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hemodialysis     
相关语句
  血液透析
     On the Experimental and Clinical Investigations of Hemodialysis
     血液透析若干问题的实验研究与临床观察
短句来源
     Hemodialysis in 11 Patients With Acute Renal Failure
     急性肾衰的血液透析(附11例报告)
短句来源
     HEMODIALYSIS AND HEMOPERFUSION IN THE TREATMENT OF ACUTE DRUG OVERDOSAGE AND POISONING:REPORT OF 29 CASES
     血液透析和血液灌流治疗急性药物、毒物中毒——29例临床分析
短句来源
     Clinical Observation of Oxygen-supplying Hemodialysis
     内供氧血液透析(附80例次报告)
短句来源
     SUMMARY OF TREATING 1020 PERSON-TIME WITH HEMODIALYSIS
     血液透析治疗1020人次总结
短句来源
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  透析
     Color Doppler Sonography of Hemodialysis Vascular Access 15 Cases Analysis
     彩色多普勒超声检查透析血管通路15例分析
短句来源
     Establishment of artificial hemodialysis ac-cess and its clinical use
     人造血管透析通路的建立及其临床应用
短句来源
     Clinical study of nutrition and adequacy dialysis in hemodialysis patients using urea kinetic modeling
     应用尿素动力学模型评价血透患者透析充分性和营养状态的临床研究
短句来源
     Clinical Study of Nutrition AndAdequacy Dialysis in Hemodialysis PatientsUsing Urea Kinetic Modeling
     应用尿素动力学模型评价血透病人透析充分性和营养状态的临床研究
短句来源
     Observations on input of protein in 32 patients treated with hemodialysis
     32例透析患者蛋白质入量观察
短句来源
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  血透
     To maintain common trouble of Althin/TIAN System1000 hemodialysis machine
     Althin/TIAN System1000 HDF血透机常见故障及检修
短句来源
     Therapy effect of 1,25-(OH)_2D_3 on secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) caused by maintenance hemodialysis
     维持性血透患者口服1,25(OH)_2D_3的治疗观察
短句来源
     Results CRP levels in patients on hemodialysis were significantly higher than those in the control(0.38±0.55vs 0.11± 0.18 mg/dl, P <0.01),and their IL 6 levels were also significantly higher than those in the control(67.74±46.69vs34.60±22.82pg/ml, P <0.001).
     结果 血透患者CRP水平显著高于对照组 (0 .3 8± 0 .5 5vs 0 .11± 0 .18mg/dl,P <0 .0 1) ,IL 6水平显著高于对照组 (67.74± 46.69vs 3 4.60± 2 2 .82pg/ml ,P <0 .0 0 1)。
短句来源
     Range of Hp concentration of hemodialysis patients is 0 27~0 61u/ml in a period of time of hemodialysis. The peak value of plasma Hp concentration of 2 DIC patients are 0 36u/ml and 0 33u/ml respectively for 2 and 3 hour after injecting Hp.
     肾病病人血透期间血液 Hp浓度为 0 .2 7~ 0 .61 u/ml,2例 DIC病人在皮下注射 Hp后 2 h和 3h分别达到 0 .36u/ml和 0 .33u/ml的峰值浓度。
短句来源
     Changes of blood β_2-microglobulin in patients with maintenance hemodialysis and effect of high permeable hemodialysis on β_2-MG
     维持血透患者血β_2-MG的变化及高通量透析对β_2-MG影响的临床研究
短句来源
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  性血液透析
     Results VEGF was higher in patients with maintained hemodialysis than in the controls(187.3±110.0pg/ml Vs 44.6±29.3pg/ml, P <0.001).
     结果 维持性血液透析患者血清VEGF水平明显高于正常对照 (187.3± 110 .0pg/mlvs 44 .6± 2 9.3pg/ml ,P <0 .0 0 1)。
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate serum C-reactive protein(CRP) levels in diabetes mellitus(DM) patients with end stage renal disease(ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis(HD).
     目的:探讨糖尿病终末期肾病(end stage renal disease-diabetes mellitus,ESRD-DM)维持性血液透析(hemodialysis,HD)患者C-反应蛋白(C-reactive protein,CRP)变化.
短句来源
     The Research of Relationship between Hypertension and TXA_2-PGI_2 Imbalance in Patients Treated by Chronic Hemodialysis
     维持性血液透析患者高血压与TXA_2-PGI_2严衡失调的关系
短句来源
     In MHD patients , the 1st-year ,3rd-year and 5th-year survial rate of maintenance hemodialysis patients was 93.53%,68.92% and 62.51%, respectively .
     ESRD维持性血液透析患者1年生存率93.53%,3年生存率为68.92%,5年生存率62.51%;
短句来源
     There was significant positive correlation between hemodialysis duration and TM, PAI-1 levels (r= 0.464, 0.435 respectively, P< 0.001).
     TM、PAI-1水平与维持性血液透析年限成正相关(r分别为0.464、0.435,均P<0.001)。
短句来源
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  hemodialysis
Effect of renal function and hemodialysis on the serum tumor markers in patients with chronic kidney disease
      
The effects of renal function and hemodialysis were examined on serum levels of some of the tumor markers including CEA, CA199, CA125, AFP, CA153, CA724, CYFRA21-1, NSE, SCC-Ag, PSA, and fPSA.
      
The 232 non-dialysis patients with CKD and 37 chronic uremic patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled in this study.
      
The serum levels of CA125 and NSE were significantly higher (P >amp;lt; 0.01) in hemodialysis patients than in the nondialysis control patients.
      
Hemodialysis further increased the serum level of CA125 and NSE.
      
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During the period from Aug. 1978 through June 1981, 22 uremic patients with (Severe fluid overload and congestive heart failure were treated with extracorporeal ultrafiltration method (ECUM) or sequential ultrafiltration diffusion by hollow fiber dialyzers one to three times weekly for one to five and a half hours each, removing about 2.0-5.2 liters of body fluid per treatment with excellent results.Rapid ultrafiltration without simultaneous dialysis could be much better tolerated than ultrafiltration during...

During the period from Aug. 1978 through June 1981, 22 uremic patients with (Severe fluid overload and congestive heart failure were treated with extracorporeal ultrafiltration method (ECUM) or sequential ultrafiltration diffusion by hollow fiber dialyzers one to three times weekly for one to five and a half hours each, removing about 2.0-5.2 liters of body fluid per treatment with excellent results.Rapid ultrafiltration without simultaneous dialysis could be much better tolerated than ultrafiltration during conventional hemodialysis. Certain overhydrated uremic patients with very high blood pressure could stand a rigorous removal of fluid by ECUM to the extent of 3-4 liters in 2-3 hours very well, without showing any sign of a disequilibrium syndrome. The authors believe that this well being after EOUM is a consequence of an unchanged osmolarity in plasma.The technique is simple and safe. During isolated ultrafiltration mode there is no dialysate passing through the dialyzer. This can be achieved by applying a vacuum pump to the dialysate inlet tube while the outlet dialysate port is plugged.In patients with acute and chronic fluid overload especially with acute pulmonary edema EOUM alone may be life-saving.It should be strongly emphasized that hypotension even cardiac arrest may occur if ultrafiltration rate is too fast or if too much fluid is extracted.

采用中空纤维透析器单纯体外超滤可在1~2小时内排除体内水分2~3升!迅速有

Twenty seven patients with end stage renal failure, aged 23-61 years have been selected for OAPD since Sept. 1980. Before dialysis there were 19 patients with overhydrated heart failure, 23 with moderate or severe hypertension, 8 with uremio pericarditis or hemorrhagio perioardial tamponade, and 14 patients associated with serious psychoneurological disturbances. The average hemoglobin concentration was 5.6±1.0g/dl, the mean plasma oreatinine and BUN were 13.2±3.0 mg/dl and 154 ±44 mg/dl respectively. OAPD was...

Twenty seven patients with end stage renal failure, aged 23-61 years have been selected for OAPD since Sept. 1980. Before dialysis there were 19 patients with overhydrated heart failure, 23 with moderate or severe hypertension, 8 with uremio pericarditis or hemorrhagio perioardial tamponade, and 14 patients associated with serious psychoneurological disturbances. The average hemoglobin concentration was 5.6±1.0g/dl, the mean plasma oreatinine and BUN were 13.2±3.0 mg/dl and 154 ±44 mg/dl respectively. OAPD was performed with plastic bags containing 1.5 to 2.0 liters dialysate solution. Most of our patients commenced with 4 bag exchanges per day.At the end of Deo. 1981, the total treatment time was 138 patient-months. Of the 27 patients, 17 were still under treatment and 10 died. 11 of the 17 patients had OAPD performed in the hospital, and 6 carried at home. Cardiovascular complications were usually controlled within 1-4 weeks. After the first two months of treatment there was a significant drop in BUN and plasma oreatinine concentration. Hemoglobin concentration steadily increased throughout the treatment. The mean peritoneal clearance of urea and creatinine was 7.9±3.0 ml/min and 14.0±3.0 ml/mm respectively. The middlemolecular weight substances in plasma in 11 patients after 1-3 months of treatment with OAPD were found to be significantly lower than those in the cases of IPD treatment or hemodialysis. The mean protein and free aminoacids losses in the dialysate per day were 9.24±5.04 g and 1.48±0.44 g respectively. The most outstanding complication was peritonitis. There was one episode of peritonitis per 9.4 patient-months. Patients on peritonial dialysis may develop life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias due to hypopotassemia.Our preliminary findings indicated that OAPD is an effective method for the control of uremia. Results of its effect on certain related metabolism were presented and discussed. Further studies are in progress.

非卧床连续腹膜透析是治疗慢性肾功能衰竭的一种有效方法。它的疗效持续、稳定,操作简便,可在家庭施行透析,特别适合于尿毒症患者伴有心包炎、严重贫血、心血管功能不稳定的老年病例和不宜血液透析者。除肯定疗效外,本疗法对尿毒症患者体内各种代谢可能发生的潜在性不良影响,值得进一步探讨。腹腔感染是最常见的和影响透析效果的并发症,强调早期诊治的重要性。

Uremic plasma or serum, hemofiltration ultrafiltrate and peritoneal outflow dialysate were fractionated by gel chromatography. All samples except the above ultrafiltrate were pretreated with a 1 × 40 cm column using sephadex G-50 superfine, or by means of ultrafiltration using a membrane filter CXA 10 or 50 to remove proteins. Fractionation of middle molecules (MMs) was performed on a 1×100 cm sephadex G-15 column,eluted with 0.02 M NH4HCO3 buffer, pH 7.8, at 25℃. Elution was maintained at 10 or 15ml/h. UV absorbanoe...

Uremic plasma or serum, hemofiltration ultrafiltrate and peritoneal outflow dialysate were fractionated by gel chromatography. All samples except the above ultrafiltrate were pretreated with a 1 × 40 cm column using sephadex G-50 superfine, or by means of ultrafiltration using a membrane filter CXA 10 or 50 to remove proteins. Fractionation of middle molecules (MMs) was performed on a 1×100 cm sephadex G-15 column,eluted with 0.02 M NH4HCO3 buffer, pH 7.8, at 25℃. Elution was maintained at 10 or 15ml/h. UV absorbanoe was measured at 206 and 225 nm.All uremic samples could be separated into more than 10 peaks based upon differences in molecular size. According to elution volume, macromoleoules were eluted in the 27-32 ml fraction. Some peaks with significantly higher than healthy serum UV absorbance appeared in the 35-45 ml fraction. This corresponds to the elution volume for reference middle molecular substances vitamin B12 and oxytocin.To evaluate efficiency of the various hemodialysers and charcoal hemoperfusion, MMs as well as small molecules were determined before and after treatment. Differences in efficiency existed for the various dialysers with regard to removal of MMs. The Kii1 dialyser with a cellophane membrane was relatively poor in this respect. The gelatin encapsulated activated charcoal hemoperfuser was effective in the removal of MMs as well as small molecules.The efficiency of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (OAPD) was also evaluated. Results showed that OAPD was effective in the removal of MMs, though it was not so efficient as hemodialysis in the removal of small molecules.Fractions in the MMs range were lyophilized. Further subfraotionation and identification are in progress.

本文介绍应用凝胶层析法检测尿毒症中分子物质的方法,与正常人比较,尿毒症病人血清中有异常的中分子量物质积聚,实验结果表明了解这些物质被清除的情况,有助于对血液透析、血液灌流、腹膜透析的效能作出评价,简化实验方法可推广用于临床,观察疗效。中分子物质的进一步分离和鉴定仍在继续进行。

 
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