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bone fractures     
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  骨折
     In 80 cases of nasal bone fractures(account for 44%),12 cases of comminuted fractures(account for 15%) and 33 cases of compound fractures(account for 41%).
     80例CT诊断的骨折中,单纯性鼻骨骨折35例(占44%),粉碎性骨折12例(占15%),复合性骨折33例(占41%)。
短句来源
     temporal bone fractures 2/2;
     额骨骨折2/2;
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     The bone fractures of different part were analyzed, and the hip fracture rate was 0.68% .
     同时分析了不同部位的骨折发生情况,其中髋部骨折率为0.68%。
短句来源
     Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of conventional CT transverse image with post processing image(MPR,3D) in diagnosis of obscure bone fractures.
     目的:探讨螺旋CT轴位扫描及重建(MPR、3D)在隐匿性骨折诊断中的临床价值。
短句来源
     Analysis of destructive reason of internal fixation apparatus for long bone fractures(with clinical analysis 1056 cases).
     长骨骨折内固定器材破坏原因分析(附1056例临床分析)
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  骨骨折
     In 80 cases of nasal bone fractures(account for 44%),12 cases of comminuted fractures(account for 15%) and 33 cases of compound fractures(account for 41%).
     80例CT诊断的骨折中,单纯性鼻骨骨折35例(占44%),粉碎性骨折12例(占15%),复合性骨折33例(占41%)。
短句来源
     Expandable Intramedullary Nail in Treatment of 29 Patients with Long Bone Fractures of Extremities
     可膨胀自锁髓内钉治疗四肢长干骨骨折29例
短句来源
     Diagnosis and restitution of nasal bone fractures in emergency management
     鼻骨骨折急诊期的诊断和整复
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     Influencing factors of single external fixation apparatus on the fracture stability during treatment of long bone fractures of the four extremities
     影响单侧外固定架治疗四肢长管骨骨折稳定性的因素
短句来源
     Results: Spinal fractures were found in 28. hip fractures in 8, tibia plateau fractures in 11. orbit fractures in 12. temporal bone fractures in 13. and scapula fractures in 12 cases. Conclusion;
     结果:扫描发现脊柱骨折28例,髋臼骨折8例,胫骨平台骨折11例,眶骨骨折12例,颞骨骨折13例,肩胛骨骨折12例。
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  骨骨折的
     About 55 to 72 percent of maxillofacial bone fractures happened in mandible.
     下颌骨骨折的发生率约占颌面骨骨折的55%~72%,而下颌骨体部骨折是下颌骨骨折最常见类型。
短句来源
     The value of CT in the diagnosis of nasal and paranasal bone fractures
     鼻骨及骨旁骨骨折的CT诊断价值
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     Objective To observe the reliability of DIKFIX PDLLA absorbable internal fixation screw in treatment of spongy bone fractures.
     目的观察DIKFIX(迪康)PDLLA可吸收骨折内固定螺钉在治疗松质骨骨折的可靠性。
短句来源
     [Conclusion]Surgical treatment of long bone fractures caused by high energy treauma was more difficult and its prognosis is worse than that caused by low energy trauma with no statistically significant difference(P>0.05).
     [结论]高能量创伤所致长管状骨骨折的手术治疗有一定困难,预后较低能量创伤所致骨折差。
短句来源
     Though as the improvement in the material science and process technique,the mechanical strength of the plate made of biodegradable material has made marked progress,it can't be used to treatment long bone fractures alone.
     近年来 ,随着材料科学和加工工艺的改进 ,可降解材料制成的接骨板在力学特性上有了显著的提高 ,在临床骨科中正被逐渐应用于关节内骨折和非承载骨骨折的固定 ,但仍不能单独用于四肢长管状骨骨折的固定。
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  骨干骨折
     Treatment of 19 patients with long bone fractures with expansion intramedullary nail
     可膨胀髓内钉治疗长骨骨干骨折19例
短句来源
     MethodsSixty two cases of tubular bone fractures were treated by Ni Ti shaped MEPs, including 21 cases of clavicle fractures, 6 cases of humerus fractures , 8 cases of ulna fractures , 12 cases of radius fractures and 15 cases of femur fractures .
     方法采用NT形状记忆合金怀抱式接骨板治疗管状骨骨折 6 2例 ,其中锁骨骨折 2 1例 ,肱骨干骨折 6例 ,尺骨骨折 8例 ,桡骨骨折 12例 ,股骨干骨折 15例。
短句来源
     Methods 23 cases of tubular bone fractures were treated by Ni Ti memory sawtooth arm embracing fixator, including 9 cases of fractures of the shaft of femur, 3 cases of fractures of the ulna, 4 cases of fractures of the radius,5 cases of fractures of the metacarpals, and 2 cases of fractures of the clavicle.
     方法 采用NT记忆合金齿臂环抱器内固定治疗四肢管状骨骨折 2 3例 ,其中股骨干骨折 9例 ,尺骨骨折 3例 ,桡骨骨折 4例 ,锁骨骨折 5例 ,掌骨骨折 2例。
短句来源
     [HT5”H]Methods [HT5”SS]136 cases of long bone fractures were treated with finger-guided method. The fractures consisted of the fracture of the surgical neck of the humeri in 12 cases,humeral shaft 8 cases,supracondylar 65 cases,double fractures of the radius and ulna 26 cases,femural shaft 22 cases,open fracture of the distal end of the radius 2 cases and open fracture of the tibial shaft one case.
     方法 应用手指引导法治疗的儿童长骨骨折136例 ,其中肱骨颈骨折 12例 ,肱骨干骨折 8例 ,肱骨髁上骨折 6 5例 ,尺桡骨双骨折 2 6例 ,股骨干骨折2 2例 ,开放性桡骨远端骨折 2例 ,开放性胫骨骨折 1例。
短句来源
     Conclusions Internal fixation by plate and intramedullary nailing without reaming are safe for polytraumatized patients with FES and long bone fractures.
     结论对于多发伤并FES患者中的长骨干骨折,以钢板或非扩髓髓内钉内固定较安全;
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      bone fractures
    Martin kirschner and his stepwise technical improvement of the direct traction method in bone fractures (wire extension)
          
    Approximately 5% of all bone fractures are complicated by
          
    Lung evisceration is a hernia associated with complex bone fractures of the anterior chest wall, and it may or may not be associated with pneumothorax and bleeding from the internal mammary artery.
          
    Traumatic facial diplegia is an uncommon pathology, and is usually associated with bitemporal bone fractures.
          
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprising Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures.
          
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    Since 4-(ethoxycarbophenyl) retinamide (abbr. RI)was shown to possess cancer chernopreventive activity in vivo, a comparative study of the toxicities of RI and some other retinoids was carried out. Acute toxicity tests in mice indicated that retinoic acid (5 mM/kg) may induce CNS toxicity, hair loss and death of part of the animals, but these were not seen with RI (25 mM/kg). Comparison of the subacute toxicity in mice was also studied for 2 weeks with two levels of daily oral dose. Experimental evidences indicated...

    Since 4-(ethoxycarbophenyl) retinamide (abbr. RI)was shown to possess cancer chernopreventive activity in vivo, a comparative study of the toxicities of RI and some other retinoids was carried out. Acute toxicity tests in mice indicated that retinoic acid (5 mM/kg) may induce CNS toxicity, hair loss and death of part of the animals, but these were not seen with RI (25 mM/kg). Comparison of the subacute toxicity in mice was also studied for 2 weeks with two levels of daily oral dose. Experimental evidences indicated that retinoic acid, Ro 10-9359 and Ro 11-1430 at doses of 0.5 mM/kg caused serious hypervitaminosis A symptoms such as weight loss, hair loss and bone fractures. These toxic effects were not seen for Ro 43780 and 4-(hydroxycarbophenyl) retinamide (abbr. RII) at 1.5 mM/kg, but both inhibiied the increase of body weight. However, RII caused liver damage and a decrease of spermatozoa. Compound RI (2 mM/kg) caused neither hypervitaminosis A nor influence the increase of body weight. The results of subacute toxicity tests of RI and retinoic acid in rats were similar to the results obtained in mice. Chronic toxicity studies of RI and retinoic acid in mice were carried out for 3 months with daily oral administration. Differences were observed in the weight gain between the treated and control mice for RI (300mg/kg) and retinoie acid (60 mg/kg). In chronic toxicity tests of RI in dos at 60 mg/kg×2 months plus 240 mg/kg×1 month, no abnormality was observed beside occasional anorexia. These results indicate that the acute toxicity of compound RI is very low and that the subacute and chronic toxicity of RI in mice and rats are much lower than those of the other retinoids by oral administration.

    本文比较了我所合成的N-(4-乙氧羰基苯基)维生素甲酰胺(简称RI)及N-(4-羧酸苯基)维生素甲酰胺(简称RII)与维生素甲酸及其已知衍生物Ro10-9359、Ro 11-1430及Ro 4-3780的毒性。维生素甲酸、Ro10-9359及Ro11-1430可引起维生素甲过多症等毒性。Ro11-1430对精子有抑制作用。Ro4-3780对动物体重增长有影响。RII可导致肝组织损伤和脂肪变性,对精子亦有抑制作用。RI比维生素甲酸、Ro10-9359及Ro11-1430剂量高达4倍以上,比Ro4-3780剂量高33%,比RII剂量高1倍仍未见明显毒性。

    This paper introduces the construction, indication and operative technique of the compressive intramedullary rod. 67 cases of long bone fracture and 3 cases of olecranon fracture have been treated with the compressive intramedullary rod, with a total number of 85 fractures, of which one half belongs to non-union or malunion. 53 cases have finished the treatment and all the fractures heal well. For those of non-union or malunion, the autogenous iliac bone graft at the same operation...

    This paper introduces the construction, indication and operative technique of the compressive intramedullary rod. 67 cases of long bone fracture and 3 cases of olecranon fracture have been treated with the compressive intramedullary rod, with a total number of 85 fractures, of which one half belongs to non-union or malunion. 53 cases have finished the treatment and all the fractures heal well. For those of non-union or malunion, the autogenous iliac bone graft at the same operation proves to be benificial.

    本文介绍压缩髓内针的结构,适应证和手术操作方法。用此钢针治疗四肢长骨骨折67例和鹰咀骨折3例,骨折总数为85处,其中近半数为骨折不连接或畸形愈合。本组有53例经较长期观察,骨折愈合均良好。治疗骨折不连接或畸形愈合施行此手术时,采用骼骨移植能加速骨折愈合。压缩髓内针对抗旋扭应力和屈曲应力均较普通髓内针为优越,内固定力量较坚强;并可缩小骨折间隙,使产生压缩力,有利于骨折愈合;不需要另用外固定,可进行早期功能锻炼,有利于功能复原。

    The brain leucine-enkephalin contents in rats under hot(40 ℃)and cold(0℃)environments,after amphetamine injection and bone fracture were measured byradio immunoassay.A decrease in leucine-enkephalin levels in hypothalamus andstriatum was found in rats under hot and cold environments and after amphetamineinjection,while an increase in leucine-enkephalin levels in striatum and thalamuswas found in bone fractured rats.These results indicate that the changes in enke-phalin levels can not be explained sorely...

    The brain leucine-enkephalin contents in rats under hot(40 ℃)and cold(0℃)environments,after amphetamine injection and bone fracture were measured byradio immunoassay.A decrease in leucine-enkephalin levels in hypothalamus andstriatum was found in rats under hot and cold environments and after amphetamineinjection,while an increase in leucine-enkephalin levels in striatum and thalamuswas found in bone fractured rats.These results indicate that the changes in enke-phalin levels can not be explained sorely on the basis of a nonspecific stress response.

    本文用放射免疫分析法测定了大鼠在热及冷环境、苯丙胺兴奋和骨折等四种应激状态下脑内亮-脑啡肽(LEK)含量的变化。观察到热及冷环境和苯丙胺兴奋均使下丘脑和纹状体LEK 含量明显下降,而骨折使纹状体和丘脑 LEK 含量明显上升。这一结果说明,在四种不同的应激状态下,脑区 LEK 含量变化的趋向不尽相同。

     
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