Scientific and reasonable adjudicatory supervision procedure can correct criminal trial mistakes, realize judicial fair, strengthen people's confidence to laws and thereby help to build the authority of law .
As a special remedy procedure of criminal litigation, the criminal adjudicatory supervision procedure to some degree embodies the pursuit of value of fairness, but at the same time it also ignores the efficiency.
This article approaches the Civil Retrial Procedure from its status in procedure of action and its function. After analyzing and comparing the development of the retrial procedure both abroad and at home, the author propose his own idea in reconstruction of retrial procedure.
This article points out that the modern criminal retrial procedure must combine the concepts of the pursuit of justice, correction of erroneous judgments and res judicata and the rule of prohibition against double jeopardy.
The authors also give several suggestions on the reform of China's criminal retrial procedure.