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intervention     
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  干预
     The Studies on Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes and Nutritional Intervention
     2型糖尿病的流行病学及营养干预研究
短句来源
     The Mechanism of Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein and Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 on Rabbit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Biological Function and the Intervention Effect of Atorvastatin and Rapamycin
     氧化低密度脂蛋白与胰岛素样生长因子-1促进血管平滑肌细胞生物学改变的信号转导机制及药物干预作用
短句来源
     Effectes of Transfection with Antisense Integrin Eukaryotic Vectors and Static Magnetic Field Intervention on the Biological Behavior of Human Artery Smooth Muscle Cells
     反义整合素真核表达载体转染及恒磁场干预对动脉平滑肌细胞生物行为的影响
短句来源
     Intervention Studies on ACEI and β-blocker in Chronic Heart Failure
     慢性心力衰竭的ACEI和β受体阻滞剂干预研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study on the AngⅡ-induced MAPKs Signal Transduction and Its Intervention in Primary Cultured Rat Cardiomyocytes
     AngⅡ作用心肌细胞后MAPKs信号转导及干预研究
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  介入
     Evaluation of Myocardial Tissue Perfusion after Successful Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
     ST段抬高型急性心肌梗死成功介入治疗后心肌组织灌注的评价
短句来源
     Preliminary report of radionuclide intervention therapy in liver cancer
     核素介入治疗肝癌的初步报道
短句来源
     The Experimental Study and Clinical Application of Intervention Therapy for Ischemic Necrosis of Femoral Heads
     股骨头缺血性坏死介入疗法的实验研究和临床应用
短句来源
     The Application of DSA in Intervention Therapy for Ischemic Necrosis of Femoral Head
     DSA在介入治疗股骨头缺血性坏死中的应用
短句来源
     TREATING 15 CASES OF LIVER CANCER WITH DOUBLE INTERVENTION
     双介入疗法治疗原发性肝癌15例报告
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  介入治疗
     Evaluation of Myocardial Tissue Perfusion after Successful Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
     ST段抬高型急性心肌梗死成功介入治疗后心肌组织灌注的评价
短句来源
     Preliminary report of radionuclide intervention therapy in liver cancer
     核素介入治疗肝癌的初步报道
短句来源
     The Application of DSA in Intervention Therapy for Ischemic Necrosis of Femoral Head
     DSA在介入治疗股骨头缺血性坏死中的应用
短句来源
     Report of intervention therapy in 16 cases of coronary artery disease
     冠心病介入治疗16例报告
短句来源
     Bronchofiberscope and catheter intervention in treatment of multi-drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis
     经纤维支气管镜导管介入治疗耐多药肺结核
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  干预措施
     1.Experimental and Clinical Research of Different Kinds of Intervention Methods on the Prophylaxis of Disuse Osteoporosis 2.Specially Inhibition of OPGL Expression by RNA Interference
     1.不同干预措施对废用性骨质疏松治疗的实验和临床研究 2.RNAi法特异性抑制RANKL的表达
短句来源
     Study on the Mechanism-based Intervention in Isoniazid-induced Hepatotoxicity Mediated by CYP2E1
     CYP2E1介导异烟肼肝毒作用机制及其有效干预措施研究
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     The primary results of intervention measures for a military athletic training injury in a regiment
     某团军体训练损伤干预措施的初步结果
短句来源
     Research of intervention measures to reduce death of gravida—puerpera
     降低孕产妇死亡干预措施的研究
短句来源
     Assessment of Effects of Disease Prevention by Intervention Measures of School Environmental Hygiene in Rural Areas
     农村学校环境卫生干预措施防病效果评价
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  intervention
Evaluation of the effect of myocardial perfusion after percutaneous coronary intervention in coronary artery disease by using in
      
Detection of abnormal myocardial perfusion is crucial to the prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after they have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
      
The early percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome
      
It is challenging to undo early percutaneous intervention (PCI) in the elderly with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
      
All the patients had early percutaneous coronary intervention and were followed up for 6-12 months by telephone or in the out-patient department.
      
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As reported by Borst and Slater, dinitrophenol (DNP), the uncoupling agent, can under certain conditions cause an inhibition of the oxidation of succinate by intact mitochondria. We have studied this effect of DNP on succinate oxidation by respirationcontrolled rat-liver mitochondria with a vibrating platinum microelectrode and found that, in absence of added inorganic orthophosphate and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), the action of DNP is closely related to its concentrations. When DNP is added in low concentration...

As reported by Borst and Slater, dinitrophenol (DNP), the uncoupling agent, can under certain conditions cause an inhibition of the oxidation of succinate by intact mitochondria. We have studied this effect of DNP on succinate oxidation by respirationcontrolled rat-liver mitochondria with a vibrating platinum microelectrode and found that, in absence of added inorganic orthophosphate and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), the action of DNP is closely related to its concentrations. When DNP is added in low concentration (5-10μM), succinate oxidation is stimulated, the rate of respiration being increased to greater degrees with increasing concentrations of DNP up to 10μM, with no indication of any inhibition. When the DNP concentration is increased to above 30μM, however, stimulation lasts for only a short time, followed by a decrease in the rate of oxidation. The use of still higher concentrations of DNP results in increasingly lower degrees, and shorter periods, of stimulation, followed sooner by inhibition.In agreement with findings reported by other workers, a preincubation with 2mM amytal has been shown to prevent completely the inhibition of succinate oxidation by high concentrations of DNP. In addition, it has been discovered that even after the appearance of the inhibition, amytal is still effective in alleviating the DNP effect, causing a partial restoration of the respiratory rate.The addition of another uncoupling agent, arsenate, in concentrations of 2-10mM also stimulates succinate oxidation and 4mM arsenate is able to elicit a maximal rate of respiration. In contrast with DNP, no inhibition of respiration can.be observed even with the higher concentrations of arsenate used. Nevertheless, after preincubation with 2 mM amytal, the stimulation of respiration caused by arsenate is found to last for only two minutes, thereafter the rate of oxidation begins to decline and respiration gradually becomes inhibited. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is able to prevent the appearance of the inhibited phase of succinate oxidation in both cases, i.e. in either DNP or amytal-arsenate treatment, with however, slightly different efficiency. The addition of ATP enables the respiration in presence of high concentrations of DNP to proceed at a good steady rate, not more, however, than 2/3 of the maximal rate obtainable under optimal conditions, while the same amount of ADP is able to abolish completely the inhibiting effect caused by the amytal-arsenate treatment with the ensuing rate of respiration even higher than that elicited by arsenate alone.The characteristics of the inhibiting actions of these two agents on succinate oxidation and the effect of ATP on them have been discussed. The experimental evidence presented is believed to support the postulation that the oxidation of succinate in liver mitochondria requires an intervention of energy. The possibility that under certain experimental conditions, accumulation of oxaloacetate may play a part in affecting the rate of succinate oxidation is considered likely but of only minor importance.

(1)DNP对于琥珀酸氧化的影响随浓度不同而异,低浓度时,呼吸受激活,其程度随浓度升高而增強,不出現抑制現象。高浓度(30μM以上)DNP只引起短时間氧化激活,随即引起抑制,随浓度升高,抑制出現愈早,氧化激活愈小,預先加入Amytal足以防止上述抑制現象,在抑制出現后加入Amytal亦能使琥珀酸氧化部分恢复。(2)砷酸盐激活的琥珀酸氧化仅在有Amytal的条件下,才出現抑制現象。(3)ATP对上述两种情况引起的琥珀酸氧化抑制都具有一定的解除作用。(4)就实驗結果所做分析支持琥珀酸氧化需要能量激活的看法。

The central core of an earth dam is being placed by flood deposit red clay of weathered limestone. The original design specifies that the core material should be placed at a moisture content of 21-24%, to a dry density of 1.55g/cm~3 with 90% of good qualification, by employing 15-ton sheepsfoot rollers with 24 roller passes in 8—10 cm compacted layers. The natural water content of soils in the borrow areas is about 30%, and the borrow materials are excavated horizontally in layers by agricultural plowing method....

The central core of an earth dam is being placed by flood deposit red clay of weathered limestone. The original design specifies that the core material should be placed at a moisture content of 21-24%, to a dry density of 1.55g/cm~3 with 90% of good qualification, by employing 15-ton sheepsfoot rollers with 24 roller passes in 8—10 cm compacted layers. The natural water content of soils in the borrow areas is about 30%, and the borrow materials are excavated horizontally in layers by agricultural plowing method. The wet soils are dried by plowing and aerating and then hauled to the dam. In 1964, prior to the flood season, the rate of construction was rather slow, and dry loose layer, smooth surface, shear failure and poor bond between layers were often found, and there also occurred the splitting of soil layers after wetting by rain. As a result, the quality and speed of construction were greatly affected In order to cope with these problems, laboratory and field compaction tests have been carried out which show that by reducing the placement dry density to 1.50 or 1.51 g/cm~3, and increasing the moisture content to 24—28%, the requirement of stability and seepage can still be satisfied, but with a remarkable improvement of the plasticity and uniformity of the darn core, thereby those defects in quality control during construction can be basically prevented. Through the field compaction tests corresponding method of construction and compaction parameters are determined, and then actually applied in construction. The field compaction tests have also shown that the rubber-tired roller is superior to sheepsfoot roller, because the former permits higher construction moisture content, and excavation on vertical surface in the borrow area is also possible. The intervention between hauling the soil by trucks onto the dam and compacting the soil by sheepsfoot rollers is avoided. It has the advantage of simultaneously raising the dam core and the outer shells. A better uniformity of compaction is obtained and the bond between layers is also good enough though not so excellent as that produced by sheepsfoot-roller.

我国南方一座较高土坝的心墙采用了石灰岩风化洪积红粘土填筑,原设计填筑标准为干容重1.55克/厘米~3,合格率90%,含水量21~24%,用15吨羊足碾,压24遍,每层压实土厚度8~10厘米.料場天然含水量30%左右,用农业机耕方法逐层水平开采,翻晒碎土后上坝.1964年汛前施工中发现生产效率低,经常发生干松土层、光面、剪力破坏、结合不良等质量事故,还有雨后浸水分层现象,经常返工,对施工进度与质量都有很大影响.为了解决这些问题,曾进行了试验室及现場碾压试验,证明将填筑干容重降低互1.50或1.51克/厘米~3,含水量提高到24~28%,仍能满足稳定及防渗要求,而填土塑性、均勻性及耐水性有显著改善,基本上可解决施工中发生的一些质量事故,并通过现場碾压试验确定了相应的施工方法及压实参数,在工程上已实际采用.现場碾压实验中也表明气胎碾比羊足碾压实有显著的优点,可进一步提高施工含水量,有可能在料場使用立采工艺,解决汽车运土上坝与羊足碾碾压之间的矛盾,工效高,有利于坝壳与心墙平起,压实质量较均匀等,结合面质量也能满足要求,建议推广使用.

Secondary hypertension is not common, yet whether it is worthwhile to do further examinations as a routine for each hypertensive patient in order to discover it is still controversial. A total of 1,076 hypertensive patients found during blood pressure surveys in a steel plant were subjected to further examinations including history inquiry, physical examination and the minimum necessary laboratory tests suggested by WHO Expert Committee. Only 12 patients ( 1. 12% ) were thus found to have secondary hypertension,...

Secondary hypertension is not common, yet whether it is worthwhile to do further examinations as a routine for each hypertensive patient in order to discover it is still controversial. A total of 1,076 hypertensive patients found during blood pressure surveys in a steel plant were subjected to further examinations including history inquiry, physical examination and the minimum necessary laboratory tests suggested by WHO Expert Committee. Only 12 patients ( 1. 12% ) were thus found to have secondary hypertension, and none had indication for surgical intervention.This figure is much lower than the percentage ( 30.7% ) of cases that proved to be of secondary type among 1,021 hospitalized patients with hypertension. 100 Out of 314 such cases of secondary hypertension, had been operated upon.It is considered therefore that for an ordinary patient with hypertension only history inquiry and physical examination are necessary and further laboratory studies should be done only when secondary hypertension is suspected because of relatively young age, high levels of blood pressure or in the presence of symptoms and signs suggestive of an underlying primary disease.

按照世界卫生组织的建议,作者对首都钢铁公司1,076名高血压病人进行了继发性高血压的筛选,共发现继发性高血压12例,均无手术指征。另外,对阜外医院1,021名高血压住院病人作了病历分析,发现继发性高血压314例,其中100例接受了手术。两组比例悬殊。故作者认为在基层可根据病史、体检选择可疑对象而不必普遍进行各项检查去筛选继发性高血压。

 
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