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hypertension
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  高压
    The Study on the Regulatory Mechanism of ET-1、NO、PGL_2 and C-Type Natriuretic Peptide on Hyperdynamic Circulation in Hepatic Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension
    ET-1、NO、PGL_2、C型利钠肽对肝硬化门脉高压高动力循环调控机制的研究
短句来源
    Effects of ET-1 on Portal Hypertension in Hepatic Cirrhosis and the Mechanism of CNP、Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae on ET-1-Mediated Contraction of HSCs
    ET—1对肝硬化门脉高压的作用及CNP、丹参对ET—1介导肝星状细胞收缩的调控机制
短句来源
    Role of Cyclooxygenase-2 in the Development of Portal Hypertension in Experimental Cirrhosis
    环氧合酶-2在实验性肝硬化门静脉高压形成中的作用
短句来源
    Diagnostic Value of B-Mode Ultrasonography for Portal Hypertension
    B型超声对门脉高压的诊断价值
短句来源
    An Experimental Study of the Relationship between Hepatic Fibrosis and Portal Hypertension
    肝纤维化与门脉高压关系的实验研究
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  高压症
    Clinical Observation on the Splenic Transfer Factors in the Treatment of Portal Hypertension: Analysis of Nine Cases
    脾脏转移因子治疗门静脉高压症的临床观察(附9例分析)
短句来源
    Hemorheologic Observation on 45 Patients with Portal Hypertension
    45例门静脉高压症血液流变学的观察
短句来源
    Observation of the hemodynamics in patients with portal hypertension:(Ⅳ) Before and after the pericardial devascularigation combined with splenopneumopexy
    门静脉高压症的血流动力学观察──(Ⅳ)门奇断流术联合脾肺固定术前后
短句来源
    Segmental Portal Hypertension Caused by Splenic vein Thrombosis─14 Cases Report
    胰源性区域性门脉高压症──附14例报告
短句来源
    The Clinical Application of TIPSS in Treatment of Cirrhotic Portal Hypertension(CPH)
    TIPSS治疗肝硬化门脉高压症的临床应用
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  “hypertension”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Influence of biliary hypertension on hemodynamics in rabbits With ACST
    胆道加压对重症急性胆管炎家兔血液动力学的影响
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    Morphometric Measurement of Collagen in Liver Tissue with Posthepatitis Liver Cirrhosis Portal Hypertension
    Morphometric Measurement of Collagen in Liver Tissue with Posthepatitis Liver Cirrhosis Portal Hypertension
短句来源
    Effects of neuropeptide Y on hemodynamics and sodium secretion in cirrhotic rats with portal hypertension.
    神经肽Y对肝硬化大鼠血流动力学及水钠代谢的影响
短句来源
    The relationship of angiotension-Ⅱ to portal hypertension in patients with liver cirrhosis
    肝硬化患者血管紧张素Ⅱ-RIA水平与门脉血流动力学的关系
短句来源
    Immunohistochemistry study on the relationship between portal hypertension gastrosia and HBV infection
    门脉高压性胃病与HBV感染关系的免疫组化研究
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  hypertension
We recognized and honoured the important contributions of these Chinese pioneers in portal hypertension, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver transplantation.
      
Splenic autotransplantation and oesophageal transection anastomosis in patients with portal hypertension (26 years clinical obse
      
The surgical treatment methods for cirrhosis patients complicated with portal hypertension are complicated.
      
From 1979 to 2005, 274 cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension who underwent the new treatment strategy were followed up to observe different clinical indexes, which were then compared with those of the traditional surgery treatment.
      
Splenic auto transplantation and esophageal transection anastomosis are a safe, effective, and reasonable treatment strategy for portal hypertension with varicial bleeding.
      
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From the year 1962 to 1982, 22 patients with chylous ascites were admitted to our hospital. In 11 of them, it was found to be caused by hepatic cirrhosis with portal hypertension. The incidence of chylous ascites caused by hepatic cirrhosis in our series was much higher than that reportad in western countries. The clinical data of 11 such cases were analysed in this paper.All the 11 cases responded unfavorably to prolonged diuretic and supportive treatments. Auto-ascitic fluid concentration-reinfusion...

From the year 1962 to 1982, 22 patients with chylous ascites were admitted to our hospital. In 11 of them, it was found to be caused by hepatic cirrhosis with portal hypertension. The incidence of chylous ascites caused by hepatic cirrhosis in our series was much higher than that reportad in western countries. The clinical data of 11 such cases were analysed in this paper.All the 11 cases responded unfavorably to prolonged diuretic and supportive treatments. Auto-ascitic fluid concentration-reinfusion was later performed in 8 patients with promising results. Aftar subsidence of the chylous ascites, 3 of them underwent meso-caval shunt, one was further treated by peritoneovenous shunting with a LeVeen tube, and another one by a thoracicduct-internal jugular anastomosis.The incidence, pathogenesis and treatment of chylous ascites due to hepatic cirrhosis were briefly discussed.

近20年来本院共收治乳糜腹水22例,其中11例的病因经确诊为肝硬化,占同时期乳糜腹水病例的半数。本系列中肝硬化乳糜腹水的发病率显著高于国外资料。11例中8例采用腹水浓缩静脉回输治疗,此8例中5例分别进行了肠系膜上静脉-下腔静脉分流术(3例),Leveen管分流术(1例)及胸导管-颈静脉分流术(1例)。本文就肝硬化乳糜腹水的发病率、发病机理及治疗,结合文献进行讨论。

The author presents here 48 cases of portal hypertension treated with splenorenal shunt from 1974 to 1983. All of them were of the intrahepatic type. 20 cases underwent elective, 4 emergency and 24 prophylactic shunts. The average postshunt portal pressure decrement was 105 mmH2O. There were 4 postoperative deaths ( mortality 8.3% with 2 deaths in emergency, and none in the prophylactic shunt group). Over all follow-up rate was 95.5% (42 cases), and periods from 8 months to 9.6 years. 6 cases died within...

The author presents here 48 cases of portal hypertension treated with splenorenal shunt from 1974 to 1983. All of them were of the intrahepatic type. 20 cases underwent elective, 4 emergency and 24 prophylactic shunts. The average postshunt portal pressure decrement was 105 mmH2O. There were 4 postoperative deaths ( mortality 8.3% with 2 deaths in emergency, and none in the prophylactic shunt group). Over all follow-up rate was 95.5% (42 cases), and periods from 8 months to 9.6 years. 6 cases died within 1- 6.8 years postoperatively. The absolute survival rates in 1, 3 and 5 years after operation were 93.2%, 78.5% and 72.7% respectively. There were 2 cases of rebleeding(4.8%) and 6 of encephalopathy (14.3%). Most of the ence-phalopathy cases responded well to protein restriction and intestinal antibiosis. The central splenorenal anastomosis is performed via the inferior margin of the pancreas by dissecting out the central segment of the splenic vein, which is then anastomosed to the left renal vein. The anastomosis thus made is near to the portal vein and the inferior vena cava. The operation is easy to perform giving a low incidence of re-bleeding and encephalopathy.

1974~1983年,我院采用中央型脾肾静脉分流术治疗肝内型门脉高压症48例,其中急症手术4例,择期手术20例,预防性分流术24例。术后近期死亡4例(有2例作急症分流),随访42例,最长9年8个月,平均为4年。远期死亡率14.3%,再出血率4.8%;脑病发生率14.3%;康复率88.9%;绝对生存率1、3及5年分别为93.2、78.5及72.7%。此术式系经胃结肠韧带切开的途径暴露胰腺体部,掀起胰体前下缘,游离胰体后脾静脉中央段,使之与肾静脉吻合,优点为操作简便、出血少、吻合口较大血流通畅、降压效果好,平均降压105mmH_2O,再出血率较低,分流量因受肾静脉容量限制,故门脉血流对肝灌注影响不太大,脑病发生率未高出周围型脾肾静脉分流术。

Risk factors causing hemorrhage from rupture of esophageal varices associated with portal cirrhosis of the liver were studied in 100 cases. The patients were devided into the hemorrhagieal and the nonhemorrhagical group each of which consisted of 50 cases. The paper concluded that the primary risk factors of hemorrhage consis of : the severity of the portal hypertension vein; the free portal pressure 3.49 kpa and certain evidences in B-mode ultrasonic echography: the transverse dimension of the main portal...

Risk factors causing hemorrhage from rupture of esophageal varices associated with portal cirrhosis of the liver were studied in 100 cases. The patients were devided into the hemorrhagieal and the nonhemorrhagical group each of which consisted of 50 cases. The paper concluded that the primary risk factors of hemorrhage consis of : the severity of the portal hypertension vein; the free portal pressure 3.49 kpa and certain evidences in B-mode ultrasonic echography: the transverse dimension of the main portal vein >1.9 cm, the spleenic vein (at the hilum) >1.3 cm. The precipating factors include : the malesex, age above 40 years, pulmonary infec tion, hypersplenism (hemoglobin<70g%, white blood cell count<5×10~9/L, platelete count<60×10~9/L) . The presence of two primary and two or more precipating factors means a possible hemorrhage. The author considered it advisable to perform a B-mode ultrasonic examention to measure the transverse dimension of the ain poital vein, splenic vein and upper naesenteric vein and estimate the portal pressure, This will avoid the risk brought about by the portal catheterization and esophagoscopy.

本研究目的在于探索导致肝硬化食道静脉出血的各种危险因素。病例来源于我院1983~1985年收治的部分门脉性肝硬化合并食道静脉曲张患者共100例,按其是否伴有食道静脉曲张出血分为出血组和非出血组各50例,对导致出血的各种危险因素进行了回顾性调查。最后本文提出了引起静脉曲张出血的始发危险因素是门脉高压的程度;门静脉游离压>3.49Kpo,或B超探测门静脉(总干)直径>1.9cm,脾静脉(脾门处)>1.3cm。促发因素;男性,年龄>40岁,合并肺部感染,脾功能亢进(血色素<70g/L,白细胞计数<5×10~9/L,血小板<60×10~9/L)。具备上述始发危险因素二项和促发危险因素二项以上的食道静脉曲张患者,提示出血高度可能性。建议用B型超声探测门静脉、脾静脉和肠系膜上静脉直径作为判断门静脉压的一种手段,可使肝硬化患者避免导管检测或食道镜检查带来的危险和不便。

 
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