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蔗地
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  sugarcane field
     Effect of Applying Waste Undecanted Wine from Sugar Plant in Sugarcane Field
     糖厂废醪液蔗地施肥的效应
短句来源
     Dynamic of Soil Water of Newly cultivated Sugarcane Field in Environmental Immigrants Settlement Area of Northwest Guangxi Province
     桂西北环境移民安置区新垦蔗地土壤水分动态研究
短句来源
     The dynamics of water content in three soil layers (0~20cm, 20~40cm and 40~60cm) were determined at three geographic locations (mesoslope, downgrade, valley) of new-cultivated sugarcane field and uncultivated hillside land at one day before rain, 4 hours, 2, 4, 6 and 8 days after rain during rainy season and dry season in 1998 at environmental immigrants settlement area of northwest Guangxi.
     针对南方红壤地区降雨时空分布不均的特点 ,以未开垦的自然植被为对照 ,对桂西北环境移民示范区不同季节 (旱季和雨季 )一次性降雨前 1d及降雨后 4h、2d、4d、6d及 8d新垦蔗地 (中坡、下坡、谷地 ) 0~ 2 0cm、2 0~ 40cm、40~ 6 0cm 3个土层的土壤水分含量进行了测定 .
短句来源
     The Distribution and Various Kinds about Natural Enemies Stinkbug in Sugarcane Field
     蔗地天敌蝽蟓的种类及分布
短句来源
     According to actual measurement and the data’s collection and analysis about sugarcane field, and based on former research, we definite some parameters of the machine, and use Virtual Prototyping Technology to do some preliminary work of designing the minitype sugarcane harvester machine.
     根据对蔗地的实际测量、分析收集数据,在前人研究的基础上确定小型甘蔗收获机的设计参数,利用仿真技术对开发小型甘蔗联合收获机的结构进行优化,获得了较好的效果。
短句来源
  cane-field
     The Effect Research of Bean Green Manuring to Fatten Cane-Field and Sugarcane's Drought Resistance
     豆科绿肥压青对蔗地培肥及甘蔗抗旱性的效应研究
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  “蔗地”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The significant regression models (1) yni=489. 421 - 29. 694x + 0.458x2 for none - irrigat-ed canefield and (2) yi = 223. 255 - 4. 909x - 0.138x2 for irrigated between daily average temperature(x) and days in the period of caneseed germination (y) are chosen from eight standard mathematicalmodels.
     用八种数学模型筛选出无灌溉蔗地温度与萌发末期发生所需天数的数学模型(1)ynf=489.421-29.694X+0.458x2和灌溉蔗地模型(2)y1=223.255-4.909X-0.138x2;
短句来源
     By applying 3% Phorate G or 3% Furadan Phorate G 75kg/hm 2 when hilling up in middle late June, and spraying 40% Isocarbophos EC 1000 times diluent in early July and August,the control efficency reached about 90%.
     10月上中旬用水淹灌蔗地 ; 6月中下旬结合培土每公顷用 3%甲拌磷或呋甲颗粒剂 75kg,到 7月上旬末和 8月上旬初再结合其它害虫的防治 ,用 4 0 %水胺硫磷乳油 10 0 0倍稀释液喷雾 ,防治效果达 90 %左右
短句来源
     Analysis on Natural Productive Potential and Restrictive Factors of Drysloping Sugarcane Fields in Leizhou Peninsula
     雷州半岛旱坡蔗地的自然生产潜力及限制因子分析
短句来源
     This paper discusses following topics concerning fruit cane culture in hilly area such as selection of cultivars and cane field,planting method fertilizer and water management,chemical regulation,diseases and pests control and harvest timing,contributed scientific facts on the fruit cane culture for high yield and efficiency in hilly area.
     本研究探讨了丘陵地区果蔗栽培的品种选用,蔗地选择,栽培方式,水肥管理,化学调控,病虫防治和适期收获等技术,为丘陵地区果蔗高产高效栽培提供科学依据。
短句来源
     Based on the field monitoring data of newly cultivated sugarcane soil water in environmental immigrants settlement area of northwest Guangxi province from March 1997 to Dec. 1999, the yearly dynamic of soil water was made clear. The available water of soil was investigated after raining.
     根据 1997年 3月至 1999年 12月 ,对桂西北环江县肯福环境移民示范区 ,新垦中坡蔗地、下坡蔗地、谷地蔗地及未开垦的自然植被 4种类型土壤水分动态的定位观测 ,弄清了新垦蔗地 0— 6 0 cm土层土壤水分的周年变化规律 ,同时探明了不同季节一次性降雨对土壤有效水分的影响
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  sugarcane field
A life table ofMogannia iwasakii (Homoptera: Cicadiidae) in sugarcane field of Okinawa
      
The holotype was isolated from soil in a sugarcane field in Okinawa, Japan.
      
A total of 11,754 and 15,651 mated females were released in 0.4 ha sugarcane field during 1988 and 1989 respectively, but the parasite failed to colonise on the sugarcane borers.
      
Activity levels were higher in all materials than in the soil obtained from a sugarcane field.
      


The utilization of Trichogramma evanescens Westw. to control sugarcane borers ona large scale in Kwangtung, Kwangsi and Fukien provinces began in 1959. In thecolonized sugarcane fields the parasitization of host eggs ranged from 60 to 97.52 per-cent, the "dead-hearts" of shoots from 0.21 to 9.9 percent and the bored joints from2.01 to 11.8 percent, while in the check fields the figures ranged from 0 to 48.6 percent,1.7 to 22.1 percent and 11.45 to 18 percent respectively. Colonized fields showedhigher percentage...

The utilization of Trichogramma evanescens Westw. to control sugarcane borers ona large scale in Kwangtung, Kwangsi and Fukien provinces began in 1959. In thecolonized sugarcane fields the parasitization of host eggs ranged from 60 to 97.52 per-cent, the "dead-hearts" of shoots from 0.21 to 9.9 percent and the bored joints from2.01 to 11.8 percent, while in the check fields the figures ranged from 0 to 48.6 percent,1.7 to 22.1 percent and 11.45 to 18 percent respectively. Colonized fields showedhigher percentage of parasitized eggs, lower percentage of "dead-hearts" of shoots andof bored joints as compared with the check field. In order to maintain the efficiency of Trichogramma evanescens in controlling sugar-cane borers, the following suggestions are made for the prolification and liberation of thisparasite. (1) Use the native strain of parasites as parent stock for prolification. (2)Use the eggs of Attacus cynthia ricini Boisd. as factitious host.(3) A ratio of one to oneor two to one for the parasites and the factitious host eggs during prolification is desirable.(4) Let the parasites develop outdoors or under the condition of fluctuating tempera-ture. (5) Do not continuously rear the parasites more than ten generations; renew theparent stock frequently. (6) Liberate the parasites in advance of the numerical climaxof the host eggs in the field. (7) In the Delta area of the Pearl River in Kwang-tung province, liberate the parasites in cane fields seven to nine times per year andliberate 6,000 to 10,000 female parasites each time for one mou. (8) Use the methodof overlapping liberation of parasites. (9) Feed the adults with honey. (10) Controlthe natural enemies of parasite in the field. (11) Plant green-manure crop as mixedcropping in the cane field to improve the environmental condition for the existence of

利用赤眼蜂防治甘蔗螟虫,经长期研究试验及大面积生产实践的结果,放蜂区蔗螟卵寄生率提高1至10多倍,甘蔗枯心苗减少2-8成。绝大多数地区认为放蜂治螟有效。 繁殖赤眼蜂最好采取工厂生产的形式,在繁殖释放过程中,应注意下列事项:1.采用当地赤眼蜂品系作为繁殖对象。2.采用蓖麻蚕卵作为繁殖赤眼蜂的寄主。3.控制寄主卵内的寄生蜂数。4.使赤眼蜂在室外条件或变温条件下发育。5.避免赤眼蜂连续繁殖超过10代。6.蔗螟卵在田间未达最多时即开始放蜂。7.在广东珠江三角洲每年放蜂7-9次,每亩每次放蜂6,000-10,000头。8.采用重迭放蜂法。9.室内繁殖赤眼蜂及田间放蜂时都要用蜂蜜喂成虫。10.防御田间赤眼蜂天敌。11.在蔗田间种绿肥作物,使田间环境更适于赤眼蜂生存。

An investigation,on the bud and the root with regard to the stubble cane and its pro-duction,had been carried out,during the years 1961 and 1962 in Fukien province,and thepreliminary results were summarized briefly as follows:1.By employing the radio-active element p32 as a tracer,it was shown that the old rootsystem of the stubble was capable of absorption early in the growing season.In so doing,the stubble cane was able to make an earlier start in growth than that of the newly plantedcane.(See tables 1 to...

An investigation,on the bud and the root with regard to the stubble cane and its pro-duction,had been carried out,during the years 1961 and 1962 in Fukien province,and thepreliminary results were summarized briefly as follows:1.By employing the radio-active element p32 as a tracer,it was shown that the old rootsystem of the stubble was capable of absorption early in the growing season.In so doing,the stubble cane was able to make an earlier start in growth than that of the newly plantedcane.(See tables 1 to 3).2.We found that permanent roots appeared on the ratoon,soon after its emergence fromthe stubble cane,while,in contrast,the newly planted cane produced only permanent rootsafter it possessed two true leaves.The ability of the ratoon to produce permanent roots de-pended on the number of bud scales.Usually,the more the number of scales,the earlier andbetter production of permanent roots.(See tables 4 to 5).3.The number of bud scales on buds appearing at different nodes on the same cane wasfound to be different,being more at the basal portion,and decreasing in number toward thedistal end.Likewise,the number of scales on an opened bud was found to be higher thanthose of the unopened ones on the same node in different cane.(See tables 9 to 12).4.New canes arising from buds occurring on the basal portion up to a height fivecentimeters of the residual stock were larger,more vigorous and constituted the effectivecanes in crop production.It was further shown,that the crowded nodes,often enveloped inthe scales of the residual stock,were able to differentiate normal and healthy buds.Themanner and time of the formation of these buds remained as problems to be studied later.(See taables 6 to 8).5.We would like to stress the fact that the performance of the buds and the roots forthe stubble canes referred to above as important factors in sugar cane production,wasintimately linked up with the external factors including cultural operations.The productionof earlier,more and stouter canes was often influenced by a number of cultural treatmentsthey received during the previous season.Among these cultural treatments,we listed thefollowings:(1) harvesting of canes properly conducted;(2) good care and protection ofstubbles through the winter;(3) proper cultivation and preparation of cane beds during earlyspring;(4) adequate fertilization,cultivation and irrigation of the preceding crops;and (5)chemical and biological control measures of pests and diseases well executed.(See tables 13to 28).

通过解剖和应用 P~(32)示踪,明确了各节位蔗芽的构造,老根系的作用,以及根系提早发生的原因。研究了宿根甘蔗的丰产技术,认为破畦松兜的增产效果最为明显。

B HacToe cTaTbe oeHbI peybTaTbI cceoBaH o oBeeH Byx BoBcaxapHbIx TpocTHkoBbIx xpye, T.e. Alissonotum impressicolle Arrow Al. pauperBurmeister. B paoHax caxapHbIx TpocTHkoB Ha e KTa, kpoMe poBH Ta-BaH, HoHoo Tx BoB (Al. pauper) ee He bI oHapyeH ocaH B TepaType. aHHa paoTa poBoacb B 1960 oy B pe MecT a-c B paoHe yaH-c. bIoycTaHoBeHo, To o kopMoBoMy peMy T BpeTe BTc ooaaM, o ToMyTo oH oBpeaT kykypyy, aoHaM pyM akoBbIM, Ho peoTaT caxapHbITpocTHk. To oTaeTc oT peecTBeHHbIx MHox aHHbIx TepaTypbI, B koTopocTbIBacb...

B HacToe cTaTbe oeHbI peybTaTbI cceoBaH o oBeeH Byx BoBcaxapHbIx TpocTHkoBbIx xpye, T.e. Alissonotum impressicolle Arrow Al. pauperBurmeister. B paoHax caxapHbIx TpocTHkoB Ha e KTa, kpoMe poBH Ta-BaH, HoHoo Tx BoB (Al. pauper) ee He bI oHapyeH ocaH B TepaType. aHHa paoTa poBoacb B 1960 oy B pe MecT a-c B paoHe yaH-c. bIoycTaHoBeHo, To o kopMoBoMy peMy T BpeTe BTc ooaaM, o ToMyTo oH oBpeaT kykypyy, aoHaM pyM akoBbIM, Ho peoTaT caxapHbITpocTHk. To oTaeTc oT peecTBeHHbIx MHox aHHbIx TepaTypbI, B koTopocTbIBacb MoHoaaM, koTopbIe TaTc Tobko caxapHbIM TpocTHkoM. o oeBoMy HaeH bIo ycTaHoBeHo, To HaobIee koecTBo ykoBHaaeTc obIHo oce oe B apee-Mae. BpeT aBHbIM opaoM yk. BobIecTBa cyaeB yk, paBBaTc Ha caxapHoM TpocTHke HaaaT ocHoBaHecTee BcxooB. Koa BcxobI kykypybI aoHbI oBTc, acTb ykoB epece-eTc Ha Hx. pHbI Mpa ykoB, oBMoMy paHbI, TyT paT pobMkpokMaT yacTkoB kaecTBo kopMa. ceHHocTb xpye (Alissonotum spp.) oa HaaeH He oHakoBbI ooaM. oBMoMy, ooBoe koeaHe ceHHocT Tx BoB aBcT oT MHox ko-oeckx akTopoB, B ToM cpe ocaka B apee-Mae.

本文介绍1960年在广西新发现的两种蔗龟及其生活习性的研究结果。其中一种我国除台湾外,南方蔗区未见报导。我们在百色专区调查,确定它们是寡食性,即兼食玉米,高梁及其他禾本科作物,但嗜好甘蔗。通常在4—5月雨后,是成虫由蛹室出来的最盛期。主要以成虫为害,取食蔗苗茎基部,随着附近玉米和高粱幼苗的生长,部分成虫迁移到这些作物田内。迁移原因颇多,但具有意义的是与田间微气候和食料质量有关。蔗龟的数量及其为害面积,在不同年份是不一致的,大量繁殖的年份和消沉的年份,常表现出不规则的交替现象。此种数量变动,视许多生态因子而定,特别是受4—5月份降雨量的支配。

 
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