On the basis of Mencian thought, Li Ao strengthened the ontological position of Zi Si's Sincerity and thereby unified the two focuses of Confucian thought - the relationships between the Heaven and human beings and between human beings.
By refuting the existence of 'Heaven' in the direction of consciousness, he makes it necessary to make a clear distinction between heaven and human, but this cognitive objective should be realized in the process of the dynamical unity of heaven and human.
'Effects of heaven' and 'actions of human' (renzhi, 人治) are the two essential parts of 'The unity of heaven and human', and neither part can be ignored nor be overstepped by the other one, so 'understanding the distinction between heaven and human' (mingyutianrenzhifen, 明于天人之分) becomes the assurance of the harmony between the two.
Chapter 2, 3 and 4 is about those threeparts respectively: metaphysical system is also the structural part of cosmic pattern,and it's cultural fundament developed from “heaven and human” in “ignorantcivilization”.
The correspondence between heaven and human theory was of significance in seeking the prop for humane correctitude,but the complicated technical details of the Gua-qi theory watered down this significance,and the application of the five-element numbers to explain the rise & decline and shifts of dynasties is contrary in nature to the heaven-human correspondence theory.
The generation of the historic phenomenon—Kingship-Supremacist is closely related to the civilization of Confucian “Heaven-Human telepathy” theory and patriarchal clan system conception on people’s cultural life.
Humanity served as the matchmaker for economics and philosophy is also running through the development of human thoughts all the time: The most important and fundamental point in economics is no more than the observation on and management of economic standpoint centered by the relationship between group and individual, nature and human;
These two viewpoints on the relationship between nature and human are different, with the former advocating integration and the latter advocating separation, but these two proposition do not contradicted each other.
As a key precondition to establish harmonious society and implement the coordinated development between nature and human, it overpasses the traditional reciprocal opposite thinking mode between man and nature.
In Chinese culture the affinity between man and nature can be traced back to the traditional conception of tian ren he yi 天人合一 as heaven-human oneness, which will be ultimately conducive to the artistic realm or aesthetic state of being.
The science of complexity studies the behavior and properties of complex systems in nature and human society.
Therefore, the significant reference to "the natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi" involves the harmony between nature and human beings from life state to ecological consciousness.
the mega-process radically transforming the relationship between nature and human civilization since the end of World War II, is investigated from the point of view of systems analysis.
Metal variations are a result of both nature and human activity.
Nature and human impact on Nile Delta coastal sand dunes, Egypt