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献血人群
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  blood donors
     Results The overall HCV sero-prevalence rates were 8.2% and 27.7% among former commercial blood donors in the community.
     结果该既往有偿献血地区18~59岁村民总的HCV感染率为8.2%,献血人群HCV感染率为27.7%。
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     The positive rates of ALT, HbsAg, and Anti HCV in male blood donors were 1.72%, 2.13%, and 1.52%, respectively, which were significant different from those in the female blood donors ( P <0.01).
     而ALT、HBsAg和Anti HCV阳性率在男性献血人群分别占 1.72 %、2 .13%和1.5 2 % ,与女性献血人群比较差异存在显著性 (P <0 .0 1) ;
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     The nucleotide sequence homology of lanzhou TTV isolates were ranged from 88.6%~95.4%,and the nucleotide sequences of lanzhou TTV isolates were 88.1%~93.3% analogous to the Japanese isolated TA287. We draw a conclusion that TTV infection is common in voluntary blood donors of lanzhou region,and at least there exist subgenotype of TTV in lanzhou region.
     10份兰州序列之间的同源性为 88.6 %~ 95 .4 % ,兰州序列与日本TA2 87株的同源性为 88.1%~ 93.3% ,表明兰州地区无偿献血人群TTV感染非常普遍 ,兰州地区TTV流行株存在变异 ,至少有基因亚型存在。
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     The positive rate of anti HCV in paid blood donors was 1.37%, and was also significantly higher than that of unpaid blood donors ( P <0.001).
     有偿献血人群Anti HCV阳性率为 1.37%显著高于无偿献血人群 (P <0 .0 0 1)。
短句来源
     HCV Infection and UnconditionalLogistic Regression Analysis on Influential Factors of HCV Infection Among Blood Donors
     献血人群HCV感染因素的非条件logistic回归分析
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  blood donation population
     The detection of TTV infection among blood donation population and the analysis of TTV DNA sequence.
     献血人群感染TTV的检测及部分DNA序列分析
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     Conclusion 18 to 25 age group is the ideal blood donation population.
     讨论 血站在选择献血人群时 ,应将在 18~ 2 5岁年龄组的人作为主要对象
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     In compa rison with the asymptomatic donors,prevalent rate for blood donation population with abnormal ALT level was relative high and variation of the partial gene of TTV showed evidently.
     与之相比较,在ALT异常献血人群中TTV流行率相对较高,对其部分基因序列的比较显示了较大的变异性。
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     Status of HIV infection among voluntary blood donation population and relevant control measures
     无偿献血人群艾滋病病毒感染状况调查及控制措施
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     Objective To understand the distribution and epidemio logical trend of Anti-HCV in blood donors and to select ideal blood donation population.
     目的 查明丙肝病毒抗体 (抗 - HCV)在无偿献血人群中的分布及流行趋势 ,帮助血站选择理想的献血人群
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  “献血人群”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The cut-off value of SPAT in health blood donor group was 44.6 ± 11. 7 seconds, reference value was from 21.1 seconds to 68.0 seconds;
     健康献血人群SPAT cut-off值为44.6±11.7秒,参考值范围 为21.1-68.0秒。
短句来源
     Result The Anti-HCV positive rate in year 1999, 2000 and 2001 was 0.51%?
     结果 长沙地区1999~ 2 0 0 1年无偿献血人群抗 - HCV阳性率 ( 0 .5 1%、0 .5 3 %、0 .82 % )呈上升趋势 ( P<0 .0 1)。
短句来源
     2. The highest frequencies of HPA genes was HPA -4a (0.993) in Hefei's donor and the second was HPA-la (0.973). The lowest frequencies of HPA genes was HPA -4b (0.007) in Hefei's donor, and the second was HPA-lb (0.027).
     2、合肥地区献血人群HPA(1-5)基因中,HPA-4a 基因频率最高(0.993),其次为HPA-1a(0.973),HPA-4b基因频率最低(0.007),其次是HPA-1b(0.027);
短句来源
     Results: In the volunteer donors of Zhengzhou area,the positive rate of anti-HCV is 1.11%,the positive rate of female anti-HCV higher than male (χ 2=9.6015,P<0.05);
     结果 :郑州地区无偿献血人群中 ,抗_HCV阳性率为 1 11% ,女性抗_HCV阳性率高于男性 ( χ2 =9 60 15 ,P <0 0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     Result The antibody positive rate in year 2000, 2001 and 2002 was 1.89/10 5,7 95/10 5 and 8.99/10 5 respectively (P<0.01).
     结果 长沙地区 2 0 0 0~ 2 0 0 2年无偿献血人群梅毒阳性率(1.89/万、7.95 /万、8.99/万 )呈上升趋势 (P<0 .0 0 5 )。 男女性别梅毒阳性率 (6 .12 /万、7.31/万 )没有统计学意义 (P>0 .5 0 )。
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  blood donors
We measured the level of anti-vimentin antibodies in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases (n=42), healthy blood donors (n=58), and patients with acute inflammation and showing anti-vimentin immunofluorescence (n=50).
      
The aim of this study was to evaluate TTV DNA positivity in non A-E hepatitis cases, chronic HBV and HCV hepatitis cases and healthy blood donors via PCR systems that target all regions of the viral genome used for viral detection.
      
23 non A-E hepatitis, 28 chronic HCV, 21 chronic HBV cases and 56 healthy blood donors were included in the study and evaluated by PCR protocols that target 5'-UTR, 3'-UTR and N22 (ORF1) regions.
      
Baseline levels of antibodies in 15 healthy blood donors served to establish a positivity threshold.
      
Sera of blood donors from 19 municipal and rural districts of Lower and Middle Franconia were evaluated for hemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies against the Zimmern virus (arbovirus, group B, TBE-complex) recently isolated from ticks.
      
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Anti-HCV C100-3 was dectected by the Ortho ELISA diagnostic system in differenent populations of Wuhan area. The positive samples were submitted to RIBA confirmation and RT-HCV RNA PCR assay. HCV RNA gerotyp-ing in 5 patients with HCV or HCV/HBV infection was also determined by sub-gene-probe slot blot. It was found that: 1. prevalence of anti-HCV was 1.20 % and that of virusemia was 0.80 % as confirmed by RIBA; 2. the detective rate was 13.64 % in the group with multiple recipients; 3. prevalence of HCV infection...

Anti-HCV C100-3 was dectected by the Ortho ELISA diagnostic system in differenent populations of Wuhan area. The positive samples were submitted to RIBA confirmation and RT-HCV RNA PCR assay. HCV RNA gerotyp-ing in 5 patients with HCV or HCV/HBV infection was also determined by sub-gene-probe slot blot. It was found that: 1. prevalence of anti-HCV was 1.20 % and that of virusemia was 0.80 % as confirmed by RIBA; 2. the detective rate was 13.64 % in the group with multiple recipients; 3. prevalence of HCV infection was 32.00 % in patients with severe hepatitis, 22.86 % in those with HCC, 4.05 % in those with mild chronic hepatitis B, and 5 in those with syndrome of infant hepatitis; and 4. the major genotyping of HCV in Wuhan area was found to be HCV-K2 by our primary study. These findings indicate that the blood donors screened by HBsAg and ALT still had high HCV infection. The patients with severe hepatitis and HCC exhibited high susceptibility, and HCV infection may account for 5.00% among the causative agents of syndrome of infant hepatitis. From the above it follows that the major genotypirg of HCV occurring in Wuhan area is HCV-K2.

采用Ortho抗HCV ELISA C100-3试剂对武汉地区不同人群进行了抗HCV筛选。部分阳性标本作了RIBA证实实验及HCV RNA分析。并分析了5例HCV或HBV/HCV感染者的HCV基因型。结果表明:①在献血人群中,经RIBA证实抗HCV检出率为1.20%,HCV病毒血症者为0.80%;②多次受血治疗组抗HCV检出率为13.64%;③肝病组,重症肝炎为32.00%,HCC为22.86%,CPH和轻型CAH为4.05%,婴儿肝炎综合征中为5.00%;④亚基因探针杂交结果显示:武汉地区肝病患者感染的HCV主要为HCV-K2型(60.00%)。表明:经HBsAg和ALT筛选的合格献血员血清中HCV感染率仍较高,除接受血治疗外,重症肝炎和HCC患者对HCV易感性也较高,在婴儿肝炎综合征中约5%为HCV感染引起;初步结果提示武汉地区HCV的基因型主要为HCV-K2型。

Investigation on anti-HCV in different cohorts of 21844 blood donors from 18 districts and counties of Beijing, and Guan, Yongqing, Xincheng, Xushui counties of Hebei province had been performed. It was showed that the anti-HCV-positive rates of voluntary and nonpaid donors were 1.7% (13/738) and 2.9% (116/3943) respectively, and 13. 6% (2011/14757)and 48.1% (1161/2415) for paid donors and plasma pheresis donors respectively. It was also found that the anti-HCV-positive rates of paid donors from Guan and Yongqing...

Investigation on anti-HCV in different cohorts of 21844 blood donors from 18 districts and counties of Beijing, and Guan, Yongqing, Xincheng, Xushui counties of Hebei province had been performed. It was showed that the anti-HCV-positive rates of voluntary and nonpaid donors were 1.7% (13/738) and 2.9% (116/3943) respectively, and 13. 6% (2011/14757)and 48.1% (1161/2415) for paid donors and plasma pheresis donors respectively. It was also found that the anti-HCV-positive rates of paid donors from Guan and Yongqing counties were (16.4%82/499) and 13.9% (53/381) respectively, 50% (575/1148) and 56% (540/965) for plasma pheresis donors from those counties respectively. The positive rates increased with the level of ALT. More than 45.5% donors whose ALT was above 45 U had anti-HCV.

对来自河北省固安、永清、新城、徐水等县及北京市18个区县的不同献血人群共21844人进行了抗—HCV调查。发现无偿和公民义务献血者抗HCV阳性率分别为1.7%(13/738)和2.9%(116/3943);个体供血者和献浆者分别为13.6%(2011/14757)和48.1%(1161/2415)。河北省固安与永清两县个体供血者抗-HCV阳性率分别为16.4%(82/499)和13.9%(53/381),献浆者分别为50%(575/1148)和56%(540/965)。抗-HCV阳性率随谷丙转氨酶(ALT)水平升高而增加。ALT水平在45单位以上者,抗-HCV阳性率高于45.5%。

We

用ELISA法对不同献血人群2348人进行了抗—HCV检测。结果是献血浆者和献全血者抗—HCV阳性率分别为0.58%(2/343)和1.34%(27/2005),两者差别无显著性(P>0.05);献血(浆)者的抗—HCV阳性率在献血(浆)1~2年组和9年以上组分别为0.99%/(7/701)和0.74%(2/270),两者差别也无显著性(P>0.05)。1994年与1992年献血浆者抗—HCV阳性率分别为0.58%(2/343)和1.64%(7/426),下降较明显。结果提示,HCV的感染并不会在献血浆人群中增加,也不会因献血(浆)年限的增加而增多。

 
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