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  reference
     A Study of Digital Reference Service in the Library: Theory and Practice
     图书馆数字参考咨询的理论与实践研究
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     Study on Laser Gyro Inertial Surveying and Attitude Reference Systems by Dynamic Constraint Analysis
     基于动态约束分析的激光陀螺惯性测量与姿态参考系统研究
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     Research on Kinematic GPS Positioning Relative to a Moving Reference
     基于移动参考站的GPS动态相对定位算法研究
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     Preliminary Examination Tests of the Reference Crops Evapotranspiration Quantity (ET_0) and the Pesponse Analysis Research of the Input Factor
     参考作物蒸发蒸腾量(ET_0)的初步检验实验及输入因子的响应分析研究
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     Numerical Methods for Limit Analysis and Reference Stress Determination of Structures under Multi-Loading Systems and Their Engineering Applications
     多组载荷下结构极限分析和参考应力确定的数值方法及工程应用
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  reference for
     Design of 16m Optical Reference for Measuring Twist Angle
     测扭转角用16m光学参考基准的设计
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     [Conclusion] The serum β-HCG at 12-14 days after IVF-ET is an effective predictor for pregnancy outcome,which may provide a reference for clinical counseling and management.
     [结论]IVF-ET后12~14d血清β-HCG是早期预测妊娠结局的有效指标,可供正确指导咨询、及时处理参考
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     The method of 85 meters deep pouring piles can make pour fast,reduce the cost of project,guarantee project quality and construction safety,never happen quality defect or quality accident and the economic benefits are prominent,so,it can offer some reference for other construction departments.
     85m深孔桩钻孔方法可以加快钻孔进度,降低工程成本,保证工程质量和施工安全,在施工中未发生任何质量缺陷或质量事故,经济效益显著,可供其他施工部门借鉴参考
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     Building its model by unit method,simulation the process of bridge construction,research its structure dynamic performance and the stress and the shape changed under wind load can give reference for construction and controlling bridge.
     利用有限元方法建立其模型,模拟桥梁的施工过程,研究其结构动力学特性和风荷载作用下的应力和变形,可为桥梁施工和控制提供参考
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     The article briefly introduces several primary material of steel bridges deck surfacing in the world and gives a brief analysis for application status and foreground of application of each material,which can provide reference for design of material of steel bridges deck surfacing.
     简要介绍了目前世界上主要的几种钢桥桥面铺装材料,并对各种材料的应用现状及前景作了简要分析,为钢桥面铺装材料设计提供一定参考
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     The development process and research status of steel reinforced concrete composite structure are briefly summarized. Design and analysis methods of this kind of structure at home and abroad are introduced. The differences in calculation between JGJ 138-2001 and YB 9082-97 are comparatively analyzed, which provide good references for design and construction.
     简要总结了型钢混凝土组合结构的发展过程、研究现状,介绍了国内外不同的设计分析方法,重点分析比较了JGJ138-2001和YB9082-97中计算型钢混凝土结构时存在的异同点,以便为此类结构的设计施工提供参考
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     This paper describes the methods and procedures of the virtual prototyping using Pro/E and ADAMS,and offers some experiences & references for the combination of them,introduces some VP application in product design and analysis.
     阐述了利用Pro/E和ADAMS进行虚拟样机仿真的方法和步骤,为两者的有机结合提供经验参考,介绍了虚拟样机技术在设计分析中的应用。
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     Conclusion:Overexpression of survivin and negative expression of P16INK4a in NSCLC indicated survivin and P16INK4a may play cooperative role in the tumorigenesis and development of NSCLC through inhibiting cancer cell apoptosis and promoting proliferation. So the expressions of Survivin and P16INK4a can be used as references for the diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC.
     结论:在NSCLC中survivin的过表达和P16INK4a的失表达提示二者可能通过抑制细胞凋亡和促进细胞增殖在非小细胞肺癌的发生发展中起协同作用,同时检测survivin、P16INK4a的表达状态对非小细胞肺癌的诊断和预后有一定的参考价值。
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     The article is based on raw materials of concrete segment, to detail the quality control of segment from each step of the segment production technology, so as to guide the concrete segment production, control quality of the segment and provide basises and references for producing the high quality concrete segment.
     以混凝土管片原材料选择为基础,从管片生产工艺的每一个步骤来详细介绍管片质量控制,以指导混凝土管片生产,控制管片质量,为生产优质混凝土管片提供依据和参考
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     This 3D contact finite element analytical method can also be applied to the contact strength analysis of other mechanical products and can be regarded as references for stepping up the strength analyses of mechanical products from single part to entire assemblage.
     该三维接触有限元分析方法也可用于其它机械产品的接触强度分析,为机械产品由单个零件的强度分析提升到装配体的强度分析提供参考
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     The Test on the Optical Fiber and Cable Products—User's Reference to the Acceptance of Fiber-optic Products
     光纤光缆产品检验——用户验收光纤光缆产品参考
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     Based on the hardware platform of digital television (DTV), the architecture and functions of the middleware model were analyzed with reference to the DVB-MHP standard. With the study of JavaTV and JMF, the core part of the middleware system called media player was implemented.
     在数字电视硬件平台的基础上,参考DVB-MHP标准分析了数字电视中间件模型的结构与功能,研究了JavaTV业务选择与JMF媒体呈现机制,设计完成了媒体播放器,实现了中间件平台的音/视频媒体控制和业务信息访问两个功能模块。
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     Making reference to general control theory,the author illustrates systematical component essentials of investment control,and introduces basic method of construction project investment control according to the analysis on its characters,in order to offer theoretical reference for practical researches on investment control.
     主要参考一般控制理论,阐述了投资控制的系统组成要素,并根据建设项目投资控制的特点分析,简要阐述了项目投资控制的基本方法,从而为投资控制的实践研究提供了理论基础。
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     The paper discusses the model simplifying,layer application in UG,gridding division and field utilization during the process of finite element modeling so as to provide reference to build more efficient and more accurate finite element models.
     介绍在有限元建模过程中,探讨简化几何模型、层在UG建模中的应用、网格划分的方法以及场的利用等问题,以便为建立高效、高精度的有限元模型提供了参考依据。
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     The fuzzy evaluation model of environment security was also built,which was expected to provide a reference to scale security evaluation of high-rise buildings.
     同时,提出了高层建筑的环境安全单方面的灰色关联评价及整体的模糊综合评价模型及运行步骤。 期望以此作为高层建筑规模安全评价的参考,并且给高层建筑规划设计者以警示。
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  reference
The authors extend and improve some known results, and show that there are some errors in reference on inequalities for sequence rearrangement by examples.
      
The blank reference experiment shows that hydrothermal crystallization treatment favors the formation of hexagonal tungsten trioxide, and the tungsten trioxide powder sample prepared by this method has a high degree of crystallinity.
      
This paper provides a reference on calculating the binding-site number in proteins for ligands and studying their interactions by fluorescence spectroscopic methods.
      
The proposed algorithm can easily identify which sector the reference space vector falls in and conduct simple operations to find the duty cycle of each vector.
      
The similar parts in MANET routing protocol are used in the satellite network for reference.
      
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  reference for
Thus, the order of importance of eco-environment construction projects to the urban ecosystem health state can be worked out, providing a reference for prioritizing the implementation of such urban eco-environmental projects.
      
A database useful as a reference for identifying VARV strains was generated.
      
The D2S1338, D18S51, D21S11, and FGA loci were identified as the most informative markers for the Russian population and proposed as a reference for forensic studies in the Russian Federation.
      
pframe of reference for low-alloyed chromium alloys BX-2K and BX1-17A.
      
The eigenvalues are also analyzed, providing a valuable reference for further studies of the transition state of olefin insertion of metallocene catalysts.
      
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  references
The conclusions of this paper would offer theoretical references for designers and analyzers of clock-controlled generators.
      
The excellent recognition performance is much better than those of the other cited references, which indicates that our approach is well-suited for appearance-based object recognition.
      
This research can provide references for city planning and urban green space establishment and facilitate the popularization of quantitative assessment of ecological benefits of green spaces in Chinese cities.
      
The results may bring up theoretical references for fault diagnosis of rotor-bearing systems.
      
The corresponding references were retrieved by means of electric retrieval and manual retrieval from different databases or materials.
      
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  reference to
Factors affecting throughfall and stem-flow were analyzed, with results providing a good reference to the study of rainfall redistribution in coniferous and broadleaved mixed forests.
      
It was shown that the biocatalyst activity and stability of the immobilized yeast membranes increased with reference to the initial ECA, independent of the morphology of the carbon layer synthesized on the support surface.
      
The results are discussed with special reference to the wheat resistance against the powdery mildew.
      
The ranges of Orthoptera species are analyzed with reference to their geographical distribution and quantitative distribution in elementary landscapes.
      
The reaction of plants to unfavorable meteorological conditions greatly varies with reference to their biological and genotypical specificity.
      
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