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From the investigation on some types of large and medium\|sized state\|owned enterprises, the author found the efficient restructure of enterprise is, in fact, the results of de\|integration of property right and resources allocation, but not the results of integration. Based on the description of two cases of the firm restructure, this paper provides the theoretical basis for de\|integrated restructure, and discusses its invitable trend of improving firms' efficiency and reducing the reform costs. This paper...

From the investigation on some types of large and medium\|sized state\|owned enterprises, the author found the efficient restructure of enterprise is, in fact, the results of de\|integration of property right and resources allocation, but not the results of integration. Based on the description of two cases of the firm restructure, this paper provides the theoretical basis for de\|integrated restructure, and discusses its invitable trend of improving firms' efficiency and reducing the reform costs. This paper also starts to search the impacts of two factors—scale and institute, on enterprises' efficiency in the transition. Therefore, it has not only valuable theory meanings for economics but also positive policy effects on promoting reforms in China.

本文从对某些类型的大中型国有企业的实地考察中发现 ,有效率的企业重组实质上是分立式的产权及其资源重新配置的结果。在描述了两个企业的改制重组案例的基础上 ,本文提出了这种分立式产权重组的理论依据 ,论证了这种重组具有提高企业效率和减少改制成本的必然性。对于中国特有的规模和制度两元变量同时发生作用的转型变化 ,本文提供了理论探讨的开端 ,同时也对目前的改制推动具有积极的政策效应。

In a market economy, capital operation is a radical change of management strategies in enterprises. The key of capital operation is the strategic choice of the mode of capital operation. The concept of capital operation for enterprises is studied. According to the practice of enterprise reform in China, three basic modes of capital operation -- merge & purchase, bankruptcy and reforming rules -- are analyzed. A target mode is presented to implement strategies of capital operation.

在市场经济条件下 ,资本运营是企业经营战略的根本性变革 ,而资本运营的关键是对资本运营模式的战略性选择 ,使资本得到迅速扩张、有效积聚和最优配置。通过对资本运营内涵及特征的分析 ,针对我国企业改革的实际 ,对目前我国企业资本运营的 3种基本模式———并购重组、破产重组、改制重组进行了分析和比较 ,并在此基础上提出了企业实施有效资本运营战略的目标模式 ,即通过并购重组实现资本的迅速扩张 ,采用股份公司制实现资本的有效积聚 ,实施破产重组实现资本的优化配置

Private enterprises change from form of familism to the form of share-hold ownership, which is the key to development and progression of the enterprises. Because of lack of funds and shortsightedness of manager, ownership reform has been looked on as the tool of "raising money". This paper finds the reason for fault and makes suggestions.

民营企业由家族式向股份制转变,是企业进一步发展和提升企业层次的关键环节。由于民营企业目前存在资金短缺问题和企业家的短视行为,改制重组被企业家当作"圈钱"的工具。陕西省民营企业就是一例。因此,在当前的民企改制过程中,要特别警惕借改制之机进入"圈钱"误区。

 
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