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   摒弃 在 行政学及国家行政管理 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.768秒
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摒弃    
相关语句
  to banish
    TO BANISH OR TO DEVELOPE: HOW TO DO WITH BUREAUCRACY IN THE ADMINISTRATION REFORM OF CHINA
    摒弃还是完善:我国行政改革中对官僚制的取舍抉择
短句来源
    Though bureaucracy has many defects, its vitality still exists and it isn't time to banish it.
    官僚制的确存在着种种缺陷,但它的生命力依然存在,摒弃官僚制还言之过早。
短句来源
    Bureaucracy in China is young and hasn't develop enough, so, the right attitude for bureaucracy is to develop rather than to banish it in the administration reform.
    我国的官僚制发展还很不充分,因此在我国行政改革中对待官僚制的正确态度应该是发展完善官僚制而不是摒弃
短句来源
  to banish
    TO BANISH OR TO DEVELOPE: HOW TO DO WITH BUREAUCRACY IN THE ADMINISTRATION REFORM OF CHINA
    摒弃还是完善:我国行政改革中对官僚制的取舍抉择
短句来源
    Though bureaucracy has many defects, its vitality still exists and it isn't time to banish it.
    官僚制的确存在着种种缺陷,但它的生命力依然存在,摒弃官僚制还言之过早。
短句来源
    Bureaucracy in China is young and hasn't develop enough, so, the right attitude for bureaucracy is to develop rather than to banish it in the administration reform.
    我国的官僚制发展还很不充分,因此在我国行政改革中对待官僚制的正确态度应该是发展完善官僚制而不是摒弃
短句来源
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  spurn
A second objective was to explore whether or not social support from one's supervisor and one's colleague could reduce the negative impact of spurn-ing on burnout.
      
Yet humans sometimes spurn the threat of death and courageously and knowingly embrace torture unto death to protect others they do not even know.
      
Continue to provide public events within Flamborough Headland Heritage Coast and Spurn Heritage Coast.
      
Seek the truth, spurn unscientific dogma, and your gains will grow exponentially.
      
This will spurn a truly effective campaign against corruption with personnel specially trained in the field of anti-corruption measures.
      
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  to banish
On Postone's Courageous but Unsuccessful Attempt to Banish the Class Antagonism from the Critique of Political Economy
      
Allied efforts to banish Nazi-approved art from the collective memory have been far more successful.
      
Existential analysis reveals the value of religion and spiritual support in enabling the dying to banish anxiety and muster the hope requisite for fully appreciating the authentic meaning of their destiny.
      
Existential analysis reveals the value of religion and spiritual support in enabling the dying to banish anxiety and muster the hope requisite for fully appreciating the authentic meaning of their destiny.
      
A significant policy implication of these findings is that the WTO and the EU are correct not to banish completely official export insurance.
      
更多          
  to banish
On Postone's Courageous but Unsuccessful Attempt to Banish the Class Antagonism from the Critique of Political Economy
      
Allied efforts to banish Nazi-approved art from the collective memory have been far more successful.
      
Existential analysis reveals the value of religion and spiritual support in enabling the dying to banish anxiety and muster the hope requisite for fully appreciating the authentic meaning of their destiny.
      
Existential analysis reveals the value of religion and spiritual support in enabling the dying to banish anxiety and muster the hope requisite for fully appreciating the authentic meaning of their destiny.
      
A significant policy implication of these findings is that the WTO and the EU are correct not to banish completely official export insurance.
      
更多          


Nowadays economic globalization is considered as so significant background for the economic and political development of every country that its influence can't be ignored. Due to various factors, the lack of transparency and balance in realizing economic globalization means a challenge for the developing countries and has had strong effects on public administration. With the information ages drawing near, bureaucracy, a cornerstone of the traditional public administration, is confronted with the challenge of...

Nowadays economic globalization is considered as so significant background for the economic and political development of every country that its influence can't be ignored. Due to various factors, the lack of transparency and balance in realizing economic globalization means a challenge for the developing countries and has had strong effects on public administration. With the information ages drawing near, bureaucracy, a cornerstone of the traditional public administration, is confronted with the challenge of administrative reform in the world, and the issue of efficiency has become a major topic in this reform. At the time of development of globalization, inference should be drawn on the choice of basic values of following or drawing lessons from the West ; getting rid of or accepting bureaucracy ; giving priority to efficiency or to fairness .

经济全球化是今天各国经济、政治发展的重大背景,其影响之大不容忽视。但是由于各种因素的影响,今天的经济全球化现实还缺乏良好的透明度和平衡性,这对发展中国家来说带有极强的挑战性,公共行政也因此受到了重大的影响。官僚制作为传统公共行政的重要基石之一,随着信息化时代的来临正在经受世界行政改革大潮的挑战,效率问题再次成为世界公共行政改革的重要话语。在全球化进一步发展的今天,我们应该对追随西方、摒弃官僚制、实行效率优位,还是谨慎借鉴,吸纳官僚制,公平优位等基本价值的选择作出论断。

The movement of new public administration is an attempt to modify the bureaucratic system through the operational model of marketing by means of management of private enterprises with the intention of making the reformed bureaucratic system meet the requirement and demand of modern economic and social development. The author points out that under circumstances of modern China, the objective of this reform should be set neither at just developing the bureaucratic system nor at simply abandoning it.Besides, the...

The movement of new public administration is an attempt to modify the bureaucratic system through the operational model of marketing by means of management of private enterprises with the intention of making the reformed bureaucratic system meet the requirement and demand of modern economic and social development. The author points out that under circumstances of modern China, the objective of this reform should be set neither at just developing the bureaucratic system nor at simply abandoning it.Besides, the administrative reform should not merely be conducted at the organizational and administrative level.It should be extended to such areas as politics, and social economic issues.

随着西方社会由工业化时代向后工业化时代转变 ,传统的与工业社会相适应的官僚制已逐渐显现出它的弊端。在这一背景下 ,产生了以“摒弃官僚制”为口号的新公共管理运动。但是官僚制在当代仍有其存在的价值 ,简单摒弃官僚制也会使我们重新陷入困境。因此 ,新公共管理运动实际上是以市场化运作模式和私营部门的管理方法对官僚制进行修正 ,从而使改造后的官僚制政府更能适应当代经济与社会发展要求。在当代中国 ,既不能简单地以发展官僚制为目标 ,也不能简单地以摒弃官僚制为目标 ;而且 ,当前的行政体制改革不能将目光仅仅停留于组织结构或行政层面 ,而应扩展到政治、社会、经济领域。

New Public Management, which originated in the Western developed countries in 1980s, attracts Chinese scholars' attention in 90s. It has potential influence on the Chinese governmental reform to some extent. It is necessary to analysis New Public Management in depth before putting its ideas and tools into practice. Though there are still suspicions, it is no doubt that the rise of the New Public Management implies a significant theoretical transition in Public Administration, putting old Public Administration...

New Public Management, which originated in the Western developed countries in 1980s, attracts Chinese scholars' attention in 90s. It has potential influence on the Chinese governmental reform to some extent. It is necessary to analysis New Public Management in depth before putting its ideas and tools into practice. Though there are still suspicions, it is no doubt that the rise of the New Public Management implies a significant theoretical transition in Public Administration, putting old Public Administration in danger. Judging from its intellectual foundation, the development of New Public Management is, to a large extent, the result of the application of economic theories (especially Public Choice Theory, Principal Agent Theory and Transaction Cost Theory) to Public Administration. This theoretical transition can hardly take place without the invasion of economics. In particular, the economic man postulate plays a very important role in this transition.The difference between Old Public Administration and New Public Management can be attributed to their different theoretical roots. Old Public Administration is primarily based on politics and adopts the human nature postulate of politics, which assumes man as born to be evil. In comparison, New Public Management borrows the economic man postulate from economics. These postulates have different implications in devising institutions. Though both of them emphasis the selfinterest in human nature, they are opposite to each other on the relationship between public interest and individual interest. The former presumes that individual interest is in conflicts with public interest and insists that individual interest must be constrained for the sake of public interest. Thus, Old Public Administration is in favor of bureaucracy, which is deemed to be the best mechanism to restrain the selfinterest bureaucrats and protect the public interest. On the contrary, as Adam Smith's invisible hand metaphor shows, the spirit of the economic man is the harmony between public interest and individual interest. It puts emphasis on incentive compatibility instead of constraint. As is well known, market is the optimal mechanism to reach incentive compatibility and achieve Pareto efficiency. Regarding bureaucrats as economic man suggests that market mechanism can also be exerted in public sector. Bureaucrats should be motivated but not constrained. It concludes that the change from bureaucracy to market models may be regarded as the result of the transformation of human nature.The justification of applying economic man in the public sector, as Milton Friedman suggests, lies in the theoretical function of hypothesis,. The application of the economic man in the public sector has changed the conception of public interest and its implementation mechanism. Based on the economic man postulate, New Public Management emphasizes creating or imitating the market mechanism in the public sector to maximize public interest.

新公共管理理论在很大程度上是经济学对公共行政领域渗透的产物。经济学的经济人假设取代传统公共行政学的性恶论假设是新公共管理形成的理论基础。性恶论假设下的传统公共行政强调公私利益的冲突,而经济人假设下的新公共管理强调公私利益的和谐,主张以激励兼容而非规制作为制度设计的出发点,这为政府摒弃官僚制、建立市场驱动模式奠定了理论基础。

 
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