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  liquid fermentation
The production of cellulase-free end oxylanase by the thermophilic fungus Thermomyces lanuginosus was investigated insemisolid fermentation and liquid fermentation.
      
This substrate was adequate for growth and aroma production; the concentration obtained using SSF was higher than using liquid fermentation process.
      
Through the methods of organic solvent extraction, thin layer chromatography (TLC) and column chromatography, compound I was isolated, purified from the liquid fermentation metabolites of the taxoid-produced endophytic fungi (Altemaria.
      
Through thin layer chromatography (TLC), liquid fermentation metabolite of the strains was determined, and four strains (Alternaria altemata (Fr.) Keissler var.taxi Y.
      
The determination result of thin layer chromatography (TLC) showed that the liquid fermentation metabolites of the strains could not react positively with taxoids developer- the vanillic aldehyde and dilute bismuth potassium iodide.
      
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  submerged fermentation
was carried out during solid-state and submerged fermentation using different carbon sources and crude enzymes were characterized.
      
The growth of nonsporulating mycelial fungi INBI 2-26(+), a producer of laccase; INBI 2-26(-), a producer of cellobiose dehydrogenase; and their mixed culture on lignin-carbohydrate substrates under conditions of submerged fermentation was studied.
      
Submerged fermentation experiments were carried out to study the stimulating effects of the surfactant Span 20 on the growth of Aspergillus niger XP mutant and oxalic acid production from the post-refining fatty acids.
      
Hyperproduction of l-glutamate oxidase in submerged fermentation of Streptomyces sp.
      
Although submerged fermentation has been universally used as the technique of fermentation, attempts are being made to develop solidstate fermentation technology also.
      
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  liquid-state fermentation
Two types of cultivation methods, the solid-state fermentation (SSF) and the liquid-state fermentation (LSF), were examined for V.
      
The co-culture of cellulolytic moulds and yeasts on apple pomace in solid-state fermentation (SSF) and liquid-state fermentation (LSF) increased the protein content of apple pomace.
      


By using selective media, two strains of molds which are able to degradephytic acid were isolated from soil samples. These molds are able to use inositol asthe sole carb0n and energy sources for growth. In broth cultures, the degradationrates of phytic acid by these molds were 74.4% and 95.0%, respectively. However,in solid-state fermentation which used rapeseed meal as a raw material, thedegradation rate was about 40%. Several metal ions tested were able to enhance thedegradation rate of phytic acid. Factors...

By using selective media, two strains of molds which are able to degradephytic acid were isolated from soil samples. These molds are able to use inositol asthe sole carb0n and energy sources for growth. In broth cultures, the degradationrates of phytic acid by these molds were 74.4% and 95.0%, respectively. However,in solid-state fermentation which used rapeseed meal as a raw material, thedegradation rate was about 40%. Several metal ions tested were able to enhance thedegradation rate of phytic acid. Factors such as temperature, pH and moisturecontent which affect the growth of molds were also explored. These two strains ofmolds were initially identified as Paecilomyces sp. and Penicillium sp.. They do notproduce any detectable amount of aflatoxins.

利用选择性培养基从土壤中分离到两株能降解植酸的丝状真菌。这些菌株能利用肌醇作为唯一的碳源和能源而生长。在液态发酵中植酸的降解率分别为74.4%和95.0%;在固态发酵中植酸的降解率为40%左右。某些金属离子对菌株的降解率的提高具有一定的促进作用。对温度、pH和水分等影响因子也进行了初步的探讨。经初步鉴定,这两株菌株中有一株为拟青霉(Paecilomycessp),另一株为青霉(Penicilliumsp.),它们均不产黄曲霉素素。

This article intruduced the progress of Hericium erinaceus in biology and utilization,including its nutritive value,possible medical application,submerged fermentation as well as the development of commecial products.

综述了猴头菌在生物学和开发应用方面的研究进展,内容涉及猴头菌的营养价值、药用价值、液态发酵及产品开发等。

Liquid fermentation condition of Morchella conica pers. was studied through orthogonal test using shake flask culture. The optimum parameters of medium component, inoculum size, culture temperature, pH, aeration rate and culture time were given. Liquid fementation was carried out in a 2L-autocontrol fermentor and the essential characteristics were obtained through batch calture. Fed-batch fermentation was carried out by using starch and maize meal as the carbon sources separately. The results were that the yield...

Liquid fermentation condition of Morchella conica pers. was studied through orthogonal test using shake flask culture. The optimum parameters of medium component, inoculum size, culture temperature, pH, aeration rate and culture time were given. Liquid fementation was carried out in a 2L-autocontrol fermentor and the essential characteristics were obtained through batch calture. Fed-batch fermentation was carried out by using starch and maize meal as the carbon sources separately. The results were that the yield of dry cell was 25.4g / L, the 27.4g / L, the growth rate was 0.45g / (L·h) and 0.51g / (L·h),and the yield coefficient of dry cell to substrate (yx/s) was 0.72(g / g) and 0.75(g / g), respectively. All these data have come up to the normal level of liquid fermentation of fungal mycelia.

通过摇瓶正交试验研究了圆锥羊肚菌液体发酵的条件,选出最佳培养基配方、接种量、培养温度、pH、通气量,培养时间等参数。在此基础上,应用VIRTIS公司生产的2L-自控发酵罐进行了分批发酵,摸索到了羊肚菌液态深层发酵的基本规律,然后分别以淀粉和玉米粉为碳源进行了补料分批发酵,获得其干细胞产量为25.4g/L和27.4g/L,生长速率为0.45g/(L·h)和0.51g/(L·h),以碳源为基准的产量得率系数(yx/s)为0.72(g/g)和0.75(g/g)等数据。实验结果表明,羊肚菌的液态深层发酵已达到了真菌菌丝液态发酵的正常水平。

 
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