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农民
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  the farmers
     An Affection on Land——A probe into Li Yi-qing's novel The Farmers
     土地情思——李一清长篇小说《农民》探析
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  “《农民》”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Role of Mass Media and Strategy in Village Construction Movement : An Analysis
     化农民与农民化:乡村建设运动中大众传媒的功能与策略分析——以《农民》报为中心
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     Symphony of Life and Lands:The Feeling of Having a Strong Attachment to the Native Land
     生命与土地交响曲:恋土情结——读解李一清先生的长篇新作《农民》
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     Reflecting on Fate of the Peasants in China——Concern of Humanitarianism in Li Yiqing's Novel
     执着于农民历史命运的追问与思索——李一清长篇小说《农民》的人道主义关怀
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     This paper analyses the role and the strategy of Peasants Daily (Nongminbao) with a discussion of the function and influence of village construction movement in 1930s.
     本文通过《农民》报的功能与策略分析,探讨上世纪30年代的乡村建设运动中大众传媒的作用与历史影响。
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  相似匹配句对
     Farewell to Peasant China
     农民的终结
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     Peasants Migrated to Cities
     农民进城
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  the farmers
The farmers in the vicinity are using these effluents for growing vegetables and cereal crops due to shortage of water.
      
Very important is the collaboration between waterworks and the farmers cultivating land in the recharge area in order to execute water-protecting ecological farming with the aim to reduce the application of fertilizers and plant protection agents.
      
Dynamic changes of the farmers and herdsmen's income sources in the Tibet Autonomous Region
      
This was due to the ignorance of the farmers on scientific clump management and harvesting techniques.
      
Despite We?el's contention, the farmers of Tuletanios cannot be identified with the coloni adscripticii of the 4th and 5th century, nor the conductores of the culturae mancianae of the 2nd century AD with the emphyteuticarii of later times.
      
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Ericerus pela Chavannes, the insect producing white wax,belongs to Coccidae,Homoptera. The female adult lays eggs while the male larva produces wax, whichis a well-known product from Southwest China. The wax secreted by the malelarvae may be boiled and extracted to result in something known as white wax.Its boiling point reaches above 82-83℃. It has manifold uses. Before WorldWar Ⅱ, besides the consumption at home, th greater part of this product wasexported abroad. The supply of the female adults of this wax...

Ericerus pela Chavannes, the insect producing white wax,belongs to Coccidae,Homoptera. The female adult lays eggs while the male larva produces wax, whichis a well-known product from Southwest China. The wax secreted by the malelarvae may be boiled and extracted to result in something known as white wax.Its boiling point reaches above 82-83℃. It has manifold uses. Before WorldWar Ⅱ, besides the consumption at home, th greater part of this product wasexported abroad. The supply of the female adults of this wax insect in the wax-producing districtusually appears short annually, due to a peculiarity in the growth of this creature;and therefore naturally exist two correlative districts, that is a district of adultproduction and one of wax production. As these two.districts are located morethan 500 kilometres apart,every year the female adults ready to be transplantedon he feeding trees in the district of wax production have to be supplied bythe district of adult production, and they must be carried over a long distance.The carriage of the female adults of the wax insect from one place to theother has been practiced for about five hundred years by the people engaged inwax production. This article reports on a test of transportation of the female adults of the wax insect from Paikuowan (白菓湾) in Hweili County (会理县), formerly of SikangProvince to Huhtaokou (核桃沟) in Omei County (峨眉县), Szechwan Province.Investigations in this connection were made from the April 30 to May 13, 1941. It has long been the aim of the growers to produce the female adults of theinsect and the wax in the same locality. With this realized, the area of wax pro-duction would be enlarged, and the quantity of wax increased. However, as the female adults of the insect in the distr .ct of wax produc-tion are subject to such natural adversities as geographical features, temperatureand humidity, parasitic enemies etc., up to the present they cannot be raised andsapplied insufficient quantity in this district. For this reason, to in prove themethod of transporting the adults female insects to the wax-producing district, toShorten the time on the way,and to increase the vitality of the male larvae-all these have become the crucial questions in the promotion of wax production. The principal explanation, knowh for centuries, with regard to the impossi-bility to raise the female adults of the insects in the district of wax productionhas been the peculiar fact that the female larvae could not be carried in quickorder to a place over 500 kilometres apart. The present test has proved that al-though the female larvae were, in the greater part, hatched out on the way, therewere still a part of them reaching the destination in safety. Valuable informat-ion was also obtained on the hatching rate of the male and female larvae on theway, the influence of environmental factors on the sex ratio, the different speciesof parasitic enemies, etc.. It is hoped thet the facts thus ascertained will be ofservice to improving the methods of wax production.

白蜡虫是我国的特产,古代农民远在元朝已有饲养。在过去全国的白蜡年产量约在五万至十万担间,据1918年重庆海关报告有一万一千余担,值银七十七万余海 关两。解放前一、二十年来,由于国民党反动派的不重视和摧残,已逐渐衰落。白蜡是化学工业上的重要原料,用途很广,饲养蜡虫又是西南各省农民的主要副业,而且农民群众已积累了非常丰富的传统经验。因此,为了总结群众经验,发扬科学遗产,改进饲养技术,振兴蜡业,我们希望能引起有关方面的注意和进一步研究,除研究改进白蜡虫的经管技术外,又须注意白蜡在工业上的用途。 白蜡虫的种蜡异地繁荣,在目前已成为自然的形势,而蜡区种虫不能自给,是白蜡业发展上的基本障碍。我们通过本次测验之后,认为我国适于蜡虫(雄虫)繁育的地方很多,如四川、湖南、浙江、安徽、福建、江西、江苏等丘陵地带都可扑虫产蜡,关键问题在于改善运种方法。在目前我国交通运输业已有普遍发展的基础上,只要用航空运种即可在短时间内将种虫运送至全国蜡区。扩大蜡区,增加农民副业收入,发扬我国科学遗产,为国家创造财富,利用益虫为生产服务,在目前已完全有实现的可能。

Stools of 852 inhabitants in a national farm of Hainan Island were ex- amined and the hookworm eggs were counted. A discussion of the epidemiology on the hookworm disease is made with special reference to the planting of such economic plants as coffee, Agave sisalana, Cymbopogon spp etc. Infection of Strongyloides stercoralis were recorded.

十一、1.所調查的万宁縣的一国营农埸是一新型的集体农莊。有埸員5.000人左右。經营以經济作物(香茅、咖啡、剑麻)为主,其他农作物为付。2,检查埸員658人糞便的结果,鈎蟲感染率77.7%,蛔蟲63.8%,鞭蟲43.9%。3.鈎蟲感染率以男性(81.8%)略高于女性(76.2%),蛔蟲感染率以女性(71.4%)高于男性(57.1%),鞭蟲感染率亦以女性(47.3%)略高于男性(40.9%)。4.所检查658人中全部用陈心陶氏等設計之直接塗片法作蟲卵計算的結果,每人每克糞便平均含蟲卵1,345个,若陰性者除外,則阳性者粪便每克平均含虫卵1,695个,其中以輕度感染者(虫卵数在400-2,999之間)为数最多,占总数49.4%;極輕微感染者,占17.9%;中度感染者占10.6%;嚴重感染者僅占全人数1.2%而已。5.男性鈎蟲感染率雖較女性为高,但男性平均每克粪便含蟲卵数(1,160个)遠較女性(1,550个)为低。就阳性者言,差別更大。男阳性者粪便平均每克含蟲卵1,415个,而女性則为2,035个。6.統計的結果,农業劳动者感染率(92.6%)遠较非农業劳动(70.1%)为高。就感染強度言,农業劳动者每克糞便平均...

十一、1.所調查的万宁縣的一国营农埸是一新型的集体农莊。有埸員5.000人左右。經营以經济作物(香茅、咖啡、剑麻)为主,其他农作物为付。2,检查埸員658人糞便的结果,鈎蟲感染率77.7%,蛔蟲63.8%,鞭蟲43.9%。3.鈎蟲感染率以男性(81.8%)略高于女性(76.2%),蛔蟲感染率以女性(71.4%)高于男性(57.1%),鞭蟲感染率亦以女性(47.3%)略高于男性(40.9%)。4.所检查658人中全部用陈心陶氏等設計之直接塗片法作蟲卵計算的結果,每人每克糞便平均含蟲卵1,345个,若陰性者除外,則阳性者粪便每克平均含虫卵1,695个,其中以輕度感染者(虫卵数在400-2,999之間)为数最多,占总数49.4%;極輕微感染者,占17.9%;中度感染者占10.6%;嚴重感染者僅占全人数1.2%而已。5.男性鈎蟲感染率雖較女性为高,但男性平均每克粪便含蟲卵数(1,160个)遠較女性(1,550个)为低。就阳性者言,差別更大。男阳性者粪便平均每克含蟲卵1,415个,而女性則为2,035个。6.統計的結果,农業劳动者感染率(92.6%)遠较非农業劳动(70.1%)为高。就感染強度言,农業劳动者每克糞便平均含蟲卵1,715个,非农業劳动者是770个,前者为后者的2.2倍。7.就各不同工种分別統計的結果,感染率依次排列是:牧牛(100%),咖啡(96%),飼养(94%),其它农業劳动(胡椒、霍香、蔬菜等,93%),香茅(92%),水田和水浮蓮(91%),劍麻(90%),机动雜工(89%),苗圃(84%)。感染強度依次排列是:咖啡(每克糞便平均含蟲卵2,610个),其它农業劳动(2,420个),牧牛(1,605个),机动雜工(1,580个),飼养(1,560个),香茅(1,480个),劍麻(1,380个),苗圃(1,355个),水田和水浮蓮(1,290个)。同一工种中,女性感染強度皆較男性为高。8.調查188人的血紅素的結果,男性平均达80%,與鈎蟲感染強度无顯著關系。女性血紅素平均72.3%,随鈎蟲感染的強度而降低。一般說來,无論男女,血紅素濃度都是相当高的。这是由於农民生活改善及当地瘧疾基本上被扑灭的緣故。9.在农場范圍內,雜居着少数民族,即所謂“居民点”的居民。經調查194人的糞便的結果,其鈎蟲感染率和感染強度僅畧高於农場居民,其血紅素平均也與农場場員相接近。10.鈎蟲感染因素,主要是由於当地野糞的情形極普遍,各工种中,以咖啡栽培对鈎蟲病的流行關系最大,其次胡椒栽培與鈎蟲病關系不应忽視。“居民点”居民以叢林作大便所,可能是鈎蟲感染的重要來源。11.海南島野糞在短时間內皆被金龜子甲蟲所翻埋。可能因此更有利於鈎蟲幼蟲的发育和感染。在野糞的土壤中采得金龜子甲虫共有9-10种。12.农場中糞线蟲感染率0.61%,“居民点”糞線蟲感染率是1.55%。若检查方法改善,相信其感染率不止此数。

~~

在1958年工农业生产的大跃进中党和毛主席总结出指导农业生产的“八字宪法”。在八字宪法中合理施肥的作用很大,而我国农民在获得高额丰产的技术措施中所施用的是大量的有机肥料,因此,研究有机肥料在农业增产中的优越性就成为科学上的重要课题之一。

 
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