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后缘
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  posterior border
    ANTERIOR ROUTE RESECTION OF VERTEBRAL POSTERIOR BORDER BONE MASS WITH COLUMN FENDER BONE GRAFTING FOR FLEXION FRACTURE OF THORACOLUMBAR SECTION WITH PARAPLEGIA
    前路切除椎体后缘骨块立柱挡板植骨术治疗胸腰段爆裂型骨折截瘫
短句来源
    With six to ten months follow-up,the height of anterior border of injury centrum was(95.21±2.53)%,and that of posterior border was(96.32±1.52)%.
    经过6-10个月随访,术后伤椎椎体前缘高度为(95.21±2.53)%; 椎体后缘高度为(96.32±1.52)%。
短句来源
    Pathogenic factors analysis of lumbar vertebra posterior border bone mass
    腰椎体后缘骨块的病因分析
短句来源
    Analysis of 14 cases of fracture at posterior border of lumbar vertebrae
    腰椎后缘断裂症14例分析
短句来源
    From 1962 to 1992,100 cases of Thoracolumbar sectional spine fracture with complete paraplegia or imcomplete paraplegia were treated by standing column bone grafting between the anterior vertebrae and removal of posterior border bone mass of the vertebral body and the anterospinal decompression.
    1962~1992年共采用前路椎体间立柱撑开植骨,椎体后缘骨块切除,脊髓前减压术治疗胸腰段脊柱骨折合并截瘫或不全截瘫100例。
短句来源
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  posterior edge
    Characteristics of bone mass at posterior edge of the lumbar vertebrae and resection method
    腰椎椎体后缘骨块物特点及手术方法
短句来源
    1.7mm on the right, the distance from the posterior inferior edge of internal acoustic port to the posterior edge of the posterior semicircular canal was 12.5? .
    33.3士1.7mm,内耳门后下缘到后半规管后缘的距离左侧为12.5士
短句来源
    the distance from the location to the posterior edge of S1 vertebral body,X⑦.
    X⑥.定位点到S_1椎体后缘的距离;
短句来源
    the distance from the location to the posterior edge of S1
    X⑥.定位点到S_1椎体后缘的距离为11.93±1.96mm:X⑦.定位点到后正中线的距离为27.09±2.22mm; X⑧.定位点到第一骶后孔上缘的距离为10.17
短句来源
    Methods 52 patients were undergone PLD, includinog 40 cases of disk confined protrusion, 4 with calcification of posterior edge of the disc and posterior longitudinal ligament, 3 severe degeneration, 2 shown narrowing of the intervertebral space, 2 mild herniation and 1 obvious herniation.
    方法 应用PLD术治疗腰椎间盘突出症 5 2例 ,包括单纯性包容性腰椎间盘突出 4 0例 ,椎间盘后缘及后纵韧带钙化 4例 ,真空症并伴严重的腰椎退行性变 3例 ,伴椎间隙狭窄 2例 ,椎间盘突出伴轻微脱垂 2例 ,椎间盘脱出 1例。
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  “后缘”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Surgery for the lumbar nerve compression by the osteophyte on the poerior aspect of vertebral body
    椎体后缘骨赘压迫腰神经的手术治疗
短句来源
    POSTERIOR LUMBER VERTEBRAL BODYDNISION SYNDROM(With 12Cases Reported)
    腰椎椎体后缘离断症(附12例报道)
短句来源
    CT-RADIOLOGIC ANALYSIS OF VERTEBRAL POSTERIOR MARGINAL INTRAOSSEOUS CARTILAGINOUS NODE (REPORT OF 149 CASES)
    椎体后缘软骨结节149例CT-X线分析
短句来源
    The spinal canel stenosis was at the level of T10,11 in 1 patient,at the T11,12 level in 3 patients,at the T12L1 level in 6 patients,and at the L1,2 level in 4 patients.
    椎间盘突出或伴有钙化11例,椎体后缘软骨结节3例。 病变部位在T10,111例,T11,123例,T12L16例,L1,24例。
短句来源
    Clinical and Image Characteristics of Lumbar Vertebrae Cartilage Rupture,and Research Method of Treatment
    腰椎后缘软骨板破裂症的临床特点及治疗
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  posterior border
Head shaking was attenuated by the subcutaneous infiltration of the local anesthetic procaine into the posterior border of the external auditory meatus.
      
The posterior border consists of a nebulous field of labeling and occasional barrel-like structures.
      
The setae on the posterior border of the telson were used for grooming the maxillipeds and the anterior mouthparts.
      
An anterior increased density, that parallels the posterior border of the sternum, was noted on the lateral radiograph of two children who were at first thought to have an accessory diaphragm.
      
Inflammatory changes along the posterior border of the pad may also be used to help differentiate effusion from acute synovitis on unenhanced MR examinations.
      
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  posterior edge
On the anterior edge of pereionite 1 and the posterior edge of pereionite 5, specialized areas were found that allow penetration of the male's dactyli in the inter-segmental spaces of the female.
      
Using six cadaver knees, an isometric point was found 3?mm distal to the posterior edge of Blumensaat's line, at the 10:30-11:00 o'clock position in right knees, at the antero-proximal edge of the anatomic ACL attachment.
      
During both the upward and downward movements of the wing, its posterior edge lagged behind the anterior one, i.e.
      
Before penetrating the mussels, the worm first straddles the valves at the posterior edge of the shell and then, after having digested the posterior adductor muscle, removes and swallows the soft parts of the prey.
      
Smaller C4 and C5 tubules, located at the posterior edge, contained only relict oocytes.
      
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In most anatomical textbooks and literatures, the azygos vein has been described as ascending on the right side of the vertebral column, but this description only coincides with the results of our 48 children's series. In 84 adults' specimens, a part of azygos vein course crossing midline appeared in 72.63 %. The possible courses of the displacement of the azygos vein to the left were related to the displacement of the aorta and the development of right posterior lung in the azygos-esophageal recesses. Among...

In most anatomical textbooks and literatures, the azygos vein has been described as ascending on the right side of the vertebral column, but this description only coincides with the results of our 48 children's series. In 84 adults' specimens, a part of azygos vein course crossing midline appeared in 72.63 %. The possible courses of the displacement of the azygos vein to the left were related to the displacement of the aorta and the development of right posterior lung in the azygos-esophageal recesses. Among 66 specimens single valves were found in the azygos vein in 47 oases (83.9%), two valves, in 3 cases (5.4%) and no valves, in 6 oases (10.7%). Valves were mainly located at the middle third (48.9%) and posterior third (23.4%) of the azygos arch.. The connections between the azygos system and the internal vertebral venous system (IVV) were observed with the methods of venous casts and venography. Azygos system was connected to the IW by the way of intervertebral veins, the posterior group of external vertebral veins and the basic vertebral veins.

一般的解剖学教本或文献将奇静脉描绘为沿脊柱右侧上升的一条血管,这种描述仅相当于本文48例幼儿的观察结果。在84例成年标本中,奇静脉行径中一部分跨过脊柱中线的现象高达72.63%。胸主动脉向左侧的移位与右肺后缘在奇静脉食管陷窝中的发育,可能是引起奇静脉移位的原因。在56例标本中,奇静脉瓣膜缺如者6例(10.7%),单个瓣膜者47例(83.9%),两个瓣膜者3例(5.4%)。瓣膜主要位于奇静脉弓的中1/3(48.9%)和后1/3(23.4%)。本文利用静脉铸型和造影等方法观察了奇静脉系与椎内静脉丛的连接,奇静脉系可通过椎间静脉、椎外静脉丛后组以及基椎静脉与椎内静脉丛相连接。

We introduce a new technique of decompression of the cervical spine.This operation

本文介绍一种新的颈前路“Y”形减压术,即通过椎体前方中部进入椎管,切除相邻的两节椎间隙后缘骨性致压物。该手术适用于颈椎病及颈椎骨折、脱位合并脊髓损伤的病例。手术损伤小,能保护邻节椎间隙的部分完整。共施术22例,术中无大出血及误伤脊髓和脊神经根者,亦无死亡者。除1例无效外,余21例经过6月~6年随访,均获满意疗效.

Ossified posterior longitudinal ligament(OPLL)of cervical spine is a type of cervicalspondylosis.It was first reported by Tsukimotoin 1960.According to statistics,it has a highincidence in Japan,but it is comparatively lowin America and Europe.From December 1979to November 1986,19 patients were admittedto our department.There were 16 males and3 females.Age ranged from 34 to 65 years,with average of 54.4 yearsClin.ical manifesta-tion revealed transverse spinal mylopathy in 16cases,and spinal hemisection in 3.Accordingto...

Ossified posterior longitudinal ligament(OPLL)of cervical spine is a type of cervicalspondylosis.It was first reported by Tsukimotoin 1960.According to statistics,it has a highincidence in Japan,but it is comparatively lowin America and Europe.From December 1979to November 1986,19 patients were admittedto our department.There were 16 males and3 females.Age ranged from 34 to 65 years,with average of 54.4 yearsClin.ical manifesta-tion revealed transverse spinal mylopathy in 16cases,and spinal hemisection in 3.Accordingto the severity of functional disturbance ofextremeties,there were the minor type in 4cases,moderate type in 9,and severe type in (?).Plain films of cervical spine,showed osteo-phytes of cervical spine in all cases.The radio-logical classification of the OPLL was dividedinto continuous,segmentary,mixed and other(focal)type by the orthopedic sociaty of Japan.In this series,there were 3 continuous type,8 segmentary type,2 mixed type,6 other(focal)type and in 5 concomitant with ossified anteriorlongitudinal ligament cases,narrowing ofcervical spinal canal in 12 cases.CT scan wasdone in 6 cases,it is valuable in differentiationbetween posterior osteophytes and OPLL.In this series,18 patients were treated bysurgery,and 25 operations were performed to-tally.There are 16 anterior decompression(Cloward method in 11,subtotal resection ofvertebral body in 5),and 9 posterior decompres-sion(extensive laminectomy in 6,dilatationof spinal canal in 3).Follow-up study for 1-4 years in 10 cases,and less than one year in8.The operative results were excellent in 4cases,good in 8,improved in 5,and no changein 1.Finally,the anatomical characterisitcsof the posterior longitudinal ligament,patho-genesis,diagnosis and treatment of OPLL arealso discussed.

我科自1979年12月到1986年11月共收治颈椎后纵韧带骨化19例,男16例,女3例。年龄34~65岁,平均54.4岁。临床表现为脊髓横贯性损害者16例,脊髓半侧损害3例。根据肢体功能障碍的程度,轻型4例,中型9例和重型6例。颈椎平片均显示颈椎骨质增生,按日本矫形外科学会规定的四型,计:连续型3例,分节型8例,混合型2例,其他(或局灶)型6例。本组中5例伴有前纵韧带骨化,12例伴有发育性椎管狭小。CT 扫描6例,对鉴别椎体后缘骨嵴和骨化韧带有帮助。本组中18例病人接受了手术,共行手术25次:前路减压16次(Cloward 法11次,椎体次全切除5次),后路减压9次(广泛性椎板切除6次,椎管扩大3次)。术后随诊1~4年10例,1年以内8例,手术结果,优者4例,良者8例,改善5例,无效1例。并着重对后纵韧带的解剖特点、发病机理、诊断和治疗进行了讨论。

 
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