plates and shells etc.there are another 32 papers dealing with plastic behaviors. They cover topics on relating micromechanics to macromechanical behavior; constitutive relations under finite deformation; solutions for finite deformation problems; instability of plastic flow; dynamic plasticity; elastic plastic buckling of structures; metal forming ana-lysis; composites; concrete and soil plasticity; and subjects in geotechnics.

通过1988年在法国Grenoble召开的第十七届国际理论与应用力学大会,介绍了当前有关塑性力学的前沿课题。

 
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