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 开腹
 open
 Results The operation time was significantly shorter in the Laparoscopy Group (61 4±9 3) than in the Open Group (72 6±7 1) ( t =7 692, P =0 000). 结果　腹腔镜组手术时间 (61 4±9 3)min比开腹组(72 6±7 1)min明显缩短(t=7 692,P=0 000 ); 短句来源 The time to first flatus was significantly earlier in the Laparoscopy Group (25 3±4 1 h) than in the Open Group (49 8±6 9 h) ( t =22 935, P =0 000). 腹腔镜组术后排气时间 ( 25 3±4 1 )h明显早于开腹组 ( 49 8±6 9)h(t=22 935,P=0 000); 短句来源 The postoperative pyrexia rate in the Laparoscopy Group (9/52) was significantly lower than that in the Open Group (31/75) ( χ 2 =8 216, P =0 004). 腹腔镜组术后病率(9 /52)显著低于开腹组(31 /75) (χ2 =8 216,P=0 004); 短句来源 There was no significant difference in the operative time(t=1.849,P=0.066) between the Laparoscopic Group(81.3±14.7 min) and the Open Group(77.2±18.1 min). 腹腔镜组手术时间(81.3±14.7)m in,与开腹组的(77.2±18.1)m in无显著差异(t=1.849,P=0.066); 短句来源 The intraoperative hemorrhage volume was significantly less in the Laparoscopic Group(101.5±36.7 ml) than in the Open Group(154.5±61.1 ml)(t=-8.397,P=0.000). 腹腔镜组术中出血量(101.5±36.7)m l,少于开腹组的(154.5±61.1)m l(t=-8.397,P=0.000); 短句来源 更多
 the open
 Results The operation time was significantly shorter in the Laparoscopy Group (61 4±9 3) than in the Open Group (72 6±7 1) ( t =7 692, P =0 000). 结果　腹腔镜组手术时间 (61 4±9 3)min比开腹组(72 6±7 1)min明显缩短(t=7 692,P=0 000 ); 短句来源 The time to first flatus was significantly earlier in the Laparoscopy Group (25 3±4 1 h) than in the Open Group (49 8±6 9 h) ( t =22 935, P =0 000). 腹腔镜组术后排气时间 ( 25 3±4 1 )h明显早于开腹组 ( 49 8±6 9)h(t=22 935,P=0 000); 短句来源 The postoperative pyrexia rate in the Laparoscopy Group (9/52) was significantly lower than that in the Open Group (31/75) ( χ 2 =8 216, P =0 004). 腹腔镜组术后病率(9 /52)显著低于开腹组(31 /75) (χ2 =8 216,P=0 004); 短句来源 There was no significant difference in the operative time(t=1.849,P=0.066) between the Laparoscopic Group(81.3±14.7 min) and the Open Group(77.2±18.1 min). 腹腔镜组手术时间(81.3±14.7)m in,与开腹组的(77.2±18.1)m in无显著差异(t=1.849,P=0.066); 短句来源 The intraoperative hemorrhage volume was significantly less in the Laparoscopic Group(101.5±36.7 ml) than in the Open Group(154.5±61.1 ml)(t=-8.397,P=0.000). 腹腔镜组术中出血量(101.5±36.7)m l,少于开腹组的(154.5±61.1)m l(t=-8.397,P=0.000); 短句来源 更多
 open surgery
 The hemorrhage quantity in laparoscope surgery was (82.3 ±24.2)ml,the quantity in open surgery was (148.2 ±40.5)ml,the difference was significant(P<0.01). 腹腔镜组术中出血为(82.3±24.2)ml,开腹组为(148.2±40.5)ml,腹腔镜组明显少于开腹组(P<0.01); 短句来源 Result The time of laparoscope group was (150±45)min,the time of open surgery group was (142 ±33)min,the difference has no significant(P >0.05). 结果腹腔镜组手术时间为(150±45)min,开腹组手术时间为(142±33)min,无显著性差异(P>0.05)。 短句来源 The rates of liver metastasis were 38.1%(8/21) in the CO_2 Pneumoperitoneum Group,31.8%(7/22) in the Helium Pneumoperitoneum Group,52.4%(11/21) in the Open Surgery Group,and 31.8%(7/22) in the Control Group,respectively,without significant differences among the four groups(χ~2=2.543,P=0.468). 肿瘤肝脏转移率:CO2气腹组38.1%(8/21),氦气气腹组31.8%(7/22),开腹组52.4%(11/21),对照组31.8%(7/22),4组差异无显著性(2χ=2.543,P=0.468)。 短句来源 Influence of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open surgery on immune function 腹腔镜与开腹胆囊切除术对机体免疫功能影响的比较 短句来源 Results Among 4413 cases, complications occurred in 71 cases, the overall rate being 1.6% (71/4413). Out of the 71 cases, an open surgery was required in 10 cases (14.1%). 结果4413例妇科腹腔镜手术中,71例出现并发症,发生率为1.6%(71/4413),其中经开腹处理10例,占14.1%(10/71)。 短句来源 更多
 open cholecystectomy
 So,we research TH1/TH2 balance influence and TH1/TH2 cytokines secernent state between laparoscopic cholecystectomy operation (LC) and open cholecystectomy(OC). 为此我们对比研究了腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopic cholecystectomy,LC)和开腹胆囊切除术(open cholecystectomy,OC)围手术期对TH1/TH2细胞平衡的影响及其调控细胞因子分泌状态。 短句来源 Complication rate of laparoscope cholecystectomy was lower than open cholecystectomy,P=0.0009, RR=0.50, 95%CI 为(0.33,0.75). 腹腔镜胆囊切除术的并发症发生率低于开腹手术，合并RR=0.50，95％CI(0.33，0.75)； 短句来源 Objective To study comparatively the influences of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy(OC) on TH1/TH2 balance and TH1/TH2 cytokine secretion. 目的　对比研究腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (Laparoscopiccholecystectomy,LC)和开腹胆囊切除术 (Opencholecystectomy ,OC)围手术期对TH1/TH2细胞 (辅助性T细胞 )平衡的影响及其调控细胞因子分泌状态。 短句来源 Results In 326 cases of acute cholecystitis,294 cases were treated by LC successfully (90.2%),and other 32 cases were converted to open cholecystectomy (9.8%). 结果　对 3 2 6例急性胆囊炎成功施行LC 2 94例 ,LC成功率为 90 .2 % ,中转开腹3 2例 ,开腹率为 9.8% ,取得了良好的临床效果。 短句来源 Results The morbidity of laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC) in patients with obesity(5%) was lower significantly than that of open cholecystectomy (OC) in patients with obesity(15.1%) (P<0.01),All investigated parameters included clinical treatment and recovery of LC were superior to that of OC (P<0.01); 结果　腹腔镜胆囊切除术 (LC)的并发症发生率 (5 % )明显低于开腹胆囊切除术 (OC) (15 .1% ) (P <0 .0 1) ,各项临床恢复指标优于OC(P <0 .0 1) ; 短句来源 更多

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 open
 Open subsets of projective spaces with a good quotient by an action of a reductive group The aim of the paper is to describe all open subsets of a projective space with an action of a reductive group which admits a good quotient. We also show how to distinguish examples of open subsets with a good quotient coming from Mumford's theory and give examples of open subsets with non-quasi-projective quotients. Equivalently, ifCn, is the total space for a principalGa-bundle over some open subset ofCn-1 then the bundle is trivial. A varietyQ??19 is explicitely constructed as the union of 22 disjoint irreducible components which are either points or open subsets of linear spaces. 更多
 the open
 We show that the (open) set $\Omega^+\subset{\mathcal A}$ of all division algebra structures on $A$ has four connected components. This description is based on a one-to-one correspondence between the set of all solutions of the Covariance Extension Problem and the set of all contractive analytic functions H from the open unit disk with values on the space of q × q matrices. Suppose H is a complex Hilbert space, AH (Δ) denotes the set of all analytic operator function on Δ, and the set NH (Δ)={f(z)/f(z) is an analytic operator function on the open unit disk Δ, f(z)f(w)=f(w)f(z), f*(z)f(z)=f(z)f*(z), ? z, w ≡ δ }. The starting material used abroad is expensive and the yield is low (16%-28%); furthermore, to our best knowledge, no characterization of Compound A is available in the open literature. The open test precision is 3.76 % better compared with that of the precision of common word probability method. 更多
 open surgery
 In relation to neurological symptomatic and angiographic appearance of ICA re-stenosis an open surgery of the left ICA was preferred. The results showed that hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy is an efficacious alternative to open surgery and provides the urologist new to laparoscopy a shorter learning curve compared with standard laparoscopy. None of these complications endangered the patients at any moment, and conversion to open surgery was not necessary. In open surgery prophylactic measures should be varied according to the extent of the procedure. LDP and LEn have been associated with reductions in blood loss, morbidity, and hospital stay and a greater rate of splenic preservation compared with open surgery. 更多
 open cholecystectomy
 In group B, one case of bile leakage and one case of duodenal ulcer occurred after conversion to open cholecystectomy with CBD exploration. Thoracic pain after intercostal nerve blockade in open cholecystectomy Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred operation because it is associated with a shorter hospital stay, less pain, and earlier return to productivity than is open cholecystectomy. If a malignant polyp is suspected, patients should undergo an open cholecystectomy. The number of days spent in hospital after open cholecystectomy was higher (P = 0.01) (11.6 ± 5.6 days in the laparotomy group versus 7.6 ± 5.0 days in the laparoscopy group). 更多
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