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fusarium moniliforme
相关语句
  串珠镰刀菌
     Three pairs of PCR primers P1/P2, P3/P4 and Fum5F21/ Fum5R1 specific for Fumonisin-producing were designed, based on the polyketide synthesase gene fum5 of Fusarium moniliforme involved in fumonisin biosynthesis. PCR methods for detecting Fumonisin-producing F.
     以伏马菌素生物合成所必需的多酮肽合成酶基因fum5为基础 ,设计了 3对特异性引物P1 P2、P3 P4和Fum5F2 1 Fum5 1,建立了串珠镰刀菌伏马菌素产毒株PCR检测方法。
短句来源
     N-nitrosoproline ethylester was formed in millet inoculated with a common fungus, Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon (strain 82-01, isolated from Linxian maize), after 8 days inoculation at 28℃ and addition of NaNO2 (millet: NaNO2-O 1000:1w/w). The compound was detected by GC-MS and the level was 20~40μg/kg millet.
     以林县玉米中分离出的串珠镰刀菌(82—01号)接种于小米,经28℃培养8天后,加亚硝酸钠(小米:亚硝酸钠=1000:1w/w),用GC-MS分析鉴定,发现有脯氨酸乙酯亚硝胺(N-Nitrosoproline ethylester)的形成,含量为20~40微克/公斤小米。
短句来源
     ear rot and seedling root rot from Hebei province were collected, isolated and characterized through five years. The results showed that the main pathogens of stalk rot,ear rot and seedling root rot were Fusarium moniliforme and F. graminearum ?
     本试验通过在河北省内连续5年广泛采集玉米茎腐病、穗腐病和苗期根腐病标样进行病原菌的分离鉴定,结果表明:玉米茎腐病、穗腐病和苗期根腐病的主要致病菌为串珠镰刀菌(Fusarium moniliforme)和禾谷镰刀菌(F.graminearum)。
短句来源
     Study on the polymerase chain reaction methods for the detection of fumonisin-producing strains of Fusarium moniliforme
     串珠镰刀菌伏马菌素产毒株聚合酶链反应检测方法的研究
短句来源
     Ear rot, caused by Fusarium moniliforme, is a serious disease of maize (Zea mays L.) in the world, especially in the southwest of China.
     由串珠镰刀菌(Fusarium moniliforme)引起的玉米穗粒腐病(Maize Ear Rot)是一种世界性的真菌病害,目前已成为危害我国特别是西南地区玉米生产的主要病害之一。
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  恶苗病菌
     The antagonistic experiment on PDA showed that Trichoderma harzianum had strong antagonism against Fusarium moniliforme. The effective concentration was at 10 6~10 7 cfu/mL, and the inhibitory efficacy reached 92.33% . Through another measuring experiment of T.
     PDA平板拮抗试验表明 ,哈茨木霉对水稻恶苗病菌有强烈的拮抗作用 ,其孢子悬浮液的含孢量为 10 6~ 10 7个 /mL时 ,对恶苗病菌的抑制力达 92 33%。
短句来源
     To test inhibition effects of different fungicides against Fusarium moniliforme hyphal growth and conidiospore germination,toxicity determinations of single and mixed fungicides against rice bakanae disease had been done. The results showed:in single fungicide,the inhibitions of Sportak,Prochloraz and Scelartial were more significant than the rest. EC 50 inhibiting hyphal growth was 0.147 3 μg/ml,1.464 5 μg/ml and 9.244 5 μg/ml respectively.
     用不同药剂 (单剂和混剂 )对水稻恶苗病菌菌丝生长和孢子萌发进行了毒力测定试验 ,结果表明 :单剂中 ,施宝克、使百克和浸种灵的抑制作用明显 ,抑制菌丝生长的EC50 分别为 0 .14 73、1.464 5和 9.2 44 5 μg/ml。
短句来源
     Mycelial Growth, Sporulation and Pathogenicity of Fusarium moniliforme Isolates with Different Resistance to Carbendazim(MBC)
     水稻恶苗病菌(Fusarium moniliforme)对多菌灵不同抗性菌株的菌丝生长、产孢和致病力差异
短句来源
     Organic thiocyanic chemicals, methylene dithiocyanate (TH-88, chemical formula: SCN-(CH 2) 2-SCN) can control rice "Bakanane" disease caused by Fusarium moniliforme, both carbendazim -resistant and -sensitive strains. The EC 50 of TH-88 varies from 0.393 3 to 1.641 2 μg/ml.
     有机硫氰化合物二硫氰基甲烷 (TH 88,浸种灵 )可抑制水稻恶苗病菌 (Fusariummoniliforme)对多菌灵 (carbendazim)的抗性菌株和敏感菌株 ,EC50 在 0 3933~ 1 6 412 μg/ml之间 ,对菌丝和分生孢子的形态没有影响 ;
短句来源
     A 871bp fragment of β-tubulin gene from Fusarium moniliforme was amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) using consensus oligo nucleotide pnmers B1 and B3, cloned and sequenced. The specific sequencing primers for F. moniliforme were designed according to the sequence data .
     用真菌β-微管蛋白基因的丰余寡聚核着酸引物B1和B3,扩增了一段871bp的水稻恶苗病菌Fusariummoniliforme的β微管蛋白基因片段,进行了克隆和DNA序列测定,并根据该序列设计了Fmoniliformeβ-微管蛋白基因的特异性测序引物。
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  “fusarium moniliforme”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Kinetic Resolution of DL-pantolactone by Immobilized Fusarium Moniliforme SW-902
     串珠镰孢Fusarium moniliforme SW-902固定化DL—泛乳糖动力学分析(英文)
     Induction of β-1, 3- Glucanase in Cotton by the Hydrolysate of Cell Wall from Fusarium Moniliforme
     病原真菌细胞壁对棉花β-1,3-葡聚糖酶的诱导
短句来源
     1. F_1、BC_1、 BC_2、F_2 derived from the single cross between R15 (resistant) and Ye478 (susceptible) and the two parents were evaluated for reaction to Fusarium moniliforme with artificial inoculation in different environments.
     1.以不同生态条件下接种鉴定的抗病自交系R15和感病自交系掖478(通讯资料)为亲本。 进行杂交并组配F_1、BC_1、BC_2、F_2。
短句来源
     Adopting the method of antagonistic zone on PDA plates, C2-1, C2-6 and T3-lcouldsignificantly inhibit the growth of several plant pathogens such as M.griesa, Fusarium moniliforme, Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum^ Alternaria sp. Fusarium geaminearum^ Botrytis sp. , Aelminthosporium sp. , Aspergillus niger Aspergillus flarus^ Penicillium sp. , Aureobasidium sp. , Col le tori chum sp..
     griesa、、Fusarium moniliforme、Sclerotinia sclerotiorum、Alternaria sp.、Fusarium geaminearum、Botrytis sp.、Aelminthosporium sp.、Aspergillus niger、Aspergillus flarus、Penicillium sp.、Aureobasidium sp.、Colletorichum sp.和病原细菌Xanthomons oryzae pv oryzae等具有较强抑制作用。
短句来源
     The pathogens were identified and known as Fusarium moniliforme var. Subglutinans and F.
     经分离鉴定,病原菌为 Fusarinm moniliforme var.subglutinans 和 F.
短句来源
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  fusarium moniliforme
The cell extract showed activity against Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma viridae, Fusarium moniliforme and Alternaria brassicicola.
      
Maize Response to Salicylic Acid and Fusarium moniliforme
      
Production of Fumonisins by Fusarium moniliforme Strains Isolated from Corn Grain
      
Fusarium moniliforme is the predominant fusarium species in the grain mycoflora of corn grown in the northern Caucasus, accounting for 95% of fusarium isolates.
      
Eighty-five Fusarium moniliforme strains were grown on a grain substrate and checked for the presence of fumonisins (B1 + B2 + B3) by indirect solid-phase enzyme immunoassay.
      
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Our previous works showed that carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds can be formed in food contaminated by fungi. In the present study it was demonstrated that some common species of fungi encountered in Linxian County, a high risk area for esophageal cancer in Henan Province, would not only reduce nitrates to nitrites but also increase the amount of secondary amines in tainted cornbread, and promote the synthesis of nitrosamines from these precursors in food. Species such as Fusarium moniliforme, Aspergillus...

Our previous works showed that carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds can be formed in food contaminated by fungi. In the present study it was demonstrated that some common species of fungi encountered in Linxian County, a high risk area for esophageal cancer in Henan Province, would not only reduce nitrates to nitrites but also increase the amount of secondary amines in tainted cornbread, and promote the synthesis of nitrosamines from these precursors in food. Species such as Fusarium moniliforme, Aspergillus versicolor and Geotrichum candidum had a greater ability to reduce nitrates than Penicillium brevi-compactum, P. lividum, Aspergillus niger and A. sydowii. A 17-fold increase in secondary amines occurred in cornbread inoculated with F. monili-forme after 6-day incubation. Moreover,G. candidum and other fungi modified the acidity of mouldy food and provided favorable conditions for the synthesis of nitrosamines. Thus the experimental results gave further evidences for the important role played by certain fungi in the production of chemical carcino gens.

我们首次发现在霉变食物中有亚硝胺类致癌物的形成[1~3]。进一步研究证明食管癌高发区林县常见的真菌,如串珠镰孢霉、白地霉等,不但能还原食物中的硝酸盐为亚硝酸盐,而且能增加其二级胺的含量,并促进这些前体物合成亚硝胺。这表明某些真菌除能产生真菌毒素外,在霉变食物中能形成其它化学致癌物,因此在癌症病因中起重要作用。

211 isolates of Fusaria were isolated from 238 samples of scabbed head of thewheat cotteeted from 14 provinces.These isolates hed been critically studied andidentified as eight species namely,Fusarium graminearum,F.avenaceum,F.moniliforme,F.equiseti,F.nivale,F.semitectum and F.arthrosporioides.Inthe eourese of the study,the Fusarium graminearum occupied 90% of 211 isolates.The variation of pathogenicity of there species by aritieiai inoculation in seedlingand heading stage were tested.The results...

211 isolates of Fusaria were isolated from 238 samples of scabbed head of thewheat cotteeted from 14 provinces.These isolates hed been critically studied andidentified as eight species namely,Fusarium graminearum,F.avenaceum,F.moniliforme,F.equiseti,F.nivale,F.semitectum and F.arthrosporioides.Inthe eourese of the study,the Fusarium graminearum occupied 90% of 211 isolates.The variation of pathogenicity of there species by aritieiai inoculation in seedlingand heading stage were tested.The results indicated that they are different inpathogenicity.The pathogenicity of Fusarium arthrosporioides,F.graminearum, F.avenaeeum F.nivale and F.culmorum are strong,while Fusarium moniliforme,F semitectum are weak,and Fusarium equiseti is a non-pathogenic species.There-fore Fusarium graminearum is a superior pafhogeuic species and Fusarium arthros-porioides,F.avenaceum,F.culmorum are minor or rare pathogenic species.

从全国十四个省市收集的238个小麦亦霉病穗,分离出211个镰刀菌菌株,经鉴定为禾谷镰孢(Fusarium graminearum)、燕麦镰孢(F.avenaceum)、黄色镰孢(F.culmorum)、串珠镰孢(F.moniliforme)、木贼镰孢(F.equiseti)、雪腐镰孢(F.nivale)、半裸镰孢(F.semitectum)、拟直孢镰孢(F.arthrosporioides)八个镰刀菌种,其中以禾谷镰孢为主,占90%。通过苗期和穗期致病力的测定,拟直孢镰孢、禾谷镰孢、黄色镰孢、燕麦镰孢雪腐镰孢为强致病种,木贼镰孢为非致病种,其余为弱致病种。禾芥镰孢分布广,数量多,为主要或优势致病种。拟直孢镰孢、燕麦镰孢、黄色镰孢,雪腐镰孢为次要或稀有的致病种。

Sixty Wistar rats were divided equally into six groups. All the animals were fed with methyl-benzyl-nitrosamine (MBNA) 0.75mg/kg/day. In addition, animals of the five experimental groups each were fed with specially prepared diet infested with Aspergillus flavus Link (AFL), Aspergillus fumigatus (AF), Cladosporium herbarum (CH), Rhizopus Ehrenberg (RE) and Fusarium moniliforme Sheld (FMS) respectively. These fungi were isolated from grains of Linxian County, Henan Province, Experiment lasted for three...

Sixty Wistar rats were divided equally into six groups. All the animals were fed with methyl-benzyl-nitrosamine (MBNA) 0.75mg/kg/day. In addition, animals of the five experimental groups each were fed with specially prepared diet infested with Aspergillus flavus Link (AFL), Aspergillus fumigatus (AF), Cladosporium herbarum (CH), Rhizopus Ehrenberg (RE) and Fusarium moniliforme Sheld (FMS) respectively. These fungi were isolated from grains of Linxian County, Henan Province, Experiment lasted for three months and all the rats then were killed and examined pathologically. The pathological changes found in the esophagus are as follows: Control group (MBNA) : Epithelial hyperplasia of the esophagus only are found. MBNA+AFL Group: Besides marked hyperplasia as in the control, one case of papilloma (1/9) is found. MBNA+AF Group: Similar findings as in the control. MBNA+CH Group: Besides marked hyperplasia, two cases of papiloma (2/9, are found. MBNA+RE Group: Besides marked hyperlasia, papillomas and atypical hyperplasia are found in 5 cases (5/9) MBNA+FMS Group: Besides hyperplasia and papillomas (5/9), one case of carcinoma "in situ" (1/9) is found. It appears that Aspergillus flavus Link, Cladosporium herbarum, Rhizopus Ehren berg and Fusarium moniliforme Sheld have promoting activity in MBNA induction of esophageal carcinoma and hyperplasia. It is possible that these fungi increase the amounts of nitrate, nitrite, and secondary amines in the experimental diets, thereby enhancing the carcinogenic effect of MBNA.

本实验用Wistar大鼠60只,分为6组,每组10只,均喂甲基苄基亚硝胺(MBNA)0.75mg/kg/天。实验组分为五组,分别喂以黄曲霉菌粮、烟曲霉灭菌菌粮、蜡叶芽枝霉菌粮、根霉菌粮、串珠镰刀菌粮。实验共持续三个月,将动物全部处死并进行尸检,重点检查食管。结果如下:对照组(单亚硝胺组):食管上皮仅出现增生性病变;黄曲霉+亚硝胺组:除增生比对照组明显外,还有一例乳头状瘤;烟曲霉+亚硝胺组:与对照组比较无明显差异,芽枝霉+亚硝胺组:除增生比对照组明显外,有乳头状瘤及内生性上皮瘤各1例(2/9);根亚组:除增生比对照组明显外,有5例(5/9)乳头状瘤及不典型增生;镰刀菌+亚硝胺组各级病变均比对照组明显,乳头状瘤5例(5/9),三级病变比其它组明显,并诱发1例食管原位癌(1/9)。除烟曲霉外,黄曲霉、蜡叶芽枝霉、根霉、镰刀菌均有一定程度的促进MBNA诱发大鼠食管上皮增生及癌变的作用,尤以串珠镰刀菌明显。

 
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