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母畜
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  dam
     A sire and dam model and a sire and maternal grandsire model are fitted for weight at birth and weight at weaning of sheep to estimate the direct genetic and maternal additive genetic variances.
     本文利用公畜母畜模型和公畜外祖父模型估计了初生重、断奶重的直接加性遗传方差、母本遗传方差和遗传参数,得出初生重的直接加性遗传效应、母本遗传效应和总的加性遗传效应的遗传力分别为:0.164、0.101、0.103;
短句来源
     In the estimation of heritability, various non-genetic factors must be excluded from the variance of sire or dam.
     在遗传力的估计过程中,需将多种非遗传因素的影响从公畜间方差或者母畜间方差中剔除。
短句来源
     A dynamic selection rule was developed that maximizes the annual genetic response while constraining the rate of inbreeding per year to a predefined value in a population with overlapping generations and different number of age class between sire and dam.
     一种扩展的动态选择规则能够在公母畜间有不同的年龄组数目的世代重叠群体内约束年近交速率为一个预定义值,逐年最大化遗传反应。
短句来源
     Maximizing the Response of Selection with Control of Inbreeding and Different Number of Age Class between Sire and Dam
     公母畜间有不同的年龄组数目条件下控制近交最大化选择反应
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     Studies on curative effect and antiphlogistic mechanism of new fertility-promoting intrauterine infusion liquid for dam endometritis
     中药新促孕液对母畜子宫内膜炎的疗效和抗炎机理研究
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  female animal
     Observation of Curative Effect of Mastitis Treatment Injecting Succus for Female Animal
     “乳炎必治注射液”对母畜乳房炎的疗效观察
短句来源
     Effects of Mineral Nutrients on Reproduction Performance in Female Animal
     矿物质营养对母畜繁殖性能的影响
短句来源
     Clinical Test of Shuanghuanglian Injection on Female Animal's Endometritis
     双黄连注射液治疗母畜子宫内膜炎的临床试验
短句来源
     A census and sample survey were made in the whole county,the result showed that offtake and comodity rates of animals increased by3.43%and0.75%than that in1996,respectively,mortality rates of adult and young animals reduced by0.48%; the proportion of female animal increased by0.03%; and the breeding and survival rates of female animals increased by5.22%.
     其结果,牲畜出栏率和商品率比1996 年分别提高3.43% 和0.75% ,成幼畜死亡率下降0.48% ,母畜比例提高0.03% ,母畜繁活率提高5.22% ,全县畜牧业总产值提高5.88% ,农牧业人均收入提高18.45% ,达到1040 元。
短句来源
     Just as AI can improve male animal reproduction efficiency greatly, embryo transplantation is an efficient way to use female animal reproductive potential fully, and enlarge elite animal population size quickly, which will help to accelerate breed improvement and pure breed reproduction.
     人工授精技术可极大地提高公畜的利用效率 ,而胚胎移植技术则是充分挖掘优良母畜的繁殖潜力的有效途径。 该技术的应用可从很大程度上提高母畜的繁殖率 ,从而在短时间内迅速扩大优良种群 ,加速畜群改良和纯种繁育进程 ,也是迅速提高我国牛群整体水平的重要而有效的手段。
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  “母畜”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Attending the maximum total LW(liveweight) output, the optimal stocked ewe population age structure and relative off-take strategy as follows: P_1=P_2=46.1%, P_3=P_4=3.9%;
     畜群的年总淘汰率为0.461,母畜的最大使用年限为4龄。 相应数学表示为:P_1=P_2=46.1%、P_3=P_4=3.9%;
短句来源
     LRH—A_3 in Improving First-cycle Conception Rates of Domestic Animals
     LRH—A_3提高母畜第一情期受胎率的研究
短句来源
     male and female map with the length of 161.1 cM? 135.8 cM and 188.7cM respectively, was constructed.
     本研究所构建的平均连锁图谱全长为 16 1.1cM ,公、母畜连锁图谱全长分别为 135 .8cM和 188.7cM。
短句来源
     Bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease virus (BVDV) is the member of the pestivirus genus, family Flaviviridae, mainly caused bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease. Bovine infected by BVDV showed diarrhea, acute and chronic mucosal diaease, persistent infection and immunotolerance, immunosupression, pregnant cow abortion, dead fetus and abnormal fetus.
     牛病毒性腹泻-粘膜病病毒(Bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease virus,BVDV)是黄病毒科、瘟病毒属(Flaviviridae Pestivirus)的成员,主要引起牛病毒性腹泻-粘膜病(BVD-MD),症状为腹泻,急、慢性粘膜病,持续性感染与免疫耐受,免疫抑制,母畜流产、死胎和畸胎等。
短句来源
     Relationship between PAF and Pregnancy in Dams
     血小板活化因子与母畜妊娠关系的探讨
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  dam
Challenges of high dam construction to computational mechanics
      
Dam-foundation interaction plays an important role in the design of earthquake-resistant concrete arch and gravity dams.
      
Geological conditions of the dam canyon are usually very complicated; however, in the literature, the damfoundation interaction analysis is often carried out based on the premise of a homogeneous unbounded foundation.
      
It was found that a homogeneous idealization of the unbounded foundation may sometimes greatly underestimate the maximum earthquake stress response of the dam.
      
Three-dimensional stability analysis of the dam foundation at Baise
      
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  female animal
Using the results of a survey of animal rights activists, advocates, and supporters, the paper reveals much more convergence (80%) than divergence (20%) of attitudes and actions by male and female animal protectionists.
      
In one female animal, a translocation between the W chromosome and a nucleolus organizer was identified.
      
The second case, a female animal, became suspicious by a dermal mass in the upper left hind limb, which was also surgically excised.
      
Thus the activity of the cytosolic inhibitor of neutral cholesteryl ester hydrolase responded to changes in both the hormonal and the nutritional status of the female animal.
      
A female animal may be sold if it is the only animal the 4-H'er exhibited at the fair.
      
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Abstract 16 yaks and 20 sheep were immunized with vaccine No.5 of Br. melitensis by aerosol inhalation. Pathological specimens were fixid in 10% neutral formalin and paraffin sections with hematoxylin and eosin staining were prepared for observing the tissue changes and reactions. Results of these obervations are as follows: A series of fundamentally similar changes were found in both groups after the immunization: (1) Predominance of proliferative reaction in the reticuloendothelial system, with progressive...

Abstract 16 yaks and 20 sheep were immunized with vaccine No.5 of Br. melitensis by aerosol inhalation. Pathological specimens were fixid in 10% neutral formalin and paraffin sections with hematoxylin and eosin staining were prepared for observing the tissue changes and reactions. Results of these obervations are as follows: A series of fundamentally similar changes were found in both groups after the immunization: (1) Predominance of proliferative reaction in the reticuloendothelial system, with progressive exaggeration up to the 35th day after immunization, (2)Degeneration and lysis were found in the regional lympk nodes in 3/16 yaks and 4/20 sheep; necrosis was present in 1/7 sheep following the 5th immunization; (3)Endometritis might appear in the female animals; (4) Mild degeneration, occasionally associated with inflammation, could be found in the parenchymal organs, and proliferative neuroglial nodules were observed in the white matter of cerebrum of one sheep.

用布鲁氏菌羊型5号菌苗气雾免疫牦牛16头、绵羊20隻。病理标本固定于10%的中性福尔马林,石蜡切片,苏木紫伊红染色。观察免疫后动物的组织反应和变化情况时,结果两种动物的组织器官都有一些基本相似的反应和改变,即(1)主要为淋巴网状内皮系统的增生反应。这种反应在免疫后35日内随着时间的延长逐渐明显;(2)其中3/16的牦牛和4/20的绵羊伴有局部淋巴网状组织变性和溶解;经过5次免疫的个别绵羊(1/7)出现坏死灶;(3)母畜发生子宫内膜炎;(4)实质器官细胞轻度变性,间或伴有炎症。一例绵羊大脑白质有增生性胶质细胞结节。

An approximate formula for estimating the genetic relationship in 5 mixed familiesis worked out,as D means total number of dams; S means total numberof sires,including its application in estimating heritability,by means of paternal half-sib intra-class correlation.The inbreeding increment in single and multiple birth animals of a closed herd is also discussed.The finding is that the inbreeding increment in single birth animals should be: F=(85)-1-(8D)-1

在前人工作基础上,本文推广了S个混合家系平均亲缘相关的近似式。结果:(?)≈(D+S)/4D其中D为总得母畜数,S为总得公畜数。证明单胎动物闭锁小群近交增量的公式:△F=1/8S-ι/8D,一次分组父系组内相关估测遗传力的公式:h~2=1/(?)·t。

In the present study, the progesterone levels in the peripheral serum during the early period of pregnancy in jennies and mares carring genetically different fetuses have been measured by radioimmunoassay. The progesterone levels were low at the time of heat climax in jenny and mare, it averaged 1.7ng/ml in jenny (n=11) and 0.7ng/ml in mare (n=3). Around the 8th day of pregnancy, progesterone content reached a high level, it was 34.0ng/ml in jenny with a donkey fetus, 31.8ng/ml in jenny with a hinny fetus, 10.0ng/ml...

In the present study, the progesterone levels in the peripheral serum during the early period of pregnancy in jennies and mares carring genetically different fetuses have been measured by radioimmunoassay. The progesterone levels were low at the time of heat climax in jenny and mare, it averaged 1.7ng/ml in jenny (n=11) and 0.7ng/ml in mare (n=3). Around the 8th day of pregnancy, progesterone content reached a high level, it was 34.0ng/ml in jenny with a donkey fetus, 31.8ng/ml in jenny with a hinny fetus, 10.0ng/ml in mare carring a horse fetus, and 14.0ng/ml in the mare with a mule conceptus. During this period (beginning of pregnancy), the progesterone levels in the same species carring genetically different conceptuses have been found to be very similar (P>0.05) and the progesterone level of pregnant jenny was close to that during the lureal phase of estrous cycle(P>0.05). After 35 days of gestation, progesterone levels in all of the 4 cases have tended upwards. Between 55th and 120th day of gestation, the mean level of progesterone in jenny carrying a hinny fetus was considerably higher than those of the dams carrying the other three types of fetus, and a great variation was observed among hinny-bearing individuals. Progesterone content in mare with a mule fetus was lowest. The peripheral serum progesterone level in mare carrying either a hybrid fetus or a homogeneous fetus was always lower than that of jennies carrying the same types of fetus This indicates that the specific nature of animal is an important factor determining the progesterone level.

本文系用放射免疫法测定怀不同胎儿类型的母驴、母马妊娠前期(0~120天)外周血清中的孕酮含量。处于发情高潮时的母驴、母马外周血清中孕酮水平很低,母驴平均为1.7(0.7~2.6)毫微克/毫升(n=11),母马为0.7(0.6~0.9)毫微克/毫升(n=3) 在妊娠第8天前后,孕酮含量处于较高水平。怀驴母驴为34.0(13.3~58.7)毫微克/毫升(第13天),怀骡母驴为31.8(20.1~49.8)毫微克/毫升(第8天),怀马母马为10.0(5.1~16.8)毫微克/毫升(第8天),怀骡母马为14.0(10.0~21.5)毫微克/毫升(第8天)。在这一时期,怀不同胎儿类型的同种动物孕酮水平很接近(P>0.05),而且母驴妊娠后的孕酮水平同发情周期中黄体期相接近(P>0.05)。妊娠35天后,孕酮水平都有升高的趋势。在妊娠55天到120天间,怀骡母驴孕酮平均水平远远高于怀其他三种胎儿类型的母畜,而且不同个体间差异极大。怀其他三种胎儿类型的母畜中,以怀骡母马孕酮水平最低。在妊娠前期,两组孕马外周血清中的孕酮水平始终低于两组孕驴,表明母体的物种特性是决定孕酮水平的主要因素。

 
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