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微生物生态学
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  microbial ecology
The database will provide information that is of interest for the development of microbial ecology and biotechnology, in particular, for the prediction of biological hazard from the application of transgenic strains.
      
The role of biofilms in microbial ecology and in biotechnology is discussed.
      
Microcins play an important role in microbial ecology and are promising as antibiotics.
      
The expectant contents of the database will be useful for resolving various problems of microbial ecology and biotechnology which deal with luminescent bacteria, luminescent system derived from them, and lux-genes cloned to other organisms.
      
This process affects the microbial ecology of the gastrointestinal tract and influences gut metabolism and function.
      
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An ecological study is made on the microbes in the sludge activated by coking waste water.Among the micro flora in coking sewage activated sludge from an open-air type treating pond,a toeal of 334 bacterial strains belonged to 10 respective genus are isolated and identified.

研究焦化废水活性污泥中微生物生态学.通过分离与鉴定,共有334株细菌,分别属10个属,组成了焦化废水曝气处理池活性污泥的微生物区系.

In the process of research of microorganism ecology in Duhuang fresco a strain of strepto-myces culture No. 4128 was isolated.Its morphological cultural characteristics and physiologicalproperties as well as antimicrobial spectrum were studied. It is similar to Streptomyces griseus asdescribed in the literature, but there are some sign─ificnt differences between the two strains.Therefore,it was considered to be a new subspecies and named Streptomyces griseus subsp Dun-huangensis n. subsp.

在研究敦煌壁画微生物生态学的过程中,分离到一株编号为4128的链霉菌.经对该菌株形态、培养特征、生理特性、碳源利用、抗菌性能等方面进行研究后,发现它与灰色链霉菌比较相似,但又有明显区别,认为是一个新亚种,命名为灰色链霉菌敦煌亚种(StreptomycesgriseussubspDunhuangn.subsp)。

On the basis of the geomicrobiologic ecology, the major microbial groups and their gold biomineralization were studied in some major hot springs in Yunnan and Tibet. The results indicated that Bacillus was found as the dominant genus of the thermophilic and aerobic bacteria. Streptomyces as the dominant genus of actinomyces, Aspergillas as the dominant genus of fungus, and Desulfotomaculus of sulfate-reducing bacteria and Clostridium as the dominanl genera of the anaerobia in foe hot springs .The bacterial functions...

On the basis of the geomicrobiologic ecology, the major microbial groups and their gold biomineralization were studied in some major hot springs in Yunnan and Tibet. The results indicated that Bacillus was found as the dominant genus of the thermophilic and aerobic bacteria. Streptomyces as the dominant genus of actinomyces, Aspergillas as the dominant genus of fungus, and Desulfotomaculus of sulfate-reducing bacteria and Clostridium as the dominanl genera of the anaerobia in foe hot springs .The bacterial functions of absorbing and precipitating gold were also studied and it was found that thermophilic bacteria and foe moulds could significantly absorb and concentrate the dissolved gold, indicating that most gold in solution is enriched in cell bodies. This paper presents the tests on the conditions for absorbing and concentrating gold using Bacillus K12- 1 strain etc.

从地质微生物生态学的角度研究和阐述了云南和西藏热泉中主要微生物类群及其金成矿作用.发现了热泉中存在的嗜热好氧菌优势菌属为并孢杆菌(Racillus),放线菌中的优势菌属为链霉菌(Streptomyces),真菌中优势菌属为曲霉(Aspergillus),厌氧菌中优势菌为硫酸盐还原菌的脱硫肠状菌属(Desulfotomaculum)和核状芽孢杆菌属(Clostridium),对吸附聚金、沉淀金的功能菌进行的研究发现.嗜热细菌对溶解金有明显的吸附聚金作用,表明原溶液金大多富集于细胞体;并以芽孢杆菌属K12-1菌株等进行了吸附聚金条件试验.

 
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