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   social groups 在 中国政治与国际政治 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.193秒
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social groups
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  social groups
What is the public's opinion on this problem, to what degree is its scope comprehensible, and how significant does it seem to different social groups and to the population as a whole? The author suggests answers to these questions.
      
The aim of the epidemiological investigation was the definition of social groups at high risk for admission to hospital as psychogeriatric patients.
      
Parties remain affiliated with their respective social groups in distinctive ways - despite the fact that the professional backgrounds of their members have become more similar.
      
The exchange of information regarding the environment is continuous within social groups of non-human primates.
      
We may conclude that in common voles at least unrelated non breeding females may contribute to the formation of social groups.
      
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Abstract Since the 1980s,Latin America has transformed from military dictatorshipto civilian rule.This change does not necessarily mean the completion of political democratization process in Latin America. Rather, it represents the beginningof the process,as political democratization cannot be limited to political systemsitself.When military regimes were replaced by elected civilian governments,Political democratization in the region is still faced with many serious challenges,although the international situation...

Abstract Since the 1980s,Latin America has transformed from military dictatorshipto civilian rule.This change does not necessarily mean the completion of political democratization process in Latin America. Rather, it represents the beginningof the process,as political democratization cannot be limited to political systemsitself.When military regimes were replaced by elected civilian governments,Political democratization in the region is still faced with many serious challenges,although the international situation after the cold war creat favourable conditions. These challenges include: 1.how to maintain sustainable economic growt, 2.how to carry out measures to eradicate corruption and raise credibi-lity for the government,3.how to coordinate relations among the government organizations and between the party system and all walks of life by adjusting the interests of different social groups; 4.how to increase popular participation ̄1n national political and social life and reduce mass discontent with the currentpolitical system;5.how to solve the great social problem by promoting socialjustice,quelling crimes and maintaining social order;and 6.how to tackleproperly the relationship between civilian and military sectors so as to get ridof the potential danger of military intervention.

拉美政治民主化面临的主要挑战袁东振MAINCHALLENGESTOLATINAMERICANPOLITICALDEMOCRATIZATION¥YuanDongzhenSincethe1980s,LatinAmericahastransformedfr...

The reform and open policy has brought about fundamental changes in Chinese social structure, ethical values and administrative systems.The disintegratig DANWEI ownership is giving way to the formation of social groups and classes. It can be predicted that the traditional concept of class struggle will be replaced by the disparity and conflict in the framework of social stratum, and the traditional status society will be challenged by the ideology of human values.

改革开放推动了社会结构、价值观和体制等方面的变革,单位所有制被大大削弱。由于存在不同的社会群体和社会阶层,传统的阶级斗争很可能演变成阶层矛盾和利益、观念冲突,并通过合法性程序加以解决。对人的价值的肯定冲击了传统的身份社会,因而具有革命性意义。

In the early Former Han Dynasty, the prosperity of two social groups—— business men and knights——formed a great threat to the interest of the Han ruling house and the Confucianist stratum. Therefore, the Confucianist stratum tried its best to instigate the ruling house to restrain and suppress them. They succeeded in the time of Emperor Wu. Since then until the Qing Dynasty, the social stratification of China was generally as follows. The majority of the population remained illiterate peasants. They,...

In the early Former Han Dynasty, the prosperity of two social groups—— business men and knights——formed a great threat to the interest of the Han ruling house and the Confucianist stratum. Therefore, the Confucianist stratum tried its best to instigate the ruling house to restrain and suppress them. They succeeded in the time of Emperor Wu. Since then until the Qing Dynasty, the social stratification of China was generally as follows. The majority of the population remained illiterate peasants. They, together with a minimum of businessmen and craftmen formed the ruled class. The royal family and the Confucianists made up the ruling class. This model of social stratification impeded the development of the social productive forces so seriously that the Change and the development of the whole society was also seriously hindered. This made the Chinese society stagnated in the feudal stage for two thousand years, and still affected China's modernization in an unfavourable way.

西汉初 ,工商业者和游侠两个社会群体的得势 ,对皇室和儒生阶层的既得利益构成严重威胁。于是 ,儒生阶层极力怂恿皇室对他们进行抑制以至镇压 ,到汉武帝时取得成功。从此以后直至清代 ,中国社会分层大体如下 :人口中绝大多数是不识字的农民 ,他们和极少数商人和手工业者一道 ,构成被统治阶级即平民 ;皇室和儒生阶层组成统治阶级。这种社会分层模式严重阻碍社会生产力以至整个社会的变革与发展 ,使中国社会长期停滞在封建阶段 ,至今仍对中国现代化事业具有不利影响。

 
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