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明代
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  ming dynasty
    Study on Large-scale Brick-chambered Tombs During Ming Dynasty in Nanjing
    南京地区明代大型砖室墓形制研究
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    The Study of Opera Cultural Relic in Ming Dynasty
    明代戏曲文物研究
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    Three Wu Men Gates of the Ming Dynasty
    明代的三座午门
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    Research on the Estalbishment Date of the Imperial Kiln in Jingdezhen during the Ming Dynasty
    明代景德镇御器厂始设年代考
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    Wang Zheng——A Forerunner in Divert Mechanics from the Western Countries to the Ming Dynasty China
    我国明代引进西方力学的先驱者——王征
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  the ming dynasty
    The Hair-holding Cap for Man and the Hairnet for Women in the Ming Dynasty
    明代的束发冠、(髟狄)髻与头面
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    An appreciation of the copper censer of the Ming Dynasty
    明代铜炉欣赏
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    The fine blue and white porcelains of the Ming Dynasty collected in Tianjin Art Museum
    天津艺术博物馆藏明代青花瓷珍品
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    A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE RITUAL PORCELAIN VESSELS OF THE MING DYNASTY
    明代瓷质礼器概说
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    A Cultural Survey of the Old Bridges in Wudang Mountains Built in the Ming Dynasty
    明代武当山桥梁初探
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  the ming
    The Hair-holding Cap for Man and the Hairnet for Women in the Ming Dynasty
    明代的束发冠、(髟狄)髻与头面
短句来源
    An appreciation of the copper censer of the Ming Dynasty
    明代铜炉欣赏
短句来源
    The fine blue and white porcelains of the Ming Dynasty collected in Tianjin Art Museum
    天津艺术博物馆藏明代青花瓷珍品
短句来源
    A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE RITUAL PORCELAIN VESSELS OF THE MING DYNASTY
    明代瓷质礼器概说
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    A Supplementary Study of Two Epitaphs of the Ming Period
    补考两方明代墓志
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  “明代”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Ming Period Glazed Model of House Discovered in Nanyang City,Henan
    河南南阳市发现明代琉璃房屋模型
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    Reconstruction and Study of Two Ming Period Satin Robes with Kylm and PlumBlossom Designs Respectively
    明代缎地麒麟纹曳■与梅花纹长袍的修复与研究
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    Report on Ming Tombs in LI Hui-li Middle School site,Shanghai
    上海市李惠利中学明代墓群发掘简报
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    Official Building and Local Architecture
    试论唐至明代官式建筑发展的脉络及其与地方传统的关系
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    The furniture of Ming style
    明代家具辨证
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  ming dynasty
Following the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644, literati questioned the social hierarchy, acknowledged merchants as philanthropists, and revised their understanding of gifts and donations.
      
CRAIG CLUNAS, Fruitful Sites: Garden Culture in Ming Dynasty China.
      
The last century of the Ming dynasty saw an upsurge in romances between talented scholars and devoted courtesans.
      
Depleted men, emotional women: Gender and medicine in the Ming Dynasty
      
Venerating the martyrs of the 1402 usurpation: History and memory in the mid and late Ming dynasty
      
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  the ming dynasty
Following the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644, literati questioned the social hierarchy, acknowledged merchants as philanthropists, and revised their understanding of gifts and donations.
      
The last century of the Ming dynasty saw an upsurge in romances between talented scholars and devoted courtesans.
      
Depleted men, emotional women: Gender and medicine in the Ming Dynasty
      
As soon as Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of the Ming Dynasty, assumed the throne, he and his Confucian assistants imposed a system of clothing regulation on the court and society in order to create a hierarchical power structure.
      
The social background of the emergence of regional merchant groups in the Ming Dynasty
      
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  the ming
The PM2.5 concentrations are all above the PM2.5 pollution standard (65 μg m-3) established by Environmental Protection Agency, USA (USEPA) in 1997 except for the Ming Tombs site.
      
Following the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644, literati questioned the social hierarchy, acknowledged merchants as philanthropists, and revised their understanding of gifts and donations.
      
The last century of the Ming dynasty saw an upsurge in romances between talented scholars and devoted courtesans.
      
This article explores the nature of sexuality in narratives about shape-changing fox spirits from the Ming and Qing.
      
The paper concludes that these changes in the definition of Ghost Fetus are part of a larger change in gender norms during the Ming-Qing that increasingly focused on female emotionality and physical debility.
      
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The present article is written on the basis of the author's paper read in the 8th Congress of World History of Science held in Italy- in September 1956. It deals with the invention and development of time-keeping apparatus in our country during a historical period of some three thousand years, tracing this development from remote antiquity with its sundial and clepsydra making use of the shadow of the sun down to the Dynasties of Han, Sui, Tang and Sung with their water-powered astronomical clockworks (installed...

The present article is written on the basis of the author's paper read in the 8th Congress of World History of Science held in Italy- in September 1956. It deals with the invention and development of time-keeping apparatus in our country during a historical period of some three thousand years, tracing this development from remote antiquity with its sundial and clepsydra making use of the shadow of the sun down to the Dynasties of Han, Sui, Tang and Sung with their water-powered astronomical clockworks (installed on water-powered astronomical apparatuses) which used gears and cams for transmission and were, therefore, mechanical. The final stage of development was reached with the independent mechanical clockwork of Kuo Shou-ching in the Yuan Dynasty and that of Chan Hsi-yuan with hand and dial in the first years of the Ming Dynasty.Unfortunately in the last 400 years from the introduction of European clocks into our country at the time of the reign of Wan-li in the Ming Dynasty till the Liberation we always remained in the stage of imitation in the sphere of time-keeping apparatus and the work of invention came to a stand.The original paper was published in English by the Congress after its closing. It was republished in Chinese in December 1956 in the Acta Astrono-mica Sinica Vol. IV, No.2. Now it is rewritten in the light of new materials with some additions, omissions as well as revisions in its contents.

本文系根据笔者于1956年9月在意大利参加第八届世界科学史会议时宣读的论文重行增订写的。内容论述我国古代三千年左右有关计时器的发明和发展。自远古利用日影的圭表和日晷起,中间经汉、隋、唐、宋等朝代,附装在水力天文仪器上的水力天文钟,都采用了齿轮和凸轮的传动,即已都属于机械性。元代郭守敬以后,到明初的詹希元,更发展到独立时钟机构,並有了指针和表盘。可是近四百年,即自明代万历年间,西洋的自鸣钟传来我国,我国在计时器方面的工作,始终在模制阶段,自己的发明遂归于停顿。 那次会议闭幕以后,会中曾用英文出版一次,我国1956年12月,《天文学报》4卷2期用中文出版一次。现在根据一些新资料,重新加以增删和改正。

Just as the Front Three Great Halls,so the Rear Three Palaces(Qian Qing Gong Palace,Jiao Tai Dian Hall and Kun Ning Gong Palace)divided by three courtyards and nine compounds are located on an I-shaped foundation.During the Ming and early Qing Dynasties,Qian Qing Gong(Palace of Heavenly Purity) was used as the emperor's bedchamber,and Kun Ning Gong(Palace of Earthly Tranquility)was where the empress lived.Since the emperor Yong Zheng,the Qing ruler moved to Yang Xin Dian(Hall of Mental Cultivation).

后三宫与前三殿一样,也座落在“工”字形的台基之上,共有三进九个院落。在明代和清初,乾清宫是皇帝的寝宫,坤宁宫是皇后的住处。雍正以后,清帝移居养心殿。

The Tiengong Kaiwu(“Nature's Work and Engineering”),one of the most impor-rtant scientific history works,written by a scientist Song Yingxing in the Ming Dyna-sty,introduces the production and technology related to agriculture and handicraftrindustries in ancient China.This work,in which the Volume of Mining and Metallu-gy including Metals Processing accounts for about one fourth of the space,has spre-ad far and wide the world over.On the basis of the original block-printed edition,donated by Mr.Li of Ningbo...

The Tiengong Kaiwu(“Nature's Work and Engineering”),one of the most impor-rtant scientific history works,written by a scientist Song Yingxing in the Ming Dyna-sty,introduces the production and technology related to agriculture and handicraftrindustries in ancient China.This work,in which the Volume of Mining and Metallu-gy including Metals Processing accounts for about one fourth of the space,has spre-ad far and wide the world over.On the basis of the original block-printed edition,donated by Mr.Li of Ningbo City in 1952 in the library Mohailou,a review is givenby the author of the Mining and Metallurgical Volume,and the defects and shortco-mings are picked out and corrected as well.In addition,it is pointed out that sincethe original edition has been lost for quite a long time,the copies circulating in Japanand other countries are all facsimile,but not the genuine ones.

《天工开物》是明代科学家宋应星编写的一本介绍我国古代农业和各种手工业生产技术的重要著作(采冶和金属加工约占1/4的篇幅)。在世界各国广为流传。本文作者以1952年宁波李氏捐献墨海楼藏书的初刻本为据,对书中的“采冶卷”进行了评述,指出并纠正了原书中的缺陷与不足之处。同时说明,由于原刊本久经失传,流传于日本等国的都是摹写本,并非真传的初刻本。

 
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