Elevated plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) may contribute to insulin resistance (IR) that is characteristic of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In this study, we investigated the effects of two fatty acids, palmitate (PA) and arachidonic acid (AA) on glycogenesis under insulin signaling in HepG2cells, a transformed hepatic carcinoma cell line.
The results showed that the initial specific phosphorus release rate increased with the high concentration of the short-chain volatile fatty acids ratio in the influent, and sufficient phosphorus was released by DPB.
The preparation produced from sardineSardinops melanostica oil (33.95% polyunsaturated fatty acids) displayed the highest antimicrobial activity.
Injections of proteins contained in fraction II caused stronger effects on certain biochemical parameters in the fish liver (fatty acids of phospholipids and cathepsin B and D activities) in comparison to infections of the live culture.
The fermentation process was modeled by an unstructured model, which considered the following dependent variables: cells, fat acid, dissolved oxygen concentrations, lipase and protease activities, and cell lysate concentration.
The composition in terms of fat acid components and characterized by relative firmness, is more affected by ingested fat than by other dietary constituents.
Fat acid composition of linseed oil from different varieties of flaxseed
Some relationships between fat acid composition and the iodine number of linseed oil
When the constituent fat acid glycerides are plotted against the iodine number the points fall close to a straight line in the cases of saturated acids, oleic acid and linolenic acid.