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航行     
相关语句
  navigation
    Study on Predicting Wave States Utilizing Ship Motion in Navigation
    由航行中船舶运动预报海浪
短句来源
    Basic Research on an Expert System for Navigation at Sea
    船舶航行专家系统的基础研究
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    Randomness Analysis of Inland Navigation Acciuents and Its Application
    内河航行事故的随机性分析及应用
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    Emergency Navigation by Using GPS and Lifeboat Magnetic Compass
    利用GPS和救生艇磁罗盘的应急航行
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    Fast time simulation of ship navigation condition
    船舶航行条件的快时模拟
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  sailing
    Some Design Problems of Sailing Modes
    关于航行方式的设计问题
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    A Data Sailing System Based on Paper Chart
    基于纸制海图的船舶数据航行系统
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    Modern Marine Engineering Management(MMEM) and Ship's Safe Sailing
    现代轮机管理与船舶安全航行
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    Application of digital tidal information on sailing plan support system
    数字化潮流信息在航行计划支援系统中的应用
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    Theoretical Study on Sailing Performance of the Shipwith Auxiliary Sails
    辅助风帆对船舶航行性能影响的理论研究
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  voyage
    Study on Submarine Voyage Training Simulator Based on HLA and Virtual Cabin Modeling
    基于HLA的潜艇航行训练模拟器及虚拟舱室建模技术研究
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    Design of Primary Voyage Management System
    航行管理系统研究
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    Based on the embedded VxWorks real-time and multi-task operating system and combined with the pattern-oriented software architecture, a realization scheme of voyage data recorder (VDR) software design is put forward.
    基于VxWorks嵌入式实时多任务操作系统,结合面向模式的软件体系结构的思想,提出了一种船载航行数据记录仪软件设计实现方案;
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    The Design of Voyage Data Recorder (VDR)
    船载航行数据记录仪(VDR)研究设计
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    Study on the data acquisition system of voyage data recorder of ship
    船舶航行数据记录仪信息采集系统研究
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  navigational
    Study on optimization methods of synthetic navigational performances of large-sized draft-limited inland ships
    吃水受限的内河大型船舶航行性能综合优化方法研究
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    In order to improve the navigational safety of ship operating efficiency and the capacity of transmitting information on the sea, the International Maritime Organization and International Telecom Union confirm that AIS (Automatic Identification System) is the identifying, inspecting and communicating system on the sea in the future.
    为了提高船舶航行安全、操作效率以及海上信息传输能力,国际海事组织和国际电联确定了AIS(船舶自动识别系统,Automatic Identification System,简称AIS)为未来的海上识别、监测和通信系统。
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    Some Countermeasures Against Navigational Casualties in Fog
    减少雾中航行事故的若干对策
短句来源
    Discussion of the navigational safety of naval vessel in sea
    风浪中船舶航行安全性研究
短句来源
    Top-layer research on the virtual test environment of ship integrated navigational performance
    舰船综合航行性能虚拟试验环境(数值水池)顶层研究
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      navigation
    The simulation results showed that DTV positioning technology could remarkably improve the precision of system state estimates using smoothing methods for positioning systems or integrated navigation systems.
          
    A Charge Coupled Device (CCD) camera is used for measuring and for visual navigation.
          
    The visual navigation and control system allow the robot to navigate and track the target and to accomplish autonomous locomotion.
          
    Finally, the algorithm of movement navigation based on the generalized coordinate system is put forward, and the part movement is guided.
          
    Such photonic structures have attracted great interest due to their novel physics, link to photonic crystals, as well as potential applications in optical switching and navigation.
          
    更多          
      sailing
    The dynamics of the state of health and the changes in the autonomic index and emotional state in students of the Marine University during practical training on board the training sailing vessel Nadezhda were studied.
          
    While land warfare consisted mainly of headhunting raids, maritime warfare was essentially amphibious, with a fleet (hongi) sailing to an enemy beach where a village would be stormed.
          
    Official sources of the prince are rare, late, and give little information on those crews who were sailing under the pavilion of Islam, either for commercial or military purposes.
          
    However, even though the relationship had developed very fast, it was by no means smooth sailing.
          
    The medium through which the group's goals are reached is adventure-based challenges such as hiking, camping, rope courses, skiing and sailing.
          
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      voyage
    Data from the fifth voyage of the scientific-research vessel "Dmitrii Mendeleev" are presented, which indicate the asymmetry of the Cromwell flow relative to the equator and its possible meandering.
          
    The results of ωs-metry are used to characterize the mechanisms determining the interaction with the environment in sailors during voyages of different lengths and changes in these mechanisms as dependent on voyage duration.
          
    The effects of the watch system of job management on central hemodynamic parameters and the constant potential of the brain were studied in sailors during a long voyage.
          
    Twenty crew members were examined during a 120-day translatitudinal voyage.
          
    The studies were performed on days 4-6, 40-42, 73-75, and 107-109 of the voyage.
          
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      navigational
    The results obtained are of theoretical interest for dynamical astronomy, geodynamics, and celestial mechanics, and are also important for astrometrical, navigational, and geophysical applications.
          
    In case of trouble, the robots communicates wirelessly with a service center, allowing it to give extra information on the trajectory and adapt the navigational information system.
          
    We describe the implementation and evaluation of an algorithm for deploying audio navigational cues throughout an office building with a team of mobile robots.
          
    Due to the difference among the sea zones, the navigational waterways within the Taiwan Strait are subject to different legal rules.
          
    We base our discussion on the OOHDM approach for defining a Web application model, in particular, the separation of the navigational model from the conceptual model.
          
    更多          


    ~~

    过去我们都依赖外国船级社给我们航海的船只勘定载重线,发给载重线证书。对于航行本国的海船更没有制定任何标准。本文介绍了干舷规则的理论。并根据理论分析及实际检验,制定了现在国内试用的航行于北洋线及南海线的基本干舷表。虽然这个基本干舷表已在试行,但仍有待一个较长时期的考验,以便修订后公布。

    In order to approach the world level of shipbuilding,science within twelve years,it is necessary to survey the recent development in shipbuilding research of some leading maritime countries.This paper starts with stating the achievments of shipbuilding research work in this himdred years and steps taken by some leading countries for further development after the World War Ⅱ.Then it goes on to discuss the main achievments in the field of ship hydrodynamics and ship strength in recent years,and these are subdivided...

    In order to approach the world level of shipbuilding,science within twelve years,it is necessary to survey the recent development in shipbuilding research of some leading maritime countries.This paper starts with stating the achievments of shipbuilding research work in this himdred years and steps taken by some leading countries for further development after the World War Ⅱ.Then it goes on to discuss the main achievments in the field of ship hydrodynamics and ship strength in recent years,and these are subdivided into the following headings: Ship hydrodynamics:(1)Systematic model testing.(2)Model-ship co-relalion, (3)Theory of wave making resistance,(4) Systematic testing of model propellers, (5)Propeller theory,(6)Cavitation,erosion,Singing of propellers,(7)Ship motion and seakeeping quality. Strength of ships: (1) Strength testing of actual ships and stress measure- ments on sea way,(2)Strength testing in model tank,(3)Problem of long superstructure,(4) Elastic and plastic strength of ship plating,(5) Ship vibration, (6) Materials for ship construction. This paper also gives an account of the preliminary achievments of the Chinese shipbuilding research work in respective fields and expresses the opinion that a great deal of amount of work is left to be done for the Chinese naval architects.Finally,the paper suggests that China must redouble her effort to construct her main shipbuilding research base equiped with instruments and apparatus of highest quality and to train the research experts as quick as possible.

    为了在十二年内争取赶上世界的造船科学水平,就有必要对世界各国造船科学研究的发展,进行一番探讨。本文首先说明造船科学在百年来所起的作用,和二次世界大战后各国对造船科学研究的组织和发展。进一步探讨了二次大战后在船舶流体力学及船体强度学两方面的主要成就。并分以下几部份叙述: 船舶流体力学方面:(1)关于船型的系列试验;(2)关于船模与实船的换算关系;(3)兴波阻力理论;(4)推进器系列试验;(5)推进器理论;(6)推进器空泡、剥蚀、唱音等问题;(7)船舶运动和适航性。船体强度学方面:(1)实船强度试验和航行中应力测量;(2)船模试验池中的强度试验;(3)长上层建筑问题;(4)船体钢板的弹性塑性问题;(5)船体振动问题;(6)造船用材料问题。文中也涉及一些我国造船科学研究的初步收获,并说明我国在整个造船科学领域中还留着很大空白面。为了进一步发展我国的造船科学研究;建设主要的研究基地,充实仪表设备和培养研究人员是刻不容缓的事。

    ~~

    本規范規定了民用各型海船航海时应保証的最低的稳性要求。在規范內将我国海船航行的区域,划分为三类航区: 第Ⅰ类航区——無限制航区(包括远洋航线及本国沿海某些特殊規定的航线); 第Ⅱ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於100浬的航区(包括某些特殊規定); 第Ⅲ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於25浬的航区。对一切民用海船稳性的基本衡准为:保証船在航海时同时考虑波浪共振横搖及风力动傾力矩的作用后,船仍保持其恢复原位的性能;即船与波浪共振搖到θ角后保証: k=m_q/M_f≥1 对圓舭有舭龙骨船的共振橫搖振幅对圓舭無舭龙骨的船θ_2=1.5θ,尖舭無舭龙骨的船θ_3=1.2θ。风力动傾力矩 M_f=0.001 p A Z,公吨-米。各型海船应按不同的装載情况核算稳性。船的稳性曲线可以採用一般船舶原理中的方法計算,但对低於“海船載重线規范”中規定的Ⅰ級封閉装置的上层建筑,在計算稳性曲线时不計其浮力。同时規定了浸水角对稳性曲线的影响。規范要求稳性曲线的基本形状为最大靜稳性力臂。 l_(max)>0.25米,当B>8; l_(max)=0.03B米,当5米0.15米,当B<5米。与l_(max)...

    本規范規定了民用各型海船航海时应保証的最低的稳性要求。在規范內将我国海船航行的区域,划分为三类航区: 第Ⅰ类航区——無限制航区(包括远洋航线及本国沿海某些特殊規定的航线); 第Ⅱ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於100浬的航区(包括某些特殊規定); 第Ⅲ类航区——本国沿海距岸不大於25浬的航区。对一切民用海船稳性的基本衡准为:保証船在航海时同时考虑波浪共振横搖及风力动傾力矩的作用后,船仍保持其恢复原位的性能;即船与波浪共振搖到θ角后保証: k=m_q/M_f≥1 对圓舭有舭龙骨船的共振橫搖振幅对圓舭無舭龙骨的船θ_2=1.5θ,尖舭無舭龙骨的船θ_3=1.2θ。风力动傾力矩 M_f=0.001 p A Z,公吨-米。各型海船应按不同的装載情况核算稳性。船的稳性曲线可以採用一般船舶原理中的方法計算,但对低於“海船載重线規范”中規定的Ⅰ級封閉装置的上层建筑,在計算稳性曲线时不計其浮力。同时規定了浸水角对稳性曲线的影响。規范要求稳性曲线的基本形状为最大靜稳性力臂。 l_(max)>0.25米,当B>8; l_(max)=0.03B米,当5米0.15米,当B<5米。与l_(max)相应的横傾角应大於30°,稳性消失角应大於60°,接近90°。初稳性高度经自由液面修正后应为正值。对冬季航行可能遇到結冰的船舶提出計及結冰影响的要求,对客船因旅客集中于一舷同时进行迴轉所产生的靜傾角規定不得大於12°。在航海时拖輪的稳性除了应滿足基本的衡准外,同时要求計及拖索急牵的动傾力矩后仍能滿足;此外尚要求核算拖輪港內工作时的稳性情况。

     
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