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后缘
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  posterior margin
    Results The average distance of the inferior point of foramen to posterior margin of ramus is 16.12 mm in males and 16.03 mm in females.
    结果下颌孔最下点到升支后缘的平均距离男性为16.12mm,女性为16.03mm;
短句来源
    The average distance of the back point of foramen to the posterior margin of ramus was 13.50 mm in males and 13.60 mm in females.
    下颌孔后点到升支后缘的水平距离男性为13.50mm,女性为13.60mm;
短句来源
    The variation which is significant is the measured figures in the following groups: vertical change of the hyoid bone, the distance from the posterior margin of tongue base to the posterior pharyngeal wall and the pharyngeal airway area.
    各测量项目显著差异的有 :舌骨垂直方向变化 ,舌根后缘至咽后壁的距离 ,后气道间隙面积。
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  “后缘”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Experimental Study of Blood Supply of the Posterior Region of the Mandibular Ramus
    用核素测定下颌升支后缘血供的实验研究
短句来源
    When the patients pronounce/i/,the average distance between retro-edge of the soft palate and pharyngeallateral wall is 7.41±2.15mm before the operation,and lessens to 1.55±0.38mm after the operation (p<0.05).
    患者发/i/时软腭后缘至咽后壁的距离由术前平均7.41±2.15mm 减少为术后1.55±0.38mm(p<0.05)。
    ③Theaveragedistancesbetweentheposteriorborderoftheincisivepapilaandcus-pid,thelabialsurfaceofthemaxilaryleftcentralincisorare1.92mm,8.15mmrespectively,thereisnostatiticaldiferencesinbetweensexes. .
    ③切乳后缘至尖牙连线及上左中切牙唇面间距分别为1.92mm及8.15mm,明显小于自然牙列者。
短句来源
    The length of hard palate increased 4.6 to 5.9mm by dry skull measurement.
    9个月头颅干骨发现,牵张侧腭骨后缘明显后移,上颌骨前移,鼻腭孔至硬腭后缘的距离较对侧增加4.6~5.9mm。
短句来源
    The length of hard palate increased 4.6 to 5.9mm by dry skull measurement.
    9个月头颅干骨发现,牵张侧腭骨后缘明显后移,上颌骨前移,鼻腭孔至硬腭后缘的距离较对侧增加46~59mm。
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  posterior margin
characterized by the absence of eyes and by the presence of the spermatheca and sharp depression at the posterior margin of the thoracic metasternite.
      
dorsoporum in having an external seminal vesicle much shorter than the cirrus sac, a longer cirrus sac extending posteriorly to the level of the posterior margin of the ventral sucker and a pretesticular ovary; from N.
      
chaetodoni in having a smaller body size, symmetrical testes, a longer cirrus sac extending posteriorly to the level of the posterior margin of the ventral sucker and a trilobed ovary; and from N.
      
simentiensis differ in size and shape from those on the posterior margin of the haptor.
      
The structural correlate for DPL is a small clear patch of skin lying at the posterior margin of each opercular cavity.
      
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The mental and mandibular foramina of 500 adult Chinese mandibles were studied. Mandibles whose mental foramina lie beneath the second premolar tooth account for 78.0±1.3%. The index of anteroposterior positions of mental foramina is 27.1 in males and 27.4 in females. The index of upward and backward positions of the foramina in males and females are 50.8 and 49.4 respectively. The most common shape of mental foramina is oval, such mental foramina making up 80.9±1.24% of the total. The average dimension of the...

The mental and mandibular foramina of 500 adult Chinese mandibles were studied. Mandibles whose mental foramina lie beneath the second premolar tooth account for 78.0±1.3%. The index of anteroposterior positions of mental foramina is 27.1 in males and 27.4 in females. The index of upward and backward positions of the foramina in males and females are 50.8 and 49.4 respectively. The most common shape of mental foramina is oval, such mental foramina making up 80.9±1.24% of the total. The average dimension of the foramen was measured, being 4.05mm×3.30mm in males and 3.94mm×3.16mm in females. The average distances from the lowest margin of the mandibular foramen to the mandibular notch and to the basal margin, the anterior and posterior of the mandibular ramus in males and females are 26.5±0.15mm and 24.1+0.18mm, 29.6+0.13mm and 26.9+0.17mm, 20.3±0.10mm and 19.1±0.12mm, and 16.8±0.09mm and 15.0+0.11mm. The indexes of anteroposterior positions of mandibular foramina are 54.6 (in males) and 55.9 (in females)and those of the upward and downward positions of the mandibular foramen are 46.7 (in males) and 47.2 (in females). Sex difference is statistically significant. However, no statistical difference was found on both sides.

对500个成人下颔骨的颏孔和下颌孔进行了研究。颏孔与第二前磨牙相对的最多,占78.0±1.3%。颏孔前后位置指数和上下位置指数,男性分别为27.1及50.8,女性为27.4及49.4。颏孔以卵圆形最多,占80.9±1.24%。颏孔的大小,男性为4.05mm×3.30mm,女性为3.94mm×3.16mm。颏孔开口朝后上者占88.7%。下颌孔至下颌切迹、下颌支的下缘、前缘及后缘的距

The rhesus monkey was selected as the experimental animal,because its vascular anomusculoskeletal architectures are similar to that of the human.Six adult monkeys wereused.Activity of bone in each region of the posterior region of ramus was measured 120minutes after intravenous injection of ~(99)m Technetium-MDP.After statistic analysis ofthe findings,the authors have evaluated objectively influence upon blood supply of theposterior region of ramus after the lower alveolar artery was ligated and masseter muscle,medial...

The rhesus monkey was selected as the experimental animal,because its vascular anomusculoskeletal architectures are similar to that of the human.Six adult monkeys wereused.Activity of bone in each region of the posterior region of ramus was measured 120minutes after intravenous injection of ~(99)m Technetium-MDP.After statistic analysis ofthe findings,the authors have evaluated objectively influence upon blood supply of theposterior region of ramus after the lower alveolar artery was ligated and masseter muscle,medial pterygoid and temporal muscles were detached from ramus which was pedicled tothe articular capsule and lateral pterygoid muscle or the ramus was stripped away all ofits soft tissue attachments but the lower alveolar artery.

用6只成年恒河猴作实验动物,采用核素定量测定颌骨血供的方法,就下颌升支后份血供问题将下牙槽动脉与翼外肌—关节囊两供血因素加以对照研究,发现在髁突髁颈区及后缘区血供中翼外肌—关节囊附丽居主要地位,而在下颌角区血供中下牙槽动脉居主要地位。仅从血供角度看,下颌升支斜行切开术优于垂直切开术,并发现在升支后份存在有区域性逆行血流供血现象。

In this paper 14 cases of rigidity of temperomandibular joint are reported from 1980 to 1989. The operations includ condylectomy, split joint—plasty, inlay joint—plasty, chondrocostal grafting, coracoid grafting etc. The operation access of entering joint region are behind of parotid with front ear access,and lift both parotid and masticatory muscles at surface of mandibular ramus with submaxillary access to avoid the injure of paroted and facial nerve, on the other hand the operation became simpler. The dissect...

In this paper 14 cases of rigidity of temperomandibular joint are reported from 1980 to 1989. The operations includ condylectomy, split joint—plasty, inlay joint—plasty, chondrocostal grafting, coracoid grafting etc. The operation access of entering joint region are behind of parotid with front ear access,and lift both parotid and masticatory muscles at surface of mandibular ramus with submaxillary access to avoid the injure of paroted and facial nerve, on the other hand the operation became simpler. The dissect form of rebuild operations are paid attention especialy as fas as possible so that the joint stracture can more correspond the normal dissection and physiologic function.

报告我科1980~1989年颞颌关节强直手术14例。术式包括髁突切除、裂隙式关节成形,嵌入式关节成形,带肋软骨肋骨移植,喙突移植等。切口进路,本组目前入路不直接从腮腺而是从腮腺后缘进入关节区,颌下入路则从腮腺后下极将腮腺连同升支浅面的嚼肌一同掀起,避免损伤腮腺及面神经,操作简便。为预防复发,恢复功能,本组重建手术特别注重颞下颌关节的解剖形态,尽量改建成一个比较符合正常解剖及生理功能的关节结构。

 
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