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政策
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  policy
    The Citrus Industry in China: An Economic Analysis and Policy Studies
    中国柑橘产业的经济分析与政策研究
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    Adjustment of Input Subsity Policy and Effect on Agricultural Production & Income
    投入品补贴政策调整对农业生产和农民收入的影响分析
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    Study on the Policy of Feed Industry Development in China
    中国饲料产业发展政策研究
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    Trade Liberalization and Food Security Policy in China
    贸易自由化与中国粮食安全政策
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    Policy, Institution and Technology in the Growth of Jiangsu Cotton Industry
    政策、制度、技术与江苏棉花产业发展
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  policies
    Agricultural Trade Liberalization and the Reform of World Agricultural Policies
    农产品贸易自由化与世界农业政策变革
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    Study on Policies of Natural Forest Conservation in the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River
    长江上游地区天然林保护的政策研究
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    International Trading Regime in Agriculture and Adjustment on Chinese Agricultural Policies
    国际农业贸易制度与中国农业政策调整
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    ON GRAIN POLICIES
    粮食政策略论
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    DEVELOPMENT,POLICIES AND LEGISLATION OF THE COMMUNITY FORESTRY IN CHINA
    中国村社林业的发展与政策立法
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  “政策”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Study of Coupling at Grain Market Operation and Governmental Macro-policy of Regulatory Control in China
    中国粮食市场运行与政府宏观调控政策耦合研究
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    The countermeasures to this question: rebuilding zoology environment,constructing rural social ensure system,building long-term system and countermeasures to industry feeding agriculture and city supporting village.
    因而,甘肃进行新农村建设主要应采取:进行生态环境的重建,有计划分步骤的建立与健全农村社会保障制度,建立与健全“工业反哺农业,城市支持农村”的长效机制等政策或措施。
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    The area of cultivated land of 2008, 2010, 2015 and 2020 are predicted.
    退耕还林政策的实施。 预测了开县2008年、2010年、2015年、2020年的耕地面积。
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    4) In the study area,the gross income of each household will averagely decrease by 4.23%.
    从3个村的总体情况来看,实施这一政策农民减少的收入占农民家庭收入的平均比例为4.23%。
短句来源
    Building a new socialism countryside proposed in the new period has new characteristics of urgency and feasibility,comprehensiveness and protractedness,scientific and revolutionary.
    新时期所提出的“建设社会主义新农村”有着传统政策的继承性,但也有着其现实的新特点,即紧迫性与可行性、综合性与长期性、科学性与革命性。
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  policy
Implications of this study in the policy context are discussed.
      
The optimal harvest policy is formulated and solved as an optimal control problem.
      
Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
      
Finally, a flexible optimal tax policy which can be internally adjusted to a certain extent is derived, and it is found that the distribution of factor income plays an important role in designing the optimal tax policy.
      
The optimal tax policy is analyzed, and the optimal pollution is derived.
      
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  policies
The model takes into account interest rates, projected changes in currency values, relative risk and corporate policies and safeguards.
      
Further researches on non-equilibrium theory in semi-arid rangeland will provide a scientific and flexible animal development paradigm for being implementing livestock fen-raising and grazing-forbidden policies in China.
      
The visual spatial differences of eco-security based on GIS enables decision makers to know the status of eco-security better in making policies for achieving sustainability.
      
However, calculation of performance characteristics under optimal policy and analysis of its preference before some other policies rest out of the investigators' interests.
      
These involve reducing optimal reaction policies to the corresponding dynamic programming algorithms and generalizing the classical optimal control technique.
      
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This paper provides a general analysis of the problems of agricul-tural production in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia arid and semiarid areas basedon a bulk of inventoried information. To begin with, it was pointed inthis paper that scantiness of rainfall and complicated natural conditionsconstitute the very great constraints to agricultural production-foodproduction in particular, while both forestry and livestock productionis much more stable than agricultural production. The recovery of vege-tation, control of water...

This paper provides a general analysis of the problems of agricul-tural production in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia arid and semiarid areas basedon a bulk of inventoried information. To begin with, it was pointed inthis paper that scantiness of rainfall and complicated natural conditionsconstitute the very great constraints to agricultural production-foodproduction in particular, while both forestry and livestock productionis much more stable than agricultural production. The recovery of vege-tation, control of water and soil erosion and rational land use can onlybe achieved by gradually changing the present land use types of takinggrain production as the major undertaking, increasing the ratio of fore-stry and livestock production and taking an all-round way to developagriculture, forestry and livestock in order to enhance the advancementof rural economy in these areas. In this process, it is highly importantto deal with the ratio relationships among different kinds of under-takings. In view of this, this paper further presents the following impor-tant measures to be taken:1. Grain production should be served as the foundation and basiclink to stimulate an all-round development of agriculture while payingattention to the development of forestry and livestock. It is unrealistic tolet peasants make large amount of irrational use of land restored toplantation for growing trees and grasses because the food problem cannot be well solved.2. The solution of the food problem should start from the localexisting conditions Such as serious dryness, shortage of water and waterand soil erosion, and hence, rainfed farming should be extended in abig way, including building drought-resistant and harvest-ensuring basicfarm lands, drought resistant tillage methods, breeding drought-resistantcrop strains and changing the wasted fallow practice into that of grassfallow, etc. 3. Pursuing an effective policy and making rational use of nationalaid funds: for example, to change the "aids with the pure release fund"into the supporting aids with a production nature; to determine the ratio-nal direction for investment and to carry out a rewarding and tech-nical policy.4. Effective measures should be taken to control the growth of po-pulation in these areas, wbich is an unneglected and important aspectin an allround development of agriculture.Despite a large number of constraints to the development of agricul-ture in these areas, it holds a great potential for developing agriculture,forestry and animal husbandry because of vast land areas, abundantheat-energy resources and 300-400 mm of precipitation in most areas.As long as people do everything according to natural laws, the back-wardness of agricultural production in these areas will be bound to bechanged as quickly as possible starting from the local conditions andnatural features and seriously carrying out some policy and relatedmeasures.

本文根据大量调查材料,对陕甘宁干旱半干旱地区的农业生产问题作了概括性的分析。首先指出本区雨量稀少、自然条件复杂,对农业(粮食)生产的限制性很大,而林业和畜牧业要比农业生产稳得多。逐步改变目前以粮食为主的土地利用方式,增加林牧业的比重,走农、林、牧全面发展的道路,才能恢复植被,控制水土流失,合理利用土地,促进本地区农业经济的发展。而在此过程中,正确解决各业之间的比例关系尤为重要。由此观点出发,进一步提出了下列几项重要措施: 1、在重视发展林牧业的同时,应把发展粮食生产作为推动农业全面发展的基础和基本环节。因为吃饭问题不解决,要农民将大量利用不合理的土地退耕下来造林种草,是不现实的。 2、解决粮食问题,要从本地区干旱缺水、水土流失严重的特点出发,大力推广旱作农业,包括修建抗旱保收的基本农田,抗旱耕作法,培育抗旱作物品种以及改撩荒耕作为草田轮作等内容。 3、推行有效政策措施,合理利用国家援助资金,如改“单纯救济”性的援助为生产性的资助,确定合理的投资方向以及执行有关奖励政策和技术政策等。 4、采取有效措施,切实控制本区人口增长速度,这是全面发展本区农业生产不可忽视的重要方面。 本...

本文根据大量调查材料,对陕甘宁干旱半干旱地区的农业生产问题作了概括性的分析。首先指出本区雨量稀少、自然条件复杂,对农业(粮食)生产的限制性很大,而林业和畜牧业要比农业生产稳得多。逐步改变目前以粮食为主的土地利用方式,增加林牧业的比重,走农、林、牧全面发展的道路,才能恢复植被,控制水土流失,合理利用土地,促进本地区农业经济的发展。而在此过程中,正确解决各业之间的比例关系尤为重要。由此观点出发,进一步提出了下列几项重要措施: 1、在重视发展林牧业的同时,应把发展粮食生产作为推动农业全面发展的基础和基本环节。因为吃饭问题不解决,要农民将大量利用不合理的土地退耕下来造林种草,是不现实的。 2、解决粮食问题,要从本地区干旱缺水、水土流失严重的特点出发,大力推广旱作农业,包括修建抗旱保收的基本农田,抗旱耕作法,培育抗旱作物品种以及改撩荒耕作为草田轮作等内容。 3、推行有效政策措施,合理利用国家援助资金,如改“单纯救济”性的援助为生产性的资助,确定合理的投资方向以及执行有关奖励政策和技术政策等。 4、采取有效措施,切实控制本区人口增长速度,这是全面发展本区农业生产不可忽视的重要方面。 本地区发展农业的限制因素虽然较多,但这里有辽阔的土地、丰富的热量资源,而且?

From the various angles of the strategic goals of economic development, the reasonable structure of the rural industries, the transfer of agricultural labour forces, the "micro-control" , and the establishment of the reasonable structure of the urban industris & reasonable network of urban-rural economy in Zhejiang province, the important strategic significances to develop the processing industry of agro-products in rural regions has been studied.Besides, a series of economic indicators has been used for a more...

From the various angles of the strategic goals of economic development, the reasonable structure of the rural industries, the transfer of agricultural labour forces, the "micro-control" , and the establishment of the reasonable structure of the urban industris & reasonable network of urban-rural economy in Zhejiang province, the important strategic significances to develop the processing industry of agro-products in rural regions has been studied.Besides, a series of economic indicators has been used for a more comprehensive analysis on the present situations, problems and potentials of the processing industry for agro-products in Zhejiang province.A developmental plan regarding the strategic goal, the speed and the steps ( 3S ) for the processing industry of agro-products in the rural regions of Zhejiang province is put forward, and it points out with emphasis that three relationships should be correctly dealt with:( 1 ) relationship between the processing in the urban districs and the rural regions; ( 2 ) The relationship between the general products and the prevailing products; ( 3 ) The relationship between the primary-processing and the multiple-processing.It is suggested that the relevant departments should support the plant energetically in" policies, energy sources supplying, bank credits and the training of technicians etc.

本文从经济发展的战略目标、合理的农村产业结构、农村劳动力的转移趋向、农村经济的“微观调节”以及合理的城市产业结构和城乡经济网络等角度,考察了大力发展浙江省乡村农产品加工业的重大战略意义,并运用一系列经济指标分析了农产品加工业的发展状况和潜力。 文中提出了浙江省发展乡村农产品加工业的战略目标、步骤和速度,并强调在发展中应正确处理好城市加工和乡村加工,一般产品加工和拳头产品加工,初次加工和多次加工的“三大关系”。作者建议有关部门在政策、能源、信贷以及人才培养等方面对乡村农产品加工业给予大力支持。

The article gives the concepts of benefit of extensive scale and benefit of intensive scale, and discusses the problem of scale benefit of family-managed-land in several ways. It holds that the suitable scale should be 40 mu land consisting of 2~3 fields. To achieve the goal, it is necessary to adopt some economic and political methods.

本文提出了土地经营的外延规模效益和内涵规模效益的概念,从多方面论述了土地家庭经营的规模效益问题。认为其适度规模应当是每户40亩耕地,一般由2~3田块构成,为实现这一目标,采取一定的经济和政策手段是必要的。

 
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