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ethnic groups     
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  民族
     Objective To investigate the polymorphisms of 6 short tandem repeat(STR) loci(D3S1358、D5S818、D7S820、D13S317、FGA、vWA) in Yao ethnic group of Jinxiu in ~ 1. Guangxi province,so as to reveal the genetic relationships among Yao ethnic group of Jinxiu as well as Miao ethnic group of Rongshui county and other twelve ethnic groups.
     目的了解广西金秀瑶族6个STR基因座(D3S1358、D5S818、D7S820、D13S317、FGA、vWA)的遗传多态性,探讨该民族与广西融水苗族等12个民族群体遗传关系。
短句来源
     Conclusion The detection rates of GJB2 235delC and mtDNA A1555G are highest in Han's deaf population among the three major ethnic groups,but there is no statistically significant difference among them.
     结论新疆三个主要民族聋哑学生群体中GJB2 235delC、A1555G突变检出率均以汉族最高,但三个民族的突变检出率经统计学比较无显著性差异。
短句来源
     The differences of HPV 16,18 infection and P53 overexpression have no statistic significance among different ethnic groups (all P >0.05).
     HPV16,18 DNA ,P5 3蛋白阳性检出率在各民族间差异无显著性 (P >0 0 5 )。
短句来源
     Objective To unveil the distribution of E selectin G98T polymorphism in exon 2 and the S128R polymorphism in exon 4 of the Chinese Zhuang and Han ethnic groups in Guangxi province.
     目的研究E-选择素(E-selectin)基因第2外显子G98T和第4外显子S128R遗传多态性在广西壮、汉两民族中的分布。
短句来源
     Establishment and Preservation of Immortal Lymphoblastoid Cell Lines of the 10 Ethnic Groups in China
     中国10个民族永生细胞系的建立与保存
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  少数民族
     Distribution of Adenylate Kinase (AK_1) Polymorphism in 23 Ethnic Groups in Yunnan Province, China
     云南23个少数民族人群腺苷酸激酶(AK_1)多态分布调查
短句来源
     Results: The frequencies of 9 bp deletion in mtDNA of the ethnic groups in Guizhou were from 7.4% to 23.4%.
     结果:各少数民族线粒体DNA 9 bp序列缺失频率为7.4%~23.4%,最低为银屏壮族,最高为沙井苗族。
短句来源
     A Research of Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior and Related Factors on HIV/AIDS of Ethnic Groups in Rural Area
     农村少数民族HIV AIDS知识、态度、行为及相关因素的调查
短句来源
     To study the mutant frequency and polymorphism of stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1) conferring resistance to determined HIV-1/AIDS in 4 ethnic groups in China.
     研究与HIV 1感染相关的基质细胞衍生因子 (SDF1)等位基因突变频率和多态性在中国 4个少数民族的分布特征。
短句来源
     STUDY ON POLYMORPHISM OF THE SDF1 ALLELE IN 4 ETHNIC GROUPS OF CHINA
     中国4个少数民族中SDF1多态性研究
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  族群
     Approaching the problem from the fundamental characteristics of identity, the author examines the relationship in terms of individuals and ethnic groups, explaining the fact that the two kinds of identities will coexist for a long time.
     文章从辨析认同的基本特性入手,分别考察了个人的族群认同与国家认同之间、以及族群的自我认同与国家认同之间的关系,说明族群认同与国家认同长期共存的事实及其含义。
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     The Ethnic Groups in Guangdong and the Research of Regional Culture
     广东族群与区域文化研究——多学科综合研究方法的尝试
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     A Historical Survey of the Status of Ethnic Groups in New York City
     纽约市族群地位的历史考察——对《1992年纽约市族群地位的调查》的一种解读
短句来源
     The introduction into the analysis of Yunnan social groups through the ethnic group theory is of great importance to the interaction between the ethnic group theory and practice of ethnic groups in our country.
     导入族群理论分析云南部分群体的现状,认清族群关系与族群认同是解释其族群文化的两个主要概念,对于推动族群理论与我国族群问题实践的互动有一定价值。
短句来源
     On the Culture of Mother Dragon of Daming Mountains and the Worship of Water God for the Ethnic Groups of South China
     大明山龙母文化与华南族群的水神信仰
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  “ethnic groups”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:20 HLA-DPB1 alleles were observed and compared with other ethnic groups,the allele frequency of HLA-DPB1*02012(24.4%) and DPB1*0402(22.6%),DPB1*0401(20.2%),DPB1*0501(10.7%) are highest,while others are lower.
     结果:在所检测的DPB1等位基因中,共检出20个等位基因,其中频率最高的是DPB1*02012(24.4%),其次是DPB1*0402(22.6%),DPB1*0401(20.2%),DPB1*0501(10.7%),其余等位基因频率均低于5%。
短句来源
     Genotyping of HLA-DRB1by PCR-SSP in Yunnan Lahu Ethnic Groups
     应用PCR-SSP技术对云南拉祜族人HLA-DRB1进行基因分型
短句来源
     A5B4, AQOB4, AQOB96 and AQOBQO were all with the lowest frequency of 0. 0064. Positive-linkage disequilibra were observed in A4B2 and A2B1. Our data were compared with those of other ethnic groups.
     A5B4、AQ0B4、AQ0B96和AQ0BQ0频率最低(均为0.0064)。 其中A4B2和A2B1呈正向连锁不平衡。
短句来源
     Tyr204Phe and Val34Leu polymorphisms in two Brazilian ethnic groups and in patients with recurrent miscarriages
     两个巴西种族及反复性流产患者Tyr204Phe和Val34Leu基因的多态性
短句来源
     Conclusions ①G6PD nt1376G→T and G6PD nt1388G→A are two main variants in Muyun SN. Chinese ethnic groups share the similar G6PD gene variants, suggesting originated from the same ancestor.
     结论①nt1376G→T、nt1388G→A是福建畲族中主要的基因突变型,中华民族具有共同的G6PD基因突变型,因而可能源于共同的祖先。
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  ethnic groups
The purpose of such a data register would be to assess the genetical predisposition to tumors in various ethnic groups by determining the "starting conditions" of enzyme systems responsible for the metabolism of chemical carcinogens.
      
The literature data are presented on the correlations between the enzyme activity and cancer morbidity in various ethnic groups.
      
It was found that the work capacity and exercise tolerance significantly decreased in both ethnic groups during the last decade of the 20th century.
      
According to the results, drugs exported to monoethnic and multiethnic countries should be thoroughly tested for metabolic safety for ethnic groups with particular drug-metabolism phenotypes.
      
Migrants of different ethnic groups exhibited significantly different frequencies of AB0 and Rh phenotypes.
      
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The frequency response of human ear measured for right and left ear of ten subjects under "unclosed seal" (or natural seal) and "closed seal" conditions is described, as well as equivalent electrical network is analysed. In the equivalent electrical network the acoustical mass of acoustic leaks is very important for impedance over the range from 250 to 1000Hz under the leakage conditions. The difference of the frequency response of human ear measured under closed seal conditions among different ethnic groups...

The frequency response of human ear measured for right and left ear of ten subjects under "unclosed seal" (or natural seal) and "closed seal" conditions is described, as well as equivalent electrical network is analysed. In the equivalent electrical network the acoustical mass of acoustic leaks is very important for impedance over the range from 250 to 1000Hz under the leakage conditions. The difference of the frequency response of human ear measured under closed seal conditions among different ethnic groups is very small after the comparisons are made. This work illustrates that only if the closed seal method with a standard high impedance earphone is used in measuring the real ear frequency response, the artificial ear used in audiometry can simulate these closed seal curves.

本文通过对十人双耳分别在松弛密封(或自然密封)和紧固密封条件下的人耳频响测量以及等效电路的推导和分析,说明声漏中声质量分量是不可忽视的;在250~1000赫频段内,声阻抗主要由它决定。在250赫以下声漏中声阻分量才起主要作用。本文对本实验频响与国外公布的人耳频响进行了对比,表明不同人种之间的平均人耳频响差别不大。采用高声阻抗标准耳机测量人耳频响时,证明只有紧固密封才能测出人耳实际频响,计量院测听仿真耳与IEC 318仿真耳一样,皆能较好地模拟紧固密封人耳频响。

An electrophoretically fast moving hemoglobin variant, accounting for 19.3% of the total hemoglobin, was found in Beijing by cellulose acetate electrophoresis. The proband was a 24 years-old male adult of Han ethnic group living in Beijing. Family study showed that, among 19 mem- bers, 7 carried the same hemoglobin variant. They were heterozygotes, and showed neither clinical nor hematological abnormalities. Structure studies demonstrated that the Lysine at the 16th position of the α-chain is substituted...

An electrophoretically fast moving hemoglobin variant, accounting for 19.3% of the total hemoglobin, was found in Beijing by cellulose acetate electrophoresis. The proband was a 24 years-old male adult of Han ethnic group living in Beijing. Family study showed that, among 19 mem- bers, 7 carried the same hemoglobin variant. They were heterozygotes, and showed neither clinical nor hematological abnormalities. Structure studies demonstrated that the Lysine at the 16th position of the α-chain is substituted by Asparagine. It is a new hemoglobin variant not reported previously in the literature. It is thus named hemoglobin Beijing (北京) [αl6 (A14) Lys→Asn] after the place where it was found.

用醋纤薄膜电泳法在北京发现一种新的快速异常血红蛋白,其含量占总Hb的19.3%。先证者男,汉族,北京市人。调查其家系19人,发现连同先证者共有7个成员携带有相同异常Hb,均为杂合子,无临床和血液学的异常。化学结构分析证明为α-链第16位赖氨酸被门冬酰胺取代,是迄今文献中未见报道的Hb新变种。按其发现地点,将其命名为血红蛋白北京(Hb Beijing):α16(A14)Lys→Asn。

More than one hundred cases of Hemoglobin E have been reported in china since1964.Most of these propositi were heterozygotes,but a few cases were homozygotesor double heterozygotes of HbE and thalassemia(βE/βo and βE/β~+).They mainlybelonged to the Han(汉) nationality,Zhuang(壮) and Dai(傣) ethnic groups etc,witha wide distribution in 8 provinces.Structure analyses were made in some of themand one case with HbE was found from Meng(蒙) ethnic group,However,there wasno information on this Hb variant among...

More than one hundred cases of Hemoglobin E have been reported in china since1964.Most of these propositi were heterozygotes,but a few cases were homozygotesor double heterozygotes of HbE and thalassemia(βE/βo and βE/β~+).They mainlybelonged to the Han(汉) nationality,Zhuang(壮) and Dai(傣) ethnic groups etc,witha wide distribution in 8 provinces.Structure analyses were made in some of themand one case with HbE was found from Meng(蒙) ethnic group,However,there wasno information on this Hb variant among Yao(瑶) ethnic group(another one of ournational minorities)ever obtained in China.So the following case with HbE presentedhere is the first one.This female propositus,a 14 years-old girl of Yao ethnic group,was a nativeof Jiang-hua County,Hunan Province.She and her mother carrying the sameabnormal Hb were all heterozygotes.Hematologic examinations gave a positiveisopropanol precipitation test and(+)inclusion bodies.Clinically she was symptomless,Primary structure analysis was performed and a substitution of lysine for the 26thglutamic acid from the N-terminal end of β-Chain was identified[denoted as β26(B8)Glu→Lys].Based on her“finger-print”of β~XⅠ peak,it is presumably considered thatδ chain may be mixed with some β~E chain.

1979年迄今,在我国汉、壮和傣族中已发现多倒 HbE,还有1例蒙族 HbE。本文报道的这例 HbE,为我国瑶族发现的第一例,已经过一级结构分析确证。先证者女性,14岁,瑶族,湖南江华县人。家系调查,证明其母携者相同的异常 Hb,两人均属杂合子型。血液学检查,异丙醇试验阳性,保温12小时包涵体阳性。无临床症状。异常珠蛋白链的一级结构分析,显示其β链 N 端的第26位谷氨酸被赖氨酸所取代〔可表示如β26(B8)Glu→Lys〕。根据其β~xI 的指纹图,我们推测δ链可能混有少许β~E 链。

 
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