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结核菌素皮试
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  “结核菌素皮试”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods Analyze and compare the sensitivity, the specificity, and the testing period of pulmonary x-ray, PCR for sputum TB-DNA, DNA-Chips, PPD, LAM-IgG, sIL-2R, TB-culture.
     方法对肺部透视、痰涂片(MTB)、痰聚合酶链式反应(PCR)、基因芯片(DNA-Chips)技术、结核菌素皮试(PPD)、抗脂阿拉伯甘露塘抗体 (LAM-IgG)实验、血清可溶性白细胞介素2受体(sIL-2R)实验、TB培养等检测方法的敏感性、特异性及检测周期等因素进行分析对比。
短句来源
     COMPARATIVE OBSERVATION ON SKIN TESTS BY PPD-C, PPD-S, RT23 AND OT
     国产结核菌素纯蛋白衍化物与国内外常用结核菌素皮试的对照观察
短句来源
     Correlations between BCG-PSN and tuberculin responses
     卡介苗多糖核酸与结核菌素皮试阳转的相关性研究
短句来源
     PPD tests were performed in 21 cases, and all were positive.
     接受结核菌素皮试 (PPD)的 2 1例均有不同程度的阳性。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Correlations between BCG-PSN and tuberculin responses
     卡介苗多糖核酸与结核菌素皮试阳转的相关性研究
短句来源
     The Clinic Significance of Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) Test in Drug Addict with Pulmonary Tuberculosis
     结核菌素纯蛋白衍生物皮试对吸毒肺结核患者的检测及其意义
短句来源
     ④PPD.
     ④结核菌素试验。
短句来源
     Study on intradermal test of cephalosporins
     头孢菌素皮试的研究
短句来源
     ANALYSIS OF TUBERCULIN TEST OF FRESHMEN
     大学新生结核菌素试验调查分析
短句来源
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  tuberculin skin test
The etiologic diagnosis of TM becomes more probable with specific lung changes in the chest X-ray, a positive tuberculin skin test, and acid stable bacilli in sputum.
      
pneumoniae had a negative tuberculin skin test when first tested.
      
Allogeneic lymphocytes proliferated significantly more when mixed with ECs from a positive tuberculin skin test.
      
The reaction to tuberculoprotein correlated with the tuberculin skin test.
      
Among 372 hospital contacts, 16 had a tuberculin skin test conversion and two developed active pulmonary tuberculosis with the same strain as that isolated from the index patient's abscess.
      
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  purified protein derivate
Mycobacterium tuberculosis purified protein derivate (PPD) was positive in all patients (mean 14.5?±?9.8?mm).
      
The aim of this study was to assess the levels of sIL-2R in patients with latent TB and correlate them with the purified protein derivate (PPD) test results.
      


From March to Augest,1976,altogether 28,710 rural inhabitants of Shizuishan Ci- ty were screened for infection rate of tuberculosis and morbidity of active pulmonary phthisis,revealing that the rates were higher in suburb than those of the country, and those of females higher than males.The morbidity rate was found to be 14.8‰, while those of four age groups above 45 years of age were remarkably high,rang- ing from 34.1‰ to 46.1‰. Practical values of several screening methods used in this survey were assessed,...

From March to Augest,1976,altogether 28,710 rural inhabitants of Shizuishan Ci- ty were screened for infection rate of tuberculosis and morbidity of active pulmonary phthisis,revealing that the rates were higher in suburb than those of the country, and those of females higher than males.The morbidity rate was found to be 14.8‰, while those of four age groups above 45 years of age were remarkably high,rang- ing from 34.1‰ to 46.1‰. Practical values of several screening methods used in this survey were assessed, indicating that,for age groups above 15 years of age,overall fluoroscopy was better than fluoroscopy of the positive history subjects only.Comparative study between B CG streak inoculation and tuberculin skin test in age groups 0-14 years of age pointed out that the former served well as a method to screen out tuberculosis infected children as well as a proprylactic vaccination measure,and could fully substitute the tuberculin test in screening out positive infection cases.

报告1976年3月至8月对石嘴山市郊区48,971农民采用线索调查、胸透、结核菌素皮试和卡介苗划痕接种进行结核病感染率和患病率的调查结果。介绍论述各种调查方法的实用性,指出普遍胸透优于线索调查,卡介苗划痕接种可代替结核菌皮试。

uberculosis developed in 40 out of 978 chronic renal failure(CRF)\ patients with or without renal re-placement therapy during a five-year period. The incidence was 4.1%and was 10 times higther than that inthe general population. The onset of symptoms was within 1 year after dialysis or kidney transplantation in68%of the patients.82.5%of them had predominantly extrapulmonary tuberculosis and most of thesewere lymph node infection. The diagnosis of tuberculosis in these patients was difficult;tuberculin sensitiv-ity...

uberculosis developed in 40 out of 978 chronic renal failure(CRF)\ patients with or without renal re-placement therapy during a five-year period. The incidence was 4.1%and was 10 times higther than that inthe general population. The onset of symptoms was within 1 year after dialysis or kidney transplantation in68%of the patients.82.5%of them had predominantly extrapulmonary tuberculosis and most of thesewere lymph node infection. The diagnosis of tuberculosis in these patients was difficult;tuberculin sensitiv-ity was present only in 6.4%of the patients and examination of sputum and other fluid for mycobacteriawas usually unrewarding. Detecting serum anti-PPD-IgG level might be a valuable supplementary diagnos-tic method, because 85%of patients with active tuberculosis showed positive results. Measuring:erous ex-udate and urine anti-PPD-IgG level by ELISA or M. Tuberculosis DNA by PCR might be helpful in thediagnosis of tuberculous serositis and urinary tract mycobacterial infection.

为了解慢性肾功能衰竭治疗中并发结核情况,对我院近5年收治的978例慢性肾功能衰竭接受替代治疗的病人进行了分析,其中40例并发结核病,发生率为4.1%,为一般人群的10倍。结核病68%发生于透析或肾移植术后1年之内。其中肺外结核占82.5%,淋巴结核是最常见的表现类型。慢性肾功能衰竭并发结核病的诊断仍有一定困难,结核菌素皮试在这类病人的阳性率仅6.4%。检测血清抗结核菌纯蛋白衍生物抗体(PPD-IgG)是一个有价值的辅助诊断方法,本组活动性结核85%(34/40)呈阳性反应。并发浆膜腔或泌尿系结核的病人,检测渗出液或尿的抗PPD-IgG,或以聚合酶链反应(PCR)检测结核菌DNA有助于诊断。

The indications of chemoprophylaxis for tuberculosis(TB) in patients with

观察了830例慢性肾功能衰竭患者长期随访过程中结核感染的发生情况,以探讨这类患者预防性抗结核治疗的指征。结果表明,既往有来经适当治疗的结核史或活动性结核接触史的患者,结核发生率(33.3%),明显高于无上述病史者(4,5%,P<0.05);胸部X线检查有钙化、硬结灶,胸膜增厚或肺门部阴影者,日后活动性结核的发生率(27.3%)6倍于胸片正常者(4.4%,P<0.01);血清抗结核菌纯蛋白衍生IgG型抗体(抗PPD-IgG)阳性的患者47.4%在病程中出现结核症状,与阴性者的结核发生率(2.3%)相比差异非常显著(P<0.01)。相反,结核菌素皮试阳性或阴性,有或无低蛋白血症,有或无糖尿病及结缔组织病以及老年和非老年患者之间,结核的发生率无明显差异。由此提示,具有前三项中一项或一项以上因素的慢性肾衰患者应视为结核感染的高危人群而给予预防性抗结核治疗。

 
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