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  recipients
Fifty-two (92.8%) recipients survived the operations.
      
Within three months after transplantation, four recipients (7.14%) died due to small-for-size syndrome (one case), renal failure (one case) and multiple organ failure (two cases).
      
The subjects were divided into three groups according to different donors and recipients [Tolerance group: LEW-to-DA; Rejection group: DA-to-LEW; Syngegnic group (control group): DA-to-DA].
      
The data are provided on the interaction of the embryonic hemopoietic stem cells and the hemopoietic microenvironment of adult recipients.
      
Schemes of forming the probability damage fields of risk recipients (the environment objects) are given.
      
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  recipient
The graft and recipient body weight ratios (GRWR) were between 0.72% and 1.43%, and in three cases it was >amp;lt;0.8%.
      
The graft weight to recipient standard liver volume ratios (GV/SLV) were between 31.86% and 71.68%, among which four cases had >amp;lt;40%.
      
After transplantation, they continued to mitotically divide and migrated from the graft area to the surrounding tissue of a recipient brain.
      
The presumptive glial cells migrated preferentially along the capillaries and fibrous structures of the recipient brain.
      
Under conditions of tissue therapy of the wound, the formation of muscle fibers from muscle cells of the graft and active regeneration of muscle fibers in the recipient mice were observed, and no structural defects were detected in the thymus.
      
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  recipients of cadaveric
Over a 2-year period, we have performed ex vivo renal vein lengthening with an interposition vascular allograft in 17 recipients of cadaveric kidneys.
      
Eight recipients of cadaveric livers and no recipients of live donor livers underwent retransplantation.
      
Mean age was 13.4 years; 15 children were girls; 23 patients were recipients of cadaveric kidneys.
      
Pretransplant smoking adversely affected death-censored graft survival in recipients of cadaveric and of living donor kidneys.
      
Recipient outcomes and rejection rates are comparable to those in recipients of cadaveric lung transplants.
      
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  recipients undergoing
A total of 1,412 blood recipients undergoing surgery were followed up prospectively in the period from 1986 to 1989.
      
Risk of Death for Medicaid Recipients Undergoing Congenital Heart Surgery
      
The present study demonstrated that postoperative pulmonary complications are frequently observed in pediatric recipients undergoing OLT.
      
Methods: Twenty recipients undergoing preparatory cycles with leuprolide acetate, estrogen, and progesterone.
      
Natural killer (NK) activity, interferon (IFN)-alpha production, and interleukin-2 (IL-2) production were measured in renal transplant recipients undergoing immunosuppression with either azathioprine and steroids (Az + P) or cyclosporine (CyA).
      
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Renal transplantation was performed successfully in five cases with high risk. All are alive with functioning grafts at the time of report.The first patient was suffering from cardiac failure, and he was operated on immediately after an implantation of a pace-maker. The second patient was having malignant hypertention before and after transplantation, and bilateral nephrectomy through a mid-line abdominal incision was done, resulting in gradual decline of blood pressure to within normal range. The third patient...

Renal transplantation was performed successfully in five cases with high risk. All are alive with functioning grafts at the time of report.The first patient was suffering from cardiac failure, and he was operated on immediately after an implantation of a pace-maker. The second patient was having malignant hypertention before and after transplantation, and bilateral nephrectomy through a mid-line abdominal incision was done, resulting in gradual decline of blood pressure to within normal range. The third patient suffered from chronic pye-litis, and renal transplantation was done immediately after bilateral nephrectomy. The fourth patient suffered from chronic renal failure and leukopenia (total white count 2900-4000/mm3), and the total white count became normal (5000-7500/mm3) despite the use of immunosuppressive drugs after renal transplantation. The fifth case, ages 50, developed stress ulcers with repeated massive hematemesis and bloody stools 12 days after transplantation, and a subtotal gastrectomy was performed to save the patient.It is the opinion of the author that the renal transplantation may be considered to be a life-saving operation, and the key of success is that the quality of the graft should be good.

本文报告了5例高危险性病人施行肾移植并取得较满意的效果,对心功能、肾性高血压及肾盂肾炎受者的原肾切除时机等进行了讨论。着重指出,获得满意效果虽然是多方面的,但保持供肾的质量是关键。

In the present paper a few points in the management of two cases renal homotransplantation are discussed. ( 1 ) A well-organized and well-trained cadaver donor nephrectomy team with good coordination and skillful technique is the main key to shorten the warm ischemia time in the graft.

本文报告两例分别存活3年1个月及121天的尸体肾移植处理过程中的体会。 1.尸体肾切除队的严密组织、配合默契,以及重视熟练手术操作乃是缩短供肾热缺血时间的关键。 2.肾移植手术操作要求严格,皮瓣对合必须准确,止血必须完全。要注意对急性排异肾肿大与局部血肿及时做出鉴别诊断 3.手术者必须熟练掌握血管吻合技术,尽可能缩短术中血管吻合时间,减少肾脏损害。 4.术后严密随访并保证受者以必要的营养和生活条件,对争取好的长期疗效至关重要。

Fifty-seven cadeveric renal transplan-tations in fifty-five cases were analysed.of them, thirty cases were prepared bycontinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD group) ; twenty-seven transplanta-tions in twenty-five cases were prepared byhemodialysis (HD group) .Our data showthat there is no significant difference in thesurvival duration between CAPD group andHD group; that there is also no significantdifference in the survival duration betweenthe two groups treated with the same im-munosuppressive drugs;...

Fifty-seven cadeveric renal transplan-tations in fifty-five cases were analysed.of them, thirty cases were prepared bycontinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD group) ; twenty-seven transplanta-tions in twenty-five cases were prepared byhemodialysis (HD group) .Our data showthat there is no significant difference in thesurvival duration between CAPD group andHD group; that there is also no significantdifference in the survival duration betweenthe two groups treated with the same im-munosuppressive drugs; and that patientsprepared by CAPD have a low risk of peri-tonitis after transplantation. It is better notto remove the Tenckhoff catheter until thegraft function is stable so that it can beused for the transient peritoneal dialysis inthe case of the insult of graft function orfor the sampling of the peritoneal effusionfor diagnosis of suspectable peritonitis afterrenal transplantation.

本文分析T55例57例次尸体肾移植资料,其中持续性非卧床腹膜透析准备30例(CAPD组),血液透析准备25例27例次(HD组)。资料表明,两组移植肾生存期无明显差异;术后相同免疫抑制疗法的CAPD与HD准备的移植受者,移植肾生存期亦无显著差异。CAPD准备患者,移植术后腹膜炎危险性低。腹膜透析导管最好待移植肾功能稳定后拔除,以备术后需暂时腹膜透析时使用,或怀疑腹腔感染时,获取腹腔液体确诊。

 
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