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craniocerebral injury
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  颅脑损伤
     CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEATH CAUSES IN 110 PATIENTS WITH SEVERE CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURY
     重型颅脑损伤110例死因分析
短句来源
     Clinical Analysis of 1760 Patients with Morderate and Severe Craniocerebral Injury
     1760例中重型颅脑损伤临床分析
短句来源
     RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE AND PROGNOSIS IN SEVERE CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURY
     重型颅脑损伤时颅内压与预后的关系
短句来源
     Analyses of delayed intracranial hematomas after operation of craniocerebral injury: A report of 22 cases
     颅脑损伤术后并发迟发性颅内血肿分析(附22例报告)
短句来源
     The Analysis of the Causes of Death of 52 Cases of Sever Craniocerebral Injury
     52例重型颅脑损伤死亡原因分析
短句来源
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  颅脑外伤
     Results:Of all cases,114 were severe craniocerebral injury (32.5%).
     结果:重度颅脑外伤患者114例,占32.5%。
短句来源
     Methods:We made a retrospective study on the data of 316 patients with severe craniocerebral injury admitted into our hospital from Jan.1993 to Dec.2003.Results:For the patients received medical aid within less than 3 hours after injury,the fatality rate was 25.66%,for those given the treatment within 3 to 24 hours,the fatality rate 37.13%,and for those had the treatment over 24 hours after injury,the fatality rate 47.22%.
     方法:回顾分析山西省榆次市人民医院自1993年1月至2003年12月收治的316例重型颅脑外伤患者的临床资料。 结果:研究组中颅脑损伤患者伤后小于3h救治者病死率25.66%,3h~24h者为37.13%,大于24h者为47.22%。
短句来源
     Methods All 60 patients with severe craniocerebral injury(GCS≤8) were randomly divided into the control group(30 cases) and lidocaine-treatment group(30 cases).
     方法重度颅脑外伤患者60例(GCS≤8分),随机分为两组,对照组30例,伤后予常规治疗;
短句来源
     Analysis of Treatment for 443 Patients with Craniocerebral Injury
     颅脑外伤443例救治分析
短句来源
     They were diagnosed and treated based on neuro-ophthalmological examination,laboratory test,CT,MRI,DSA and so on. Results Among the factors responsible for opthalmoparalysis,intracranial aneurysms took the first place(16/46),followed by painful ophthalmoplegia syndrom(8/46),diabetes(8/46),craniocerebral injury(6/46),intracranial infection(4/46),medial rectus injury(2/46).
     结果眼肌麻痹的病因以动脉瘤最多(34.8%,16/46),其次为痛性眼肌麻痹(17.4%,8/46)及糖尿病性眼肌麻痹(17.4%,8/46),其它依次为:颅脑外伤(13.0%,6/46)、颅内感染(8.6%,4/46)、内直肌损伤(4.3%,2/46)。
短句来源
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  颅脑损伤
     CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEATH CAUSES IN 110 PATIENTS WITH SEVERE CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURY
     重型颅脑损伤110例死因分析
短句来源
     Clinical Analysis of 1760 Patients with Morderate and Severe Craniocerebral Injury
     1760例中重型颅脑损伤临床分析
短句来源
     RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE AND PROGNOSIS IN SEVERE CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURY
     重型颅脑损伤时颅内压与预后的关系
短句来源
     Analyses of delayed intracranial hematomas after operation of craniocerebral injury: A report of 22 cases
     颅脑损伤术后并发迟发性颅内血肿分析(附22例报告)
短句来源
     The Analysis of the Causes of Death of 52 Cases of Sever Craniocerebral Injury
     52例重型颅脑损伤死亡原因分析
短句来源
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  “craniocerebral injury”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Clinical study on Jiangjunxingshen decoction(将军醒神汤) in treating acute severe craniocerebral injury
     将军醒神汤治疗急性重型颅脑损伤的临床研究
短句来源
     The mortality rate reached 69.5% (314/452) before hospitalization. The first three causes to death from severe to mild were craniocerebral injury accounting to 44.7% (320/716), chest injury to 25.4% (182/716) and abdominal injury to 16.5% (118/716) respectively.
     院前死亡率高达 6 9.5 % (314 4 5 2 ) ,死亡原因前三位依次是颅脑伤 4 4 .7%(32 0 716 ) ,胸部伤 2 5 .4 % (182 716 ) ,腹部伤 16 .5 % (118 716 )。
短句来源
     The overall incidence of Craniocerebral injury was 56.6% and the proportion of severe Craniocerebral injury was 16.3%.
     总的脑损伤发生率为56.6%,重度脑损伤发生率为16.3%。
短句来源
     AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURY CAUSED BY7.62mm BULLETS IN DOGS Ⅰ.COMPARISON OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PENETRATING CRANIOCEREBRAL, TANGENTIAL BRAIN AND SKULL INJURIES
     7.62 mm弹颅脑火器伤实验研究——Ⅰ、脑贯通伤、脑切线伤和颅骨切线伤的比较
短句来源
     Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of 200 patients with severe craniocerebral injury admitted into our hospital between 1998 and 2004.Of these patients,30 had primary brain-stem injury,38 severe cerebral contusion,18 moderate cerebral contusion,98 intracranial hematoma,and 16 diffuse axonal injury.
     方法:回顾分析1998年至2004年收治的200例重型颅脑损伤的患者,其中原发性脑干损伤30例,重度脑挫裂伤38例,中度脑挫裂伤18例,颅内血肿98例,弥漫性轴索损伤16例。
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  craniocerebral injury
Presumably, cell therapy is a safe method which can be used in the treatment of craniocerebral injury aftereffects.
      
Cell suspension consisting of cells from immature nervous and hemopoietic tissues was transplanted subarachnoidally to patients with craniocerebral injury aftereffects.
      
Immunological and clinical aspects of cell therapy in the treatment of aftereffects of craniocerebral injury
      
LPO and Antiradical Defense Processes in the Liquor of Patients wit Severe Craniocerebral Injury
      
We report on a 28-year-old man with a history of severe craniocerebral injury, including multiple craniofacial fractures resulting from a fall from a height of approximately 6 meters, who was surgically treated one year ago.
      
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Hypoxemia is the most frequent respiratory abnormality in craniocerebral injuries. we present here the results of a retrospective study of the post-operative changes in arterial oxygenation in 65 cases of craniocerebral injuries. Thirty cases of non-neuro-surgical operations were used as controls.It was found that the PaO2 values in the craniocerebral injury group were significantly lower than those in the controls and often accompanied by obvious hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis. Seventy-two per cent...

Hypoxemia is the most frequent respiratory abnormality in craniocerebral injuries. we present here the results of a retrospective study of the post-operative changes in arterial oxygenation in 65 cases of craniocerebral injuries. Thirty cases of non-neuro-surgical operations were used as controls.It was found that the PaO2 values in the craniocerebral injury group were significantly lower than those in the controls and often accompanied by obvious hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis. Seventy-two per cent of the 65 cases had PaO2 values below 80mmHg and 20% below 60mmHg. Obvious hy-poxemia occurred most often in patients with brain stem injuries, extensive cerebral contusions and subdural hematomas. The PaO2 values usually decreased to the lowest level during the period of 24 to 48 hours after operation. There was no mortality in patients whose PaO2 values were above 80mmHg. In contrast, 61% of patients with PaO2 below 60mmHg showed poor prognosis.ICP mornitoring performed in 5 cases of craniocerbral injuries suggested that increased ICP was, in some way, associated with lower PaO2 .Nine dogs, anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital and under controlled ventilation, were studied for changes of arterial blood gases after ICP had been increased by epidu-ral balloon inflation to 50 and 100 mmHg for 30 minutes. All the animals consistently showed a decrease of PaO2 accompanied by a slight increase of PaCO and decrease of pH values after elevaion of ICP.The extent of these changes was greater when ICP was 100mmHg than when it was 50mmHg.Hyperventilation at ICP of 100mmHg could not restore PaO2 to baseline in most animals although their PaCO2 was decreased below baseline. These results indicate that acutely increased ICP has a direct effect on lungs, which is responsible for venous admixture and hypoxemia.The mechanisms,by which hypoxemia is caused after craniocerebral injuries, are discussed, ventilation-perfusion imbalance is considered to be a main factor for hypoxemia.we conclude that instant examination of arterial oxygenation is helpful to the recognition of the status of the patient's respiratory function, to the guidance of medical care and to the assessment of patient's prognois.It is suggested that effective control of increased ICP in head injuries can prevnt further deterioration of the respiratory function.

本研究通过临床病例的观察与分析,进一步了解低氧血症在颅脑损伤术后患者中的发生率、变化规律及其与预后的关系,并结合实验研究,对颅内高压与低氧血症的关系作一初步探讨,为临床上降低颅内高压可改善呼吸功能的可能性提供一定的依据。

A consecutive 355 cases of serere craniocerebral injuries are reported. There were 272 men and 83 women, which treated chiefly by dehydrating therapy, of 88 cases combained with crainotomy. The results of treatment are satisfactory in most patients and the young patients were recovered more better than elder. According to Jennett and Bond's classification, the results of treatment are: Grade Ⅰ 35.2% (125 cases); Grade Ⅱ 31.8% (113 cases); Grade Ⅲ 14.9% (53 cases); Grade Ⅳ 1.9% and Grade Ⅴ 16.1% (57 cases)....

A consecutive 355 cases of serere craniocerebral injuries are reported. There were 272 men and 83 women, which treated chiefly by dehydrating therapy, of 88 cases combained with crainotomy. The results of treatment are satisfactory in most patients and the young patients were recovered more better than elder. According to Jennett and Bond's classification, the results of treatment are: Grade Ⅰ 35.2% (125 cases); Grade Ⅱ 31.8% (113 cases); Grade Ⅲ 14.9% (53 cases); Grade Ⅳ 1.9% and Grade Ⅴ 16.1% (57 cases).

本文将一组355例重型颅脑损伤病例进行了总结,对在临床上常见的几个问题,结合复习有关资料进行了讨论。认为:低年龄组颅脑损伤以原发性脑损伤及反应性脑水肿为主,且颅内血肿发病率较成人低,治疗效果较好,后遗症较少,年长组病例治疗效果较小儿差,恢复较小儿慢对怀疑有颅内血肿的病例,主张早期及时行探查性手术,同时提出在治疗中应注意水、电介质平衡问题,并对重型颅脑损伤病例的预后作了初步探讨。

74 cases of the aged severe craniocerebral injury were presented in this paper, which accounts for 11.9% of the severe craniocerebral injury for the period. Among them, 28 cases died with a morta-lity of 37.8%. The mortality amounts to 51.4% in intracranial hematoma cases. 5 cases over 70 years all died. The reaction capacity becomes lower in old people, so that in craniocerebral injury the early clinical manifestations are difficult to represent the truth.Close observation and the early accurate...

74 cases of the aged severe craniocerebral injury were presented in this paper, which accounts for 11.9% of the severe craniocerebral injury for the period. Among them, 28 cases died with a morta-lity of 37.8%. The mortality amounts to 51.4% in intracranial hematoma cases. 5 cases over 70 years all died. The reaction capacity becomes lower in old people, so that in craniocerebral injury the early clinical manifestations are difficult to represent the truth.Close observation and the early accurate diag-nosis are rather important. Attention should be paid to the multiple injuries and severe medical con-ditions. Some factors such as early clearance of the intracranial hematoma and prevention of com-plications and hypotension during an operation may reduce the mortality.Prognosis may be affected by such factors as the severity of the primary, injury, the compound injuty, complications, age and the deficiency in cerebral blood supply after cranio-cerebral injury.

报道74例老年重型颅脑伤,占同期重型颅脑伤总数的11.9%。死亡28例,病死率37.8%。颅内血肿病死率为51.4%。70岁以上的5例无一例存活。老年人反应力低下,颅脑伤时,早期临床表现难以反映实际伤情,密切观察、早期确诊十分重要。枕部着力对冲伤并发血肿者较多。有无多发伤、严重内科情况也不可忽视。早期清除颅内血肿,术中防止低血压,预防并发症等可降低病死率。原发伤的轻重、合并伤、并发症和年龄是影响预后的因素。颅脑伤后并有脑供血不足常导致预后不佳,应予重视。

 
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