It is pointed out by scholars that "grammar have its corresponding background of semantic, and the contents what the people want to express restrict its formation", and "a word meaning can control its grammatical function and its structure mode in the sentence".
By applying the linguistic affinity theory and the comparison method of linguistics, the Mongolian auxiliary verb "ge-" and the Manchu auxiliary verb "sembi" are compared and analyzed in this article. It is revealed for the verbs "ge" and "sembi" how to evolve in its language and how to spell and pronounce in Mongolian family and Tungusic-Manchu family. The corresponding rules of pronunciation, the grammar function and word meaning are discussed.
Leech divides meanings into seven types,namely,conceptual meaning,connotative meaning,stylistic meaning,affective meaning,reflected meaning,collocative meaning and thematic meaning,while Lyons divides meanings into three,that is,word meaning,sentence meaning and utterance meaning.
The research findings of cognitive semantics show that word meaning variation is the result of human cognitive categorization and conceptualization, and both of category and concept are constructed on the basis of human experience and by means of human cognitive and cultural models.
This paper analyzed the origin, similarities and differences between Sè (acerbity) and the color word pink from word-building, color image and word meaning, and pointed out that the meaning of color word pink varies with constant development and change of the society, culture, linguistic context, thus makes language expression and figural depiction more vivid, diverting, humorous and genial.
Since word meaning variation for special purpose is motivated by special experience, cultural models, cognitive process and concepts, the learning of the polysemic words with special meanings can be combined with the motivations.
This paper discusses a method of vucabulary erpansion-inferring word meaning fromcontext in reading and presents a teaching research in this aspect.The experimental groupreceives 2-month instruction on vocabulary inference skills while the control group doesnot.And the statistical analysis of the pretest and posttest results shows that the instruc-tion is highly effective.
Jinghe of Xinjiang is explained boiling river.It was called shiqi River (meaning rock laequer) in Tang Dynasty.According to word meaning and historical records, it mean oil was floated in the river, its judgement is possible from geology structure, there are twoJinhe citys,the ruins of Anfu city is still existent, new Anfu city, that is to say later Jinhecity is ruined.there is record of Jinhe city and historical remains to investigate in 13 century.
The author summarized the characters of bibliohraphies of English agr- icultural scientech documents according to their experience in translation of more than 7000 records of bibliographies from English into Chinese. Thr- ough comparison and analysis of the selected examples,several issues invol- ving with bibliography translation such as selection of word meaning, ch- ange of word amount, word meaning extention and identification of key word meaning were discussed.