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感染性疾病及传染病
预防医学与卫生学
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粪检     
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  fecal examination
     Results The positive rate of fecal examination was 44. 76 %,and 53. 31% of the malejs and 49. 19 % of the females' liver parenchyma were abnormal (≥grade Ⅰ ).
     结果该地居民粪检阳性率44.76%,肝实质Ⅰ级以上男性53.31%,女性49.19%,Ⅱ级以上男性17.68%,女性8.65%。
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     The accumulative positive rate of fecal examination with 9 times of different samples was 34.29% in which 16.67% were positive in first fecal examination,and it was only 50% after three times of fecal examination.
     对ScAg阳性的病例粪孵9送9检累计阳性率为34.29%,粪检累计总阳性数中,第1次只检出16.67%,连续第3次的累计阳性率仅为50.00%。
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     The detecting sera were obtained from 150 cases of acute schistosomiasis. 208 chronic cases, 28 chronic cases with negative fecal examination 6 monthes after praziquentil therapy and 32 cases with clonorchiasis, the positive rate was 100%, 88. 46% 3. 57%and 15. 63%respectively .
     检测急性血吸虫病150例、慢性血吸虫病208例、经吡喹酮治疗后6个月粪检转阴的慢性血吸虫病28例、肝吸虫32例,阳性检出率分别为100.00%、88.46%、3.57%、15.63%;
短句来源
     Methods A survey of parasites by fecal examination using zinc sulfate flotation methods was made in 10 townships of 6counties in Guangxi.
     方法采用硫酸锌浮聚法对广西6县10个乡(镇)3001名居民进行粪检
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     Results of field survey showed that there was no obvious difference between the positive rates of fecal examination and that of ELISA.
     现场调查结果表明,粪检与ELISA的阳性检出率无显著差异。
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  feces examination
     ELISA had correlation with feces examination but consistency was weaker(χ2=5.772,P<0.05,Kappa= 0.076 762). DDIA had no correlation with feces examination(χ2=2.019,P>0.05).
     ELISA结果与粪检有关联,但一致性较差(χ2=5.772,P<0.05,Kappa=0.076762),DDIA结果与粪检无关联(χ2=2.019,P>0.05)。
短句来源
     Methods 1.Kato-katz method was used in feces examination in population;
     方法  1)采用Kato katz法进行人群粪检 ;
短句来源
     Methods The feces examination was used to investigate the infection rate of parasites, and the questionnaire was used to investigate the socioeconomic condition and knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP) for prevention of parasitic diseases among rural residents in Gongyi City where the people have higher yearly income and Ruyang County where the people have less yearly income.
     方法 选择社会经济状况不同的两调查点 ,采用粪检法调查农村居民肠道寄生虫感染率 ,问卷调查居民的社会经济状况及常见寄生虫病防治的知识、态度、行为 (knowledge、attitude、practice ,KAP) ,分析社会经济因素对居民寄生虫感染率及寄生虫病防治KAP的影响。
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     The effective comparison of Kato-Katz for the examination of schistosomiasis in serious endemic regions by two single feces examination.
     血吸虫病重度流行区改良加藤法两次粪检检测效果的比较
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     After 3 weeks of therapy,if the feces examination was still positive for B.hominis,the metronidazole re-treatment would be used for another 7 d.
     治疗3周后粪检仍阳性者,再重复用药7 d。
短句来源
  excrement test
     The positive rate of excrement test is relative high among kids under six-year-old with bad health habits.
     6岁以下有不良卫生习惯的儿童粪检阳性率较高。
短句来源
     Results Parasite infection rate of students decreased obviously, general positive rate of verminosis droped 33%-55% and positive rate of ascarid droped 32%-35% by propaganda, excrement test and collective vermifuge measure after project.
     结果 项目实施后 ,通过宣传教育、粪检和集体驱虫 ,学生寄生虫感染的总阳性率下降了 33%~ 5 5 % ; 蛔虫卵的阳性率下降了 32 %~ 5 2 %。
短句来源
  feces samples
     Objective To compare the sensitivity for the methods of Kato-Katz to diagnose schistoso-miasis by two single feces samples.
     目的比较两次粪检对提高改良加藤法(Kato—Katz)诊断血吸虫病敏感性的效果。
短句来源
     Methods To collect two feces samples of the people in serious endemic regions in a period of one week to examine schistosomisisi by the method of Kato-Katz, one sample three smears. To observe the infection rate and infection degree of the people.
     方法在血吸虫病重度流行区采用Kato—Katz法于1周内每个居民收集2份粪样,每份粪样三张涂片,观察比较单次粪检人群血吸虫感染率以及两次粪检人群血吸虫总感染率和感染度。
短句来源
     Results All feces samples of 7 316 persons in 15 spots were examined by modified Kato-Katz thick smear method,and 5 species of intestinal helminth eggs were detected. Among them,there were 117 cases of Ascaris lumbricoides and the infection rate was 1.60%;
     结果15个调查点粪检7 316人,共检出5种肠道蠕虫虫卵,其中蛔虫感染117例,感染率1.60%;
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      fecal examination
    Fecal examination for the presence of sporocysts was negative in this study.
          
    Prevalence of internal parasites was determined by fecal examination for eggs and oocysts in Thoroughbred foals in central Kentucky in 2003.
          
    A definite diagnosis of amebic colitis was made by fecal examination or by endoscopic biopsy.
          
    The conclusion was reached that Baermann's procedure is the method of choice, and, as such, it should be used in the routine fecal examination.
          
    Fecal examination, performed by Kato's thick smear and culture method, indicated that the prevalence of hookworm infection was 26.9%.
          
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      feces samples
    coli strains from chicken feces samples were also isolated.
          
    Results: To identify individuals with parasite, feces samples were taken from a total of 4,470 individuals.
          
    Parasites were found in feces of 41.8% of men, 44.3% of women and 32.2% of children, 0-59?months old, who were included in the research and gave feces samples for parasites tests.
          
    Parasites were detected in 44.2% of feces samples taken from rural areas and in 39.5% taken from urban areas.
          
    When the distribution of parasites detected in feces samples was studied, the most common parasites were Giardia intestinalis (18.1%), Entamoeba coli (11.8%), Ascaris lumbricoides (4.8%), Trichuris trichiura (4.5%) and Hymenolepis nana (3.9%).
          
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    67 out of 124 Chinese technical workers, who returned from Africa where Schistosomiasis rnansoni was endemic, were found to be infected with this parasite on stool examination ( including ova examination and hatching test ) . Several other diagnostic procedures including intradermal test ( ID ), circumoval precipitin test ( COP ) and cercarienhullen reaction (CHR) were also employed at the same time for the 67 proved cases, and their positive rates were found to be 41.7%, 80.6-94.0% (48 or 72 hours' incubation...

    67 out of 124 Chinese technical workers, who returned from Africa where Schistosomiasis rnansoni was endemic, were found to be infected with this parasite on stool examination ( including ova examination and hatching test ) . Several other diagnostic procedures including intradermal test ( ID ), circumoval precipitin test ( COP ) and cercarienhullen reaction (CHR) were also employed at the same time for the 67 proved cases, and their positive rates were found to be 41.7%, 80.6-94.0% (48 or 72 hours' incubation ) and 97.2% respectively. The antigens used for all these tests were prepared from either adult parasites, ova or cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum. It was found that there was a high degree of cross reaction between S. japonicum ( antigens ) and S. mansoni infections. As a preliminary screening test, CHR appears to be more sensitive than COP.Follow-up study showed that 10-15 months after one or two courses of specific treatment, COP and CHR were still found to be positive for 13(21%) and 48 ( 79% ) cases respectively, whereas stool examinations in all these cases showed negative results. It seems that COP may be a more useful tool in assessing the therapeutic efficacy of specific treatment for this disease.

    本文用日本血吸虫成虫及虫卵抗原皮内试验、冻干虫卵环卵反应、尾蚴膜反应和粪便检查等方法调查124名援外人员,阳性率分别为25.9%、55.6%、57.2%和54.0%,属曼氏血吸虫感染。粪检阳性组的尾蚴膜和环卵反应阳性率分别达97.0%和94.0%。治疗后复查表明,环卵反应转阴率较尾蚴膜反应为高。作者还讨论了用日本血吸虫各期抗原检查曼氏血吸虫病病人及考核疗效的价值。

    In this paper we reported the change of ELISA in patients treated with Praziquantel. 120 parasitogically confirmed cases from Jiaxing in Zhejiang Province were examined by routine stool examination and ELISA to detect antibody before treatment and again at the end of 1st. 3rd. 6th. and 12 th month after Praziquantel treatment.The polystyrene plate was coated with crude egg antigen of Schistosoma and diluted test serum, was then added. After incubation the alkaline phos-phatase-labelled antiglobulin was added...

    In this paper we reported the change of ELISA in patients treated with Praziquantel. 120 parasitogically confirmed cases from Jiaxing in Zhejiang Province were examined by routine stool examination and ELISA to detect antibody before treatment and again at the end of 1st. 3rd. 6th. and 12 th month after Praziquantel treatment.The polystyrene plate was coated with crude egg antigen of Schistosoma and diluted test serum, was then added. After incubation the alkaline phos-phatase-labelled antiglobulin was added and allowed to react. Finally, P-nitrophenyl phosphate was added. The result was read with naked eye and the end point titer or absorbance value determined in a spectrophotometer at 405mμ. An absorbance value of≥0.5 was considered as positive. Before treatment, all patients had eggs in feces and had an average absorbance value of 1.55(positive in 95.8%) and GMRT of 478.4. After treatment, the stool examination for eggs of all patients was negative. The ELISA reaction i.e., a decrease in absorbance value and GMRT, improved steadily with time. ELISA, in 70% of patients 12 months after effective treatment, became negative.The average absorbance value decreased to one third of the initial value and GMRT decreased to 100.0.Our observation indicated that ELISA is sensitive in the evaluation of cure for schistosomiasis and more practical than the circumoval precipitin test.

    本文对120例粪检(粪便虫卵孵化法)阳性的血吸虫病人于治疗前和经吡喹酮治疗后1、3、6、12月进行粪检和以酶标记免疫吸附试验(ELISA)测定病人血清抗体,确定后一种方法作判定药物治疗效果的价值。结果表明,120例病人在治疗后多次粪检均为阴性,而ELISA随时间的推移其阳性率,平均光吸收值与其几何平均倒数滴度(GMRT)均逐渐下降。治疗半年至一年后,50%至70%的病人的ELISA转为阴性,平均光吸收值降为原1/3~1/4,GMRT从478.4降为158.8~100.0。作者认为,ELISA对评价药物的治疗效果有一定的参考价值。这一方法敏感,光吸收值下降快,似乎较最常用的环卵反应具有更多的优点。

    At Hangchung district, Shansi province, a survey was made on Fasciolopsis buski of the naturally infected domestic animals including swine, rabbits, dogs, donkey, goats, cats and ducks, the fecal and the post-mortem examinations of domestic swine being the chief aspect. Some wild animals containing 20 wild rabbits(Lepus sP.), 8 badgers(Meles meles Linnaeus, 1758), 3 wild cats(Felis sp.) 2 wolves(Vulpes vulpes Linneaus, 1758), I wild pig (Sus-scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) and I Daid's deer(Cervus alces Linna- eus, 1758)...

    At Hangchung district, Shansi province, a survey was made on Fasciolopsis buski of the naturally infected domestic animals including swine, rabbits, dogs, donkey, goats, cats and ducks, the fecal and the post-mortem examinations of domestic swine being the chief aspect. Some wild animals containing 20 wild rabbits(Lepus sP.), 8 badgers(Meles meles Linnaeus, 1758), 3 wild cats(Felis sp.) 2 wolves(Vulpes vulpes Linneaus, 1758), I wild pig (Sus-scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) and I Daid's deer(Cervus alces Linna- eus, 1758) were autopsied and searched for the intestinal flukes. Some artificial infective experiments were also carried out with domestic animals. Studies presented in this article convinced us, at least for the time being that the most important host amimals of Fasciolopsis buski in this district are domestic hogs. The wild animls examined were too few to draw any conclusion on their infectivity to Fasciolopsis buski. The infection of the fluke in wild rabbits (Lepus sp.) can hardly be ruled out because it was found that the domestic rabbit was very susceptible through artificial infections. The present study concerns one of the elements of the Shansi Fasciolopsiasis nidus, i.e.the host animals. The complete knowledge awaits the information about whether human beings in this nidus are naturally infected. The nature of the nidus, or in other words the structure of its biocoenosis, can then be properly clarified

    在陕西省汉中地区进行了姜片吸虫病家畜的自然感染调查(主要是家猪的粪检和剖检),家畜(包括猪、家兔、_家犬、驴、山羊、家猫、家鸭等)的人工感染试验以及野生动物(一包括野兔、灌、野猫、狐、野猪和糜鹿)的自然感染初步调查。工作结果认为本地区姜片吸虫的主要宿主动物是家猪。野生动物检查数目太少,不能逮下结论,但鉴于家兔人工感染易于成功,野兔是否有可能得到自然感染不能除外。作为陕西省姜片吸虫病疫源地要素之一(宿主动物)亦即疫源地的性质或类型问题,尚待了解本地区姜片吸虫病的人体感染情况后方能决定。进行了猪体姜片吸虫病的流行过程特点的调查,包括流行强度、年龄差别性、品种及性别差别性和季节性,给疫源地特点和疫病防治措施提供基础。本工作结合进行了对姜片吸虫成虫在猪体发育的初步观察。作为另文发表的病原研究的一个补充。

     
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