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neurogenic     
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  神经源性
     There are 326(46.5%) vasculogenic tumors,146(20.8%) lacrimal ones,101(14.4%) neurogenic ones,92(13.1%) lymphomatic ones and 36(5.1%) others.
     血管源性326例(46.5%),泪腺源性146例(20.8%),神经源性101例(14.4%),淋巴源性92例(13.1%),其他36例(5.1%)。
短句来源
     There are 3 cases(5%)of neurogenic tumors(1 case of medulloepithelioma,1.7%;1 case of neurilemoma,1.7%;1 case of neurofibroma,1.7%).
     神经源性肿瘤3例(5%),髓上皮瘤,神经纤维瘤和神经鞘瘤各1例(1.7%);
短句来源
     Results Among 265 GIMT cases, there were 146 cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) , 113 cases of leiomyoma or leiomyosarcoma, 6 cases of neurogenic tumour.
     结果 265例GIMT中胃肠道间质瘤(gastrointestinal stromal tumor,GIST)146 例,平滑肌(肉)瘤(leiomyoma or leiomyosarcoma)113例,神经源性肿瘤6例。
短句来源
     Results: Of the 272 patients, there were 77(28.3%) neurogenic tumors, 75(27.6%) thymomas and 55(20.2%) teratodermoids respectively .
     结果:272 例中 神 经源性肿瘤占28.3%,其次为胸腺肿瘤或囊肿(27.6%)和畸胎样瘤(20.2%);
短句来源
     12.5% neurogenic differentiated tumors;
     神经源性分化型 12 .5 % ;
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  神经原性
     Results: In the 78 motor nerves examined,reduction of MCV was found in 44.8% of upper and lower limbs,prolongation of the distal latency in 24.3%,reduction of SCV in 38.1%,F waves abnormality in 89.3%,and the neurogenic changes revealed by EMG were found in 64.5%.
     结果:上、下肢MCV减慢占44.8%. 远端潜伏期延长占24.3%,SCV减慢占38.1%,F波异常占89.3%,EMG提示神经原性改变占64.5%。
短句来源
     Electrophysiological changes of neurogenic damages on EMG were prolongation of motion unit timelimited(93.6%),decrease of mo- tion unit(89.4%),increase of wave amplitudes(74.5%),fibrillation and positive potential(68.1%)and the positire rate decreased with prolongation of course of disease.
     EMG 出现不同电生理变化的神经原性损害依次为运动单位时限增宽93.6%,运动单位减少89.4%,波幅增高74.5%,有纤颤、正相电位68.1%,且随病程延长纤颤、正相电位检出率逐渐降低;
短句来源
     Results:27.3% of the patients with voiding difficulties were neurogenic bladder, 34.1% of patients were detrusor underactivity, 4.5% were primary bladder neck obstrction, 13.6% were distal urethral stricture, 6.8% were unstable bladder, 4.5% were non-neurogenic detrusor/external sphincter dyssynergia, 2.3% were sensory urgency and 6.8% were normal.
     结果 :神经原性膀胱尿道功能障碍占 2 7.3% ,逼尿肌收缩力低下占 34.1% ,膀胱颈梗阻为 4 .5 % ,尿道远端狭窄 13.6 % ,不稳定膀胱 6 .8% ,非神经原性逼尿肌外括约肌协同失调占 4 .5 % ,感觉性尿急 2 .3% ,正常 6 .8%。
短句来源
     EMG revealed neurogenic changes in 74.1%.
     EMG提示神经原性改变占74.1%;
短句来源
     The causes of obstruction are stone in 28 cases(62.79%),urinary tumor in 4 cases(9.30%),urinary tuberculosis in 4 cases(9.30%),neurogenic bladder in 2 cases(4.65%),BPH(belign prostatic hyperplasia) in 2 cases(4.65%), retroperitonal lymphoma, retroperitonal fibrosis, retroperitonal scrofuma in one case respectively and one case of pregnancy were noted(2.33%).
     结石所致者 2 8例(6 2 79% ) ,泌尿系肿瘤 4例 (9 30 % ) ,泌尿系结核 4例 (9 30 % ) ,神经原性膀胱 2例 (4 6 5 % ) ,良性前列腺增生 2例 (4 6 5 % ) ,腹膜后淋巴节结核 1例 ,腹膜后纤维化 1例 ,腹膜后淋巴瘤 1例 ,妊娠 1例。
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  神经性
     Results Collagen,ratio of typeⅢcollagen to typeⅠcollagen and expression rate of typeⅢcollagen(31.40±2.91%,5.35±1.25,76.2%,respectively)increased in detrusor of neurogenic bladder were higher as compared with normal detrusor(11.66±2.15%,2.25±0.31,25%,respectively).
     结果神经性膀胱逼尿肌中胶原纤维的比例、Ⅲ型胶原/Ⅰ型胶原值以及Ⅲ型胶原的高表达率(分别为31.40±2.91%,5.35±1.25,76.2%)较正常逼尿肌(分别为11.66±2.15%,2.25±0.31,25%)明显增加。
短句来源
     TGF-β_1 and detrusor fibrosis in neurogenic bladder
     TGF-β_1与神经性膀胱逼尿肌纤维化
短句来源
     Results 42cases of pituitary adenoma,19cases of meningioma,7cases of craniopharyngioma,12cases of neurogenic tumours,3cases of epidermoid cyst,2cases of metastatic tumor,6cases of nasophrnx cancer,3cases of notochordal tumor and8cases of vascular lesions were diagnosed by MRI.
     结果 垂体瘤42例 ,脑膜瘤19例 ,颅咽管瘤7例 ,神经性肿瘤12例 ,胆脂瘤3例 ,转移瘤2例 ,鼻咽癌6例 ,脊索瘤3例 ,血管性病变8例。
短句来源
     Results:Anal resting pressure in the children with neurogenic anorectum induced by myelodysplasia( 25.8±3.4)mmHg was lower than that in normal children(66.7±24)mmHg.
     结果:脊髓发育不良患儿神经性肛肠肛管静息压〔(25.8±3.4)mm〕低于正常组〔(66.7±24.0)mm〕;
短句来源
     Study of Detrusor Fibrosis of Neurogenic Bladder
     神经性膀胱逼尿肌纤维化的研究
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  “neurogenic”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In this series, 25% (40/160), were thymoma, teratoid tumor 24.38% (39/160), and neurogenic tumor 20.13% (33/160), a total of 70.01%.
     本组病例中胸腺肿瘤占25%(40/160),其次为畸胎类肿瘤占24.38%(39/160),占第三位者为神经源肿瘤20.63%(33/160),三者共占70.01%.
短句来源
     But The expression rates and high expression rates of bax in detrusor of neurogenic bladder ( 90.5%, 57.1%) were higher (χ 2= 7.6,P< 0.05) than normal bladder( 66.7%, 16.7%).
     病例组逼尿肌中bax的阳性表达率和高表达率 (90 .5 % ,5 7.1% )较正常组 (6 6 .7% ,16 .7% )明显增加 (χ2 =7.6 ,P <0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     Growth kinetics was determined and the population doubling time of these cells was calculated at passage 2, 5, 10. Molecular characteristics of these cells were identified by immunohistochemistry staining in CD14,CD29,CD34,CD44,CD45,CD105 and HLA-DR, and also its neurogenic potential under 1,2.5,5,10 mmol/L β-Me in vitro was identified.
     取生长状况良好的第2,5,10代细胞,绘制生长曲线,计算细胞群体倍增时间。 采用免疫组化方法对脂肪间充质干细胞表面分子标志[CD14,CD29,CD34,CD44,CD45,CD105及人白细胞抗原DR亚类(群)]进行鉴定,并采用1,2.5,5,10mmol/L不同浓度的β-巯基乙醇检测脂肪间充质干细胞向神经细胞分化的能力。
短句来源
     Immunohistochemical markers such as CD117, CD34 and SMA, S -100 can differentiate GIST from leiomyomas and neurogenic tumors.
     形态上类似的GIST与平滑肌瘤及神经鞘膜瘤区别可用CD117、CD34、SMA、S-100等多种免疫组化标记物。
短句来源
     The relation between TGF β 1mRNA and type Ⅲ collagen of detrusor in neurogenic bladder was analyzed with Spearman correlation test.
     应用 χ2 检验比较病例组与对照组逼尿肌中TGF β1mRNA与Ⅲ型胶原表达 ,spearman秩相关分析分析病例组逼尿肌中TGF β1mRNA与Ⅲ型胶原表达的关系。
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  neurogenic
On the Role of β-Adrenoreceptors in Mechanisms Underlying Neurogenic Dystrophies
      
Propranolol exerted an antidystrophic effect in the case of local damages of the nervous system and, thereby, prevented the development of neurogenic dystrophies.
      
Mechanisms of neurogenic dystrophies induced by activation and deprivation of the sympathetic nervous system
      
β-Blocker propranolol was shown to exert an antidystrophic effect in the case of local injuries of the neural system and, thus, prevented the development of neurogenic dystrophies.
      
The results are discussed in the context of disruption of the immune system neurohumoral regulation and development of neurogenic immunity deficiency and its different types.
      
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The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct phases:one...

The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct phases:one of them appears at the beginning of the bladder distention and persists as long as the distention lasts,whereas the other occurs 8—10 minutes later and con- tinues over a period of 30—60 minutes. (3)The first or rapid phase is neurogenic in nature since it disappears completely after renal denervation,while the second or delayed phase is believed to be neurohumoral,being practically absent after hypophysectomy.

本实验是在狗的急性实验中观察膀胱加压对肾脏泌尿影响的机制,结果表明:(一)膀胱加压可反射地抑制肾脏泌尿,抑制持续的时间一般为30—60分钟。(二)肾脏泌尿的抑制可分为二个时相——快相和慢相,前者出现在膀胱加压期间,乃是交感性内脏神经的兴奋,改变了肾脏血液动力学的结果,后者出现较迟,而与脑垂体分泌体液因素有关。(三)关于我们实验中脑垂体激素反射性分泌的传入径路问题,在文中作了简单的分析。

In the present experiment the influence of reserpine, total alkaloids of Rauwolfia verticillata(RVA) and hydrochlorothiazide(HCT)upon the blood pressure responses has been studied with two normotensive, two renal and two neurogenic hypertensive dogs. The presser response to noradrenaline(NA)and depressor response to metacholine(MeCh)were measured before, during and after the administration of each drug. The results showed that the presser response to NA was moderately enhanced by reserpine, but was reduced...

In the present experiment the influence of reserpine, total alkaloids of Rauwolfia verticillata(RVA) and hydrochlorothiazide(HCT)upon the blood pressure responses has been studied with two normotensive, two renal and two neurogenic hypertensive dogs. The presser response to noradrenaline(NA)and depressor response to metacholine(MeCh)were measured before, during and after the administration of each drug. The results showed that the presser response to NA was moderately enhanced by reserpine, but was reduced by RVA. No change, however, occurred during the administration of HCT. The depressor response to MeCh decreased with reserpine and RVA treatment. The changes in MeCh response in the case of HCT were dissimilar, e. g. the response was significantly increased and its duration prolonged. The increase of pulse rate which occurred normally after MeCh injection disappeared in neurogenic hypertensive dogs receiving HCT. It was also diminished in renal hypertensive dogs, whereas no change or a slight increase was observed in normotensive dogs. When NaCl (10—20 g/day) or KCl(2—5 g/day) was given per os to dogs receiving HOT the change in MeCh response as mentioned above did not appear. Intravenous infusion with 200—300ml 6% dextran dissolved in 5% glucose, however, did not affect such changes caused by HOT treatment. The difference in mechanism of the hypotonsive drugs studied has been discussed.

本实驗采用2只正常狗,2只腎型和2只神經源型高血压狗研究了利血平、中国蘿芙木总硷和双氫氯噻嗪对血压反应的影响。在給药前、給药第5—10天及停药后血压恢复到正常时,各測去甲腎上腺素升压反应及乙酰甲胆硷降压反应两次,同时观察脉搏变化。結果表明,利血平使去甲腎上腺素升压反应稍加强,蘿芙木总硷降低此升压反应,双氫氯噻嗪无影响。利血平及蘿芙木总硷使乙酰甲胆硷降压反应减少,前者还使乙酰甲胆硷引起的脉搏加速减少,后者无此作用。双氫氯噻嗪的作用不同,它使乙酰甲胆硷的降压反应显著加强,維持时間也延长,这一作用在高血压动物更为明显。神經源型高血压狗在服用双氫氯噻嗪时,注射乙酰甲胆硷引起的脉搏加速反应消失,在腎型高血压狗明显减弱,而在正常狗无改变或稍加强。双氫氯噻嗪对MeCh反应的影响在同时补充氯化鈉或氯化鉀时即不出現,但靜脉注入右旋醣酐以补充血浆容量时不能改变这項影响。本实驗的結果反映了三种降压药的作用机制不同。

1. Various extracts of Zang Hong Hua were studied on isolated horns of uteri of guinea-pigs, rabbits, and dogs, both gravid and non-gravid. 2. The stimulating action of various extracts of Zang Hong Hua occurred in uteri of all animals, whether gravid or not. The excised organs and intact uteri gave similar effects. The mechanism of action was discussed. The effect seems to be both myogenic and neurogenic. 3. When mice were fed a diet containing 0.23-2% Zang Hong Hua powder for three weeks, the duration...

1. Various extracts of Zang Hong Hua were studied on isolated horns of uteri of guinea-pigs, rabbits, and dogs, both gravid and non-gravid. 2. The stimulating action of various extracts of Zang Hong Hua occurred in uteri of all animals, whether gravid or not. The excised organs and intact uteri gave similar effects. The mechanism of action was discussed. The effect seems to be both myogenic and neurogenic. 3. When mice were fed a diet containing 0.23-2% Zang Hong Hua powder for three weeks, the duration of complete cornification of vaginal epithelium was prolonged from normal 1-2 days to 3-4 days. 4. The oral LD_(50) of the decoction in mice was found to be 20.7 g(Crude drug)/kg.

本文报导藏红花(Crocus sativus L.)对子宫的作用、对动情周期的影响及毒性试验的结果,藏红花各种提液对兔和狗等的子宫,包括孕与未孕、离体与在体及整体的子宫瘘管,均表现兴奋作用。对受孕子宫较未孕子宫作用强。甘肃产红花(Carthamus tinctorius L.)对子宫的作用远较藏红花为弱,藏红花兴奋子宫的机制,似与子宫肌和神经都有关系。用含藏红花0.23—2%的食物饲喂正常小白鼠三星期,观察到阴道全角化的持续时间可延长至3—4天,停药后作用迅速消失。藏红花煎剂在小白鼠灌胃试验,LD_(50)为20.7克/公斤。小白鼠饲料中混入2%的藏红花飼喂一个月以上开始出现体重减轻等毒性症状,剂量再增加时则出现死亡。甘肃产红花的毒性比藏红花小。

 
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