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  growth pattern
The growth pattern of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Propionibacterium freudenreichii ssp.
      
Analysis of the growth pattern of stromatolites and relationships of their thick carbonate bodies with host rocks are used to substantiate the lack of reefs sensu stricto, i.e., buildups notably towering above the sea bottom, in the Proterozoic.
      
Similarly, direct exposure of etiolated pea seedlings to commercial ethylene gas also modified the growth pattern in the same way.
      
The growth pattern of the Walker 256 solid tumor has been studied in rats with different doses of the mutant vasopressin gene.
      
Aggravated hypoxia resulted in the accelerated ethylene production and the activation of enzymes destroying cell walls in the adventitious roots; as a result, the latter changed their growth pattern.
      
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  growth patterns
Kinetic Phase Diagram of Fractal and Euclidean Nonequilibrium Growth Patterns of Ice Ih in Supercooled Water
      
Their growth patterns and morphophysiological characteristics indicated that these cells adapted well to grow in suspensions.
      
Identification of the isolates was based on their growth patterns, morphological characteristics, and carbohydrate fermentation profiles.
      
In the context of orthodontic treatment planning, the decisions to be made are often affected by the assumption of future growth patterns, especially the direction of mandibular rotation.
      
Cervical Headgear Treatment and Growth Patterns: Analysis by Lateral Cephalometry
      
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With the method developed by Dingerkus and Uhler (1977) the author prepared 30 skeletal specimens of the Lady Amherst's Pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae) chick at different age. In this paper the author discribed the skeletal postnatal growth and fusion from 1 to 143 day old; reported some bones growth equations from 1 to 41 day old; and discussed significance of the growth modes to chicks survival. Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 show the process of ossification and fusion of the bones of skull, mandible, sternum, pelvie...

With the method developed by Dingerkus and Uhler (1977) the author prepared 30 skeletal specimens of the Lady Amherst's Pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae) chick at different age. In this paper the author discribed the skeletal postnatal growth and fusion from 1 to 143 day old; reported some bones growth equations from 1 to 41 day old; and discussed significance of the growth modes to chicks survival. Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 show the process of ossification and fusion of the bones of skull, mandible, sternum, pelvie girdle, pygostyle, carpus bones and metacarpals, tibia and metatarsals with tarsals from 1 to 143 day old. From 1 to 41 day old, the growth modles of all bones which were measured are Y = a + bx (parameters a , b see table 1 ), while the growth equations of body weight are: : Y = 3.1267 + 0.0096x2; : Y = 4.0692+0.0109x2. The seqence of development and growth is: in the peroid of hatehing the brain and feeding structure (premaxilla, maxilla and mandible etc.) develop most completely in all bones which were measured, the lower limb develop more completely than upper limb; in the 41 day postnatal growth, the growth rate of upper limb is the fastest in all bones which were measured, but the growth rate of body weight is not constant, the older the chicks are, the faster the body weights grow.

本文研究了笼养白腹锦鸡幼鸟从孵出之日起至143日龄的骨骼系统生长发育情况,并对部分骨骼的生长曲线进行了拟合。探讨了白腹锦鸡幼鸟生长模式对提高幼鸟成活率的意义。

A detailed comparison of the mandible allometry in Rhinopithecus bieti, adult and juvenile Macaca thibetana and Macaca mulatta lasiota is presented in this paper. After analyzing 33 variables of the mandibles including 10 specimens for each group aforementioned, we find that there exist differences in growth patterns between the left and the right-side of the mandible,between any two variables and between any two groups. It indicates that although there may be morphological similarities because of convergence,...

A detailed comparison of the mandible allometry in Rhinopithecus bieti, adult and juvenile Macaca thibetana and Macaca mulatta lasiota is presented in this paper. After analyzing 33 variables of the mandibles including 10 specimens for each group aforementioned, we find that there exist differences in growth patterns between the left and the right-side of the mandible,between any two variables and between any two groups. It indicates that although there may be morphological similarities because of convergence, the growth patterns may be different because of the differences in diet, feeding behaviour,phylogenetic and ontogenetic processes of these animals.

本文对滇金丝猴(Rhinopithecus bieti)、藏酋猴(Macaca thibetana)和毛耳猴(Macacamulatta lasiota)下颌骨的33项指标进行了测量.经分析,下颌骨的生长存在有部位间、左右间及类群间的差异。表明这些动物下颌骨形态因适应某种生态环境而可能存在某些相似性,但因其食物性质、取食行为、系统及个体发育过程中存在差异而出现不同的生长模式

To determine if the development and differentiation of osteoblastic cell from rat calvaria in vitro is similar to that of osteoblast phenotype in vivo,osteoblastic cells were isolated by sequential enzyme digestion from newborn rat calvaria,The changes of their morphology,enzyme activity of alkaline phosphatase(AlP) and biological response to PTH,as well as mineralization of bone nodules were studied in culture,The results demonstrated that the cell population exhibited definitely twogrowth-stages:proliferation...

To determine if the development and differentiation of osteoblastic cell from rat calvaria in vitro is similar to that of osteoblast phenotype in vivo,osteoblastic cells were isolated by sequential enzyme digestion from newborn rat calvaria,The changes of their morphology,enzyme activity of alkaline phosphatase(AlP) and biological response to PTH,as well as mineralization of bone nodules were studied in culture,The results demonstrated that the cell population exhibited definitely twogrowth-stages:proliferation and maturation stages. In proliferation stage,the number of cells was increased,the morphology of cells was nonhomogeneous,the activity of AIP was weak and the response to PTH was increased.In maturation stage,the cell population grew slowly,exhibited polygonal shape,and became multilayer,clumped gradually and formed mineralization of bone nodules. The activity of AIP became stronger,the biological response to PTH reached a peak at 9th day and then declined.The authors suggested that osteoblastic cells from newborn rat calvaria presented the different biological patterns in vitro and gradually developed and differentiated into mature osteoblastic phenotype.

为了确定鼠颅骨成骨性细胞在体外的发育分化过程是否与体内成骨细胞表型相似,我们用分次酶消化法分离新生大鼠颅骨成骨性细胞,进行形态学观察、碱性磷酸酶(A1P)活性表现、细胞对甲状旁腺素(PTH)的反应和形成钙化骨基质结节等研究。结果表明,新生大鼠颅骨细胞在体外培养过程中有两个明显的生长阶段,即增生期和分化成熟期。在增生期细胞数目逐渐增多,形态不规则,胞膜上的A1P活性低,对PTH反应逐渐增强;在分化成熟期细胞增殖缓慢,呈多边形,且聚集重叠成细胞结节,出现钙化骨基质,A1P活性增强,而对PTH的反应在第9d达到高峰后却逐渐减弱。我们认为鼠颅骨成骨性细胞在体外随时间进程有着不同的生长模式,逐渐发育分化为成熟的成骨细胞。

 
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