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strengthening     
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  加强
     10 Suggestions on Strengthening and Improving the Experimental Technical Equipment
     加强、改善实验技术装备管理的十条建议
短句来源
     A Few Suggestions on Strengthening the Research Work on the Produ ction Techniques of Industrial Enterprises
     关于加强工业企业生产技术研究的几点建议
短句来源
     STRENGTHENING THE STUDY ON THE USABILITY OF AIRCRAFT MATERIAIS
     加强航空材料的使用性研究
短句来源
     Strengthening Agricultural Transformation in the Areas of the Northwest China and Greeting New Challenge of the WorldTechnical Revolution
     加强西北地区的农业技术改造 迎接世界新的技术革命的挑战
短句来源
     The Urgency of Strengthening Agricultural Education Viewed from the Actual Investigation and Requisite Predication of Agricultural Professiouals in Shaanxi Province
     从陕西省农业专门人才现状调查和需求预测看加强农业教育的紧迫性
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  加固
     Experimental Research and Numerical Simulation on New-Style Strengthening Technology of Reinforced Concrete Member
     钢筋混凝土构件新型加固技术的试验研究与数值仿真分析
短句来源
     Experimental Study and Theoretical Analysis on Strengthening Reinforced Concrete Beams with High-performance Ferrocement
     高性能复合砂浆钢筋(丝)网加固混凝土梁试验研究与理论分析
短句来源
     RC Structure Reliability Design for Expected Service Life and Its FRP Strengthening and Monitoring
     钢筋混凝土结构预期使用期可靠度设计与FRP加固监测
短句来源
     Study of Mechanism, Design Method and Application for Strengthening RC T-Beam Bridge with Sheet Materials
     钢筋混凝土T梁桥的片材加固机理、设计方法及其应用
短句来源
     The Efficiency and Feasibility of Externally Bonded FRP Strengthening Concrete Bridge Girder
     外贴FRP加固混凝土桥梁的加固效率与可加固
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  强化
     The Study on the Mechanism in Purification of Diatomite Ore by Microwave Strengthening
     微波强化硅藻土矿提纯机理研究
短句来源
     Non-Twin Strengthening and Toughening Mechanism for Cold-Weld Deposited Metall of High Carbon Alloy Steel
     冷焊态高碳合金钢型熔敷金属无孪晶强化及增韧
短句来源
     Research on strengthening micromechanisms and tribological behaviour of Cu/Ni multilayers with Molecular Dynamic Simulations
     Cu/Ni纳米多层膜微观强化机理及微摩擦学特性的分子动力学模拟
短句来源
     Strengthening Mechanisms and Hot Deformation Characteristics of MP159 Alloy
     MP159合金的强化机理和热态变形特性
短句来源
     Strengthening of the Fe-0.04Nb-0.02C Alloy
     Fe-0.04 Nb-0.02C合金的强化
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  增强
     Studies of the Toughening and Strengthening Effect of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber/Nano-CaCO_3 Complex Powdered Rubber on Polypropylene
     丁苯橡胶/纳米CaCO_3复合粉末橡胶增韧增强聚丙烯的研究
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     Study on a Novel Route to Toughneing and Strengthening and Modified Mechanism of PA66
     PA66增强增韧改性的新途径及其改性机理研究
短句来源
     Strengthening and Toughening Mechanism of Steel Fiber Reinforced High-strength Concrete and Design Method Based on Toughness
     钢纤维高强混凝土增强、增韧机理及基于韧性的设计方法研究
短句来源
     THE EFFECT OF IMPURE IONS IN MOLTEN SALT KNO_3 ON ION EXCHANGE AND STRENGTHENING OF GLASS
     KNO_3熔盐中杂质离子对玻璃离子交换和增强的影响
短句来源
     Mechanism of Strengthening Carbon-Containing Refractories with Additives of Si and Al
     Al 和Si 添加物使含碳材料增强机理的研究
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  strengthening
As a strengthening of the conjecture we show that for an f ∈ L2(?n) its Wigner distribution has a support of measure 0 or ∞ in any half-space of ?2n.
      
Biomimetic strengthening polylactide scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering
      
Finally, we analyzed the mechanism of the strengthening effects of nano-SiO2 on UF resin by means of infrared spectrum analysis and X-ray photoelectronic spectrum (XPS).
      
Based on strengthening cultivation and management, integrated control measures were put forward including physical, biologic and chemical methods.
      
In addition, the aging strengthening mechanism was investigated based on the precipitation strengthening theory.
      
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The effect of soybean phosphatide on toad hearts at higher temperatures(22-30℃) depends upon the duration of perfusion. In the first 2-3 hours there is always a strengthening of contraction, while after 5-10 hours, when the heart gives much feebler contraction due to exhaustion, this beneficial effect of phosphatide tends to disappear. The exhausted heart can, however, be made to improve by simply adding glucose to the perfusion fluid. Promptly the contractility of the heart recovers. Glucose thus, plays...

The effect of soybean phosphatide on toad hearts at higher temperatures(22-30℃) depends upon the duration of perfusion. In the first 2-3 hours there is always a strengthening of contraction, while after 5-10 hours, when the heart gives much feebler contraction due to exhaustion, this beneficial effect of phosphatide tends to disappear. The exhausted heart can, however, be made to improve by simply adding glucose to the perfusion fluid. Promptly the contractility of the heart recovers. Glucose thus, plays an important role in the nutrition of the exhausted tissue. However in the first 2-3 hours after isolation when the heart is still relatively fresh, the added glucose is apparently not utilized. The consumption of glucose of the exhausted heart is in direct proportion to environmental temperature. In this series of experiments, the rate of consumption of glucose per gram heart tissue per hour is 0.84, 1.45 and 4.05 miligrams at 15-16℃, 22-23℃ and 27-30℃ respectively.

(一)磷脂對在較高室温長期灌流而衰弱的心臟或呈較弱而不持久的興奮作用,或竟無顯明的影響。 (二)葡萄糖在灌流液中的作用視室温與離體時間而定。在較高室温長期灌流而衰竭的心臟,葡萄糖是必要的,它可以維持心肌收縮並被心肌所消耗。如心臟離體時間較短,室温較低,則葡萄糖並非必需。 (三)在較高室温,長期灌流而衰竭的心臟,葡萄糖恢復心臟的搏動並為心肌所消耗。其消耗速率,在15—16℃,22—23℃以及27—30℃,每克心肌各為0.84,1.45,及4.05毫克/小時。本文在沈(?)淇教授指導下写作,特此致謝。

The investigation of the properties of loess constitutes a highly specialized branch of soil engineering. The design and construction of foundations and earthwork in this soil involve many uncertainties that have not been solved. Among all uncertainties the following are considered the most important items:(1) the changes of bearing capacities caused by variations in the strength of the cohesive bond due to changes in its moisture content, and(2) the methods of ascertaining the amount of its settlement under...

The investigation of the properties of loess constitutes a highly specialized branch of soil engineering. The design and construction of foundations and earthwork in this soil involve many uncertainties that have not been solved. Among all uncertainties the following are considered the most important items:(1) the changes of bearing capacities caused by variations in the strength of the cohesive bond due to changes in its moisture content, and(2) the methods of ascertaining the amount of its settlement under the combined action of foundation loads and of percolating water.In order to prevent foundations against settlement the "Provisional Code for the Design of Natural Foundations" gives a set of rules of precautions for designers to observe, which include the prevention of water from getting into the foundations, artificial strengthening of the soil and the designing of superstructures in such a way that they will adjust themselves to settlement. Before the adoption of any of such precautions could be decided, the accuracy in evaluating the amount of possible settlement of the soil is a problem of prime importance, which unfortunately cannot be satisfactorily obtained.This paper attempts to give some predominent characteristics of loess, the points of contradiction between the assumptions made in the old designing code and the results derived from actual work, a comparison of the salient features of the old code with the new code of ordinance of the U. S. S. R., 1955, and some suggestions regarding further developments of this branch of soil engineering. Several cases of actual construction work in loess in recent years are also cited which, owing to our incomplete knowledge of the soils, nature, have inevitably either caused unnecessary expenses to the works, or brought about results detrimental to the stability of structures.In this branch of soil engineering have, therefore, many difficulties yet to be contended with. It is hoped that this paper could be of some reference value to research engineers in this line and the knowledge of loess be further developed in view of the increasing pressure of necessity in our present construction work.

黄土工程特性的研究,是目前土壤力学一个重要部門。有关黄土区的地基与土工工作、我們經常根据“天然地基設計暫行規范”上条文来設計,但对於基土沉陷量的估計,往往不易准确,而造成工程上的困难与事故。这是現时没有得到解决的問題。本文闡述黄土的若干特性,旧規范条文上的缺点,苏联1955年批准的“建筑法規”内改善黄土部分条文的意义,以及目前国内研究与發展的方向。其中主要說明黄土由於荷載及含水量兩項的綜合影响对其沉陷性能上所發生的变化,以及估計这項变化较合理的方法,以期在研究工作上作进一步的認識。

The action of Wave on vertical wall is one of the important problem. in wave theory. The invstigation of it is valuable not only because of the fiact that it will enable us to learn more deeply the important phenomena of the wave motion of the ocean. Since Sainflou established his theory of standing wave, many famous scientists have been waking researches on that problem. This problem should be studied not only theoretically and experimentally, but also should be studied in the light of experiences of the breakwater...

The action of Wave on vertical wall is one of the important problem. in wave theory. The invstigation of it is valuable not only because of the fiact that it will enable us to learn more deeply the important phenomena of the wave motion of the ocean. Since Sainflou established his theory of standing wave, many famous scientists have been waking researches on that problem. This problem should be studied not only theoretically and experimentally, but also should be studied in the light of experiences of the breakwater failures occured in the past. Therefore when-ever a failure of breakwater occurs in any part of the world, the investigatort attention will be at once taken upon it. On the 19th Feb. 1955, a great damage of the breakwater at port Genoa, Italy occured. At the suggestion of the Soviet specialist A. A. Kasparson(A. A. ), then working with us, a model test for investigating the cause of failure of breakwater at Port Genoa was conducted in our laboratory. After observing and analyzing many times the failure of breakwater in the process of this experiment, We find that it may be classified as concern to the phenomena of failure into two types, namely, types of long-wave failure and that of short-wave failure. As to the failure which occured at port Genoa, it belongs to the type of short-wave failure. In this experiment, the ware pressure on the face of the vertical wall has also been measured. Besides that, for the purpose of increasing the wall's ability to resist against long-wave failure, several tests of strengthening the stone bed near the harbour side are made.

波浪对直立堤的作用是波浪理论中的一个重要问题。这个问题的研究不仅是进行港口设计所必需的,而且还有助于我们深入地了解海洋中的波浪运动。 自从森弗罗(Sainflou)建立了他的立波理论以来,许多知名的科学家进行了这方面的工作。这今问题不仅是需要在理论上和在实验室内加以研究,而且还应该深入地去研究已经发生了的外堤破坏事故。因此一旦在某处发生这类的事故,就必然会引起各国科学家们的注意。 1955年2月19日,在意大利热那亚港发生了一件巨大的外堤破坏事故。那时苏联专家A.A.卡斯巴申(A.A.Каспарсон)还在我院工作,在他的建议下,在我们的实验室内进行了模型试验以研究热那亚港外堤的破坏原因。 在实验中,我们观察和分析了外堤的许多破坏现象,根据这些观察和分析,我们可以把破坏按其现象分成二类:即长波破坏和短波破坏。而热那亚港的破坏事故则属于第二类。 在这个实验中,我们还测了直立堤上的波压力。此外,为了增加外堤抵抗长波破坏的能力,我们还做了几个加强港侧基床的试验。

 
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